THE HISTORY OF RAMESSES THE GREAT
In the year 1298 the 19th Dynasty was born. Ramses I—the first pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty—reigned as Pharaoh in the years 1298 and 1296 B.C. for only two years. Ramses was not of royal birth, but born into a noble military family from the Nile delta region, believed to be the former Hyksos capital of Avaris. Ramses' father, Seti, was a troop commander while his uncle, Khaemwaset, was also an army officer—showing the high noble status of Ramses' family. Ramses even served as the high priest of Amun in his lifetime, which would aid his goal in restoring the old polytheistic religion that was changed during Amarna heresy of a generation earlier into monotheism of the sun god Aten, which was founded under Akhenaten's reign. During the life of Horemheb, the former pharaoh of Egypt found favor with Ramses and later appointed Ramses as his Vizier, partly due to Ramses ability to provide Egypt with a strong succession that would surpass him, for Ramses already had a son (Seti I) and a grandson (Ramesses II) by the time he was appointed as Vizier.
Menmaatre Seti I was the second pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, and son of Ramses I and the lovely Sitre. Seti I reigned from years 1290 to 1279 B.C. for what was believed to be eleven years in total. During Seti's lifetime he started the build of the Great Temple of Abydos, which would later be finished during the reign of his son, Ramesses the Great. Seti also built the Osirion tomb, which acted as an incredibly important shrine for the Ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife—Osiris. In the temple they found the Table of Abydos, which is viewed to be just as important as the Rosetta Stone. The table of Abydos holds a rare chronological list of cartouche names of most of the Ancient Egyptian dynastic pharaohs, which provided both great details and dates of the ancient Egyptian Pharaohs. However, Seti I was remembered greatly for the Capture of Kadesh from the Hittites, in which his son, Ramesses II, aided in bring Egyptian victory. However, Kadesh slowly reverted back to Hittite territory after the Egyptians forces could no longer provide adequate or permanent military occupation of Kadesh. However, Kadesh would once more be at the hand of the Egyptians in the reign of his son, Ramesses the Great.
Ramesses II, otherwise known as Ramesses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty—reigning from year 1279-1213 B.C. Ramesses II is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful Egyptian pharaoh of all the Egyptian Empire. Ramesses brought many victories, erected many glorious monuments, and brought Egypt to new heights of economic wealth, and unmatchable power. Ramesses the Great was greatly recognized as a prolific ruler who fought to reclaim the land of his people—greatly expanding the empire even further than his forefathers. In Ramesses most notable year, the fifth year as Pharaoh, Ramesses lead a campaign known as the Battle of Kadesh. He tried to reclaim the lands his father once ruled, though even after he was defeated by the opposing Hittites, Ramesses was regarded as a hero after almost winning a lost battle. The Battle of Kadesh was better known as a personal triumph for Ramesses after blundering into a devastating Hittite Ambush, the young king courageously rallied his scattered troops to fight on the battlefield while successfully escaping both death and capture of himself and his men. Many years after battle and warfare between the Hittite and Egyptian forces Ramesses the Great constructed a peace treaty—the earliest peace treaty in all of the world's known history. Ramesses the Great was revered as a magnificent god who remains as one of Egypt's mightiest pharaohs… even after passing to the afterlife.
THE FATHER AND PHARAOH OF EGYPT'S 19th DYNASTY
"Fath-Pharaoh…" The first prince of Egypt, Seti, cleared his throat, catching his mistake before he addressed the mighty Pharaoh of Egypt as his father in the eyes of the public. Seti stared up at his father sitting upon his golden and adorned throne, baffled to see him smiling in such amusement. "Pharaoh, might I ask why I have been called before your court, my mother, brother, and the sister people of Egypt?" Seti spoke boldly, somewhat disheartened with his father's amused yet somehow mockingly fatherly features. Seti knew that Ramesses never had much belief in his abilities. Ramesses was sharp, often mocking and cynical, yet his golden and sepia eyes held the image of a young cocky, headstrong, and even remnants of a caring man lay hidden within his tall regal frame. However, the many eyes surrounding Seti kept his head held high whilst questioning the mighty pharaoh.
"My son, as you know, my youth has withered over the many years of serving Egypt and her people." Ramses spoke with great confidence; standing tall upon the elevated platform in which his throne sat sixteen stairs above all of the many dark and wondrous eyes that followed his regal frame within the court. "I have fought at the front lines in battle many times, as you yourself have seen. I proudly fought and defeated those who opposed Egypt's might, and I have even fought the powerful kings of the far Nations with nothing but bare strength." Ramses golden and sepia colored eyes grew soft with a reminiscent smile, thinking back to the great king of the opposing Hittites, Kail Mursili II. Ramses saw his youth in his son's solid sepia gold-flecked eyes, reminding Ramses of his own foolishness he'd not yet been able to surrender, even after becoming pharaoh.
"Who could forget?"
Ramses eyes snapped back to Seti, surprised by the soft admiration in his tone. Ramses stood tall while examining his son's crushingly weak features that were not meant as a disappointment, but a true testimony of Seti's admiration.
"Father, you were the greatest general Egypt has seen. You lead Egypt into battle without fear, and you now lead all of Egypt and her people in the most victorious of times! Though your term as Pharaoh has just begun your reign shall forever be remembered as the greatest reign of any Pharaoh in Egypt's history!" Seti cheered along with many of the people in the court who joined him with their joyous pleas. However, as Seti glanced back at his father after gaining the crowds attention, Seti's smile dropped along with his jaw. The entire court was instantly silenced with the mere raise of Ramses hand.
"Why do you wish such tragedy upon Egypt, Seti?" Ramses spoke with a firm tone and expression.
Seti's heart dropped in his chest, surprised by his father's grave tone and heavy displeased eyes. Ramses grew somewhat annoyed with the lost look on his son's face. "I had not finished what I intended to say." Ramesses spoke coldly before the court. "I may have led Egypt's people to war with courage, haste, and pride. At that time I was a valiant general in many of my battles, but my quest for pride and glory was not truly intended to honor Egypt's might, but to honor myself and my own might. My priority was always my people and their land, but I put the greatest priority second to myself. However, with that arrogance I gained nothing. I came to realize that my purpose was not to honor myself, but to honor my country." Ramses words were directed not to the court around them, but straight down at his son.
"Do you now understand the sorrow your ill-fated wish has brought me?" Ramses spoke coolly with a sigh, eyes still locked on his son's hopeless eyes. "Egypt needs a strong succession of Pharaohs who will exceed each other, becoming greater each and every passing generation than the generation before. Egypt needs a royal bloodline that flows fiercely and steadfast through its people! Egypt needs a Pharaoh who can maintain the bloodline and lead Egypt to the greatest victory it has ever seen through a succession of powerful sons – Egypt needs your bloodline to achieve the world's greatest empire, my son!" Ramses stabbed his boney finger at his son, smiting him with such a forceful shout.
"Fa-Father?" Seti swallowed harshly as Ramses slowly walked down from his elevated throne in complete silence. Seti's eyes aligned with his fathers, despite the custom of showing respect to the higher authority. "What are you saying?" Seti asked, staring into proud golden and sepia eyes. Seti's heart quickened in terror and shock. Seti could not believe either his eyes or ears. His eyes, which held the image of a proud father, must have failed him. His ears, which held the prideful words of a proud father, must have also failed him. For it could not be…
"I,Menpehtyre Ramses, appoint Menmaatre Seti as the Prince Regent of Egypt!"
"Mother?" I tugged on her flowing white gown made of fine softer silk, adorned with heavy and elegant gold. "What is happening, Mother?" I looked up at the beautiful Queen Tuya, confused by the loud cheering of the court around us. It was obvious my older sister Tia did not care about the meaning behind such an occasion, but joined such a joyful cheer. I was but 12, almost a man in hopes to finally cut my thick and dark youth lock this upcoming year. However, in spite of my years of rigorous schooling I had never seen or heard of such a festivity as this one. There was nothing traditional, organized, or specific about this chaotic, cheerful, and formal day. However, I could not move my eyes from my grandfather, pharaoh of all Egypt, who held father's hand up high in the air. On my father's hand was the seal my grandfather had worn—the pharaoh's seal.
My mother smiled, holding my hand though she stayed composed despite the noisy sheer joy around us. My mother smiled proudly, making contact with my father's sepia eyes of softer love in which he held the vision of my crying mother even though we stood at the back of the temple filled with many official men from near and foreign lands. My father, Seti's beautiful chief wife, my mother, was to become queen. I did not understand any of it, and yet again I shook her gown, questioning this occasion.
"You're father is to be the next Pharaoh of Egypt when Pharaoh has passed to the afterlife." My mother calmly answered with her low, hushed and loving tone, holding my head in her softer hand and kissing atop my shaved head whilst stroking my dark side-lock of youth. With a final glance to my father she brushed tears from her eyes without smudging beautiful kohl, "Just like your father… you too will be the king of Egypt one day, Ramesses."
THE CREATION OF LIFE
In the beginning of time there was nothing but the vast emptiness of Nun—the dark waters of chaos. However, in spite of the nothingness of Nun a hill arose from the depths of the dark waters, and this hill was called Ben-Ben.
Atop this hill, Ben-Ben, stood the very fist god, Atum. Atum coughed and spat out Shu, the god of air, and Tefnut the goddess of moisture.
Tefnut and Shu then bore both a son and a daughter. Their son was Geb—the god of the earth. Their daughter was Nut—the goddess of the sky.
Shu then lifted his daughter, Nut so that she would become a canopy over Geb. Nut and Geb would then have four children: Osiris, Seth, Isis, and Nephthys.
Osiris was the king of the earth while Isis was the queen. Osiris was a mighty king who ruled over the earth for my years.
However, Seth became jealous of the mighty king of the earth, Osiris. Soon rage boiled over and Seth murdered his brother, becoming the new king of the earth.
While Seth became king of the life on earth, Osiris became great and beloved king of the underworld and the afterlife.
However, Seth's reign would be short lived, for Osiris had a son. Osiris' son was named Horus. Horus avenged his father's death by battling Seth, where he ultimately regained the throne on his father's behalf. So, it would forever remain that Osiris would rule the afterlife while his son was left to rule the life on earth.
Ammit: The demon and punisher of the dead who are unworthy of the afterlife
Appearance: A woman with the head of a crocodile, the body of a lioness, and the hindquarters of a hippopotamus.
Amun: The king of all gods.
Appearances: A man wearing an ostrich plumed crown, or a man with the head of a ram.
Anubis: The god of embalming and the dead.
Appearance: A man with the head of a jackal, or simply a jackal.
Apep: The demon of chaos and darkness.
Appearance: A serpent, sometimes a crocodile, and the rarity of a dragon in later years.
Aten: The god of the sun. However, during Akhenaten's reign Aten the sun disk was made the sole deity—making Aten the sun disk the 'King of the gods'.
Appearance: A sun disk with rays that end in hands.
Atum: The creator god who was also believed to be the first god.
Appearance: Man with the double crown that represented unity of both the northern and southern provinces of Egypt.
Bastet:A protective goddess.
Appearance: A woman with the head of a cat or a lioness.
Bes: The protector of pregnant women, babies, and the family.
Appearance: A dwarf with both human and lion features.
Geb: The god of the earth.
Appearance: A man with a goose on his head, or a man lying beneath the arch of the sky—the goddess Nut.
Hapy: The god of the annual Nile flooding.
Appearance: Sometimes depicted as a blue man with a potbelly with breasts and papyrus reeds, lotuses, or other water plants atop his head.
Hathor: A protective goddess, but also the goddess of love and joy.
Appearance: A woman with either the ears of a cow, or the headdress of horns and a sun disk.
Horus: God of the sky.
Appearance: A man with the head of a Hawk.
Isis: A protective goddess, but also the goddess of magic and spells.
Appearance: A woman with the headdress of a thrown.
Khepri: The god of creation, protection, the creation of the sun, and rebirth.
Appearance: A man with the head of a scarab beetle, or a scarab beetle itself.
Khnum: The god of creation and the annual Nile floods.
Appearance: A man with the head of a ram with curled horns.
Ma'at: The goddess of truth, justice, and harmony.
Appearance: A woman with a feather on her head.
Nephthys: A goddess of protection to the dead.
Appearance: A woman with a headdress of hieroglyphs representing her name.
Nun: The god of the chaos of the waters.
Appearance: A man carrying a boat above his head.
Nut: The sky goddess.
Appearance: A woman whose body arches across the sky, often decorated with stars.
Osiris: The god of the dead and the afterlife.
Appearance: A mummified man wearing a white crown with feathers.
Ptah: The god of craftsmen.
Appearance: A man wearing a tight white cloak while carrying a staff.
Ra: The sun god—the most important to the Egyptian people.
Appearance: A man with the head of a hawk and the headdress of the sun disk.
Ra-Horakhty: The god of the sky and sun—a combination of Horus and Ra.
Appearance: A man with the head of a hawk and the headdress of the sun disk.
Sekhmet: The goddess of war.
Appearance: A woman with the head of a lioness.
Seshat: The goddess of writing and measurement.
Appearance: A woman wearing a panther dress and a headdress of a star.
Seth: The god of chaos.
Appearance: A man with the head of a 'Seth Animal'
Shezmu: The lesser demon of execution, slaughter, blood, wine, oil, and even perfume.
Appearances: A man with the head of a hawk.
Shu: The god of the air.
Appearance: A man wearing a headdress of feathers.
Sobek: The god of the Nile.
Appearance: A man with the head of a crocodile and a headdress of feathers.
Tawaret: A goddess of protection who protected pregnant women and childbirth.
Appearance: A large pregnant woman with the head of a hippopotamus, the arms and legs of a lion, and the back and tail of a crocodile.
Tefnut: The goddess of moisture.
Appearance: A woman with the head of a lioness.
Thoth: The god of writing and knowledge.
Appearance: A man with the head of an ibis whilst holding a writing pallet.
TRANSLITERATION OF ANCIENT EGYTPAIN HIEROGLYPHIS
English Meaning (part of speech) Ancient Coptic Egyptian Transliteration
*To search for words hit command+F
*The default vowel used was an 'e'
*Site used: www. hieroglyphs . net
(COMING SOON B-Z)
ability (noun): st-a
above (adj): Hry
Abydos (noun): AbDw
accordingly (adv): my
address (verb): wSd
advance (verb): saA
affection (noun): st-ib
after (of time) (prep): m-xt
again (adv phrase): m wHm-a
against, to (prep): r
alabaster (noun): sS
alone (adj): wa
among (prep): m-m
amulet (noun): sA
Amun (noun): imn
Amun-Re (noun): imn-ra
an offering the king gives (phrase): Htp di nsw
ancestor (noun): tp-a
ancestors (noun): it(w)
anew (adv phrase): m mAwt
anoint (verb): wrH
antiquity (noun): pAt
Anubis (noun): inpw
arm (noun): a
arms (noun): awy
army (noun): mSa
arrow (noun): Ssr
as far as (of place) (prep): SAa-r
as, like (phrase): mi
ascend (verb): iar
Asian (male) (noun): aAm
assistant (noun): Xry-a
assuredly (particle): nHmn
attack (verb): pH
audience chamber (noun): a-Xnwty
audience hall (noun): DAdw
axe (noun): minb
Babylonia (pronoun): An ancient empire in central-southern Mesopotamia.
Babylonia was another vast empire that would be found in modern-day Iraq.
Babylonia was sometmes caught in battles between the Hittites and Egyptians.
Egypt (pronoun): A country based on the prosperous Nile River in Northern Africa.
The Nile River kept Ancient Egypt heavily supplied with resources and even power.
One of the mightiest longest lasting empires and civilizations in our world's histories.
Eyes (noun): Irets
Hittite (pronoun): One of the great kingdoms in ancient history - Modern day Turkey.
The powerful and ever-expanding kingdom that opposed even Egypt's mighty rule.
The hittite empire, ancient Anatolia people's empire lasted from 1700–1180 BC
It is (phrase): pw
King (noun): Pharaoh
Silver (noun & adjective)
Ugarit (pronoun): A major ancient port city in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Ugarit was heavily influenced by mighty Egypt and the powerful Hittites.
Ugarit was destroyed and burned to the ground at the end of the Bronze Age.
In modern times, Ugarit would have been found in Northern Syria. 1450-1200 BC
Woman (noun) Hemet
Author's Note: Ooh, so much in the first chapter, I hope you're able to handle it all!
Obviously, not all accounts will be exact to history, but I will try to piece together as much of history as I possibly can!
I made this story as an attempt to make a fictional story as close to actual history as I could!
I hope I don't offend any of the three hundred people who speak Ancient Egyptian, by using Ancient Coptic Egyptian inncorrectly!
I've not yet studied Ancient Egyptian Grammar! haha Thank you!