Pekea
hide bio
Follow . Favorite
Joined 11-25-07, id: 1429473, Profile Updated: 11-17-10

DEMOCRACIA: gobierno del pueblo.
no tiene un significado

significado popular:se refiere a cuestiones vinculadas al podery a la relacion entre gobernantes y gobernados dentro de una organizacion politica.

democrecia 2 sentidos

DESRIPTiVO: tiene en cuenta los rasgos esenciales de un sistema para caracterizarce como democratico.
PRESCRIPTIVO: significa q señala lo q la democracia deveria ser, los valores e ideales q le dan vida.

REGLAS DE LA DEMOCRACIA:

MAYORIA:las leyes y desiciones publicas surgen de discusiones y deliveraciones de los representantes elegidos por el pueblo por eso esas desiciones son voluntad de la mayoria.
MINORIA:el gobierno de la mayoria esta limitado por los derechos de la minoria de expresarce, organizarce politicamente y de ser respetados.
PERIODICIDAD DE MANDATOS:los mandatos estan limitados a el tiempo para evitar la permanencia en el poder.
COMPETENCIA:para q la democracia pueda subsistir es nesesario al menos dos partidos politicos q compitan por ganar la voluntad popular.
SOVERANIA POPULAR: la soverania y el poder pertenecen al pueblo.
LEGALIDAD:las personas elegidas para ocupar cargos publicos deven ajustar sus conductas y desiciones a las leyes-
CONTROL:existe una divicion de poderes q sirve para limitarce y controlarce entre ellos.

LA DEMOCRACIA Y LA CIUDADANIA:

CIUDADANIA: es el conjunto d condiciones q definen auna persona como miembro de derecho de una comunidad politica, estas condiciones son ser mayor de edad y tener nacionalidad.

RELACION:el ciudadano esta obligado a participar de la vida politica d un pais mediante el boto y asi cumpliendo con las reglas de la democracia teniendo como representante al elegido por la mayoria. ademas de votar tiene la libertad de aplicar la iniciativa popular o el referendum si qiere iniciar un proyecto de ley o vetar otra y en ese caso nuevamente se cumple la voluntad de la mayoria ya q qedara en manos del congreso.

SISTEMAS ELECTORALES:

CARGOS EJECUTIVOS:

ELECCION INDIRECTA: la ciudadania vota por un colegio electoral y este elige a qien ocupara el cargo.

ELECCION DIRECTA:
MAYORIA SIMPLE: los ciudadanos votan al candidato por el cargo unipersonal y asumira qien obtenga la mayoria independiente de los porcentajes.
MAYORIA ABSOLUTA: los ciudadanos votan al candidato unipersonal y asumira quien logre mas del 50% de los votos, en caso contrario se ira a una segunda vuelta.

CARGOS LEGISLATIVOS:
SISTEMA MAYORITARIO: es donde la nacion o provincia se divide en tantos distritos como legisladores se deven elegir,en cada uno la ciudadania elige un solo representante.
SISTEMA PROPORCIONAL: los ciudadanos votana una lista de candidatosd igual numero a la cantidad de cargos legislativos. la cantidad de candidatos q ponga la lista va a ser proporcional a la cantidad de votos q consiguio.

PARTIDO POLITICO:es una asociacion voluntaria de personas q comparten principios y atravez de elecciones libres y limpias pretenden llegar al poder para ponerlos en practica.

FUNCIONES PARTIDO POLITICO:
*representacion politica d los intereces sociales generales( expresar las demandas del pueblo)
*elavoracion de propuestas o planes de gobierno, plataforma politica.
*presentacion depostulantes a cargos publicos electivos.
*motivacion del pueblo para peticionar por sus derechos.
*formacion o preparacion tecnica de sus militantes.
sociavilisacion politica yeducacion politica del pueblo.

TIPO DE SISTEMAS DE PARTIDO:

PARTIDO PREDOMINANTE: el q esta mas d 40 años y no tiene competencia.
BIPARTIDISTA: entre dos partidos se disputan el poder, por lo general no se cumplen las politicas d estado.
MULTIPARTIDISTA: muchos partidos se disputan el poder, los partidos se ven obligados a unirse entre ellos para ganar fuerza.

DERECHO: las sociedades humanas establecen normas que regulan relaciones consideradas fundamentales para el orden y la subsistencia del grupo social. Fijan los modos y formas de reacción y sanción en el caso de que sean violadas.

DERECHOS DE 1 GENERACION: surgen con la revol. Liberales, donde adquieren reconocimientos los referidos a la individualidad ( libertad de expulsión, derechos a la vida, etc).
Estos son los derechos de la 1º generacion que se basan en la valoración de la libertad individual. Estos tienen que ver con restricciones impuestas al estado. Los derechos civiles protegen la libertad individual de culto de derecho a privacidad de comercio y propiedad privada. Los politicos aseguran la igual participación en la vida publica, son la libertad de expresión y asociación politica. Estos se impusieron para limitar el poder de los estados absolutistas.
Tambien se los denomina libertades negativas porque le niegan al estado atribuciones peligrosas.

DERECHOS DE 2º GENERACION: aparecen a mediados del S. XIX cuando Europa comenzo a sufrir agitaciones socio-politicas a raiz del descontento de las clases polpulares con sus condiciones de vida.
Estos derechos se basan en la igualdad y son los derechos ecónomo. Y sociales, apuntan a garantizar ciertas ventajas materiales a todos los habitantes. Ej: salario minimo, jubilación, etc.
Son tambien llamados libertades positivas ya que el estado debe brindar la posibilidad de una vida digna.

DERECHOS DE 3º GENERACION: aparecen en la mitad del S. XX y se relacionan con las nuevas problematicas del deterioro del ecosistema. Es un derecho a un medio ambiente sano que implica reducir los avances de la propiedad publica o privada cuyo ejercicio significa el deterioro ecologico. Se basan en la solaridad.

DERECHOS HUMANOS: Surgen en el S. XX, ya que la tecnologia puso al avance de los estados las herramientas para el daño o auto destruccion de la especie humana, lo que buscan evitar estos derechos que estabalescen ciertos derechos que todos las personas gozan. Constituyen garantias orientadas a proteger valores o bienes fundamentales para una vida digna por su sola condicion de ser humanos.

Sort: Category . Published . Updated . Title . Words . Chapters . Reviews . Status .

Musa: un hada,una historia by mUziEK reviews
Bloom no es la única que tiene un pasado incierto, Musa esta por descubrir algo que podría arruinar su vida para siempre. Actualicé ya ya ya :D
Winx Club - Rated: K - Spanish - Tragedy/Drama - Chapters: 40 - Words: 88,444 - Reviews: 187 - Favs: 27 - Follows: 17 - Updated: 10/10/2012 - Published: 3/10/2007 - Musa, Riven
The Musa Wars by Aelfstangard reviews
Riven is forced by his father to take to him a wife by year's end or lose his right to the throne. This sparks a three-way battle among those who want to become his queen. Who lives? Who dies? Whom does Riven finally marry?
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Fantasy/Romance - Chapters: 34 - Words: 43,391 - Reviews: 63 - Favs: 25 - Follows: 15 - Updated: 7/4/2012 - Published: 11/18/2008 - Musa, Darcy, Riven
How to say 'I love you' by RachelJhoson reviews
It's Valentine's Day and Caleb has never heard about it. But with a bit of help from 4 Guardians,will our proud rebel leader take advantage of this strange celebration to date Cornelia?And what would happen if Phobos and an unkwon king got on their way?CC
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 14 - Words: 34,410 - Reviews: 193 - Favs: 42 - Follows: 37 - Updated: 10/9/2010 - Published: 5/25/2007 - Cornelia H., Caleb
Mind Games by princessm1090 reviews
Musa decides that she is tired of waiting for Riven to make a move. So, she has taken matters into her own hands and plays some mind games of her own. But, will things work out the way she hoped? All is fair in love and war. MxR!
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 12 - Words: 46,399 - Reviews: 165 - Favs: 75 - Follows: 33 - Updated: 5/21/2009 - Published: 2/10/2008 - Musa, Riven - Complete
The romance experts by w.i.t.c.h fan in ut reviews
TAKES PLACE IN FIRST SEASON! Caleb wants to impress Cornelia and the rest of W.I.T.C.H. decides it's time to lend him a hand. Better then it sounds. Dedicated to Racheljhoson. One-shot.
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: K - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,092 - Reviews: 12 - Favs: 9 - Follows: 1 - Published: 3/15/2009 - Caleb, Cornelia H. - Complete
Through Azure Eyes by princessm1090 reviews
Musa entered Alfea thinking she would make some new friends and have some fun. Little did she know that she would be thrown into an epic battle between good and evil. Follow the musical princess through love, hate and see season one through her eyes.
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Drama/Adventure - Chapters: 26 - Words: 199,288 - Reviews: 261 - Favs: 54 - Follows: 12 - Updated: 1/2/2009 - Published: 4/6/2008 - Musa - Complete
The Former Guardians by RedRogue reviews
There are so many fics about the next gen. of Guardians... This is about the ones BEFORE W.I.T.C.H... from Grandma Yan Lin's time, when Nerissa held the Heart. An epic of where it all REALLY began, with the friendship, the love, and the ultimate betrayal.
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 25 - Words: 45,278 - Reviews: 145 - Favs: 29 - Follows: 27 - Updated: 12/5/2008 - Published: 8/6/2006
Tomorrow by RachelJhoson reviews
AU Mañana. Cornelia is an orphan trying to find her aunt and break free from the orphanage. Caleb is part of one of the most powerful families in Heatherfield. What will happen if destiny united them? CXC please review! No Flames!
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 6 - Words: 9,786 - Reviews: 77 - Favs: 15 - Follows: 17 - Updated: 11/29/2008 - Published: 11/17/2007 - Caleb, Cornelia H.
An Engagement by KoalaSnow reviews
Musa and Riven are engaged! Read to see how it all went down.
Winx Club - Rated: K - English - Romance - Chapters: 5 - Words: 921 - Reviews: 35 - Favs: 19 - Follows: 3 - Updated: 10/1/2008 - Published: 8/15/2008 - Musa, Riven - Complete
My last Wish by RachelJhoson reviews
Cornelia and Caleb haven't seen each other since the moment they broke up, because of Caleb's decision to stay in Meridean. But now Cornelia wants to see him again. . . Why? Definitely CxC Plz review!
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Romance/Tragedy - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,928 - Reviews: 19 - Favs: 12 - Follows: 7 - Published: 7/26/2008 - Caleb, Cornelia H. - Complete
Less than Perfect by tears-in-rain reviews
“W-What?” Riven stammered, his mind reeling. His heart was pounding loudly in his ears and the palms of his hands had broken out in a terrified sweat. His entire body was trembling as panic began to get a firm grip on his mind. “I’m pregnant" Musa repeate
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Drama/Family - Chapters: 5 - Words: 10,107 - Reviews: 73 - Favs: 88 - Follows: 22 - Updated: 5/6/2008 - Published: 4/17/2008 - Riven, Musa - Complete
Stranded by princessm1090 reviews
OneShot! Musa and Riven get stuck on an island together, what happens when desire and survival clash? Set between season 1 and season 2. MxR
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 6,852 - Reviews: 20 - Favs: 35 - Follows: 8 - Published: 2/27/2008 - Musa, Riven - Complete
Paradise Lost by princessm1090 reviews
Musa has invited her friends on a cruise for spring break. Musa's old friends will also be joining them, but what happens when Musa's ex boyfriend decides to come along? What makes things worse is that he wants her back. How will Riven react? MxR!
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 13 - Words: 39,420 - Reviews: 151 - Favs: 99 - Follows: 16 - Updated: 2/23/2008 - Published: 12/2/2007 - Musa, Riven - Complete
Ghost of a Rose by Fleur de la Lune reviews
What can be better than getting the leading roles in a big musical performance? It is easy to let success go into your head, but things are not that simple. What mystery is the theatre hiding? C&C R&R, please!
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 6 - Words: 22,214 - Reviews: 57 - Favs: 12 - Follows: 11 - Updated: 1/7/2008 - Published: 5/17/2007
Love is forever by Fleur de la Lune reviews
This is, what the French call l'amour pour l’éternité. But there are always trails to come in the way of a true love. What happens when Cornelia is kidnapped? defenetily C&C, R&R, please! Finally finished!
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 11 - Words: 36,368 - Reviews: 97 - Favs: 22 - Follows: 14 - Updated: 12/5/2007 - Published: 9/8/2006 - Cornelia H., Caleb - Complete
Guardians, unite! by Fleur de la Lune reviews
The first ever My SceneWITCH crossover! What if somebody finds out the guardians' secret? Could they ever be friends? Written with help of my great penpal LoveRose. R&R!
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 4 - Words: 16,517 - Reviews: 32 - Favs: 10 - Follows: 9 - Updated: 11/17/2007 - Published: 3/6/2006
Betrothed by californiagirl1426 reviews
Alt. Universe. Harry Potter is the prince of Hogwarts, betrothed to the princess of Beauxbatons, Hermione Granger. They both met when they were 5, but what will happen 12 years later when they meet in the woods? Harry x Hermione romance. Chap 4 is up!
Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 4 - Words: 5,408 - Reviews: 81 - Favs: 32 - Follows: 65 - Updated: 10/20/2007 - Published: 8/23/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G.
Their Love by californiagirl1426 reviews
Caleb has to go off and fight in a war for Meridian. What does Caleb have to ask Cornelia before he leaves? After their first time together, something happens to Cornelia. What is it? CalebxCornelia Completed!
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 6 - Words: 6,670 - Reviews: 93 - Favs: 31 - Follows: 19 - Updated: 5/6/2007 - Published: 10/21/2006 - Caleb, Cornelia H. - Complete
His Strength, His Weakness by tears-in-rain reviews
Riven and Musa are finally together. But when Darcy and her mind games threaten to tear them apart both romantically and literally, will they be able to find the strength in their relationship to survive? Sequel to ‘Restless Night and Revelations’
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 16 - Words: 39,778 - Reviews: 112 - Favs: 90 - Follows: 14 - Updated: 12/16/2006 - Published: 11/23/2006 - Musa, Riven - Complete
Unattainable by Zadien reviews
MusaxRiven."I'm not a nice person, I can be moody and a git" "Preaching to the choir!" She snapped.
Winx Club - Rated: T - English - Romance/Fantasy - Chapters: 4 - Words: 29,409 - Reviews: 116 - Favs: 140 - Follows: 28 - Updated: 6/15/2006 - Published: 5/5/2006 - [Musa, Riven] - Complete
Calebèo & Corneliette by Fleur de la Lune reviews
Through an unknown portal the guardians get into Verona, Middle Ages. Cornelia is thought to be Juliet Capulet and Caleb as Romeo Montague. What will be the feelings between them in the epoch of Shakespear's characters? Chapter 11 is up & lyrics
W.I.T.C.H. - Rated: K+ - English - Romance - Chapters: 12 - Words: 45,544 - Reviews: 118 - Favs: 32 - Follows: 14 - Updated: 2/17/2006 - Published: 10/30/2005 - Cornelia H., Caleb - Complete
Manager of:
Community: next generation
Focus: Cartoons W.I.T.C.H.