ARedHair
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Joined 07-04-08, id: 1624376, Profile Updated: 08-24-16

I started this profile after reading several manipulative/evil Dumbledore stories. The stories shocked me as until then I had accepted the presentation of Dumbledore as a good, kind, wise, grandfatherly role model. Thinking about the points raised by the stories, I began to see where the ideas for a not-so-good Dumbledore came from. The more stories I read and thought about it, the more conflicts I found between that image and his actual actions and failings. As I started cataloguing them here, I quickly found additional problems in the books not specific to Dumbledore - plot holes, conflicting information, plot devices used in a specific instance that should have had a widespread impact - and added those. I've also identified some issues that are not fully explained, which while not a problem with the stories are interesting questions for speculation in fanfiction.

The following ramble is the result. It has grown over time and I continue to tweak it. Most if not all of the points have undoubtedly been inspired by fanfiction stories that either directly addressed them or glossed over them. Most points have likely been touched on by multiple stories.

The essay has three parts. The first addresses the conflict between Dumbledore's presentation as a good, kind, wise, grandfatherly role model and many of his actions that appear to contradict this image. The second mainly addresses plot holes in each of the books along with some lesser issues. The third is a potpourri of issues and questions.

I started reading fanfiction before Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows was published and when I first read it I did so very quickly and missed important information. It was several years before I reread portions of it and took note that Dumbledore really planned for Harry to martyr himself and that it was only after the end of fourth year (when he learned Voldemort used Harry's blood to create his new body) that he had any hope Harry would survive. Most of this essay's reflections on Dumbledore only consider the conflict between the image of Dumbledore as a wise, powerful, kind, grandfatherly old wizard that is shown to Harry and the image of Dumbledore that arises from considering his actions and inaction in the earlier books (e.g., bringing the Philosopher's Stone into the school knowing that it would lure Voldemort's wraith into the school, endangering students). That comparison raises questions as to Dumbledore's competence and motives. The revelation in Deathly Hallows answers some of those questions in an extremely negative manner, inviting the harshest interpretation of Dumbledore's motives.

Abbreviations:

PS - Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
CoS - Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
PoA - Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
GoF - Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
OoP - Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
HBP - Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
DH - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
PS1 - chapter 1 of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
DE - Death Eater
DoM - Department of Mysteries
JKR - J.K. Rowling
FB - Fantastic Beasts & Where to Find Them
QA - Quidditch Through the Ages
BB - Tales of Beedle the Bard

LINKS:

Off-site links used to work, but aren't now (Dec 2015). Links to pages within fanfiction.net still work. I assume off-site links were disabled in response to bots posting spam links. Unfortunate, but understandable.

I noticed earlier that off-site URLs prefixed with http (or https) were removed from the displayed text, so I removed the prefixes from the text. However, I had not noticed the links themselves were broken for readers. I haven't removed the off-site links in the hope they will work again at some point, but for now they come up as empty links that just load my profile page again.

I have appended a list of all the off-site links that don't appear in the text at the bottom of the profile.

-o-o-o-o-

"The Harry Potter series has the misfortune to be children's literature that has been subject to critical review as serious literature" -- paraphrase from a comment I read in a forum some time ago (the author and forum forgotten).

The Harry Potter series has some great characters and a very imaginative world.

The stories make heavy use of unrealistic clichés and exaggerations. Clichés, exaggerated characters, and black and white situations are wonderful for children's stories. Young children latch onto them, understand them, and are amused by them. However, they are problematic when the stories are viewed with the more demanding standards of serious literature.

Added to this, there are elements of plain poor plotting and lack of consistency, forethought or backward compatibility.

As long as the books are viewed as children's stories with exaggerations and clichés created for enjoyment and effect, then that's what they are. As long as the books are viewed a set of somewhat disjoint children's stories rather than a series telling a single continuous tale of Harry's life, then the arbitrary situations created for each story and the omission of details (even somewhat major omissions) can be accepted. However, illogical story elements and omissions becomes a problem when the books are viewed with the higher expectations demanded of more serious literature or the even higher expectations of fanfiction "canon" that demands a true, literal description of a coherent magical world.


Many of these issues raise questions about Dumbledore's ethics and competence. In the early books, Dumbledore is portrayed as a wise, powerful, kind, grandfatherly old wizard. The situations created for each book contradict this, but if one separates the setup from story, that's the image provided by the earlier books. Then the last book, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (DH), reveals that Dumbledore had been planning and manipulating Harry to have him martyr himself. That requires a reader to reconsider everything that Dumbledore had done both in the earlier books and the setup for each book in a new light. We don't know when Dumbledore decided Harry had to be a martyr. It could have been as early as 1980, Halloween 1981, 1993 when he learned about the diary, or after Harry started having visions in 1994.

Leaving a babe on a door step is a classic, but unrealistic cliché. The cliché arises from an unwed mother or her family leaving her newborn baby on the church or orphanage steps to protect the mother's identity, either to keep her reputation and that of her family from ruin or to evade responsibility for the child. No responsible adult would abandon a baby on a doorstep without a good reason and Dumbledore has none. Dumbledore was not hiding anyone's identity nor was he evading responsibility. He left a note identifying both Harry and himself. There was no reason he could not deliver Harry to Petunia and Vernon in person at a reasonable hour. We may chose to assume Dumbledore applied charms to keep Harry warm and safe, but there was considerable arrogance presuming those charms were sufficient*. There is no reason to give the appearance of risking Harry to the elements, stray animals, or the chance he would squirm in his sleep and roll off the stoop or otherwise wake and wander off. Leaving Harry on the doorstep is disrespectful of both Petunia and Harry.

It would be arrogant to trust his spell work without any backup in ordinary circumstances. It is exceedingly arrogant to trust his spell work would be sufficient on a child who just survived a Killing Curse.

Dumbledore ignores Minerva's warning about the Dursleys. As the books progress this is a trend. Dumbledore makes decisions without consulting others. Others accept this seemingly based on his reputation and the assumption he has information and experience they don't. Perhaps it is his reputation that keeps them from noticing the reason he has information they don't is that he keeps it to himself. He doesn't share critical information.

It is odd that neither Minerva or Hagrid comment on Dumbledore leaving Harry on the Dursleys doorstep. It is near midnight, so they must realize Harry will be unattended until he is found the next morning (at least six hours away). Just as I can think of no reason to justify Dumbledore's behaviour, neither can I justify their failure to object. They are tarred by the same brush.

Dumbledore ignores Petunia's feelings. If Dumbledore believes Petunia has familial feelings for her sister, Lily, and her nephew, Harry, he should be concerned how she might receive the news of her sister's death. He should ensure that she is not so distraught from that news that she cannot undertake Harry's care or might, rather, require assistance with her own son while she copes with her grief. Instead he leaves Harry on her doorstep with a note telling her, in effect, "Your sister is dead, here's her boy for you to look after, we'll take him from you in 10 years when he turns 11 - just like we took your sister." Hardly the act of a wise and compassionate person.

The Last Will and Testaments of James and Lily Potter are not mentioned in the books, but Sirius Black had one so they are part of the social and legal structure of magical Britain. If Sirius had a Will, then the Potters certainly should have had Wills providing for Harry's care in the event of their deaths.

The only reasons Dumbledore gives for placing Harry with the Dursleys are the need for him to live with Petunia to create the blood protections and the desire have him grow up out of the lime-light. If the Potter Wills had said Harry was to be placed with Petunia, Dumbledore logically would have said so. Therefore, we can reasonably assume their Wills did not say Harry was to be placed with Petunia. If there were a legal requirement requiring placement with close relatives (overriding Wills), Dumbledore logically would have said so. Therefore, we can reasonably assume there was no overriding legal requirement dictating the placement.

It is possible Dumbledore was executor of the Wills and that they gave him discretion to override the choice of guardians specified in the Wills. In fact, given the war's environment of distrust, it is not unlikely that there was a provision to avoid custody going to traitors. How general a provision we can only speculate. It is possible the law gave him the right to override the Wills, either as executor or as Chief Warlock. It is also possible he violated the express terms of the Wills and that in doing so he broke the law.

It's possible Dumbledore was just being honest, stating his real reasons for leaving Harry with the Dursleys and omitting other justifications, but the absence of any mention of the Wills opens an avenue for suspicion. Wills really aren't a topic for children's books, so it was appropriate to omit mention of them from the first book, which was clearly a children's book. However, it becomes a notable omission as the series matures in later books and Sirius' Will is mentioned.

Harry is an abused child. The books describe the Dursleys’ treatment of Harry as abusive. He is verbally abused, housed in a cupboard, poorly clothed, poorly fed, burdened with chores, and punished for asking questions or excelling in school. His punishment includes both excessively lengthy confinement and denial of food. Their treatment of Harry may not have been physically abusive, but it was abusive. The signs of abuse are clear: ill-fitting clothes, shy, no friends, bullied by cousin, and under-performing. Harry shies from physical contact and does not remember being hugged before Hermione's hug in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (PS16).

Recognition of this abuse is mixed. Muggle teachers, who are trained to recognize abuse, do not appear to have recognized or responded to it. Similarly, at Hogwarts there is no response to the signs of abuse, though there are comments on his small size. Madame Pomfrey does not appear to have any concerns though she treats him on several occasions when she should have done a general scan (e.g., at end of PS when he was unconscious for several days). However, Arabella Figg tells Harry "I'm sorry I gave you such a miserable time, Harry, but the Dursleys would never have let you come if they'd thought you enjoyed it" in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (OoP2).

So the books exaggerate the extent of his mistreatment, assume incompetence on the part of all his muggle teachers, or someone (who must be Dumbledore) or something (perhaps Dumbledore's protections) interferes to prevent the abuse being noticed. Perhaps Dumbledore's protections were designed in part to cause incidents of accidental magic to be ignored and had the unintended effect of causing Harry's muggle teachers and others to disregard signs of abuse. Could the protections have also desensitised the Dursleys to the effects of their treatment of Harry?

(Results of a Proper Introduction by dunuelos has a nice description of how the protections could produce negative effects. It's located in the letter to Harry in the latter part of Chapter 1, starting "Now, these wards do have an unfortunate side effect."

Chapter 4 of Lone Traveler: The Slytherin Chronicles by dunuelos explains how a compulsion designed for short term use could have unintended consequences when applied long term. For instance a compulsion to keep Harry within the protections could result in him being left home rather than being taken on vacations or other trips away from Privet Drive.)

Dumbledore never checks on Harry himself, but he has Arabella living two blocks away watching Harry. What did she see? What did she report? We know what she told Harry. Presumably she'd reported at least that much to Dumbledore. After the battle at the Ministry, Dumbledore says to Harry "I knew I was condemning you to ten dark and difficult years" (OoP37). So, he actually anticipated Harry would not be well treated at the time he placed him with the Dursleys and would have had this confirmed by Arabella.

(In "Harry Potter and the Power of Paranoia", chapter 15, arekay suggests that Dumbledore may have thought merely living with muggles, away from magic, would qualify as 'dark and difficult'. An interesting idea. If that's the attitude of the champion of muggle and muggleborn rights, it explains why there are so few.)

Harry chooses not to return home for Christmas breaks and asks if there are alternatives to returning to the Dursleys' over the summer, yet he is told he must return there. Has Dumbledore learned nothing in the fifty years since Tom Riddle made the same requests? How is it that this supposedly great, wise, caring Headmaster is so blind to Harry's home conditions? Is his blindness limited to Harry, perhaps it is engendered by pride in the protections he created? Had his guilt at placing Harry in a less than ideal home led him to so thoroughly convince himself of his hope (that while not nice it wouldn't be too bad) that he ignores evidence to the contrary? Does he also ignore signs of abuse suffered by other students? Does he allow preconceived notions to govern him in other matters when contradictory facts should direct him to do otherwise? How has this affected his decisions at the school, in government, and as a judge?

Why don't others at Hogwarts take action? Various people notice how small Harry is for his age. Harry visited Madame Pomfrey several times. Didn't she check his overall condition? Shouldn't she have noticed evidence of malnutrition? Was Hogwarts food dosed with potions that removed obvious signs of problems before he got to her? Didn't anyone notice that, except for his school uniform, all his clothes over-sized and in ill repair? If the protections prevented muggles from noticing the abuse, perhaps they also affected Mrs Figg and the wizards and witches at Hogwarts from noticing their full extent, preventing them from reporting or acting on the signs of abuse. Perhaps they even affect Dumbledore? Many aspects of wizarding society are described as Victorian, is such treatment of children (to the extent they were aware of it) considered acceptable by those standards? Is it considered the Dursleys' right to raise Harry as they see fit? Hogwarts does not use corporal punishment, but Filch longs for the old days when chains and whips were used suggesting it was used within his lifetime and may still be acceptable elsewhere.

On the other hand, perhaps the failure of Dumbledore and others to notice and act on Harry's condition is because the descriptions of his ill-treatment are exaggerated. The books have several moments that show Harry is not completely cowed by the Dursleys, contradicting the more frequent descriptions and reports of ill-treatment: when Harry's second Hogwarts letter arrives and Vernon struggles to take it from Dudley, Harry jumps on Vernon's back; when Hagrid tells Harry about his parents deaths, Vernon says "I accept there's something strange about you, probably nothing a good beating wouldn't have cured" which may suggest Harry wasn't beaten (other than by Dudley and his gang); after going to Diagon Alley with Hagrid, Harry asks Vernon to drive him to King's Cross Station; and before third year, Harry asks Vernon to sign his Hogsmeade permission slip. Although the Dursleys force Harry to cook, clean, garden and do other chores they must also have taught him to perform those chores. Teaching him to cook would be particularly critical, since they had to eat his failures. Moreover, if Harry were as badly treated as is stated and implied, he should have emotional and developmental problems. Development of language skills requires an infant to be taught to make the correct sounds, words, and phrases. Development of motor skills requires that an infant have toys or other objects to play with. If Harry lacked adequate skills, he would have required special schooling. However, Harry did not require special schooling and actually had to take care not to outscore Dudley (after being punished for doing so), he was frequently able to outrun Dudley's gang (not just overweight Dudley), and in Hogwarts he demonstrated superior reflexes and motor skills. Although his glasses are taped and were gotten out of a bin, he can spot the elusive snitch. This contradicts indications of severe abuse or neglect during Harry's early formative years.

If one accepts the descriptions of Harry's ill treatment at the Dursleys, Dumbledore was (by current standards) negligent in keeping him there and allowing that treatment. However, if one accepts that Harry does not display the emotional and developmental problems such abuse would cause and that Harry learned to perform a wide variety of chores, one must discount the descriptions of ill treatment (at least in his early years) and criticism of Dumbledore and others may not be supported.

Harry's abuse is not unique. We know that Snape had a poor home life, Luna was bullied while at Hogwarts, the Marauders' treatment of Snape strayed into bullying on at least one occasion, and Draco and his circle of students are verbally abusive of muggleborns (or at least Hermione). Dumbledore and his faculty appear to be either oblivious to or accepting of all of this. Is this simply an aspect of the attitudes and knowledge of a culture that is a couple centuries behind muggle society?

Dumbledore ignores Harry's annual end of year emotional traumas. Year after year Harry's school year ends traumatically and Dumbledore sends Harry to the abusive environment of the Dursleys’ for the summer, without counseling - after Quirrell's death in PS, after fighting Tom and the Basilisk in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (CoS), after the high and low of finding and loosing his godfather in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (PoA), after Cedric's death and Tom's resurrection in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (GoF), and after the fight at the Ministry of Magic and his godfather's death (OoP). How does one reconcile the image of a great, wise, caring Headmaster with the lack of counseling and forced residency with the hateful Dursleys. The descriptions of Harry's misery at the Dursleys’ tend to rule out any unmentioned counseling or mind healing and doesn't leave much doubt as to the miserable conditions. Did the great, wise, caring Headmaster not understand what it was like for Harry at the Dursleys’? Did he not understand the trauma Harry suffered each year? Did he not appreciate his need for comfort and counseling after such trauma? Is this another aspect of the Victorian age setting?

Horrid teachers (various in DADA, Snape in Potions, Binns in History, and Trawley in Divination) are unrealistic exaggerations. Children tell their parents about their teachers and parents complain if they don't think their children are being well educated. They complain to the Headmaster and if he ignores their complaints they complain to the board of governors about both the teachers and the Headmaster.

No professor has taught Defence Against the Dark Arts (DADA) for more than a year since Tom applied. Even if some individual instructors are acceptable, instruction is inconsistent from year to year and by Harry's time instruction is often poor if not atrocious. Poor DADA instruction is a serious matter with serious impact on the wizarding world. It reduces the number of candidates for auror positions and decreases the preparedness of the general wizarding population to defend itself against a dark lord. This may be exactly what Voldemort wanted when he cast the curse, but it should not be accepted by the Headmaster or parents.

Potions is an important subject. It is a prerequisite for becoming an auror or healer. Does Dumbledore really allow it to be incompetently taught? After an impressive welcoming speech, the only insights into Professor Severus Snape's teaching are the words "instructions are on the board" and his oppressive manner while the students are brewing. Does Snape provide any instruction on safety, the properties and preparation of ingredients, or the brewing process? There are assignments, but they seem to be after the fact - explaining failures, not preparation for brewing. From the absence of any preparatory instruction in the books, it appears he does not offer any. Does he ever correct students' brewing technique, not just mock their failure? Even if one assumes that he does provide such instruction and it's just not mentioned, the books say few students outside of Slytherin pursue potions at the NEWT level. Is that true or is that report exaggerated? If literally true, it is an unacceptable outcome. It would significantly reduce the number of candidates for positions in healing or as aurors. Dumbledore believes Voldemort isn't dead and will return, so he should anticipate a need for healers and aurors. How then can he allow potions to be poorly taught? By doing so Dumbledore would be causing great harm to wizarding society (a story that mentions this is The Rebellious Wizard (in chapter 1, search for "slowly but surely") by broomstick flyer). Perhaps Dumbledore considers this harm insignificant compared to the harm caused by poor DADA instruction, but poor Potions instruction affects preparation for careers in Healing which is unaffected by DADA instruction.

History of Magic is the only subject where students might be taught about magical society. It could teach not only the facts of when who did what, but understanding of why conficts arose and how they changed society. It could teach the development and current state of their society's institutions, laws, customs, and mores. It is the subject where muggleborns can be taught about wizarding society and where the case against pureblood biases can be made. It is the subject where students' philosophy of life and the future direction of wizarding society can be most directly influenced. If Dumbledore wants to influence the direction of wizarding society, it is a subject Dumbledore should care about. How then can he allow it to be poorly taught?

Professor Sibyll Trelawney is portrayed as a flake, constantly making worthless "predictions", including the prediction of students' deaths. The divination class is portrayed as being devoted entirely to the trappings of fortune telling. It does not appear to have any worthwhile content such as information about past prophecies and how they have influenced history and society or related areas of magic such as clairvoyance or scrying that might be learnt and used by anyone. Rather, it is portrayed as a course without sufficient content for one term let alone the three years of an elective OWL course. As portrayed, the course should be eliminated, as Dumbledore once contemplated. That he did not (for the sake of bringing Trelawney under the protection of Hogwarts) and allows students to waste their time on the course and be exposed to Trelawney's "predictions" is contrary to his duty as Headmaster.

These exaggerated instances of poor teaching conflict with the presentation of Dumbledore as a great Headmaster. If the exaggerations are taken at face value, he fails to ensure a quality education. Are these teachers really as awful as portrayed or is the telling exaggerated?

Again there is evidence in the books that the situation may not actually be as bad as they describe. Many of the Weasley twins' pranks appear to be based on potions. How did they become so competent if Potions is poorly taught? The OWL and NEWT examinations appear to be independently administered by the Ministry. If the teaching of these subjects was truly bad, the OWL and NEWT results would reveal it. So, perhaps the books exaggerate the students' perception of their teachers. Otherwise, the tests must have been adjusted to the level of teaching. Who would be responsible for that or might influence those who are? Dumbledore?

Snape, Binns, and Trawley's exaggerated, cliché behaviour makes for wonderful characters for children's books, but considered objectively it is unrealistic behaviour for professors or a head of house and would not be allowed. That they are reflects poorly on Dumbledore's performance as Headmaster.

Hogwarts is supposed to be safe and Dumbledore is supposed to be a big factor in making Hogwarts safe. However, in PS he first bring the Philosopher's Stone into the school (and creates a series of challenges to protect it, presumably because he expects an intruder to be able to enter the castle and he doesn't believe it will be safe enough in his office) and then he lets Quirinus Quirrell in with Voldemort possessing him, apparently failing to detect either the wraith or the possession. Nor does it appear he is aware of the troll's presence in the school before Quirinus' dramatic announcement. Charlie's friends land on the astronomy tower to pick up Hagrid's dragon, apparently undetected. In CoS he fails to detect the presence of a horribly dark object (the diary) or that one of his students has been possessed. He also fails to figure out (for the second time) that Slytherin's monster is most likely a snake and of the possible snakes the most likely is the king of snakes, a Basilisk. In PoA Hogwarts is proven not so safe that Dementors can't swarm a Quidditch game, or can't to accompany the Minister for Magic into the castle itself (despite Dumbledore's earlier statement that 'no Dementor will cross the threshold of this castle while I am Headmster', PoA9), and has no defense against animagi (Peter Pettigrew and Sirius Black) entering and even living in the castle. The Marauders' Map is able to locate and identify everyone within the castle, including Animagi, so shouldn't the castle protections allow the staff to do so? Several tunnels leading off of the castle grounds are revealed, the use of which by the twins, Harry, and Sirius is apparently undetected. In GoF, a Death Eater (DE) is admitted to Hogwarts and impersonates Dumbledore's good friend for the entire school year without being detected, Dumbledore fails to detect the powerful dark magic required to fool the goblet into accepting Harry's name and a fourth school, an owl message bobby trapped with undiluted bubber puss is allowed to be delivered to a student, and once again nothing prevents Fudge bringing a dementor into the school to kiss Barty Crouch Jr.. Why exactly is Hogwarts considered safe? Why is Dumbledore respected?

Dumbledore sacrifices Slytherin students to the pureblood agenda. A greater number of Slytherin students are the children of Death Eaters and other supporters of pureblood supremacist philosophy than other houses, either in fact or widespread perception. Therefore, Dumbledore should ensure a special effort is made to discourage them from following that philosophy and encourage them toward his own philosophy of inclusion and tolerance. Instead, he chose to appoint Snape as their head of house.

Snape might have been an inspired choice, if he had been positioned as a fighter who repented joining Voldemort and cunningly opposed him from within his supporters. However, that is not the case. On the contrary, he is positioned as a loyal Death Eater who escaped punishment. Rather than opposing prejudice and setting a positive example, he displays prejudice and openly abuses his position of authority. He is exhibits bias both in his teaching and in his enforcement of discipline. Snape is the exact the opposite of the role model Dumbledore should have provided, especially for Slytherin house.

It cannot be excused that Snape's appointment was a short term action. Snape was hired to teach potions and be the head of Slytherin house around the time of Voldemort's defeat and Dumbledore hoped Voldemort wouldn't return to power until Harry was trained. So Dumbledore knowingly condemns a generation of Slytherin students by placing them in the care of someone who openly espouses attitudes and prejudice that Dumbledore supposedly opposes and should want to guide students away from.

Dumbledore commends Draco for not being able to kill him in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Price (HBP), but there is no other evidence of Dumbledore had done anything previously to guide Draco away the becoming a Death Eater. Snape is allowed to rescue Draco from punishment for misdeeds. Despite Draco's blatant misbehaviour and disrespect toward muggleborn students, Draco is made a prefect. From what is revealed in the books, from Harry's point of view, Dumbledore does nothing to encourage Draco or other children to question or reject the bigoted pureblood supremacist philosophies.

Dumbledore's performance as Chief Warlock is highly questionable. One of the foundations of a free society is that its members are entitled to defend themselves in a fair trial. We don't know the details of what happened at the time of Sirius' imprisonment or whether Dumbledore was Chief Warlock at that time, but Dumbledore was Chief Warlock when he stood by and allowed Hagrid to be imprisoned (in CoS). Surely there is a moral, if not legal, obligation for a senior official, such as the Chief Warlock, to object when a person is imprisoned without trial.

If Dumbledore was Chief Warlock at the time of Voldemort's defeat in 1981, one must ask what part he had in allowing Sirius to be imprisoned without trial and allowing Death Eaters to bribe their way out of being charged using the excuse of the Imperious curse. Did he deliberately allow (or encourage) Sirius' imprisonment without a trial with the intent of removing Sirius' claim to custody of Harry? Did his penchant for giving people a second chance lead him to allow or encourage Death Eaters to escape the just consequences of their actions?

Although he may not have wanted to alert Voldemort's Death Eaters to his survival, for fear they would act to hasten his return, Dumbledore had a duty as Chief Warlock to inform the Head of the DMLE even if he did not trust Bagnold or Fudge to keep it secret from Malfoy. Even if (at the end of PoA) Dumbledore believed there was a risk of jurors improperly convicting Sirius if he were to face trial with anything less that a living Pettigrew as evidence, he had a duty to inform the Minister and DMLE that Sirius had been imprisoned without trial and might be innocent. He could have attempted to have the 'kiss on sight' order changed to 'bring in for questioning and trial'. He could have informed friendly members of the Wizengamot to bring pressure on the Minister. Why didn't he?

Further questions of Dumbledore's competence arise in OoP where Dumbledore has allowed himself to be removed from office. Surely someone with his experience could have avoided that if he wished to do so. He could have used his pensieve to show people Harry's memory. Indeed he was negligent in not obtaining that memory for DMLE to use as evidence against the DEs that answered Voldemort's call.

In HBP, after Dumbledore has been restored to the post of Chief Warlock, Dumbledore takes no action against Draco. Rosemerta was subject to the Imperious curse by Draco. Dumbledore knew Draco had orders to assassinate him and was likely responsible. Despite the unforgivable nature of the Imperious curse, Dumbledore apparently no action to have Draco questioned or apprehended. He ignored his duty to justice and to the victims of crime in favour of his desire to "reform" Draco. This echos the release of Death Eaters on the Imperious excuse and bribes in 1981.

What is Dumbledore's vision of the Greater Good? In DH, Rita's book The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore reveals his youthful association with Gellert Grindelwald and the beliefs they shared. From the perspective of a children's book (though that classification hardly applies to DH) this can be viewed as the foolishness of youth and that Dumbledore came to a moral turning point that caused a change of heart transforming his view of the Greater Good from black to white. Children accept black and white views of the world. From a more mature perspective life and beliefs are rarely black and white, so the revelations raise questions about Dumbledore's fundamental beliefs and motives. Had his beliefs really changed? How much of his old beliefs remain?

Dumbledore manipulates Harry into being a martyr. The revelation in DH that Dumbledore planned for Harry to have Voldemort kill him -- to destroy the Horcrux in his scar and by his sacrifice duplicate his mother's protection to protect all the people he cares for -- is startling. He appears to have come to this decision on his own. There is no suggestion that he sought assistance in finding a way to safely remove the Horcrux from Harry. There is no suggestion he sought assistance in interpreting the prophecy. It seems he may have made the decision to make Harry a martyr as early as when Harry was left on his relatives doorstep. He certainly made it before Voldemort's return, since he later said the news that Voldemort used Harry's blood gave him the first hope Harry might survive. That he made this decision without seeking assistance to find alternatives is astoundingly arrogant. It is the antithesis of wisdom. It shows that the loving, grandfatherly persona Dumbledore shows Harry is completely false.

Notwithstanding Dumbledore's apparent failings, on the surface the books (baring the revelations of DH) present him as a great, highly capable, wise and caring wizard. This is not just the image Dumbledore projects to Harry, it is also reflected in the way Harry sees everyone treat Dumbledore. He has a phoenix familiar - an apparent testament to his goodness*.

* Assuming phoenixes are symbols of goodness in the Harry Potter universe.

Yet if one tries to make Dumbledore truly deserving of his reputation, then the books' plots fall apart. A magical object Voldemort desires is not stored in a school full of children. Voldemort's possession of Quirinus Quirrell is detected. The diary (or at least Ginny's possession) is detected. Ron (or Percy years earlier) is unable to bring Scabbers to Hogwarts. Barty Crouch Jr.'s polyjuice impersonation of Alaster (Mad-Eye) Moody is detected. Fudge is unable to outmaneuver Dumbledore. And so on.

There is a contradiction between the great, highly capable Dumbledore and the plot situations that he should have been able to detect and prevent. If he knew about these situations and allowed them, then one must question his wisdom and caring. This is not a huge problem when the books are viewed as a somewhat disjoint set of children's stories (as the first books can). Children accept the exaggerations and concentrate on the characters and plot, ignoring the flaws inherent in the situation's existence. However, this is a fundamental flaw in the story line when viewed as a continuous series and with the more mature expectations raised by the later books (and the even greater demands of fanfiction writers and readers seeking an authoritative 'canon').

The phrase "he's not a character, he's a plot device" seems to apply to the great, powerful, wise, kind, grandfatherly Dumbledore (and other exaggerated, cliché characters like Binns, Snape, Trawley, and Voldemort).

If you accept actions and inaction required to build the plots for the books as part of Dumbledore's character, then you must ask what other consequences were there. If Sirius died because Dumbledore would not share information, how many people died during the first war for the same reason? How many people died because Dumbledore did not seek the opinions or expertise of others?

Then you have to factor in the revelation, in DH, that Dumbledore had manipulated Harry so that he'd martyr himself. You have to ask whether his unkind intentions were limited to Harry. How many people died to ensure Dumbledore would be unchallenged as the foremost paragon of British wizarding society? What was his vision of the Greater Good? What were his goals for wizarding society? Did he have a reason for allowing poor teaching of Defense, Divination, History, and Potions?

The character that arises from this questioning can be far from kind and grandfatherly.


Beyond the question of Dumbledore's intentions or competence, the books are rife with plot failings. Some are simple clichés, suitable for children's books, but lacking consistency when viewed in a wider context. Others are created by the setup of the situations for the stories that children ignore, but don't stand up to critical analysis.

In the Philosopher's Stone, there are several major problem areas. First, there are the issues of the way Harry was left at the Dursleys (and the way he was treated there). Second, there is the way Harry was reintroduced to the magical world. Third, there are the issues with the school. Fourth, there are the issues of keeping the Philosophers Stone at Hogwarts.

• Leaving Harry with the Dursleys

Why was Hagrid chosen to investigate the attack on the Potters' home? Hagrid had limited magical ability (having been expelled and his wand snapped) and although resistant to magic is not immune. Why send him to the site of an attack by Voldemort? Did Dumbledore know neither Voldemort nor any of his followers remained at the home? Perhaps he was the only person available who knew the secret of where the Potters were located. Most likely, JKR wanted an event to bond Harry and Hagrid, the big, bumbling, friendly half-giant. However, logically, someone with more magical ability would have been a better choice.

Why did Hagrid accept the use of Sirius' motorbike? Dumbledore sent Hagrid to the Potters with instructions to collect Harry, surely he provided a way for him to return with the child. Hagrid presumably can't apparate (having been expelled in third year before it is taught), so he was either using a local public Floo connection or Dumbledore had provided him with a portkey. Are those methods of transport undesirable for a small child? For that matter, why would Sirius use his motorbike to go to check on Peter and then to go to the Potters? Wouldn't he apparate? Why would Sirius presume Hagrid needed or could make use of his motorbike?

Why did Hagrid arrive at the Dursleys’ on the motorbike? Did Hagrid fly straight from the Potters' to the Dursley home? Ignoring the timeline (departing the night of 31 Oct and arriving just past midnight, early on Wednesday the 2nd (or perhaps the 4th) of November, after Minerva has spent the whole day at the Dursleys'), how would Dumbledore know what instructions to give Hagrid when he sent him to the Potters? Did he know James and Lily were dead and that Harry survived? Wouldn't an injured child be taken for treatment? Had Hagrid returned Harry to Hogwarts (explaining why he wasn't delivered to the Dursleys’ until the next day)? In that case, Dumbledore might know Hagrid was bringing Harry to the Dursleys’ on the motorbike, but why wouldn't Dumbledore have given Hagrid a portkey or have brought Harry himself and why wouldn't McGonagall have known what happened to the Potters?

Why did Dumbledore use the 'putter outer'? We later learn that he does not require a cloak to be invisible and (in GoF) the Order of the Phoenix manages to post guards at Privet Drive who are there day and night without benefit of a putter outer. Doesn't he know putting out so many street lights is likely to be noticed and result in a call to the electric company? Perhaps he expects to be gone before the company or a police patrol will respond?

The timeline is flawed.
- The book (PS1) says the story starts on a "dull, grey Tuesday", but according to the calendar, Halloween, October 31st, 1981 was a Saturday - not a Monday. So either JKR hadn't decided the year was 1981 or two full days have passed since the attack and a third will pass before Harry is left on the Dursley's doorstep. Later in the book Harry's 11th birthday is on a Tuesday, but in 1991, July 31st was actually a Wednesday. It does not appear possible for both November 1st one year and July 31st a decade later to both be Tuesdays.
- Minerva McGonagall is watching as Vernon Dursley goes to work and spends the day watching the home (or following Petunia around).
- On the way to work and during the day Vernon sees people celebrating. This establishes that this can't be Halloween day, since people couldn't be out celebrating until after Voldemort met his downfall attacking the Potters on Halloween night. It is implied that Vernon didn't notice any celebrating the day before, so it must be the first day the news of Voldemort's downfall was known.
- On the evening weather report, Jim McGuffin says "Perhaps people have been celebrating Bonfire Night early - it's not until next week folks!" This is incorrect. If Tuesday is November 1, then Bonfire Night (aka Guy Fawkes Night, November 5th) would be on Saturday. If Halloween were earlier, then Bonfire Night would also be earlier. In no case would Bonfire Night be "next week" after a Tuesday in November. For the story to open following Halloween (November 1st or later) and for Bonfire Night to be next week, then November 1st would have to be Wednesday or later in the week.
- The Dursleys go to bed.
- Dumbledore and Hagrid arrive.
- Dumbledore is expecting Hagrid, but asks where he got the motorbike.
- Hagrid says Harry fell asleep over Bristol (to the west of Surrey). This suggests Hagrid didn't take Harry to be checked by either Madam Pomfrey (at Hogwarts in Scotland, to the north) or St Mungo's (in London, to the east) before taking him to Privet Drive.
- Harry is left on the doorstep.
- There is no explanation why it takes a whole day (or perhaps 3 days) for Hagrid to deliver Harry to the Dursleys. Harry would need to have been somewhere safe. The only other safe place we know of is Hogwarts, but if Hagrid had taken Harry to Hogwarts why Minerva wouldn't have wondered about the Potters and why would Hagrid have approached Surrey from Bristol?
- Petunia is surprised when she finds Harry the next morning (no mention of him being wet despite the weatherman having said "I can promise a wet night tonight").

I can't find it now, but I recall reading somewhere that when JKR was asked something about this (I don't recall precisely what), she admitted that she may have gotten the timeline mixed up.

How did word get out of Voldemort's defeat? Vernon saw people celebrating on his way to work. How was the fact Voldemort had been killed/vanquished determined so quickly? How was it determined he hadn't just apparated away in a hurry (or been banished) leaving his clothes? How did anyone know Harry had been attacked? When Hagrid picked Harry up, he (or anyone he described the scene to) would most likely have assumed the scar was from whatever damaged the house. By the time anyone else came to analyze the scene, Hagrid had already removed Harry so there would be no reason to assume he'd been struck by and survived a Killing Curse. It could just as well be that Lily and Voldemort killed each other with simultaneous attacks. If they detected two killing curses had been cast in the nursery, it would be more reasonable to assume Lily dodged one rather than Harry surviving one. Wizarding Wireless could spread the word quickly enough, but it's never explained how it the facts were established. If Dumbledore was concerned about Harry growing up famous he could have encouraged the belief that James and Lily successfully defended Harry (at the cost of their lives) without mentioning that Harry had survived a Killing Curse.

Why was Minerva waiting at the Dursleys? She already knew there was reason to celebrate (and presumably that Tuesday's classes were cancelled). She'd heard that the Potters were dead (either before she came to the Dursleys or while watching them), but wasn't sure. Dumbledore ignored her concerns about the Dursleys, so presumably he hadn't sent her there to watch them. Then why was she there? Was she guarding the house? If so, why didn't Dumbledore ask if she'd seen anyone suspicious? If she was waiting for Dumbledore, why wait there all day rather than at Hogwarts?

The conversation between Dumbledore and McGonagall at the Durley's has problems.
- Why would Minerva sit watching the 'far corner of Privet Drive' after the Dursleys retire for the night until midnight when Dumbledore appears? How would she know exactly where Dumbledore would appear? Had he given her a portkey that brought her there? If so, why did he seem surprised she was there 'All day? When you could have been celebrating?' Had he expected her to make a brief inspection and then depart? If so, shouldn't he have looked for her to receive her report before bringing Harry there? If he flew why was she watching one particular spot?
- Dumbledore appears near the Dursleys' home in a blink yet he says 'I must have passed a dozen feasts and parties on the way here'. If he appears in a blink of an eye, one would assume he apparated or used a portkey, how then did he pass parties en-route? Did he have to use small jumps? In later books, he had no problem traveling straight from Hogwarts to London by either apparation or portkey. Did he fly to Privet Drive and appear when he dropped his invisibility? That would match his flying to the Ministry at the end of the year, however, there is no mention of him having a broom.
- Dumbledore does not react when Hagrid mentions taking the motorbike back to Sirius. If Sirius wasn't wanted as a traitor, then why did Dumbledore have Hagrid bring Harry to the Dursleys instead of being given to Sirius as his parents wished?
- McGonagall reports to Dumbledore that the Dursleys are the worst sort of people, but Vernon was at work for most of the day. She might have formed an opinion of Petunia from watching her care for Dudley, but did the evening provide enough time to form an opinion of Vernon?

McGonagall asks Dumbledore if he can do something about Harry's scar and says he replies "Even if I could, I wouldn't." Has he examined it and determined that he can't heal it or is he saying he hasn't and doesn't care about it? When would Dumbledore have examined Harry? Hagrid said Harry fell asleep over Bristol (to the west), suggesting he came straight from Godric's Hollow (since that's not on the route from either Hogwarts or St Mungo's). If Harry was brought to Hogwarts, why wouldn't McGonagall have seen him in the hospital wing with Madame Pomfrey? Presumably Madame Pomfrey would have tried to heal the scar. If she had tried and failed to heal the scar, why didn't she get help? Dumbledore's answer to McGonagall continues with "Scars can come in handy!" Why does he think the scar may be of some use? What use does he think it may be? If he didn't fully understand what the scar was or know how to heal it, why didn't he get help? If he's concerned with Harry's fame, surely he wouldn't want Harry to carry a visible mark. Is he bowing to the prophecy's line about 'the one' being 'marked'? Shouldn't that have encouraged him to thoroughly investigate the nature of the mark rather than treating it as being of no significance beyond being a physical mark satisfying the prophesy? Are either Dumbledore or Madame Pomfrey qualified to make that determination? Alternatively, perhaps he has neither examined the scar himself nor had anyone else look at it and is just spouting nonsense when he answers McGonagall.

Dumbledore leaves Harry on the doorstep and neither Minerva or Hagrid object. I can't think of any reason why any of them would consider it appropriate. Leaving the child of an unwed mother on a doorstep is cliché, but it is totally inappropriate to deliver an orphan to his aunt in that manner. Aside from the issue of leaving a child untended outdoors for over six hours (from shortly after midnight until Petunia or Vernon found him in the morning), it completely disregards how the news of her sister's death may affect Petunia and whether she is prepared either materially or otherwise to take on Harry's care. Additionally, shouldn't Dumbledore have wanted to be there to ensure Petunia accepted Harry and thereby ensured his continued protection and the extension of that protection to her home?

When did Dumbledore set the protections at Privet drive? Dumbledore tells Harry "She may have taken you grudgingly, furiously, unwillingly, bitterly, yet still she took you, and in doing so, she sealed the charm I placed upon you. Your mother's sacrifice made the bond of blood the strongest shield I could give you." So it seems Hagrid must had taken Harry to Dumbledore who set the charm on Harry to be activated when Petunia took him in and the protection was placed on Harry not the house. He did this without McGonagall being sufficiently aware to dispel her questions. Then he had Hagrid deliver Harry to Privet Drive. Did the protection transfer or expand to include the house or the Dursleys? Were they protected by some sort of indirect effect? Harry is protected therefore his relatives can't be charmed to carry a bomb into the house and blow Harry up?

Why did Vernon know about magic? Petunia wasn't magical and didn't want anything to do with the magical world. Vernon wasn't magical and would only know about if he'd been told. We know he was told, but why? Wouldn't that be a violation of the Statute of Secrecy? What need did he have to know? Apparently (Pottermore backstory on the Dursleys) when the couples first met James mentioned racing brooms and Galleons to Vernon and at the Dursley's wedding reception Vernon referred to James as "some magician". Was James being careless, violating the Stature of Secrecy? Did Vernon know James was a real wizard or had he been told a half truth? Did Vernon know about magic then? Semus' mother only told his father that she was a witch after they were married. Could Petunia have told Vernon earlier, even though she wasn't magical herself?

How could the Dursley's expect to look normal when they dressed Harry in ragged oversized clothes? Did they think the neighbours wouldn't notice? When he goes to Hogwarts, they say it is "St Brutus' Secure Centre for Incurably Criminal Boys". Rather than excusing rare incidents of accidental magic (if that was their reason), they were calling adverse attention to themselves. Mr Dursley is the director of his firm, shouldn't he and Petunia insist that Harry dress and behave in a manner that reflects well on them? Did they ban Dudley's friends from going upstairs after they put the locks on Harry's door? The Dursley house had a downstairs toilet (PS3), so it's possible visitors were restricted to the main floor.

It's not clear if St. Brutus' actually exists in Harry Potter's world. If it doesn't wouldn't someone notice? Perhaps not, without the World Wide Web (which wasn't common then) it would take some work to investigate. It seems odd that "incurably criminal" students would return home for the summer holiday. It seems odd that the neighbours wouldn't question that.

• Reintroducing Harry to the magical world

Why aren't Harry's any of Harry's acceptance letters from Hogwarts delivered by owl post? Harry's first letter came through the post slot in the front door, not by itself, but with other post from the Royal mail. Later letters came out of the chimney, through gaps around the door or windows, there was even a carton of eggs with a letter inside each egg. That's not owl post! It's not like anything else we see in the books.

Why send multiple letters? Were they expecting a reply the same day? The letter said to reply by July 31st - the first letter was several days before that. Harry handled the letter and the letter was opened (though not by him). Was the letter spelled to determine of it was read by Harry? Were all letters spelled that way or just Harry's? If just Harry's, shouldn't they have noticed it was addressed to "Cupboard under the stairs?" Why send so many letters when Harry didn't read the first? Daily letters might be understandable, if rather pushy. However, why send more than one at once? That doesn't make sense for either an automated or manual process. Letters contained in each of a dozen eggs is obviously comical, but it is not owl delivery; which suggests it was deliberate harassment targeted at the Dursleys. Similarly, the Dursley's flight from Privet Drive is comical, but not very reasonable behaviour. Delivery of multiple letters to the motel is again comical, but risks the Statute of Secrecy.

Why was Hagrid tasked with introducing Harry to the magical world? He's a nice guy, but he's not a fully qualified wizard and his introduction seemed off the cuff, not prepared or experienced.
- First, he shows up at midnight and imposes on the Dursleys to stay the night, displacing Dudley from the sofa. Yes, the Dursley's were undeserving of courtesy, but he didn't know that when he arrived and chose to knock on their door at midnight.
- After leaving the Dursleys on the island (taking their boat and apparently leaving them to deal with the damages he caused - a door off it's hinges and a collapsed sofa), they walk through a Muggle area and take a train to London. Passersby stared at Hagrid as they walked and more stared at him on the train.
- Why send Hagrid on a task that requires him to enter the non-magical world? In PS1, it says "He was almost twice as tall as a normal man and at least five times as wide." Taken literally, Hagrid would be over 11' tall and 7' wide. Even assuming the narrative is exaggerated for a young readership (as it must be for him to be able to get through doorways), Hagrid would stand out in the non-magical world and draw undue attention.
- Why didn't Hagrid use a magical means of reaching Diagon Alley? Hagrid flew to the island, couldn't he have flown with Harry to Diagon Alley? Maybe use Sirius' motorbike with Harry travelling in the sidecar just as he did when Hagrid brought him to Privet Drive. If Hagrid was expecting Harry to be at Privet Drive, he might have planned to travelled by Floo (introduced in CoS) from Mrs Figg's home (introduced in OoP), but if that were the case he should have taken Harry back to Privet Drive that way. The Knight Bus (introduced in PoA) might have been an option assuming Hagrid could summon it (he's not supposed to be able to use the broken wand hidden in his umbrella). If Dumbledore hadn't wanted Hagrid to use either of those methods, then he could have provided a portkey (introduced in GoF). I suspect JKR hadn't thought of the need for magical travel other than flying (a backward compatibility issue) and wanted to amuse readers with a half-giant making his way through the non-magical world.
- After the cart ride in the bank, Hagrid leaves Harry alone in Madam Malkin's so he can get a drink (or so he said). A parent might leave an eleven year alone in a familiar store, but a temporary escort leaving him alone in an unfamiliar store with unfamiliar products? Has he forgotten about the reaction Harry received in the Leaky Cauldron?
- Hagrid left Harry alone again at Olivanders. That was somewhat more responsible since Harry was the only customer in a small shop and was going to be under constant supervision while getting a wand and Hagrid was leaving to do other shopping for Harry. However, Hagrid didn't return until after Harry had finished an overlong wand selection. What if the third wand had been satisfactory? What if other customers had arrived, forcing Harry out of the store?
- Then at the end of the shopping trip, Hagrid sends eleven year old Harry home alone on the train back to the Dursleys. It's not specified if this is back to the station they found near the island where they left the Dursleys without their boat or if this is back to Little Whinging. In either case, there are several things wrong with this:
-- First, he's sent an eleven year old alone on an unfamiliar train.
-- Second, its not clear Harry will know how to get from the destination station back to the Dursleys, whether that's on the island or Privet drive.
-- Third, its not clear if Harry, burdened with his purchases, could get from the destination station to either the island or Privet drive without assistance.
-- Fourth, there's no reason to expect the Dursleys to be at either location when Harry gets there. (Unless Hagrid deliberately took their boat to strand them on the island and expects Harry to be able to row the boat back to the island and also expects the Dursleys to have room in their car for Harry's new belongings.)
- Hagrid should have accompanied Harry to ensure he successfully rejoined the Dursleys. It would also have been better to take Harry home on the Knight Bus (introduced in PoA) or Flooed (introduced in CoS) to Mrs Figgs' (revealed to be a Squib in OoP). If they had planned ahead, Dumbledore could have provided a portkey allowing Hagrid to take Harry home and then continue to Hogwarts from there.
- Based on the Dursleys' behaviour in the shack, Hagrid should have worried how the Dursleys would treat Harry (and his new belongings) when he returned.
- He should also have been concerned about Harry's ability to get to King's Cross Station on the first of September. Hagrid should not have assumed that the Dursleys would assist him, indeed their attitude should have given him concern they would not.
- Finally, Hagrid omitted to tell Harry how to get to platform 9&3/4. Who knows what other information should have been part of his orientation. Hagrid gave Harry his acceptance letter, the list of things to buy, and his train ticket. Should he have given Harry anything else? When Dumbledore spoke to Tom Riddle at the orphanage (HBP13) he told Tom "all the details are on the second piece of parchment in your envelope."

Hagrid sits and sleeps on the sofa? (PS4) Really? If Hagrid is five times the width of a normal man (PS1), then he is wider than an normal (three or four seat) sofa is long and wouldn't fit between it's arm rests. If he is twice the height of a normal man, then how could he sleep on it? Hagrid told Dudley to 'budge up', suggesting there was room for both of them on the sofa. That would mean the description of his size was exaggerated (in PS1) as he had to be less than half as wide as five normal men to sit on a sofa and not much taller than a normal man to attempt to sleep on it. Moreover, it is unlikely Hagrid could have "leapt to his feet" (PS4) without putting his head through the ceiling if he were twice the height of a normal man. Still, it's unlikely that someone Harry thought of as a 'giant of a man' could comfortably sleep on the sofa (borne out by Harry waking to see 'Hagrid asleep on the collapsed sofa'). So, wouldn't have been polite for Hagrid to offer the sofa to Harry rather than leaving him on the floor? Harry could probably have slept at one end of the couch and left room for Hagrid to use the other end as a pillow.

Did Hagrid walk around Diagon Alley with the stone in his pocket? From a plot point of view, JKR wanted Harry to see the stone removed from the vault. That means retrieving it in a separate trip wasn't happening. From Harry's point of view, Hagrid had the small package he retrieved from the vault in his pocket the whole time they were in Diagon Alley. From a security viewpoint, that is a huge risk. It could have been lost. If someone (such as Quirrell) had overheard Hagrid in Gringotts, they might have used a spell to locate it on his person and steal it.

On the other hand, it's possible Hagrid didn't carry the Stone around Diagon Alley. After visiting Gringotts, Hagrid left Harry at Madam Malkin's saying he was going to the Leaky Cauldron for a drink. Perhaps he really used the Floo to deliver the Stone to Hogwarts. However, that would have been much more subtle than is normally associated with Hagrid and would raise questions about his accidental disclosures later in the year.

It's also interesting that from Harry's perspective Hagrid went up to 'a free teller' and said "It's about the You-Know-What in vault seven hundred and thirteen." If Hagrid expected that to mean something to the teller, then either Hagrid went to a specific teller who was expecting him or Hagrid expected all the front desk tellers to know about the Philosopher's Stone. In any event it was indiscreet to say it out loud (unless the Goblins had privacy spells in place). He should have just handed over the letter and kept quiet.

Why don't any students talk to Harry about his fame? They books mention students watching Harry and whispering about him. Why doesn't anyone approach him? Why doesn't anyone ask if he got their letters or if the children's story books about him are true? Why doesn't anyone ask him to autograph a copy of a story book? Perhaps the story books weren't thought of until the second book.

• Issues with the school

Poor teaching and Snape's biased treatment of students are covered above and I won't repeat it here.

Dumbledore announces the third floor corridor is forbidden and no students investigate? It seems incredulous that Harry doesn't hear any stories about students' experiences attempting to investigate the forbidden third floor corridor.

How do returning students learn the common room password? The prefects lead the first year students to their common rooms and tell them the password so they can enter. The prefects may learn the password at the Prefects' meeting on the train. How do the other older students learn the password? Were they told before they left school in the spring?

Why does Hogwarts have a non-magical caretaker? What does Fitch do aside from wandering around scaring students? Hogwarts is too big for one person to clean and we learn later that the elves clean the dorms. If you need a caretaker in addition to elves, shouldn't he be a wizard so he can use magic to clean and deal with students' magical mishaps? A magical caretaker wouldn't need broom closets, doing away with another 'problem'.

Sending students to their common rooms may have been a standard response to trouble, but it was hardly appropriate when all the students were safely gathered in the Great Hall and the trouble was a reported 'troll in the dungeons' where the Slytherin and Hufflepuff common rooms are located. Moreover, while the reported location of the troll is in the dungeons, there is no reason to trust it has remained there. It may have followed Quirrell to the entrance hall. Nor is there any assurance that there is only one troll. With all the students already gathered in the Great Hall, it would seem to have been appropriate to keep them there and ensure they were all there. Indeed, the Great Hall was used as a refuge in PoA.

Why bring a troll into the school? Wouldn't it have been safer to plant a prank that cast the image of a troll knocking over suits of armor? An actual troll should have caused a serious investigation and new security measures, a prank wouldn't. I suppose there might be questions about a DADA teacher overreacting to a prank, but there should also have been questions about his failure to deal with the troll himself and his fainting (not to mention his general fearfulness and stuttering problem). Of course, an illusory prank troll wouldn't have provided the same opportunities for Harry to demonstrate his concern and bravery or for the three to bond.

Why does a school bathroom have a key in the outside of the door? If there was a way to lock the door from the inside then the staff would have a way to open it (assuming they didn't use magic), but to leave a key in the outside of the door is an invitation for someone to be locked in.

Detention in the Forbidden Forest at night was totally inappropriate for first year students. Neville's grandmother and Draco's father should have roasted Hagrid and McGonagall over a slow fire. There are four problems - its time (at night, after curfew), its duration (until dawn), its location (in the Forbidden Forest), and the activity (tracking something that can kill unicorns).

Assuming that the note saying to meet the dragon keepers at "midnight on Saturday" meant 12:00am early Saturday and the "following morning" when they received McGonagall's note was later the same day, Saturday morning, then the detention would start at 11pm on Saturday night and was planned to last until dawn (430am in late May or June, 1992) Sunday morning -- when Filch said he'd be back.

It seems inappropriate to punish students for being out after curfew by making them stay out after curfew. It rather negates any arguments supporting the curfew as necessary to ensure they got enough sleep.

Even if they hadn't been up late the night before, it aught to be considered inappropriate to disrupt their sleep by starting a detention after they would normally be asleep. Of course, since they have a weekly astronomy lesson at midnight, Hogwarts staff obviously haven't caught on to the benefits of good sleep habits. However, an all night detention would disrupt their sleep. If the note had said the detention would last all night, they might have thought about having a rest before hand. Since it didn't, it's unlikely they would think to rest up. That means they'd be tired and ready for sleep at the start of their detention and exhausted by the time it ended at dawn. They'd probably sleep most of the day and have trouble sleeping that night, leaving them tired during their classes on Monday. Not a good start to the week. More critically, being tired means they'd be slower, less aware, and less responsive during their detention in the dangerous Forbidden Forest. Being tired in a dangerous situation is a recipe for disaster. Indeed, Harry stumbling as he backed away from Quirrell might have been due to his being tired.

The Forbidden Forest is forbidden. To send first year students there on a detention might be seen as suggesting it isn't very dangerous. Especially since the detention is a night. Older students might take this as an invitation to ignore the prohibition.

As much as I'd like to think McGonagall didn't know what they were going to be doing, she did write the note telling Harry "Your detention will take place at eleven o'clock tonight. Meet Mr Filch in the entrance hall." Its possible that she intended the detention to be with Filch, but why would a detention with Filch be after curfew? Perhaps Hagrid volunteered to handle the detention without explaining what they would be doing. Perhaps McGonagall assumed they would be working safely at the edge of the forest collecting a plant that glows in the dark. Filch said "it's into the forest you're going", but that could have been for effect, and even if Filch knew, McGonagall might not.

Even if McGonagall didn't know Hagrid was planning to take them into the forest, Hagrid should have known better himself. First, he didn't know what's killing the unicorns, but he did know it had to be something fast and powerful. Second, he's commented on shooing students away from the forest, so he knows it's dangerous for them, even if it isn't for himself. Third, what useful contribution could first year students make to his search? He'd have to split his attention between watching for danger and watching that they didn't wander off. Finally, even if Hagrid thought he was giving them an easy detention, he should have known better than to split them up! They might be safe with him, but with Fang? Hagrid had already said Fang was a coward.

Would sparks be seen through the trees? Hagrid told Harry and Draco to send up sparks if they found the unicorn or got into trouble. They were in a forest. How would Hagrid see the sparks through the forest canopy? Could he use them to locate the boys? He could probably quickly find his way back to where they parted, but wouldn't it take time to track the boysfrom there? The unicorn blood may have glowed and left a clear trail, but what if the boys got lost and weren't on that trail? Doesn't seem to be a very good plan.

Why did Quirrell/Voldemort flee Firenze? Surely a single Centaur would not be a threat to someone that could catch and kill a Unicorn at night. Why would he immediately flee rather than just kill both Firenze and Harry?

How are Slytherin and Hufflepuff dormitories ventilated? Were those dormitories always in the dungeons, without natural lighting or windows? Why or why were they moved there? Perhaps they were moved temporarily during renovations and never moved back?

Why is Hogwarts considered safe? Shouldn't there be some tangible reason? Spells or charms or something to detect trouble and sound an alarm or do something about it?

Parents can't monitor students' progress. Since parents don't visit the school to see how students are progressing and students aren't permitted to demonstrate the magic spells they have learnt when they are at home, the only information parents have is the students annual grade in each subject. Magical parents will know from their own school years roughly what students are taught in each subject, but non-magical parents will not even have that. This seems inadequate.

• Philosopher's Stone

- Why would the Flamels consider Voldemort's wraith a threat?
- Why would the Flamels believe they are unable to protect their stone?
- Why would the Flamels think Dumbledore could offer better protection?
- Why would Dumbledore take the stone from the supposed safety of Gringotts?
- Why would Dumbledore place Hogwarts students at risk?
- Why would Dumbledore believe the stone required a series of puzzles to protect it?
- Why would Dumbledore choose puzzles that first year students could get through?

The Flamels have kept the Philosopher's Stone safe for over five hundred years during which time there would be countless dark lords not only in Britain, but around the world. Why would they need (or trust) a relative youngster like Dumbledore to protect it from a wraith? Why would Dumbledore think they were unable to protect it?

There are several possibilities for how Dumbledore obtained the stone:
1) Flamel gave Dumbledore the real stone
2) Flamel gave Dumbledore a fake stone, but Dumbledore believes it's real
3) Dumbledore knowingly accepted or created a fake stone
4) Dumbledore stole the stone (real or fake) or recovered it from a thief.

Given that the Flamels had been keeping the stone safe for four hundred years before Dumbledore was born, it seems unreasonable to think the Flamels willingly gave Dumbledore the real stone. So, perhaps it is a fake. Not knowing anything about the Flamels, it is possible they gave Dumbleldore a fake stone either to stop Dumbedore bothering them or as a distraction for anyone looking for it. They'd have no reason to expect him to place his students at risk or perhaps they knew and didn't care (we don't know enough about them to say). Would Dumbledore have known if the stone was a fake? He'd have known if it wasn't magical or some other recognizable device, but what if it was a failed effort - magical, but nonfunctional?

There are several possible motivations for Dumbledore's actions:
1) Dumbledore believed he was protecting the real stone
2) Dumbledore believed he was protecting the Flamels by hiding a fake stone
3) Dumbledore was hoping to trap Voldemort's wraith (or at least confirm its existence)
4) Dumbledore was hoping to bring Voldemort and Harry together

Why did Dumbledore take the stone from Gringotts? It turned out to have been fortunate, but why would Dumbledore have thought it necessary? When Hagrid takes Harry to Gringotts (in PS) he tells Harry "yeh'd be mad to try and rob it." Is that true or is Gringotts' security a myth? Why didn't Dumbledore think the stone would be safe there? Did he know there would be an attempt to steal it? How would he know that? How would he learn about it without knowing about Quirrell? Perhaps he just promised the Flamels to protect it personally?

Did Dumbledore think the students were not at risk? Hogwarts is supposed to be one of the safest places in Magical Britain. The fact Dumbledore finds it necessary to provide the stone with additional protections means two things (1) he expects Voldemort or some other thief may attempt to steal it and (2) he doesn't think the normal protections on Hogwrats and his office are sufficient to protect it. That means he expects the thief will have access to the school, which means the thief will have access to students. Students might be used as hostages to obtain the stone or escape with it. Students might be placed in danger to effect a distraction (e.g., the troll). Voldemort might harm students just to say "I'm back" and damage Dumbledore's reputation. Is it reasonable for a good, wise, caring, responsible Headmaster to bring the Philosopher's Stone into the school when he knows doing so may endanger the students?

I recall a story (but not its name) in which Dumbledore brought the Stone to Hogwarts as a distraction for the wraith, theorizing that the wraith would not attack Harry until it could first obtain the stone. So having the stone at Hogwarts protected Harry by delaying any attack on him. This explains the stone, but leaves Hogwarts status as safe place in question, with Dumbledore believing there was a need for a distraction within Hogwarts for Harry to be safe there.

Why didn't Snape alert the other professors about the problem with Harry's broom? During the Quidditch match when Harry's broom was jinxed by Quirrell, Snape cast the counter curse without alerting any of the other professors. How and why? Why didn't he alert the other professors? Even if he didn't have time to talk about it or even say "Potter's broom is being cursed" before casting the counter charm, he could have held up his wand an spoken the counter charm in a loud voice. If fact, it should have taken some effort on his part to do it without anyone noticing. Why? Also, why was there no followup with Harry? Either to ask him if he knew who might attack him (assuming Snape explained that he had been attacked) or to arrange to have his broom properly inspected (if it remained suspect).

The pensieve was not introduced until GoF, but it could have been used to examine what happened using memories of Snape and other teachers. Since it shows more than what the person saw at the time, it might have revealed Quirrell's actions. If not it would have revealed Hermione's action and they could ask for her memories. Although she was focused on Snape, her memory would have shown Quirrell as she bumped into him. Did Snape do this in private? Is that why he suspected Quirrell later? If so, why weren't other teachers aware of the problem? Why wasn't action taken? Attempting to kill a student should not be allowed!

How could Fluffy be the last obstacle for Quirrell overcome? Snape's conversation with Quirrell suggests that Quirrell knew how to overcome all the other obstacles. However, Fluffy was the first obstacle. That means he had to learn about the other obstacles and how to overcome them from the other teachers, including Snape. Had the teachers discussed the protections with each other in sufficient detail that Quirrell could work out how to get past them?

Why would Quirrell have to distract Hagrid to get him talking about Fluffy? Couldn't he use Legimency? Is this a plot flaw, introducing a form of magic in a later book that invalidates actions in the first book? Is Hagrid immune to Legimency? Maybe Quirrell didn't know Legimency and Voldemort couldn't preform it using Quirrell's eyes. (Credit Lessons With Hagrid by NothingPretentious). [Note to self - reread scene by mirror when Voldemort said Harry was lying about what he saw in the mirror, wasn't that before he revealed himself? Did he guess or use passive Legimency?]

Why could first year students get past the obstacles guarding the stone? Whether Dumbledore is guarding the actual stone or setting a trap for Voldemort, the protections are ineffectual and inappropriate. If the intent was to protect the stone, the obstacles were clearly inadequate to stop Voldemort or any wizard thief he would employ. If the intent was to lure the thief to the mirror expecting him to be stopped and trapped there, the obstacles would provide only minimal delay (while defenders were alerted and prepared themselves) and were so easy they might tip off the thief to the fact they weren't meant to be effective protection.

The obstacles could easily have been made stronger:
- First, in a school full of curious children, there is Cerberus is hidden behind a door that can be opened by a first year student using a simple unlocking spell. Why wasn't it more securely locked, like door in room with the flying keys? Why wasn't there an alarm on the door to scare students away? Why wasn't it guarded by a portrait (either a portrait door or a portrait in the corridor to report anyone who came there)?
- Past the Cerberus, why wasn't the trap door locked and alarmed? Why was a simple Devils Snare used as the second obstacle? How about a plant with a fast acting contact poison (or sedative) so the intruder would need to have taken an antidote in advance?
- In the next room, why was the correct key available flying around? Why was a working broom provided to chase it with? Have the keys as a distraction to delay the thief, but don't leave the correct key there. If you leave a broom, booby trap it. Maybe have it repeatedly bash its rider against the ceiling. If the purpose is to delay the intruder, have a few keys that looks like they may be correct (but aren't), make those keys a bit faster and more elusive than the other keys, and leave a broom that isn't quite fast enough to catch them. Perhaps Quirrell brought the broom and left it there, but there's still no reason to have the correct key there.
- Why have the chess pieces allow the thief through. Let them play until they loose to delay the thief, but then have them all attack and have the door locked, requiring a key that's kept by Dumbledore. Was there any reason a thief couldn't use the broom from the previous room to fly over the board?
- Similarly, why were the potions available to go through the flame barriers? Just fill all the potion bottles with different sleeping potions or poisons and keep the real potion elsewhere.

Simply put, a series of challenges is a literary cliché and being a children's story required the young characters to be able to get through them. The series of challenges were classic challenges and highly suitable for a children's story. However, a series of challenges is not the same of a series of obstacles or protective barriers and the challenges were obviously inadequate to protect the stone from a fully trained wizard. Unless you are questioning Dumbledore's intentions, then you might ask if Dumbledore arranged for the challenges to be well suited to Harry and his friends and if also Dumbledore manipulated their interest in the Stone to be sure they'd go after it.

On the other hand, perhaps there was something more to the challenges that Quirrell had disarmed. Perhaps there other protections and the challenges were not there to stop the intruder, but to distract the intruder and prevent the protections being studied and disarmed before they were triggered. If that were the case only Quirrell's previous passage allowed the trio to make their passage.

(Credit: Chapter 34 of "Not Normal" by Radaslab).

There are also backward compatibility problems with the series of challenges protecting the stone as there are magics in later books that should have been used to guard the stone. For instance, an Age Line (from GoF) would have kept students away from stone's protections and the Fidelius Charm (from PoA and OoP) should have been included among the protections. Perhaps Dumbledore researched the Age Line in response to the need exposed by the events of PS, but his knowledge of the Fidelius Charm clearly predates the events of PS. Using the Fidelius Charm has the advantage of allowing the stone to be hidden somewhere other than Hogwarts so the students wouldn't be at risk. Of course, the availability of improved protections is moot since the children's story plot required the children to be able to gain access to the stone at Hogwarts.

Why did the mirror stop Quirinus Quirrell? Dumbledore said it was spelled to release the stone to someone who wants it but does not want to use it. Quirrell wanted it for Voldemort, not to use it himself. So shouldn't the mirror have given it to him? Maybe since Voldemort was possessing him they counted as the same person or maybe Quirrell would have been the one doing the work to restore Voldemort to his own body. Did Dumbledore assume whoever stole the stone would also be the one using it to restore Voldemort? What if Voldemort had sent a thief whose only task was to obtain the stone? What if Voldemort came with a helper? Snape's fire barrier didn't keep two people (Quirrell and Harry) from entering. Either there was enough potion for two people or the potion bottle refilled itself to let Harry in. Voldemort and a helper could have entered in that manner. Then the helper could retrieve the stone not to use it, but to give it to Voldemort. Hopefully, Dumbledore gave Harry a simplified explanation of the protection offered by the mirror. Perhaps it only released the stone to someone who wanted to protect it from misuse, not just someone who didn't want to use it himself.

Was there anything to stop Quirrell from taking the mirror? He could then work on how to extract the stone from it at his leisure.

(Credit: Chapter 54 of Knives in the Dark by Norrrrrrrrrr)

Why did Quirrell leave the correct potion bottle? Shouldn't he have taken it with him into the next room so he could get back out? If it only held one dose, why (and how!) did it refill? What was the limit on its refilling capability? Why wasn't such a capability mentioned elsewhere, surely it would be used for healing potions. Shouldn't Hermione have worried that Quirrell (or as she believed Snape) might have mixed up their order when he went through ahead of them?

Finally, what measures were taken to guard the Flamels? Nicholas created the Stone. He might be able create another and could be forced to do so by holding Perenelle hostage or using the Imperious curse. Even with the Stone in his possession, Voldemort might need their knowledge to make use of it.

• Other

Why take the dragon to the astronomy tower? "Go to the highest tower at midnight" is certainly an easy instruction for Charlie's friends, but they don't need to collect the dragon there. Maybe Charlie thought they'd fly the dragon up on brooms the same way his friends were going to transport it, rather than carry it through the school. Taking the Dragon through the school not only risked getting caught, it risked having the Dragon get loose in the school. It would have been much easier for Hagrid to have met them there and flown with them to his hut (he flew to the hut on the sea to collect Harry, though how was never explained). If Hagrid couldn't do that, someone else could wait on the tower to guide Charlie's friends to Hagrid's hut or to tell them to shoot sparks to signal Hagrid who would then wave a torch to guide them.

Taking the dragon through the castle was difficult, a substantial risk, and totally unnecessary. If for some reason someone had to take the Dragon up to the tower why didn't Hagrid? Harry could loan him the invisibility cloak to hide the dragon. That way, if the Dragon got loose, Hagrid would be there to control it.

Just as easy as having the dragon handlers "Go to the highest tower at midnight" would have been to have them "Go to the Three Broomstick's in Hogsmeade at 9 and meet Hagrid (a really big fellow)." For that matter they could openly visit him during the day by saying Charlie had asked them to say "hi" while they were in Britain, then return at night to pick up the dragon.

Why did Dumbledore have James' invisibility cloak? Dumbledore's note (PS12) said "Your father left this in my possession before he died." Why would James loan Dumbledore the cloak? James was in hiding and an invisibility cloak would have been useful as a final line of defense.

Dumbledore's absence from Hogwarts at the end of PS due to a forged message is a classic cliché, but the forged message is hardly needed. Dumbledore is Chief Warlock of Britain's Wizengamot and Supreme Mugwump of the International Confederation of Wizards (ICW). He must need to be absent from Hogwarts on a regular, predictable basis to attend to those duties. There is no need to forge a message to get him out of the school. Of course, Dumbledore flying from Hogwarts, in Scotland, to the Ministry, in London, is nothing short of ridiculous - he would apparate, Floo, or portkey and quickly discover the deception. Perhaps he flew from the castle to the edge of the grounds or to the Three-Broom-Sticks (as in HBP), but that does not explain the length of his absence. Travel by Floo was not introduced in PS, but in the first chapter Dumbledore arrived and departed Privet drive by either apparition or portkey.

How was the troll being fed? The Cerberus was behind the first door and could easily have been fed by Hagrid, but what about the troll? It was past the Cerberus, Devil's Snare, flying keys, and the chess board. Were house elves able to pop in and feed it? (Wouldn't that have been an obvious weakness in the protections?) The idea behind multiple obstacles or challenges is usually supposed to be that it takes more than one person to get past them. How many people had to be called together on a regular basis to feed the troll? I suppose this can be forgiven, since its a common fault in many stories where there are powerful creatures guarding treasures.

Shouldn't Harry's fame play more into the story? In PoA, we learn Peter Pettigrew was awarded an Order of Merlin for standing up to Sirius Black. Why is there no mention of James, Lily, or Harry receiving any award for defeating Voldemort? Why is there no mention of them appearing on chocolate frog cards? How does Snape (a former death eater) get away with denigrating Harry both in class and in the school corridors? Even if they were too young to understand themselves, shouldn't some students have mention Harry and Snape's treatment of him in letters home to parents who would complain both to the Headmaster and the Daily Prophet? Harry might not hear of complaints to the Headmaster, but surely he'd hear of articles in the Daily Prophet that talk about him. Indeed, given his hero status, shouldn't Teen Witch Weekly have been soliciting news about him so they could have regular articles about him?

In the Chamber of Secrets, why did Dobby cast the hover charm on the cake? Why didn't Dobby just make it seem Harry was practicing magic in his room? If the goal was to have Harry expelled for doing magic at home, there was no reason to cause him trouble with the Dursleys. How did that aid Dobby's cause? If Harry was in trouble with his relatives, he would want to get away from them, which he could do by going to Hogwarts. Why didn't Dobby follow up with a threat to cause more trouble if Harry didn't agree not to attend Hogwarts? There was some logic to Dobby's other efforts (preventing Harry from getting to the train is an obvious very direct attempt to stop Harry from returning and charming the bludgers to injure Harry so he has to leave has some logic even if it underestimated Madam Pomfrey). However, dumping the cake on his relatives' guest seems to have no benefit over just hovering something in Harry's room. It seems to have been included in the story purely for dramatic effect.

How did Dobby know to warn Harry? Dobby warned Harry that there would be a great danger at Hogwarts before Lucius Malfoy had planted the diary among Ginny's books. How would Dobby have known what Lucius planned? Presumably, he had to have heard Lucius talking about it with someone. Isn't it odd that Lucius would talk to someone about something potentially incriminating in sufficient detail for Dobby to understand? Who would he talk to? Another Death Eater? A portrait? Does he talks to himself? Perhaps Narcissa. What would she think of the idea of unloosing a danger at Hogwarts with Draco there?

Does Lucius Malfoy know TMRiddle is Voldemort? Dobby knew the danger related to Voldemort before he was Voldemort. Does that mean Lucius knew TMRiddle was Voldemort's childhood name? Does Lucius know that Riddle and therefore Voldemort is the half-blood son of a muggle? How old is Dobby? Perhaps Dobby served Lucius' father, Abraxas, who attended school with Tom.

Why wasn't any action taken in response to Dobby's warning? Harry told people about the warning. Why wasn't something done? I suppose it's possible they did an extra (ineffective) scan of students as the entered Hogwarts that students didn't notice and therefore wasn't mentioned.

(In chapter 2 of Dark Magic rojekera suggests a search of the Hogwarts express for dark magic could have found both the diary and Pettigrew.)

Why use the flying car instead of the Knight Bus? Using the car to rescue Harry from the Dursleys' can be explained by the twins wanting to fly the car, but the twins and Ron would all have known about the Knight Bus and could have used that instead. Similarly Ron could have suggested using the Knight Bus when they were unable to get on the platform. Waiting for Mr & Mrs Weasley to return from the platform would have been best, but they could have taken the Knight Bus to Hogwarts or perhaps to the Leaky Cauldron and Flooed to the Three Broomsticks in Hogsmeade. It's odd neither boy was concerned about what the adult Weasleys reaction would be when they found their car missing.

Why wasn't the Basilisk identified by Dumbledore or others? Are we really to believe that neither Dumbledore, the previous Headmaster (Dippet), nor any the teachers now or fifty years ago could figure out that "Slytherin's Monster" would be some sort of snake and most likely the king of snakes, a Basilisk? Slytherin was a known parselmouth and chose a snake as the symbol of his house, so it should be obvious his "monster" was most probably a snake. Although most of the Basilisk's victims in each time were turned to stone, Myrtle was killed without a mark on her body. What snake could do that? What snake is known as the 'king' of snakes? Are we to believe no one thought to ask Myrtle how she died? No one noticed that Fitch's cat was petrified outside Myrtle's bathroom - the bathroom where Myrtle died in the previous attack? Readers may be excused from not knowing what the possibilities are, but fully trained wizards with access to information about the previous attacks?

How did the Weasley's car become able to rescue the boys and what motivated it to do so? There are other examples of thinking objects such as the Sorting Hat, Portraits, and talking mirrors, but they were all deliberately created. How did the car become able and motivated to rescue the boys from the acromantula? Was it some magic within the car? Perhaps some magic of the Forbidden Forest? Perhaps the car was moved by the magic of Hogwarts, protecting its students? (but then why didn't it act in other instances?) Perhaps it was the influence of the prophecy? This is a dues ex machina. There is no explanation of tie in to similar events that occur in the stories or are referred to in passing. (Also, how does a car move within the forest? Is that part of the enchantments Arthur put on it -- allowing it to squeeze through traffic?)

Why did the diary have Ginny release the Basilisk? The diary did two things. It had Ginny release the Basilisk and it tried to bring back Tom Riddle. Why both? Releasing the Basilisk unnecessarily drew attention. There was the potential that Ginny's actions and the diary would be discovered preventing Tom from coming back. Indeed 'waking up' and finding her hands covered with blood (from the roosters) did cause Ginny to wonder what was happening to her. Why risk that? If it had waited until it was ready to bring back Tom, that could have been accomplished with complete surprise. Was it because Tom was either a psychopath or sociopath and saw no problem doing both? Was it because the diary initially created as a means to release the Basilisk and later made into a Horcrux (or given the ability to revive Tom) later, giving it two tasks?

How could Tom Riddle survive meeting the Basilisk? How could Ginny (possessed by the diary Horcrux) survive meeting the Basilisk? If Tom (and Ginny possessed by Tom) could survive seeing the Basilisk, could Harry? They were both Parselmouths. The prophecy said they were equal. Harry avoided its gaze, so we don't know. If it wasn't related to being a Parselmouth, maybe Tom used a spell or enchanted glasses to protect himself and Ginny? Where would Tom have learnt it? Maybe a book in the Restricted section? Maybe from Slughorn? Unless it was an inborn ability, Tom only had once chance to get it right. Either he found the Basilisk by accident and survived, or he had to be sure he was safe.

How had Dumbledore convinced Dippet to hire Hagrid as Grounds Keeper? Hagrid had just been expelled and had his wand snapped for keeping a dangerous animal in the school. Dumbledore may not have believed that the acromantula was responsible for the student petrifications and death, but Dippet presumably did and even though it had nothing to do with the petrifications an acromantula was dangerous (at least when grown). By what logic is it reasonable to keep Hagrid at the school? By what logic is it reasonable for the Board of Governors or parents to have allowed it? How is it reasonable to allow Hagrid to release the acromantula into the hidden forest or to have allowed him to remain at the school after that was discovered? How is it possible for the centaurs to have friendly relations with Hagrid after he not only released one acromantula into their forest, but then obtained a mate for him? How does a colony of acromantulas survive in the forest - or perhaps the question should be how does anything else survive with them there? Were they native there before Hagrid released them? As a peripheral element of a children's story, this can be ignored. As an element of a more mature series, it is illogical.

How did the Basilisk survive in the Chamber of Secrets for a thousand years? The book says there were many animal skeletons at the bottom of the slide into the anti-chamber. Where did they come from? Did they somehow find their way in or was the Basilisk able to leave the chamber area and bring them back with it? Might the Basilisk have access to the Forbidden Forest to hunt? Probably not, since that would provide a back-door Tom could have (but didn't) use to enter Hogwarts.

How big are the pipes in Hogwarts' walls? Hermione supposed that Harry heard the Basilisk as it traveled through the pipes. Leave aside the question of why the Basilisk would be in the pipes - what food it would find in the pipes or how it would get out of the pipes to attack students - and consider the question of how the Basilisk would fit in the pipes. The Basilisk was big. When Harry killed it, the sword and his arm were in the Basilisk's maw far enough for the Basilisk's fang to strike Harry's above his elbow. The sword went through the Basilisk's brain not down its gullet. Assume the sword penetrated up to its hilt, so the Basilisk's mouth only needed to be big enough to hold Harry's forearm. That's still a big snake. So, just how big are the pipes in Hogwarts walls to allow such a large snake to slither through their twists and turns? As big as city sewers? Well, its use of the pipes was just conjecture. Maybe the Basilisk was traveling around the castle through something other than pipes. Did castles have indoor plumbing when Hogwarts and the Chamber were built? Maybe Slytherin had secret passages through the castle that the Basilisk used rather than pipes, but if so why did Tom use an entrance in a girls bathroom?

-- According to HarryPotterWiki, Pottermore says that the Chamber was originally accessed through a trap door and a series of magical tunnels, but in the 1700s an elaborate plumbing system was installed. Corvinus Gaunt, then a student, was responsible for hiding the entrance behind the sink in the girls' toilet which was set up where the trap door had been located.

Why has Mr Weasley taught Ginny 'Never trust anything that can think for itself if you can't see where it keeps its brain'? Consider the list of magical items that think - the sorting hat, portraits, and bathroom mirrors. Where are their brains? The sorting hat is trusted to look into students minds and sort them. Portraits seem to be mostly treated as gossips, but the 'Fat Lady' is used to guard the Gryffindor common room. Bathroom mirrors appear to be more of an amusement than anything else, would they be an example of why Ginny shouldn't have trusted the diary? Other than not having heard of one before, why would anyone be suspicious of a book that wrote back? How is a diary that contains a person's memories and writes back different from a portrait that contains a person's memories and talks back? It's probably a general caution, like not trusting strangers, but what is the background behind it? It hints of things we haven't seen. Why is 'where it keeps its brains' important, rather than knowing who made it and why? Is it a reference to a children's story with a broader moral lesson?

Shouldn't Ginny have received more treatment? It appears that Ginny was very quickly cleared of any lasting effects from being possessed and having spent an entire year corresponding with Tom. Would Madam Pomfrey and Headmaster Dumbledore be qualified to assess Ginny's condition? Wouldn't there be a specialist who should be consulted? Surely some healers would have more experience if not with possession then with the workings of the mind and the effects of magic on the mind than a school healer and Headmaster. Ginny may have no memories of being possessed, but isn't there a danger of lasting sub-conscious influence? I wonder what Bill's reaction was to learning his little sister was possessed by Voldemort? Was he told? What about their correspondence? Even with Ginny now knowing she was corresponding with Voldemort, isn't there a danger she has been influenced? I can understand JKR this omitting this as irrellevant detail both at the end of CoS and in PoA and it is irrelevant when treating them as individual books, but as a continuous series relating Harry's life and considering the importance of the Weasley family to Harry it is a significant omission.

How was the potion administered to petrified students? Sir Nick? The students couldn't drink it while petrified. If their mouths were open when petrified it's probably they were breathing and pouring the potion into their mouth might flood their lungs. Perhaps it was a topical potion that had to be poured or rubbed onto the surface of the petrified students. Administering the potion to a petrified ghost is another challenge. Perhaps it could be sprayed on or through him.

(Robst raised the question of how ghosts were petrified and unpetrified in an author note of chapter 43 of Harry Crow he presents his explanation in chapter 44.)

Why were there no consequences for the petrified students? Colin (petrified in November) and Justin (petrified in December) should have fallen back a year. Hermione and Penelope (petrified in May) only lost three weeks, so they could reasonably make it up with the professors' assistance during the last few weeks (with exams cancelled) and self study over the summer. If Penelope had been in fifth year, her OWL marks would have suffered, however, the books have been corrected to definitely place her in sixth year with Percy (Madame Pomfrey now bends over the sixth-year girl instead of a fifth-year girl).

Why did they wait until their own mandrakes matured? Couldn't they have purchased supplies to make the potion sooner? Did they consult St. Mungo's? If it was a problem with the time of year mandrakes matured, perhaps they could have been obtained from the southern hemisphere (June in north = December in south).

Why did the Board of Governors flip-flop? Malfoy has Dumbledore removed by the Board of Governors. Dumbledore says the board members reported Malfoy had threatened them. Why did they reinstate him? If the treats were sufficient to get Dumbledore removed, what changed to have him reinstated? Ginny was kidnapped, but surely the board was aware of such a possibility when removing Dumbledore. Had Dumbledore withheld information about the petrification? Was it because Ginny is pureblood? Had Malfoy influenced the board members with magic that wore off? Had they taken time to move their families somewhere safe? Had Dumbledore provided them with protections or portkeys to keep them safe? I can understand that it's not an important enough issue for JKR to dwell on, but it's a loose end.

Was Malfoy' only punishment to be removed from the board? This is more important than the flip-flop, since logically if the governors had been made to act using threats and/or magic compulsion it would be a matter for the DMLE and the punishment should not, logically, have been limited to expulsion from the Hogwarts board. There may have been no admissible proof that Malfoy gave Ginny the diary, but there were several board members who could testify against him regarding his threats. It's possible Fudge gave him a pass and Harry just didn't hear the details, but that means Fudge has and exercises an awful lot of discretionary power and favours Malfoy over the other board members.

Why wasn't the Chamber investigated? Was the Basilisk the Chamber's only secret? What knowledge might Tom Riddle have learned there? Dumbledore should have investigated the chamber to learn what Tom might have found there and to ensure it did not provide a back door into Hogwarts. He should also have disposed of the Basilisk's corpse, perhaps harvesting it for potions ingredients or its hide and destroying any parts that were only of use for dark magic or potions. If he couldn't get in by himself (knowing where it is), then he could get Harry to open it up. As an element of a series of somewhat disjoint children's stories, this can be ignored. As an element of a more mature, integrated series, it is a glaring omission.

Why wasn't there more alarm when news of the Basilisk circulated? If the Basilisk had made its way into the Great Hall during a meal, a large number of students (possibly a majority of Britain's magical teenagers) could have been killed. A Basilisk getting loose in a populated area could kill thousands creating a major crisis for the Statute of Secrecy. Shouldn't the DMLE or other Ministry officials have investigated to triple or quadruple check and be absolutely sure there was only one? Shouldn't Harry have been questioned? Shouldn't the school have been searched from top to bottom, especially the Chamber of Secrets? It's fine to omit this sort of concern from a children's story, even one of a somewhat disjoint series of stories, but not from a series of books that form a single continuous saga relating Harry's experiences.

(Petrification Proliferation by White Squirrel is a story based on a massive ministry response to search Hogwarts for any more Basilisks or the means for breeding them, resulting in various discoveries.)

If the Horcrux in the diary could use Ginny's soul to return as Tom Riddle, why couldn't Voldemort's wraith have done the same in PS? Why would it have Quirrell try to steal the Philosopher's Stone if it could just drain Quirrell's soul to regain a body? Why would a Horcrux have such a significant ability that the main soul doesn't have? Perhaps Voldemort's wraith knew of some flaw in the process that the younger Tom did not?

Would Voldemort's wraith be unaware of the Horcrux's destruction? Even if the loss of the anchoring soul fragment wasn't noticed, wouldn't Voldemort have set up some sort of alarm so he'd know if someone discovered or destroyed one of his Horcruxes? Perhaps the wraith was too weak to notice (having been reduced to vapour after expending its strength to possess Quirrell).

(Souls Abound by Robst explores the idea Voldemort would have placed an alarm on his Horcruxes.)

Was the stone Harry recovered really destroyed? If it was a fake then it's likely the Flamels allowed Dumbledore to destroy it. If it was the real stone, one must wonder if they were really willing to destroy it. Did Dumbledore give them a choice? Did they fake its destruction? Did Dumbledore believe it was destroyed or did he lie to Harry?

In the Prisoner of Azkaban, how did Sirius find Harry at Privet Drive? Wasn't his location secret? I can understand spells protecting Harry against harm might only keep people who intend harm away and therefore allow Sirius to approach, but how would Sirius know to look for him there? Would he think he could ask Petunia where Harry was? Surely it wasn't coincidence that Padfoot was in the area?

Why was the response to Harry's accidental magic what it was? Harry was unaware of any response to earlier episodes of accidental magic (turning a teacher's hair blue). Why is there a different response this time? Was it because he'd started Hogwarts or because his Aunt was affected? How would they know someone was affected? How did they know none of his per-Hogwarts incidents didn't affect anyone? Given the speed of the Knight Bus (it appeared almost instantly when summoned), how did they react quickly enough for him to be met when he reached the Leaky Cauldron? Why was he met by Fudge (the Minister for Magic!) rather than an Auror, someone from the Improper Use of Magic Office or the Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes, or Dumbledore or one of the OoP members? The desire to protect Harry from Sirius Black does not fully explain the response.

Why was Harry safe, unsupervised, in Diagon Alley, but a Dementor guard was required for Hogwarts? Isn't Hogwarts supposed to be safer than Diagon Alley? Did Lucius Malfoy support having Dementors at his son's school? Malfoy would want Sirius dead on the assumption that the Black estate would pass to Draco, but would he risk Draco being exposed to the Dementors? Did Fudge go against both Malfoy and Dumbledore?

What happened on the train? Who was in charge of the search of the train? What control were the Dementors under? Did a Dementor enter any other compartment? If so, what happened to students in those compartments? If not, why did it single out Harry's compartment - was it attracted by Harry? his mother's protection? the accidental Horcrux? some other residue of the killing curse? Remus? It is unlikely to have been due to seeing his mother die since others would have had similar experiences (e.g., Luna seeing her mother die, Neville if he saw his parents tortured, and Remus being attacked by Greyback). I'd add that at fifteen months old, Harry's brain wasn't developed enough to retain a memory of his mother's death, except the Dementors did somehow restore it.

Why would a student be entrusted with a Time Turner? What responsible teacher would request it? What responsible guardian of a dangerous technology would allow it? Perhaps they aren't actually as dangerous as Hermione was led to believe? Were there no other students who took more than one of the courses Hermione had at the same time? Although they don't normally allow a student take all the elective courses, wouldn't there are always students taking different combinations that prevent simultaneous scheduling? Once Hermione was given a time tuner, why wasn't she counseled about the need to get extra sleep to balance her longer days. If the need for that advice wasn't obvious before the year started, why didn't a professor speak to her when it became obvious she wasn't getting enough sleep?

Why would McGonagall presume Hooch and Flitwick could 'strip down' a Firebolt? 'Strip down' implies 'take apart' and then 'put back together'. For a top of the line professional broom that should require specific knowledge and training. Harry is quite correct to be concerned about 'what shape it would be in once it had been subjected to all sorts of anti-jinx tests.' While such tests might not affect the broom, isn't there a risk they would? Hooch is a flying instructor who referees school Quidditch matches. Fitwick is a charms professor and former dueling champion. Why on earth would McGonagall presume they were capable or qualified to 'strip down' a top of the line professional broom and why on earth would they accept the assignment? Passively check the broom for hexes? Perhaps they could safely do that, but would that be adequate to detect a carefully placed curse? 'Strip down' a professional broom and then restore it to its original condition? No. The broom should not be considered safe after being 'stripped down' by amateurs. Since the broom did function properly afterwards, we must assume that the use of the term 'strip down' was an exaggerated description of what was actually done.

Why was the Firebolt sent gift wrapped without any paperwork? Sirius forged a letter from 'Harry Potter' ordering the broom from Quality Quidditch Supplies and instructing payment to be taken from his own vault. I can see the letter asking for it to be gift wrapped, but shouldn't a receipt have been enclosed? Also, shouldn't the Hogwarts Professors have written Quality Quidditch Supplies (and any other likely suppliers) to ask if they knew anything about a Firebolt being purchased as a gift for Harry Potter -- before having the temerity to strip it down?

Did Hogwarts tell the DMLE about the Firebolt? Dumbledore would have shielded Harry from interrogation, so Harry and therefore readers wouldn't know, but knowing about the Firebolt would give the investigators important information and leads. First, it confirms Sirius was still at Hogwarts or close enough to learn Harry needed a broom. Second, Sirius had access to significant funds. Third, state of mind - why send Harry a broom that wasn't cursed?, why send such an expensive broom?

Why is the Gryffindor vs Slytherin Quidditch match rescheduled? Draco's injury is rather minor compared to the injuries that prevented Harry playing in a game that proceeded without him. More importantly, Draco's claimed injury was not supported by Madame Pomfrey who said it was a minor injury that was quickly healed. Rescheduling the game calls into question says Madame Pomfrey was wrong in her statement that Draco was healed. It is not implicit, it is an explicit statement that her ability as a mediwitch is not trusted. If it was accepted that Draco had an injury that Madame Pomfrey was unable to recognize or failed to properly heal, why wasn't he sent to St. Mungo's Hospital for further treatment?

Why would the twins give Harry the map? They may have memorized their way around the castle, but the ability to spot patrols would be critical to their after hours trips to the kitchen or to set pranks. Why wouldn't they just make an ordinary copy of the map or just tell him where the tunnels to Hogsmeade are located and the passwords for them? Had they made a working copy of the map for themselves?

Why did it fall to Hermione to help Hagrid defend Buckbeak? Shouldn't Dumbledore have assisted Hagrid or put him in contact with a solicitor? Even if Buckbeak was living wild, wasn't he living on Hogwarts land? Even if he wasn't, he was brought in as part of a Hogwarts class. Doesn't that make his defense a Hogwarts' responsibility?

How could Dementors attack the Quidditch game or enter the castle? Weren't the Dementors under any supervision? Hogwarts is supposed to be the safest place in Britain. Isn't it safe from Dementors? Dumbledore promised that no Dementor would enter the castle while he was there, but they did. It appears Fudge was bringing them in to Kiss Sirius and he did bring them into the castle to arrest Crouch Jr (who they 'kissed' instead of arrested).

How did Ron hold on to Scabbers when Padfoot attacked him? When Padfoot grabbed Ron, Scabbers was either in Ron's hand or pocket. If he was in Ron's hand, how would Ron keep hold of him? If he was in Ron's pocket, why wouldn't he make a run for it? There'd be a small risk of being caught if Padfoot saw him escaping, but there'd be a good chance of getting away.

How could Remus forget it was the night of the full moon? Remus is a werewolf. The full moon is central to his life. Is it possible that he'd forget it was the night of the full moon? Is there any chance that he wasn't waiting axiously for Snape to arrive with his potion? He wouldn't have been looking at the map for Sirius, he would have been looking to make sure the way to the shack was clear in case Snape didn't arrive with his Wolvesbane potion. The approaching full moon would have been weighing heavily on his mind. Remus is the level headed marauder. He had other options. He could have contacted the Headmaster or other staff by Floo or a messenger Patronis. Sirius had been in the castle; the staff would have talked about the chance of discovering Sirius again and how to summon help. It's nigh on impossible that he'd have forgotten about the full moon and run after the trio instead of alerting someone else.

Wouldn't Sirius or Remus think to stun and disarm Pettigrew? They were marauders, they knew Pettigrew's ability. They knew tying him up wouldn't keep him from transforming and escaping. They knew they needed a cage the rat couldn't escape from or a spell or device to keep him from transforming. If there wasn't a spell to do that, their options were to stun him or break his legs* (easily repaired by any healer). Perhaps they took his wand (Pettigrew used Voldemort's wand to kill Cedric), but why didn't they stun him?

* I've read a story where Sirius did just this, but I forget its title & author at the moment. (He also banished Snape back into the tunnel under the Whopping Willow to trap both he and Remus.)

Why wasn't word passed to the DMLE of Sirius' innocence? Although Dumbledore may not have been able to ensure a trial would go in Sirius' favour, he should have been able to have the 'kiss' order revoked. Fudge should not have been intransigent. He could easily (perhaps truthfully) say his 'kiss' order was based on the entirely reasonable assumption Sirius had been properly tried and convicted, an assumption he has been astonished and dismayed to learn was incorrect. By changing the order to have Sirius arrested to be held for trial, he exhibits the face of reason. If Sirius turns out to be innocent, he can put all the blame on the previous administration. Sirius was the heir of a pureblood house. It should have been easy for Dumbledore to convince a significant body of strategically placed individuals that if the heir to pureblood house could be imprisoned without trial then anyone (such as themselves) could be imprisoned and that the precedent should not be allowed to stand. Dumbledore could have used his pensieve to show them Harry's memories of Peter Pettigrew's confession that he had been the Potters' secret keeper and betrayer. As an officer of the court (Chief Warlock) surely it was his duty to at least inform the DMLE of the events.

Why were the dementors withdrawn from Hogwarts? Since Fudge didn't believe Harry that Sirius was innocent and Sirius was still at large, Sirius was presumably still considered a threat and his interest in Harry and/or Hogwarts had been confirmed. Perhaps three Dementor attacks on Harry was sufficient to have them removed, but shouldn't they have been replaced with some other form of guard? Especially with the tri-wizard tournament happening the following year? Maybe Fudge was convinced Sirius had fled abroad, but it's an omission that it was never explained.

There is no followup on the Wolfsbane potion. This is not a problem with this book, but later books should have explored the consequences of the potion. It is a fairly recent development and quite difficult to brew. It would only be available to a few werewolves lucky enough to have the means to afford it or a generous patron. But, what about Fenrir Greyback? For most werewolves the potion would allow them to be safe. For Greyback and his ilk, it would allow them to intelligently stage attacks while transformed and infectious! Snape is known to have brewed the potion for Remus, so we can expect Voldemort might require him to brew it for Greyback and other werewolves in his service.

(Source: The Acidental Animagus by White Squirrel)

In the Goblet of Fire, we are required to believe that the three schools and Ministries would allow their students to be subject to a magically binding contract, that students would accept a magically binding contract, that a magical contract can be formed without the participation of the person involved, that there is no way to call off the contest after the Goblet malfunctions, and that there is no way to determine who manipulated the Goblet (or that neither Dumbledore nor any other official investigated after Mad-Eye impersonator Barty Crouch Jr. reported no success).

Why would a school contest require a magically binding contract? Why would students be willing to participate in a contest that requires one? Do Quidditch teams require their players to sign magically binding contracts? Students should be taught not to commit to any contract without knowing its terms. This should be especially true for a magically binding contract. Dumbledore's warning on the eve of the competition to students not to enter their name in the cup without careful consideration is not adequate. Students should have been provided copies of the contract and all associated rules weeks before, so they could take time to review it and obtain advice from their parents or a even a solicitor.

Why would Dumbledore accept that Harry is bound by a magical contract just because the rule book says so? The rule book says the goblet will choose three champions, but it chose four. The rule book describes the proper function of the goblet. The goblet has clearly malfunctioned so why would they accept anything the rule book says until the extent of the malfunction has been determined?

Why would they assume the rule book was completely accurate? Crouch Sr. says the rules dictate that 'candidates are bound by a magical contract when they are chosen by the goblet.' That statement of the rules may be accurate when the author's assumptions are true, but what were those assumptions? Even if the goblet were functioning properly (which it wasn't), the rule book likely assumes that candidates entered their names into the goblet. Even if the rule book unambiguously says the chosen candidates are bound to compete regardless of how their name was entered, how accurately does it reflect the actual enchantments on the goblet? How accurately does it reflect the malfunctioning behavior of the goblet as influenced by whatever was done to it?

What version of the rule book are they using? Are they using the original from 700 years ago (Latin? Old English?), a translation in use when the contest was last held at the end of the 1700's (Early Modern English?), or a modern translation of one of those that was prepared for this tournament? Could some details have been lost in translation?

Why is Harry willing to accept the word of Barty Crouch? Dumbledore might accept the political reality of Crouch's position or trust him based on overall past performance, but Harry is an upset teen. Does Harry know (at this date) that Crouch was that he was Head of the DMLE when Sirius was imprisoned without trial?

Why accept that the Goblet selected Harry? Perhaps the goblet really went out after the third name, but then it was made to seem as if it lit again to eject Harry's name. All it requires is a disillusioned parchment with Harry's name being levitated into the goblet, an illusion of the Goblet spitting fire, and then cancelling the disillusionment and levitating the parchment to have it appear to have been ejected by the Goblet. It would probably be easier than actually overpowering the Goblet's enchantments. Definitely easier than having the goblet create a binding contract if the contestant had to have entered their own name to be bound by a contract.

How does the Goblet identify who the champions are? Does the Goblet read the name? Perhaps something that's the reverse of what the Marauder's map does? What if two people have the same name (cousins whose parents who didn't talk to each other about the names they were considering)? Other options would be that it binds to the person who wrote the name or the person who submitted it. If it binds using the name, does it matter if it's the person's nick-name rather than their legal name? What if Harry's legal name is Henry and he's only called Harry (like Prince Harry)?

Dumbledore could have said "Harry, we will conduct a thorough investigation to determined whether or not a binding magical contract has formed and if it has what the requirements of the contract are and whether you can be extricated from it. Until then it is best not to say or do anything that could break the contract." If the contract had not formed due to lack of consent, there is a risk that Harry agreeing to compete would provide the consent required to allow the contract to form, but it's reasonable for Dumbledore to have assumed that was the lesser risk. Instead, Dumbledore appeared to accepted the argument that Harry had to compete "because the rule book says so" when things clearly were not going the way the rule book said they should. Worse, the way he defers to Barty Crouch makes it seem he hasn't read the rules himself.

Perhaps they checked the Goblet later in Harry's absence and found evidence of four contracts, but there is certainly no mention of checking Harry to confirm he was bound by a contract rather than the person who put his name in. Harry is never offered any reason to believe a contract exists other than that the rule book says one will be formed. We are required to believe there is no way for the judges to call off the contest or exclude a contestant who is ineligible or unable to compete. Is that reasonable? How about fixing or even destroying the Goblet? It has obviously malfunctioned and can't be trusted to be used again.

Perhaps Dumbledore delegated the initial investigation to Moody, allowing Barty Crouch Jr to cover his tracks (if he'd left any), but wouldn't Dumbledore at least confirm the existence of the Contract and absence of any other tampering himself?

Why aren't they concerned about other changes? If someone has been able to change to cup to select four contestants, they should be concerned that other changes might have been made. They need to determine what the contract is now - as opposed to what it was supposed to be. Since there were now four contestants, perhaps they will need to compete in four events or loose their magic. Perhaps all but the winner will loose their magic or die.

There are immense societal implications of being able to form a binding magical contract without the consent of the principle. Why imprison criminals, just bind them to an agreement to obey the law or loose their magic. Why use the imperious curse or blackmail, just establish a binding contract and let the person know what they have to do. If you want them dead or without magic, set up a contract and don't let them know. This is clearly a simple plot device created without thought to the broader implications.

If winning the tournament bestows eternal fame, why didn't students know more about it? Students seemed to react to Dumbledore's description of the tournament, rather than its name. Neither Ron nor anyone else talks about any past winners. The tournament hasn't been mentioned on any famous wizard cards. Shouldn't Hermione have gushed about what she'd read about the tournament in "Hogwarts: A History"?

Why wasn't the Minister of Magic present at the announcement or start of tournament? Given the supposed high profile of the tournament, why wasn't Fudge present at the start of the tournament?

Why would Hermione think she can free Hogwarts house-elves? Harry couldn't free Dobby, he had to trick Lucius into freeing Dobby. Winky was also freed when her owner gave her clothes. Hermione is a student. Does she think any student can free a Hogwarts house elf? That doesn't seem very practical. Does she think she could free the Hogwarts elves by leaving gifts of clothes where the elves will come across them? If that were the case, wouldn't any student (or professor) leaving an item of clothing laying around where an elf worked free it? How could House elves clean students' clothes? Does she think her intent matters, that they'll be freed because she left them as a gift? Lucius didn't intend to free Dobby. Why doesn't Harry or Ron (or any student that knows what's going on) point this out to Hermione? What has Hermione read that makes her think she can free the elves? Has JKR goofed by having Hermione do something that should contradict her experience or has JKR been a tease not supplying an explanation?

How did Barty Crouch Jr. maintain his supply of polyjuice potion? He stole ingredients from Snape's supplies, so it appears he was brewing at least some of it himself. We know from CoS that it takes a month to brew and that each dose lasts one hour. Hermione brewed enough for at least three doses. How many doses can be brewed at once? Barty would have required enough to last through the day (breakfast, morning classes, lunch, afternoon classes, dinner, meetings, and evening patrols). Say ten to fourteen doses each weekday and half that on weekends (60 to 84 doses a week) for nine or ten months; that's well over 2000 doses. Being generous, suppose one cauldron could produce a week's supply, he'd need to have at least 4 cauldron's brewing all the time without any mistakes and without being detected over a period of nine months. That requires a lot of potion ingredients. Presumably what he stole from Snape was only to cover for a delay in his unmentioned regular supplies as the theft of ingredients for over 2000 doses would be rather obvious and not something that could be attributed to a student wanting to brew a few potions.

Although the books only mentions polyjuice lasting an hour and Moody is mentioned drinking from his flask regularly during the day, I've read that Pottermore describes it as lasting one to twelve hours depending on the quality of the brew. That would mean a dose from a good brew might last all day (8am-8pm) although if Moody had evening patrol or meetings, he'd need a second dose. So he could make do with one high quality 12 hour dose on some days and two lesser quality 8 hour doses on longer days. The number of doses required would be then be between 7 and 14 per week for 40 weeks, but that's still 280 - 560 doses.

Successfully impersonating Mad Eye for most of a year with no one noticing is quite a feat. Mad-Eye was well known to Dumbledore and some of the other staff. Harry and Ron had trouble with their polyjuice impersonations in CoS. How did Barty Crouch Jr. pull it off? (NB: At least one fanfic story suggests Mad-Eye was held under the Imperious Curse and Jr. only impersonated him occasionally.)

There is a conflict between Arthur's attitude toward the report of Mad-Eye's disturbance at the start of GoF and his high reputation as an auror. It's inconsistent for a cautious, even overly cautious, Auror to be creating nuisance disturbances that attract police attention. Tonks who graduated from Hogwarts in the spring of 1991 was Mad-Eye's protege and considered it a priveledged position. Either he's a crack Auror or he's a delusional paranoid. There can be some middle ground, but he can't be both extremes as he seems to be portrayed.

Why bother entering Harry into the triwizard tournament? Just pick a Hogsmeade weekend and go to Harry in the Three Broomsticks at lunch and tell him "Something's happened to your relatives, Dumbledore wants to see you in his office; this sock is a portkey to take you there, just tap it with your wand and say 'sugar plumb'." You don't need to impersonate a professor long term, just get some hair from a professor or prefecr and keep it until needed and a single dose of polyjuice is sufficient.

(A good idea for why they entered Harry in the tournament is found in chapter 30 of "A Marauder's Plan" by CatsAreCool, which suggests the rite required nine months of preparation during which the 'enemy' must "be tested and challenged for the majority of the nine months thus living in fear of his life".

Another idea for why Voldemort wanted to capture Harry after he had won the tournament is found in chapter 4 of "Judgment of the Queen" by bigd95822, which suggests that Harry's blood would be saturated with magic from winning the tournament.)

The events of the tournament aren't a plot flaw, but the first event was rather dangerous and the second two offered little for the spectators who couldn't see what was happening underwater or in the maze. For the first task, there were dragon handlers on hand at the first task, watching and ready to help out. For the second task, how did they know Fleur needed rescuing? How was she rescued? Were there disillusioned Mermen following the champions? For the third task, how did professors rescue the champions who sent up (or had sparks sent up for them) rescued? It appeared the professors were on foot. Wouldn't have made more sense to have professors on brooms, watching from above the maze so they could quickly get to anyone in trouble? For that matter, how would a Champion call for help if their wand was lost?

Wouldn't all three Headmasters know about the tasks? When Hagrid showed Harry the dragons, Charlie and Harry both seemed to think the headmasters of the other schools wouldn't know about the task until they saw the dragons. Does that mean the three tasks were chosen and prepared without any input from the visiting headmasters? Would the other Headmasters trust Dumbledore to know and not themselves? That seems rather unlikely.

Why was the Hogwarts' Quidditch championship cancelled? Dumbledore told the Hogwarts students that the reason Quidditch was cancelled for the year was the Hogwarts professors would be too busy with the tournament. Admittedly, if the visiting students were attending Hogwarts classes the professors might have extra class sessions and would have extra work marking their papers and extra tutoring due to their different preparation in earlier years. However, why would the professors being busy interfere with Quidditch? Aside from Madam Hooch, who referees the games, how much time does Quidditch take from the Professors? Why would Hogwarts students accept that as a reason for cancelling Quidditch? Maybe the real reason was that the Quidditch stadium was being used for the tournament, but why couldn't the games have been scheduled between the cleanup after the first task and the start of preparations for growing the hedge? The champions were surprised when the saw the hedge for the maze growing on the Quidditch pitch, so it was probably in good shape for most of the year. Even if that wasn't the case, why fib and say it was because the professors were busy instead of because the stadium was in use? Did JKR just decide Quidditch would be a distraction from the story (especially with Krum there) and arbitrarily decide to remove it without thinking through the excuse she used?

Why didn't any older Gryffindors help Harry? I understand that Harry was angry that no one believed he didn't put his own name in the goblet. That may explain why he didn't ask for help, but I don't understand why none of the older Gryffindor students didn't force their aid upon him. "Look. It doesn't matter if I or anyone else believes you put your name in. How or why your are in the tournament doesn't matter. You are a Gryffindor. You are in the tournament. You need help. I'm offering it and I'm not taking no as an answer."

Why didn't more information about the tasks leak? Hagrid showed Harry the Dragons. Why didn't he offer any hints about the later tasks? Why didn't Harry and Hermione visit him seeking information or to give him an opportunity to give them hints? "It's ok, Hagrid, I'm not asking about the tournament. I'm asking about Care of Magical Creatures. I'm asking if there are any creatures discussed in the next few years that shriek or what books you'd recommend for learning about creatures that shriek." Later they could say "I'm not asking about this maze. I'm asking you as COMC professor if obstacle filled mazes have been used in other contests, what creatures have been used as obstacles, and what are good books to read about that." Hagrid had identified himself as a willing source of information and they knew from first year that even if he wasn't willing he wasn't good at keeping secrets. They knew the other champions were getting help from their headmasters, so cheating shouldn't have been a concern.

The rule was the teachers couldn't help champions. Did it say anything about helping other students who were helping the champions? If Gryffindor House had accepted Harry as their champion wouldn't they have tried to help him? Even if they weren't specifically helping him, weren't any students betting on what the tasks would be? Wouldn't they be seeking out information? Wouldn't some of that reach Harry or Cedric?

When Charlie was seeing Ginny off at King's Cross Station, he told her he might see her sooner than she thought. Didn't anyone (Ginny, Fred, George, Mrs. Weasley) think to tell Harry? Maybe Charlie suggested Hagrid bring Harry to see the Dragons. "We're bringing the Dragons in in two days. I sure hope Harry isn't around hiding under his cloak." Even if they were told to keep the tasks secret, they owned Harry for rescuing Ginny from the diary.

(See chapter 18 (outtake) of Harry Potter and the Power of Paranoia by arekay for Harry's possible anger at the Weasleys for not helping him, which inspired me to think about this issue.)

Why were tournament events a surprise?
Why wasn't the press invited to the selection of the champions? Surely if the press was invited to the wand weighing - an invent so inconsequential they didn't bother informing all the champions of it in advance - they should have been present when the champions were selected by the goblet at the Halloween feast?
• Why was the weighing of the wands a surprise? Harry had to be summoned from class for the weighing of the wands. Why? It was obviously scheduled in advance with all the tournament officials, Olivander, and the press present. Why wouldn't all the champions have been informed in advance. Why wouldn't it have been held in the Great Hall at a time that everyone could attend?
Why wasn't information about the Yule Ball provided in the Hogwarts letters? The Yule Ball required older students to bring dress robes and affected the schedule for the Christmas break. Both should have been explained to parents. It's one thing to have a surprise event during the school term. It's quite another to surprise parents with an event that impacts when (or whether) students are home for the Christmas break. Plans for family celebrations or vacation would be impacted. Plus, students who weren't staying for the ball didn't require dress robes.
Why hadn't Hermione warned Harry about the Yule Ball? If the Yule ball was a traditional part of the tournament, why hadn't Hermione learnt about it when she researched past tournaments? It hardly seems likely she had found out about it and not told Harry. Hermione should also have found information on past challenges and used them to help Harry plan his training. If Hermione didn't find information about past tournaments and tasks in the extensive library of one of the participating schools then it really calls into question the eternal glory of winning the tournament.

How were students of the other schools taught? The books only mention the presence of the school Headmasters. Were all their seventh years students present or only those who wanted to put their names in? Seventh year is a very important year for a student's eduction, they'd want the best instructors available to prepare them for their NEWTs. Did they attend classes with Hogwarts' seventh year students? Wouldn't language be a problem, since their first language wouldn't be English? Wouldn't they complain about Hogwarts' cliché teachers? Wouldn't it strain the Hogwarts professors? It's not vital to the plot or story line, but it's something that would interest Hermione.

What was Harry learning for the tournament? He only used the stunning and impediment curses against the spider at the end of the maze and he only recalled the disarming curse (from the dueling club!) to use in his fight with Voldemort. Hadn't Hermione made up a list of spells for him to learn to help when facing the challenges, including getting past Hagrid's creatures that they'd been told would be in the maze?

Why did Voldemort need an elaborate rite to regain a body? In CoS, the diary was creating a body by draining Ginny's life force. Why couldn't Voldemort's wraith do that, either by itself or by sacrificing a victim to a Horcrux? (Aside from it eliminating the plots for needing the stone in PS and kidnapping Harry in GoF.)

Voldemort's abuse of his followers is cliché, but is it realistic? Would a smart man like Lucius Malfoy submit to such abuse? If Regulus and Snape could rebel, so could Malfoy.

How did Voldemort get his old wand back? He had it at the Potter home when he was vanquished on Halloween 1981. Was it left there? Was Peter there to rescue it? Was it taken to the Ministry? Surely it wasn't just left there. If Peter rescued it, did he hide it somewhere or keep it on his person? Was Peter disarmed when he was captured in PoA? Both Remus and Sirius fought in the first war, did neither think to disarm Peter? Remus was DADA professor, wouldn't disarming prisoners be part of the curriculum for one of the years? If Sirius or Remus had thought to disarm Peter would they have captured both Peter's and Voldemort's wands? If they did disarm Peter then Peter couldn't have had Voldemort's wand with him. Perhaps he had hidden it and that was why he used it to kill Cedric rather than his own. If it had been taken to the Ministry, wouldn't its removal have been noticed?

Why didn't Fawkes appear to help Harry? Dumbledore occasionally sends messages with Fawkes. When Harry and Cedric disappeared, wouldn't he think to send Fawkes to find him? He could send Fawkes with a portkey to help the boys return, perhaps a parchment with instructions on how to activate it. Wouldn't Harry remember Fawkes coming to help him in the Chamber of Secrets and thought to call him? Dobby would have been another source potential of help.

The 'brother wand' phenomenon with Harry's and Tom's wands is problematic. Does it only apply to wands with phoenix feather cores from the same phoenix? What about wands with unicorn hair cores from the same unicorn? What about wands with dragon heart string cores, is there only one heart string per dragon? What's special about Harry's and Tom's phoenix feather wands? Is it because Fawkes phoenix only gave two feathers? If he gave feathers for more wands would the wands not have been brothers? On that subject, where does Olivander get a supply of phoenix feathers to use as one of his few chosen types of wand cores? The only phoenix we know of is Fawkes.

Also, Olivander says Fawkes only ever gave the two feathers used in Tom's and Harry's wands? How would he know that? Perhaps they were the only feathers Fawkes had given him, but that would still allow Fawkes might have given feathers to someone else. Perhaps they were the only feathers Fawkes had provided while a companion to Dumbledore, but Phoenixes are immortal. Unless Fawkes is a new Phoenix, hatched from the egg in Dumbledore's company, then Dumbledore couldn't say how many feathers Fawkes had provided before they became companions. Perhaps the two feathers had a magical quality that Olivander detected? Did he known how the wands would react together when he made them?

Why did Harry break off with Voldemort? Harry had driven the magic back to Voldemort's wand causing the 'ghosts' of his victims to emerge. He was winning. Why didn't he continue? What would have happened if he had? Would Voldemort's killing curse have killed Voldemort? Would Voldemort's wand have exploded, destroying his wand hand? Harry broke off because the 'ghosts' said to, but why?

Why didn't Voldemort break off? Having a Killing Curse pushed back at oneself doesn't seem safe. Did Voldemort understand what was happening? Surely if Harry could break off the engagement then Tom should have been able to do so. He'd hit Harry with earlier spells, so why wouldn't he break the connection and fire another curse.

Harry escapes Voldemort by summoning the cup. Why could he do that? In the first task he summoned his broom - presumably the egg was protected against summoning. Shouldn't the cup have also been protected against summoning? Bagman said "The third task's really straightforward. The Triwizard Cup will be placed in the centre of the maze. The first champion to touch it will receive full marks." If the Cup wasn't protected against summoning, a champion could have summoned it from the entrance of the maze to win. Maybe the eggs weren't protected against summoning either and the champions could have summoned their egg without confronting the dragon. Surely, even if it wasn't mentioned, one of the champions would have tried summoning the egg before confronting their dragon. Maybe instead of protecting the cup, they spelled the stand it was on to prevent the cup from being summoned off of it, but why?

Why wasn't Harry rescued? Harry and Cedric were gone for quite a while. Hadn't anyone noticed? What if a champion had needed help and not been able to shoot sparks? Fawkes demonstrated the ability to travel to an unknown location in CoS. The graveyard may have been warded against apparation and port-keys (by anyone but DEs), but so is Hogwarts and Fawkes has no problem flaming there. Couldn't he have taken Dumbledore to Harry? What about house elves? Wouldn't Dobby have been secretly watching Harry in the tasks? Wouldn't he have noticed when Harry disappeared? Might he not have followed and either helped or called for help?

How could Fudge bring a Dementor into the castle (to kiss Barty)? Hogwarts is supposed to be safe and in PoA Dumbeldor said Dementors wouldn't enter the castle. Is it safe or isn't it? ... also, how did Fudge get the Dementors there so quickly? He seemed to get them there more quickly than the previous year when they had been guarding the castle and he wanted Sirius Black kissed.

Why does Fudge say Voldemort is dead? In PoA10, Harry overheard Fudge saying "You-know-who met his downfall in little Harry Potter. Powers gone, horribly weakened, he fled." Not only did he know Voldemort wasn't dead, he anticipated he would return, saying "You-Know-Who alone and friendless is one thing ... but give him back his most devoted servant, and I shudder to think how quickly he could rise again." Now Fudge thought that servant was Black, not Pettigrew, but Fudge still thought having a devoted Death Eater free would lead to Voldemort's return. Why would he be surprised that, a year after Black's escape from Hogwarts, Voldemort has returned? He was concerned about that very thing. He predicted it! THIS IS A MAJOR INCONSISTENCY BETWEEN THE TWO BOOKS.

(My attention was draw to this quote by the author note at the end of chapter 14 of Forging the Sword by Myst Shadow.)

How can Dumbledore send Sirius to alert the old crowd? Presumably Dumbledore has already informed the old crowd of Sirius' innocence (otherwise some of them would certainly shoot the messenger), but Sirius is still wanted as an escaped "convict". If anyone else sees him he would be in trouble. This is also inconsistent with his later confinement to Grimauld Place.

Was Hermione's blackmail of Rita reasonable? Catching Rita and accepting a reasonable quid pro quo in exchange for not turning her in, ok. It would have been reasonable for Hermione to catch Rita and immediately turn her over to the Headmaster. It would be reasonable to ask Rita not to write about students (i.e., Harry or her) in exchange for not exposing her animagus form. But holding her captive for a lengthy period and then demanding she not write anything for a year? That seems rather excessive, risky, and out of character. It may also have been counterproductive.

• It's excessive, because writing is Rita's livelihood. What will she live on for that year? Won't people be suspicious, especially if she takes another job?
• It's a big risk because unlawful confinement and blackmail are serious offenses. Rita could make a deal with Fudge to charge Hermione and implicate Harry. She could probably get immunity and non-disclosure of the blackmail subject (her being an animagus). Fudge was in a mood to make a deal that would hurt and discredit Harry.
• It's also out of character for Hermione to do something so blatantly unlawful. Hermione was hesitant to break school rules. She reluctantly became somewhat accepting of rule breaking when it was justified. However, unlawful confinement and blackmail are serious crimes to be committing in response to annoying journalism that, however annoying, did not endanger or threaten anyone's life (the bubber puss can't be blamed on Rita).
• It may have been counterproductive in two ways. First because it prevents Rita from doing anything positive. Rita had overheard a lot in the Hospital Wing. She might have chosen (or been persuaded) to write the truth about Voldemort's return and perhaps that Sirius didn't have a trial. She could have gotten the truth out before Fudge could spin his lies or she could wait and ambush him. Second it undoubtedly inspired Rita to be nasty to them. Initially she couldn't write about them herself, but she could encourage other reporters to go along with Fudge and be nasty to Harry. After the year was up, she would have been free to do it herself. This may have changed after the exclusive interview, but until then its effects would be predictably negative.

What Dumbledore didn't do at the end of GoF is significant. Dumbledore reactivated the Order of the Phoenix, he sent Snape to spy on Voldemort, he sent Remus to the werewolves, and he sent Hagrid to the giants. However, when he failed to convince Fudge of Voldemort's return, there is no indication he tried to inform anyone else within the ministry. He didn't obtain a copy of Harry's memories to show to the DMLE, ministry leaders, or members of the Wizengamont. This is a significant failure for the Chief Warlock.

How was Cedric's death explained away? Cedric's father is a department head within the Ministry. The Triwizard tournament was a major international event. An international audience saw Harry return with Cedric's body. Surely there would have been people asking questions about how it happened.

Also,

Why did Arthur Weasley have the Dursley's fireplace connected to the Floo? Wasn't he capable of side-along apparation (I don't recall if he demonstrated the ability in the books)? However, connecting Harry's house to the Floo seems a terrible security breach. Not only did it provide access to the Dursley's home, it provided information about the location to ministry officials. Wouldn't Dumbledore have preferred to fetch Harry himself or provide Arthur with a port-key? Dumbledore demonstrated great ease making a portkey at the end of OoP.

Why did Arthur bring Fred and George to the Dursleys'? Was there any reason he couldn't have picked Harry up by himself? The twins clearly argued to be allowed (since they wanted to prank Dudley), but why would Arthur allow it?

Why was the World Cup located in a site where there were muggles? Gag value aside, what logic is there in locating the stadium in an area where muggles will see the assembled wizards and witches and not erecting appropriate notice-me-not charms? If they had to build a stadium why not build it in Hogsmeade which already has protections? If they had to use a farmer's field, wouldn't it have been simpler to have the farmer sleep or stay in his house during the cup? Better to obliviate the farmer and his family once than after each odd looking wizard arrives. Alternately, arrange for them to go on a vacation.

Why did they need to fetch water? Doesn't the Aguamenti spell conjure jet of clear, pure water? Were they putting on a show for the muggle campsite owners? Perhaps JKR was abiding by Gamp's Law here and forgot about it when she introduced the Aquamenti spell? If not, is water from the Aquamenti spell dangerous to drink? What about the spell Olivander performed when testing Harry's wand (GoF18) that produced a fountain of wine?

Why didn't the game begin in the morning? Professional Quidditch games can last many hours, even days. Wouldn't have made more sense to have people arrive, pitch their tents, browse the vendor stands, spend the night, and have the game start in the morning? That way there would be more daylight for a long game.

Why would Molly order "three ordinary Muggle taxis" to take everyone from the Burrow to King's Cross Station? The Burrow is located in Devon (River Otter is in Devon and in CoS3 Molly says the boys flew "half way across the country" from Little Whining). It is around four hours by car from Devon to King's Cross Station and would cost a considerable amount. If Molly couldn't afford new dress robes for Ron, how could she afford three taxis? Surely they aught to either take the Knight Bus or Floo to somewhere in London (e.g., the Leaky Cauldron) and proceed from there - saving several hours (they'd have to leave before 7am to arrive by 11am) and considerable expense.

(Source: Chapter 5 of Interludes and Vignettes by Cloud Zen)

In the Order of the Phoenix, Dumbledore is portrayed as politically ineffectual. He apparently fails to do anything substantial to force Fudge or others in the Ministry or Wizengamont to acknowledge Voldemort's return or to counter the slander leveled against Harry and himself, even allowing himself to be removed from the office of Chief Warlock. Why? Dumbledore is supposedly a respected, experienced member of the wizarding government. Was he really only given the position due to his fame? Has he kept it despite (or perhaps because) he was ineffectual (perhaps inadvertently helpful to someone's cause)? A simple pensieve memory of Harry's experiences at the end of the third task would have gone a long way to ending such slander and mobilizing the forces of light. If Dumbledore is the great, wise, experienced wizard he is supposed to be, it is ridiculous for Fudge to be able to walk over Harry and Dumbledore unless Dumbledore deliberately allows it. Clearly this is yet another simple plot device to set up the plot for Umbridge's placement in Hogwarts; a case of expediency over consistency and reason. Suitable for children's books, but failing when examined in a broader context.

What prompted Dumbledore to send his "Remember my last" message? The message arrived timely, just as Vernon was going to throw Harry out of the house, but what prompted it? We know from Mrs. Figg that the Order's guard was missing and she'd gone to Floo Dumbledore. Did that prompt the message? How would a message about Harry driving off dementors prompt that message? Is Dumbledore a seer? Did he have some other way of knowing what was happening? How? Was he standing outside the door? Could he monitor the house any time he wanted? How often did he do so? How much did he know about the happenings at Privet Drive?

What does "Remember my last" refer to? What communication has Dumbledore had with Petunia? When Petunia found Harry on her doorstep in 1981, she screamed. Obviously, she wasn't expecting him. Surely he's not referring to the letter tucked into Harry's blankets in 1981 nearly 14 years ago. Perhaps Dumbledore sent a letter before Harry went back at the end of each year? Is that why he's confident Harry will be treated reasonably? Because he sends them letters each year asking them to do so? Does he say it's for the Greater Good? Does he assume they will respect him because he is the great Albus Dumbledore? Does he tell them Voldemort is back and will kill them if they aren't protected?

Harry is not made prefect. As Tri-Wizard Champion, Harry is an obvious choice for prefect. By denying Harry that position, Dumbledore gave credence to the bad press Harry was receiving. This seems further confirmation of Dumbledore's goal of having Harry Martyr himself, denying him any support. We had been given the impression that academic performance was a criteria for choosing prefects, with Remus, Bill, and Percy as examples of previous prefects. How does Ron -- who consistantly puts off studying, does the least work possible on assignments, and often requires Hermione's assistance -- fit that model? Surely one of the other boys has better academics that Ron. Neville's problems with Potions and a poorly suited wand (begging the question why that hasn't been noticed) may rule him out, but what about Seamus and Dean? Having decided not to make Harry a prefect to isolate him, JKR seems to have chosen Ron just because he is a main character (however poorly suited to the role) and to have him spend more time with Hermione.

What use is the Order of Phoenix guard at the Department of Mysteries? Only Harry or Voldemort can remove the prophecy, so what use is having a single guard at the DoM? If Voldemort doesn't come himself, the prophecy sphere is safe. If he does come, what good will it be to have a single guard in place?

What happened to that guard on the night of the battle? Did Malfoy's group waylay the guard? If so, it's not mentioned. Didn't Dumbledore provide any safeguard for the Order guard after Arthur Weasley was attacked? If Malfoy's group snuck by the Order guard, why didn't Harry's group encounter the guard?

How and why does the Department of Mysteries collect prophecies?
• How does the department get copies of the prophecies
? Are they magically recorded when someone gives a prophecy? Does the department get a signal and send someone out to find the person who heard the prophecy to make the record? Are people who hear prophecies expected to come in and report them?
• Why does the department keep them? Having gone to the effort of collecting them it would make sense that they do something with them, like study them. The department does apparently study things such as time (witness the time room) and (according to Dumbledore's tale of the locked room) love. However, the evidence is that the prophecies aren't studied because they are stored in globes that can only be accessed by a person to whom they pertain and apparently can be listened to only once (by breaking the globe) and because neither Dumbledore nor Voldemort seem to have considered a researcher could be found that had heard it. So, it appears the department goes to the trouble of collecting prophecies only to store them in a way that makes them impossible for anyone in the department to study them. This doesn't make sense to me. Perhaps after the prophesy is fulfilled or invalidated the department gets to study it.
How do they label prophecies? Does someone in the DoM view the prophecy and label it before it is restricted to the people referred to? If so, why didn't Voldemort seek out that person? Harry was not marked by the Dark Lord until at least 15 months after the prophecy was given. Was his name on the prophecy orb before then? If so, why would Dumbledore think it could refer to either Harry or Neville? Did Dumbledore come into the DoM and update the label after Halloween? Perhaps they are magically labelled when they are collected and magically labelled at the same time. Perhaps the label is magically updated when the people referred to are identified in some way?
• Do they notify people that they are referred to by a prophecy? Was a notification sent to Harry's parents? If it hadn't been destroyed, would Harry have been notified when he turned 17? Since they DoM can't study them, they seem to exist only for people to whom they refer to come and listen to them.
• Why are the prophecy spheres so easily breakable? This places them at risk of accidental destruction, as happened to a great many prophecies during the fight in the DoM.
Is it first come first served? We know the prophecy recording is activated when the ball breaks. Is there another way to play the recording? If not, then its first come first served -- only the first person to come and retrieve a prophecy can listen to it (because the ball is broken to activate it). If the prophecy refers to more than one person, the others are out of luck. How does this make sense?
The whole collection of prophecies smacks of dues ex machina. There appears to be no rational explanation for their existence within the story world. They appear to exist only to for the purpose of the story plot.

Why isn't Harry in regular contact with Sirius? Sirius and Remus are Harry's links to his parents. Sirius is Harry's hope for getting away from the Dursleys'. He should be in regular contact with them throughout GoF and OoP. Why would Sirius only ask Harry to contact him about Snape? Sirius should want contact with Harry for much more than that. When Harry didn't use the mirror a message should have been sent to him to do so.

What is the Protean Charm used for? Hermione used it to make the DA coins and the marauders may have used it in the construction of their communication mirrors, but there aren't any examples of its normal use. For instance, why aren't there penpal books for frequent correspondants, where anything written in one book appears in the other (and vice versa)? They would be very useful for Hogwarts students to correspond with their parents. They could be used by friends to keep in touch over the summer or after they graduate. Businesses could use them to correspond with clients. The charm seems to have been invented by JKR just to explain how Hermione was able to create the DA coins using book knowledge without being too inventive, but it is otherwise ignored - its place in wizarding society left blank.

Is interception of owl post common? We have examples of owl post interception by Dobby in CoS and Umbridge in OoP (as well as the unmentioned lack of fan mail - Lockhart gets fan mail in CoS, Hermione gets hate mail in GoF, but Harry doesn't get 'Boy-Who-Lived' fan mail). Does the Ministry of Magic often use this tool? Is the post of all students being intercepted or just Harry's? Does magic identify and intercept only messages of interest? If only Harry's post was being intercepted, why didn't he ask friends to forward messages. Imagine the response of Neville's gran or Susan's aunt if they'd received a request to forward messages from Harry.

Is Snape just a really bad Occlumency teacher or is something else at play? Both in the descriptions of the lessons and Harry's relation of them to Hermione, it's clear Snape just tells Harry to "clear your mind." No explanation, no notes, no reference book. Is he trying to teach the art, hurt Harry, or open Harry's mind to Voldemort? Is JKR just playing up the nasty Snape cliché or sowing reason to doubt Snape's loyalty? Does Snape think he is actually making a reasonable effort to teach Harry - without notes or a text? Is he being just a little rough to stay in character for reports to Voldemort? Being a bad, vengeful potions teacher is not directly harmful. Viciously attacking and attempting to weaken or damage a student's mind would be quite another thing.

If Dumbledore can't teach Harry Occlumency, why can Snape? If Dumbledore is concerned about Voldemort learning that he is teaching Harry, shouldn't he be equally or even more concerned about Voldemort learning that Snape is teaching Harry. Isn't almost certain Voldemort would take advantage of such an opportunity? It'd be different if Snape could show Voldemort that Dumbledore were checking on Harry's lessons or progress, but it seems Dumbledore has left it entirely to Snape. Dumbledore should anticipate Voldemort would take advantage of the opportunity. That means either Harry's lessons are compromised or Snape's status as a spy is compromised.

When using a pensieve, do you extract the memory itself or a copy? At the start of Harry's Occlumency lesson, Snape extracts memories from his head and places them in Dumbledore's pensieve supposedly so that Harry can't accidentally view them in Snape's mind. However, Dumbledore has a collection of memories from himself and other people. Would he have have collected those memories if they were the memory itself rather than a copy? Also, Slughorn provides two copies of his memory of talking to Riddle about Horcruxes (one tampered with, one genuine). Snape's use of the pensieve seems at odds with other references. Perhaps there are two methods of using it.

Why did Snape hide his memory of being bullied by James? It's odd Snape chose to hide that memory rather than memories of telling Voldemort about the prophecy, foul deeds Snape committed as a Death Eater, or other secrets. Perhaps Snape had long practice protecting other memories from Dumbledore or Voldemort, but hadn't previously guarded memories of James. Perhaps he thought seeing Harry who looked so much like James was likely to bring the memories of James to the surface. Was Snape trying to keep the memory from Harry to protect himself from embarrassment or to protect Harry from a negative memory of his father?

Why place the memory in a pensieve? Dumbledore has a collection of memories in vials. Slughorn gave Harry the memory of Tom asking about Horcruxes in a vial. Why would Snape use Dumbledore's pensieve just to store a memory? Was the memory placed there for Harry to find?

(A story that takes this line: Chapter 4, Snape Goes too Far, of Harry Potter and the things that could have happened, a collection of one shots by arekay).

Perhaps you can extract either an actual memory (removing the memory) or a copy (leaving the memory), but actual memories must be stored in a pensieve while copies can be stored in vials. Perhaps because memories placed in a pensieve do not degrade so an actual memory placed in a pensieve can later be restored to the person's mind, but memories placed in a vial will degrade so an actual memory placed in a vial couldn't later be restored. Perhaps Snape removed the memory of James bullying him so he could deal more neutrally with Harry, but wanted to be able to restore the memory later so he had to use a pensieve. Or perhaps it was a setup by JKR to damage Harry's image of James and begin redeeming Snape's image.

Why would Harry fly all the way from Hogwarts to London? Why would they think of flying when they needed to get to London right away. Sirius was being tortured and they'd already spent considerable time trying to contact Sirius and dealing with Umbridge. They should have been thinking about using the Floo not flying. With Umbridge out of the way why wouldn't they Floo from Hogwarts or Hogsmeade? Why not take the knight bus? Perhaps Luna knew Thestrals were extraordinary fast flyers?

How long did it take to fly from Hogwarts to London? The Hogwarts Express takes over 9 hours (11am until after sunset at 8pm) to travel from London to Hogsmeade on Sept 1. According to Google Maps Directions, it takes 8-8.5 hours to travel from London to Inverness (456 miles in a direct line). I assume Hogsmeade to London is about that distance. While flying on a thestral, “Harry did not think he had every moved so fast” (OP34). Assuming that is accurate, it provides a maximum time to fly to London of a little over 3 hours, since Harry is familiar with the Firebolt (150mph). Assuming the Thestrals don't exceed the speed of sound (761mph), it would take a minimum of 40 minutes. Since Harry only thought he hadn't traveled so fast, it probably took closer to 3 hours.

Why did it take the Order so long to get to the Ministry? It may have taken Snape an hour to notice and confirm that Harry was missing from Hogwarts, but even without contacting Dumbledore they should have sent someone to the Ministry to intercept him at the entrance. Perhaps they assumed Harry had used the Floo and it would be too late to intercept him. Assembling a fighting group may have taken some time, but even then they probably should have gotten there first if the thestrals took close to 3 hours to fly from Hogwarts to London. The thestrals must have been quite a bit faster than a Firebolt for them to get to the Ministry before the Order.

Is security at the Ministry and the Department of Mysteries really so poor? First Malfoy's group either snuck past or disabled both the Ministry and DoM security without setting of any alarms. Then Harry's group went in. They weren't sneaking and weren't stopped by any security, which suggests Malfoy's group removed the security without leaving any sign for anyone to find. Shouldn't there be regular checks where security is supposed to call out or answer incoming calls? Aren't there evening staff (cleaners, DMLE) who would notice if the security was breached? It's not terribly believable.

What happened to the Order of Phoenix Guard? Aside from Ministry and DoM security, the Order of the Phoenix was specifically guarding the prophecy. What happened to their guard? Did both Malfoy's and Harry's groups get past without the Order's guard noticing? Did Malfoy's group remove the Order's guard? Didn't the Order have some way of knowing their guard was OK? They'd already had a bad incident with Mr Weasley, surely they took precautions after that. Why don't the books mention what happened?

Dumbledore's revelations following the battle in the Department of Mysteries are disturbing.
• When Harry accuses Snape of goading Sirius, Dumbledore replies "Sirius was much to old and clever to have allowed such a feeble taunts to hurt him." This seems to discount the fact that Sirius was imprisoned for twelve years, remains on the run, and is now imprisoned in his hated parents' house. Give Sirius those twelve years back and a secure foundation and Dumbledore's remarks might be true. Given his suffering and continuing suffering, his mental state is questionable.
• Dumbledore says "I knew I was condemning you to ten dark and difficult years," yet he appears not to have taken any action to alleviate that. Until this revelation, Dumbledore maintained, on the surface, the appearance of the benevolent, wise, grandfather figure. He may have been blissfully blind to the reality of Harry's situation at the Dursley's, but he appeared good willed. We can accept that he thought it was necessary to place Harry in a less than ideal situation to ensure his life. However, now that we know he expected Harry's situation to be far from ideal, we cannot accept that he was not watching to ensure it didn't get too bad. He had Mrs Figg watching; was she incompetent? Hadn't Dumbledore warned her? Was Dumbledeore ignoring her information? Was Dumbledore deliberately allowing Harry to suffer? The Dursleys' reaction to Harry's first Hogwarts letter (moving him from the cupboard to the small bedroom) shows very little intervention would have been required to affect their treatment of Harry. Since Dumbledore was expecting problems and had someone watching for them, why didn't he take even the minimum of actions to alleviate Harry's situation?
• Dumbledore's decision disclose the prophecy to Harry at a moment when Harry is in an extremely emotional and vulnerable state to disclose the prophecy is astonishing. Instead of helping Harry to grieve, he winds him up. For someone who has been a teacher and Headmaster for so many years, his failure to provide Harry with effective support after each year's events is incredulous.
• Dumbledore's decision to disclose the actual text of the prophecy is curious. He's been worried about the connection between Harry and Voldemort, yet now decides to tell Harry the prophecy. It suggests that Dumbledore no longer cares if Voldemort knows the text of the prophecy, that the only value of it not being known to Voldemort was as a distraction - that as long as Voldemort was hiding and trying to get the prophecy he wasn't doing other (bad) things. However, he advises Harry to keep it secret. Is that to keep it from Voldemort (ignoring Voldemort's connection to Harry's mind) or to keep it from the public or the Ministry?

At King's Cross Station, Mad-Eye says Harry should write every three days and that if he doesn't, they will know there is a problem and come check on him. Why is that necessary? Won't the Order have a guard at Privet Drive as they did the previous summer? If not, why not? In any case, shouldn't Mad-Eye have arranged code words for Harry to use in his letters to say he is ok or needs help? Without code words, the Dursleys could just force Harry to write letters saying he's ok (which I recall reading in a story who's title I've forgotten.)

In the Half-Blood Prince, why does Snape take an unbreakable vow for Narcissa? Why would Narcissa expect him to make a vow? Is it common to request and give such vows? If it is reasonable for Narcissa to expect Snape to give such a vow, why hasn't Voldemort obtained vows from all his followers? Such an vow would prevent betrayal, such as Snape's and Regulus'.

It takes Dumbledore a full year to brief Harry on Voldemort's past and the horcruxes. It could obviously have been done in a much shorter time period and one would think that Dumbledore would want to ensure Harry received the information as soon as possible. Dumbledore knew he was dying from the curse/poison on the ring and that Draco had been ordered to kill him. His life could have been unexpectedly cut short by either of those causes.

From Dumbledore's memory of going to the orphanage to tell Tom about magic we learn he did two very surprising things. First, he pretended to set fire to the locker containing all of Tom's belongings. Sure it wasn't a real fire, but wasn't it rather cruel? What effect did that cruelty have on Tom? Second, he allows eleven year old Tom to go to Diagon Alley without an escort. What independence was allowed eleven year olds in that age? Shouldn't Tom at least have had an escort to show him around on his first visit (no matter if he wanted one or not)? Tom was already a bully, tormenting and stealing from other children.

Dumbledore wasn't kind. He scared Tom with the illusionary fire. He ordered Tom to return the stolen trinkets, without any adult support. He allowed Tom to visit Diagon Alley alone. What if Dumbledore had been kind, understanding, and supporting. What if Dumbledore had supported Tom and guided his reform instead of just ordering him to be good and expecting him to be good without guidance? (This was inspired by a story I read, but I've forgotten the title/author.)

Do Horcruxes make sense? Did Tom research whether anyone had successfully used a Horcrux to gain immortality before risking his soul to make one (or six)? If Tom looked and didn't find anyone who'd gained immortality using a Horcrux, shouldn't that have given him pause? The only immortals mentioned in the books are Tom and Nicholas Flamel (who had a Philosopher's Stone).

(I thought about this after reading "The Trouble With Horcruxes" By: Vaneria Potter)

Couldn't Harry and Dumbledore have taken the basin containing the locket? Even if the basin was carved from stone that was part of the cavern, couldn't it have been broken off and removed for extended study at Hogwarts?

Why does Draco repair the vanishing cabinet? Has Dumbledore activated additional protections since Voldemort's return? It isn't mentioned. If he hasn't, then Voldemort would know Death Eaters can easily access Hogwarts, just as Barty Crouch Jr. did. All they need to do is wait for a Hogwarts weekend and detain some students and enter the school polyjuiced as the returning students. This has the advantage of evacuating the children of his followers before the fight begins.

How does Draco disarm Dumbledore? According to Beedle the Bard, the Elder Wand should be "a wand that must always win duels for its owner". For that matter, how did Dumbledore defeat Grindelwald?

What happens to the rest of the luck potion? Slughorn had a cauldron full of it, presumably much more than he gave Harry. There are limits on its use and we don't know what it costs to brew, but surely it would have some presence in Wizarding society beyond what we see in this book. Both Dumbledore and Voldemort should include it in their strategies.

How does magical society deal with love potions and other "date rape" (or plain rape) techniques? The books treat love potions in a very lighthearted manner, starting with Gilderoy in CoS, Molly's remarks in PoA, Romilda Vane's attempt to potion Harry in HBP (which caught Ron), and including potions sold by the twins. The combination of love potions or other forms of compulsion with obliviation is an obvious problem. How do wizards and witches defend themselves? Was any action taken against Romalda? Harry and Ron are not counseled on means to protect themselves in the books, can we hope it occurred off-screen/page? What happened to the cauldron full of amortia Slughorn brewed to show his class in HBP? Was it destroyed, sold, or used?

The romantic pairings of Harry & Ginny (HG) and Ron & Hermione (RHr) lack development. One wonders if any thought was given to them prior to HBP. Relationships develop. That development may be before two people become a couple or afterward, but it is required and is not present in the books. The poor development of the relationships might pass for children's books, but the later books where the relationships are exposed invite a higher standard. The HG paring is possible, but simply isn’t developed. In two weeks at the end of sixth year, it unrealistically progresses from inklings of desire to love strong enough to survive an extended separation. The RHr pairing is more problematic as their interests and personalities appear to be in conflict.

The books don't show any credible development of a relationship between Harry and Ginny. It goes from a kiss to snogging to love in a couple of weeks. If you assume that Ginny has grown out of her crush (which isn't clear) there is no obstacle to the HG pairing, but it needs to be developed. Because Harry is the hero who's flaws are pluses, he could be successfully paired with almost any girl. However, the relationship would not be credible without some effort to develop the girl's character and the relationship. The lack of development between Harry and Ginny is exasperated by the fact JKR glosses over what little time they spend dating, so despite the fact the books are written from Harry's perspective there is no record of them having any conversations together. Fanfiction stories often pair Harry & Hermione (HHr) rather than HG or another pairing, perhaps because (despite Hermione's problems) it is easy to build a credible relationship from their strong established friendship and well developed characters. That established character and friendship isn't present for any other girl - including Ginny.

The books portray Ron and Hermione as having incompatible personalities. Ron is portrayed as self-centred, lazy, and prone to jealousy. Hermione is impatient, academically inclined, driven, and ambitious. They frequently argue and their arguments are not just frustrating, but hurtful to Hermione. Ron's character could be developed to grow out of his flaws, but that doesn't happen in the books. Indeed, the epilogue of DH reveals that even years later Ron is still self-centred, lazy, and disrespectful of muggles as he (then an Auror!) admits confunding the examiner to obtain an unearned muggle drivers licence. It is hard to imagine a harmonious relationship between Ron and Hermione's parents or Ron being comfortable visiting them. Another girl might accept Ron's faults, but from what we see from Harry's point of view Ron and Hermione are incompatible.

Added to the failure to develop the relationships, there is the presentation of love potions. In CoS Lockhart mentions them on Valentine's day, in PoA Molly tells Ginny and Hermione about a love potion she used to court Arthur, and in HBP they are shown amortia and Romanda Vane (2 years younger than Harry) give Harry chocolates laced with a love potion. This opens the possibility that the relationships were potion induced. Prime suspects are Ginny, Ron, Molly, or Dumbledore. Ginny because she is a fan girl who dreamed of marrying the 'boy-who-lived' long before she met Harry. Ron because he's jealous and doesn't want Harry to have Hermione, to support Ginny in her desire, or just to distract Ginny from someone 'worse'. Molly to get Ginny her dream husband (could be either Ginny's dream or Molly's dream), just as Molly got Aurthur. Dumbledore because he manipulates everyone for the Greater Good and if the 'power he knows not' is love Harry needs to be encouraged to love someone & who better than the daughter of his stanch supporters, the Weasleys.

The poor development of the relationships might pass for children's books (and they lived happily ever after), but does not pass the higher standard of the later books of the series where the relationships are exposed. The best a reader can do is assume that after Voldemort's defeat, the Harry and Hermione retreated to the Burrow to hide from their fame and that their relationships developed there, with events within the books being mere hints of what would be.

Feb 2, 2014: Several articles have reported on an interview JKR gave to Wonderland Magazine. From the Sunday Times: "I wrote the Hermione/Ron relationship as a form of wish fulfilment. That’s how it was conceived, really. For reasons that have very little to do with literature and far more to do with me clinging to the plot as I first imagined it, Hermione ended up with Ron." From BBC News: "Ron and Hermione [...] would have needed counselling to sustain a relationship." From Sky News (AP): "Hermione [...] would have been better off with hero Harry."

In the Deathly Hallows, there are several arbitrary new plot devices and questionable events.

Oblivation is not an entirely new plot device, but Hermione's use of it on her parents is astounding. There are two parts to it - erasing their existing life and implanting a new life. She made them forget about her, their 17 year old daughter. Parents' lives revolve around their children. Raising a child completely changes a person's life. Just how does oblivation work that such a huge memory alteration is possible? Aside from when they are working, she would have been a constant part of their lives from pregnancy through her leaving for Hogwarts. After that, she'd still have been a major part of their thoughts. They'd have to forget about friends and colleagues or they'd try to keep in touch and the name change would be a problem. The memories that they keep would have to be changed to contain their new names. It would be important that they not forget too much or they might forget dental skills and harm patients. Implanting new memories would be problematic, too. I can accept trained obliviators creating and implanting a short memory to cover the erasure of a memory of a magical event, but a teenager creating and implanting a memory covering years? How does oblivation work that Hermione thought she could perform such an all encompassing oblivation without a life time's experience with the spell?

Then there's the practical issue of how her parents are supposed to open a dental practice without either local qualifications for Australia or any certification in Britain under their assumed names. Not to mention the need for money for the trip and to establish themselves in Australia. Selling their practice would take time and there would likely be a paper trail for the money.

Technical and practical issues aside, why obliviate them? There is no reason to make them forget anything, just a need to make them hide and stay in hiding without blowing their cover by trying to contact her or friends or colleagues. Why would a brilliant girl like Hermione choose to Oblivate them? Wouldn't she think to use a compulsion charm to convince them of the danger and make them decide to move away? Another compulsion could help them maintain their cover story. Hermione might want to forget where they are to keep them safe, but not the other way around. Perhaps a variant of the Fidelius Charm would be appropriate to guard their location or their relationship with Hermione or their knowledge of the magical world.

(Prophecy Smophecy by DriftWood1965 contains a very nice, short scene on this issue - Hermione's parents go into hiding with their memories intact, she obliviates herself, implanting the memory of her obliviating them and sending them to Australia, and leaves herself a clue to follow to find them to their actual location.

NB: In a live chat (Bloomsbury, July 30, 2007), JRK says "She has not wiped her parents' memories (as she later does to Dolohov and Rowle); she has bewitched them to make them believe that they are different people." I think creating whole new personae for them is just as incredible as erasing their memories and the practical (legal and financial) obstacles remain.)

Why does Harry use #12 Grimauld Place? The trio talk about the danger of meeting Snape there, but with Dumbledore dead Snape is free to tell others the location. They don't just have to worry about Snape, they have to worry about Voldemort and all his Death Eaters. They eventually abandon it when Yaxley is accidentally brought there, but the same concerns should have applied to Snape.

Why did Voldemort take Kreacher to the cave? Why would he need to empty the basin to put the locket in? Couldn't he have just dropped the locket into the potion filled basin? Was he testing the potion or that the bowl would refill except when the potion was drunk? Surely he'd have done the enchanting elsewhere and tested it before moving it to the cave and surely he'd have tested the potion on a human. If he had to test it in situ, wouldn't he use another human victim? If he'd foreseen a house elf coming to the cave, wouldn't he have guarded against them popping in and out? Wouldn't he have verified that Kreacher was dead? It seems that Voldemort logically would not have required Kreacher's services or if he'd thought about the risk of a house elf being brought to the cave he'd have guarded against it. So, it appears the entire incident was just a rather transparent plot device to provide Regulus with the information and loophole needed to steal it.

The Deluminator allowed Ron to hear what was being said by and around Harry and to travel to where Harry was located (despite extensive magic hiding his location). We don't know when Dumbledore enchanted it with this ability beyond that it was done before his death at the end of sixth year. Was it done while Harry was at Hogwarts? Was it done when Harry was placed with the Dursleys? Did Dumbledore use it to spy on Harry or did it exist just to allow Ron to rejoin Harry and Hermione? The implications of the device are concerning. Think of it being used by the Ministry or Voldemort to spy on persons of interest. It could be combined with a dictation-quill to create a written record of everything said by or in the presence of a person.

How did Snape find Harry to deliver the Sword of Gryffindor? Phineus' portrait reported that they were looking for the sword and that they were in the forest, but it couldn't know where in the forest. The Forest of Dean is more than 42.5 square miles (110 sq km). He could have left the sword miles from where Harry was camped. Did he follow the patronis closer to where they were? Could anyone have done that? (Could the ministry have located Sirius that way?) Why did Snape wait so long to deliver the sword to Harry? Hadn't Dumbledore anticipated the need? Why did Dumbledore's portrait say 'it must be taken under conditions of need and valor'? Is that why Snape placed in the pool under the ice? Was it a deliberate challenge? Would the conditions have been met if Harry used warming and bubblehead charms (as Fleur and Cedric did on the second task)? Harry didn't use the sword. Harry gave the sword to Ron to destroy the locket and he gave it to Neville to destroy the snake. For that matter, what about Dumbledore's use of the sword to destroy the ring? Didn't Harry just hand it to him after getting out of the Chamber of Secrets? Why couldn't Snape have given the sword to Harry or (since Snape was untrusted) left it where it could easily be retrieved by Harry?

The Taboo on the name "Voldemort" isn't mentioned before DH. This is a brand new invention. The taboo existing in the first war would explain why everyone (who survived) had an ingrained fear of Voldemort's name (and readers may wonder if it was erroneously introduced in part for that reason), but it contradicts the earlier books. The way Dumbledore scolds McGonagall for using "You Know Who" instead of "Voldemort" (in PS1) makes it clear there wasn't a taboo in the first war. Equally, if there had been a taboo in the first war then Dumbledore should have warned Harry about it when he told Harry to use Voldemort's name. Dumbledore expected Voldemort to return so he should have expected a taboo on his name to be reinstated (if there had been one). Clearly there wasn't a taboo in the first war.

It appears the taboo was introduced in DH as a plot device to get the trio captured.

This raises the question of why Voldemort didn't create the taboo during the first war. Was it something new Voldemort (or one of his followers) thought of in the second war? Was it something that depended on Ministry facilities? If so, why hadn't the Ministry set a taboo on the three unforgivable curses during the first war?

Why was Ron insistent on not using Voldemort's name before he knows about the taboo? He put up with Harry using Voldemort's name for years (PS through HBP). Why does he suddenly insist on using euphemisms (in DH)? Why does Harry agree? After he abandons Harry he finds out about the taboo and he tells Harry and Hermione about it when he returns, but why did he insist on euphemisms before that?

Dumbledore won the Elder Wand which he from Grindlewald. How? The Elder Wand cannot be defeated. If Grindlewald was using it, how could Dumbledore defeat him? The books don't describe Grindlewald's defeat, whether it was a great public battle or a private encounter. Given the revelations of their earlier friendship in DH, this leads to speculation that Dumbledore used that friendship to gain access to Grindlewald and then betrayed him.

Harry wins the Elder Wand by defeating Draco. Leave aside the logic of Draco winning the wand even though he didn't actually ever catch it or pick it up or otherwise touch or hold it when he disarmed Dumbledore. Leave aside the logic of Harry winning the wand by defeating Draco even though Draco didn't have the wand. How likely is it that Draco hadn't annoyed any of the other death eaters between the time he disarmed Dumbledore and Harry disarmed him? How likely is it that some Death Eater hadn't defeated Draco in the meanwhile?

Dobby's ability to transport people with him when he "pops" is introduced to get the trio and others out of an impossible situation at Malfoy Manor. Why wasn't this ability used in any other situation? Why wasn't a house elf used to transport Harry out of Privet Drive at the start of the book instead of the silly use of polyjuice? Why couldn't Kreature have rescued Regulus from the cave? (Regulus ordered Kreature to get out with the locket, but it doesn't make sense for him to have ordered Kreature to leave him there if it was possible for Kreacher to pop him out.) There are also many instances in earlier books when this ability of house elves could and should have been used (transporting injured students to the hospital wing). People could call their elves to transport themselves places, especially children who are too young to apparate and may not be trusted to use the Floo without misspeaking the destination (as Harry did his first time).

Bill and Arthur Weasley are their own secret keepers! When the trio escape to Shell Cottage, they learn Bill is its Secret Keeper and that Arthur is the Secret Keeper for the home where the rest of the family is staying. If a person can be the secret keeper for the place where they live, why wasn't James or Lily the Secret Keeper for their home? There is no explanation for this anomaly.

How could Ron imitate Harry's command to open the chamber? Wasn't it was established (in CoS) that Parselmouth is an inherited magical ability? Evidence of this is that when Harry hears or speaks Parseltounge, he hears English. How then could Ron open the chamber by imitating Harry's Parseltongue command? Are the sounds (or vibrations) a snake makes even within the range of what a human can produce? When Ron demonstrated his 'Open' command for Harry all Harry heard was hisses.

JKR has said (in a web chat on the Bloomsbury site, 2007-07-30) "Dumbledore understood Mermish, Gobbledegook and Parseltongue." It's not clear if he could speak Parseltongue (hp-lexicon say's not, but only cites the web chat). I'm not sure what evidence there that Dumbledore could understand Parseltongue in the books for this other than his repeating in English a phrase Morfin spoke in Parseltounge in a memory they viewed in HBP17. An easier explanation might be that since Morfin was a Parselmouth anyone watching his memory would hear Parseltounge as English the same as he did or that Dumbledore obtained the translation from Morfin when he collected the memory. If Dumbledore understands it (at least partially), maybe Parseltounge consists largely of human audible sounds, however, I wonder how Dumbledore could learn to understand it without a translator.

Alternately, perhaps access to the Chamber of Secrets isn't charmed to require Parseltongue. Perhaps it only requires the human producible audible portion of the language. This is a significant assumption, but would minimize the requirements for Ron to adequately imitate Parseltongue without being a Parselmouth.

(In "Harry Potter and Future's Past," DriftWood1965 suggests that Dumbledore may have broken Slytherin's enchantments in order to enter and search the Chamber of Secrets and replaced them with his own facsimile that doesn't require true Parseltongue.)

JKR has also said (Carnegie Hall, 2007-10-20): "I don't see it really as a language you can learn. So few people speak it that who would teach you? This is a weird ability passed down through the Slytherin blood line. However Ron was with Harry when he said one word in Parseltongue, which I do not know so I cannot duplicate for you, but he heard him say "Open," and he was able to reproduce the sound. So it was one word. Whether he could learn to speak to snakes properly is a separate issue. I don't think he could. But he knew enough, he was smart enough, to duplicate one necessary sound."

I'm still skeptical. There's a big difference between imitating someone else speaking either your own language or even a similar foreign language and credibly imitating a meaningless noise you've only heard twice, once several very eventful days ago and once five years previous. Most people take a quite a while to learn to speak a foreign language, even one that's closely related to their native tongue. To learn one that uses different sounds and inflections is much harder. A human learns to hear and produce sounds at a young age. It's increasingly difficult to learn to understand or speak another language that uses different sounds after that. It's unlikely Ron would have the 'ear' to accurately remember Harry's 'open' command. So could Ron realistically imitate Harry's Parseltongue 'open' command? Not totally impossible, but I think it's a very long stretch.

This leads to another idea. Is Ron a parselmouth himself? It would explain his ability to get into the chamber in DH. His reaction to learning Harry was a parselmouth might not be thinking Harry is evil (being a parselmouth himself), but annoyance that Harry has an ability he'd thought set himself apart.

Harry's scar is an accidental horcrux. There are many problems with this.
• First, a horcrux is serious magic and we are asked to believe one could be created by accident? This definitely says something about the instability of Voldemort's soul and that raises questions about why there aren't any other consequences.
• Second, Lily's protection caused Voldemort possessed Quirinus Quirrell to be burned by Harry's touch (in PS). So, how could a horcrux attach itself to Harry or once attached survive extended contact with him?
• Third, how could Harry survive extended contact with a Horcrux? Horcruxes have an effect on their bearers. The Diary possessed Ginny (in CoS). The amulet had a strong influence on each of the trio (in DH). Neither Ginny nor the members of the trio were in constant contact with those Horcruxes. What chance would a fifteen month old child (with limited magic and reasoning ability) have against constant exposure to a Horcrux imbedded in his head?
• Fourth, wouldn't either the Basilisk venom or phoenix tears have destroyed it (in CoS)? There was enough time between Harry being bitten and Fawkes healing him for his blood circulation to have carried the venom throughout his body, including to the scar (which bleeds on occasion).*

JKR explains this (Carnegie Melon, 2007-10-20) saying the object must be destroyed beyond recovery and since Fawkes saved Harry, that didn't happen. However, in that case, it's not clear to me why the accidental Horcrux was destroyed when Voldemort 'killed' Harry using the Killing Curse (DH34) which did not damage his body. Perhaps it was the nature of the Killing Curse to separate a soul from its body. In that case would a Killing Curse (or a variant thereof) have cleansed other Horcruxes without damaging them?

The only thing clearly stated about creating a Horcrux in the books is that a person has to split their soul, which requires a cold blooded murder. This is somewhat contradicted by Myrtle's death appearing to be accidental. Tom may have intended to have the Basilisk kill someone, but there is no evidence he was targetting Myrtle.

JKR listed all the murders used to create Horcruxes in the Bloomsbury web chat*. She states that Myrtle's and Hepzipah Smith's deaths were used to turn the diary and cup into Horcruxes. From this we may deduce that some time is allowed both between whatever advanced preparations may be required and the murder and between the murder and the subsequent making of the Horcrux. This is because in both cases some time had to pass before and after the deaths. It would take time to bring the Basilisk up to the bathroom where Myrtle died and to return it to the Chamber afterwards. The memory Dumbldeore obtained from Smith's elf shows he had tea with her before she showed him the cup and that he left after murdering her - so some time passed both before and after her murder.

* The reliability of JKR's statement about the deaths used to create Horcruxes may be questioned since she says Tom used his father's death to make the Ring into a Horcrux. We know from one of the memories Dumbledore showed Harry (HBP17) that Tom murdered his father and grandfather on the same trip as he obtained the Ring. Tom was wearing the Ring in Slughorn's memory (HBP23) of their conversationg about Horcruxes. This suggests Tom had made both the Diary and Ring into Horcruxes before that conversation - which appears to be a contradiction.

It's also problematic that she says the death Bertha Jenkins was used to turn Nagini into a Horcrux. In the grave yard, the Bertha's shade came out of Voldemort's wand after the caretaker's - meaning she died in the summer of 1994 before the caretaker while Voldemort was a wraith or lodged in the baby-like construct. It's surprising that he could make a horcrux while in that form. That suggests it doesn't require elaborate preparations that Voldemort might be unwilling to share with Pettigrew or other followers. It also contradicts Dumbledore's belief the snake was made into a Horcrux after he regained a body.

One idea on how a Horcrux could be created accidentally is that it wasn't entirely accidental. Perhaps, Voldemort had planned to use Harry's death to make a Horcrux that night and had made preparation before going to the Potters' home. He had already killed the Potters, so when the killing curse he fired at Harry backfired his soul was primed to split and did so, with the fragment taking roost in Harry's scar.* This might partly explain why Voldemort waited until Harry was fifteen months old to attack the Potters. It might take some time to prepare to make a Horcrux; however, you'd have to figure that time in the preparation of other Horcruxes, such as the diary where Myrtle's death appeared accidental.

(* Source: Tournament Hilarity, Chapter 8, by loverofeevee.)

Having been produced accidentally or having been affected affected by the magic protecting Harry, perhaps the soul fragment in Harry's scar is unable to harm or possess Harry and therefore doesn't trigger the protection thereafter. This could be because it is crippled or because a Horcrux is normally passive and Tom added the aggression to the ones he deliberately created. Perhaps it isn't even a proper Horcrux and does not serve to anchor Voldemort. It would be interesting if Dumbledore was mistaken in his belief that it had to be destroyed (through Harry's death) before Tom could truly die.

Some fanfiction stories (written before DH or rejecting Horcruxes) theorize the scar isn't a soul fragment at all, but some other form of anchor or leach Voldemort cast when he saw his killing curse rebounding. However, if that were the case we'd need another explanation for the 'baby' that was at King's Cross in Harry's afterlife experience with Dumbledore (DH35).

Dumbledore planned to have Harry martyr himself! It's not exactly clear when Dumbledore made this decision except that it was before Voldemorts return, since he reported being relieved Voldemort used Harry's blood (as that might give Harry a chance to live if it served as an anchor for Harry). There appear to have been two reasons for it: to destroy the accidental Horcrux and to extend Lily's protection to his friends and perhaps the whole of wizarding Britain. There are several issues with the decision:

The evidence for the accidental Horcrux seems rather thin. Despite his cryptic words to McGonagall about scars being useful, it doesn't appear Dumbledore identified Harry's scar as a Horcrus in 1981 -- if he had then he should have started investigating them back then. It appears that it was Harry's destruction of the diary in 1993 that started Dumbledore on that route of investigation. Even then, there is no mention in any of the books of Dumbledore examining Harry's scar. So the idea that the scar is an accidental Horcrux appears to be purely deduction on the Dumbledore's part. Deduction based on what? The scar hurting when Voldemort was near? That could be a reaction from his mother's protection. Harry having visions? Couldn't that be from the powers-that-be that gave Sybil her prophecy? Why would Dumbledore suspect Harry's scar contained a Horcrux? Are accidental Horcruxes a common side effect of creating one? Did Dumbledore have a book discussing the possibility? Did Dumbledore have a book describing the effects of a person hosting a Horcrux? What information would Dumbledore have to base his deduction on? (If accidental Horcruxes are a common side effect of creating a horcrux or of creating several horcruxes, how many did Tom accidentally make? If they are only a common side effect when the person who made several horcruxes is killed, how often has that happened?)

Dumbledore thought Harry sacrificing himself for his friends would replicate his mother's protection for them. Seriously? Dumbledore was betting the safety of the Wizarding world on a long shot like that? First, we know Dumbledore came up with his theory of Lily's sacrifice rather quickly, since he placed Harry with the Dursleys within a day (or perhaps three) of her dying. We don't know if he examined either Harry or the site of her death. Was his theory backed by any facts or just a guess? Second, assuming his theory is correct and compete what's the chance, given it has never happened before, that Harry's death would replicate it? Third, It would seem the chances of this working would be significantly lower if Harry actually survived (as Dumbledore said he had some hope after Voldemort used Harry's blood to create his new body).

This is completely contrary to the image of Dumbledore as the kind, wise, grandfatherly figure established in the earlier books. It forces a reinterpretation of everything he has said and done. While off-screen background setup may have implied that he was less competent or thoughtful than his on-screen presentation, now his on-screen presentation explicitly states that he deliberately manipulated Harry throughout his life so that he would be willing to sacrifice himself. This leads to the conclusion that a wizard does not need to use dark magic to be evil.

• The plan worked -- at least, to the extent of getting Harry to martyr himself, I'm not sure that there's evidence of his mother's protection being duplicated (and one could say too many people died for that to be the case). Despite all odds (to ensure ownership of the Elder wand, Voldemort should have killed Snape himself rather than having Nagini bite him), Harry sacrifices himself to Voldemort's Killing Curse and the Horcrux accidentally created in his scar is destroyed. By what magic has Dumbledore anticipated the success of the incredibly unlikely chain of events leading to this outcome? Was Dumbledore a closet seer? If so, why would he think of discontinuing the Divination course or tolerate a poor curriculum or teaching of the course? If it wasn't magic, was it experience? Did Dumbledore have so much experience manipulating people to act against their own interests that he was supremely confident in his ability to have Harry martyr himself?

Voldemort serves as an anchor for Harry, because he used Harry's blood to create his new body. It is much easier to believe the Killing Curse killed the accidental Horcrux that was in Harry and left Harry alive. It could have done it by accident, by the hand of fate, because the Wand couldn't strike its true master, or because that's what Harry wanted. Intent is important in magic and although Harry willing accepted the curse his intent was get rid of the Horcrux in his scar. He didn't really want to die. Since Harry was the true master of the wand, it could very reasonably have followed his intent and targeted the Horcrux. I assume Harry's willingness is the only reason Voldemort could strike him with a curse cast with the Elder Wand -- later in the Great Hall it backfired when Harry resisted.

Having Harry's blood in Voldemort's new body act as an anchor begs the question why Voldemort couldn't have used blood to create his anchors instead of splitting his soul to make Horcruxes. It also raises the question of why Harry didn't serve as an anchor for Voldemort when the killing curse rebounded in the Great Hall.

There is also the issue of Harry's conversation with Dumbledore at "King's Cross" (DH35) when Harry says 'He killed me with your wand' and Dumbledore replies 'He failed to kill you with my wand.' If Voldemort failed to kill Harry, then Voldemort's blood isn't needed as an anchor.

Harry casts "protego" to shield Molly Weasley from Voldemort's raised wand after Molly kills Bellatrix in the Great Hall. Why? Why a cast a shield spell that is sure to be ineffective against the Killing Curse or Torture Curse that were Voldemort's most likely attack? If it had not distracted Voldemort, Molly would have died. Why not conjure a stone wall that would be effective protection? Why not use the element of surprise to attack Voldemort directly?

Harry remains master of the Elder Wand after Voldemort 'kills' him in the forest. How does that make sense? Harry became master of the Elder Wand when he disarmed Draco. How does Voldemort killing Harry not make Voldemort the new master of the Elder Wand? I suppose you can say Voldemort didn't 'defeat' Harry, since Harry surrendered and willing stood and took the killing curse, but that seems rather thin. Antioch was killed in his sleep, so he didn't resist either. There's also the issue of Voldemort having used the Elder Wand itself to 'kill' Harry, which shouldn't be possible, but then you might say Voldemort didn't really 'kill' Harry only the Horcrux. The only solution seems to be to accept Dumbledore's assertion that Voldemort failed to kill Harry which raises the question why the anchor of Voldemort using Harry's blood was required.

Voldemort uses the Elder Wand to curse Harry after Harry explains its ownership. Why? Voldemort may not have believed Harry, but why chance it? Didn't he have another wand? Harry no longer had his holly wand, so Voldemort could have used his own wand against him. If he hadn't noticed Harry no longer had his own wand, Voldemort could certainly he summon another wand from a fallen death eater. Harry's monologue served the purpose of explaining the plot to readers, but the explanation could have been given afterwards rather than giving Voldemort the chance to kill Harry without using the Elder wand.

(Source: The Perils of Monologuing by White Squirrel)

It is not clear that the prophecy is fulfilled. We are told that prophecies are usually vague and cryptic and not easily understood before they are fulfilled. This prophecy is no exception in being vague and cryptic, however, even after Voldemort has been defeated it is not clear how events match the prophecy. Consider the sections of the prophecy.

The last section of the prophecy is the clearest:

"the one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord
will be born as the seventh month dies"

This clearly states "the one ... will be born". Future tense - the one has not been born yet. However, this is only known to Dumbledore, not Voldemort. On the otherhand, this is a prophesy and maybe the future tense is misleading, maybe there's a missing word or phrase and the line should be "will be someone who was born ...".

Other than that detail, the last section is a partial repetition of the first section:

"The one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord approaches ...
born to those who have thrice defied him,
born as the seventh month dies"

This may seem clear, with lots of details, but it actually is quite ambiguous and remains ambiguous after the fact:

Dumbledore and Voldemort both assumed that the "Dark Lord" was Voldemort. Perhaps there is something in the unstated lore of prophesy that constrains the prophecy to refer to the current, acknowledged local Dark Lord.

Until Dumbledore was fatally cursed by the ring and subsequently killed by Snape (HBP), it was possible that the Dark Lord referred to by the prophesy was Dumbledore. Dumbledore marked Harry as his own equal in the sense of identifying him as a fellow vanquisher of a Dark Lord. Harry's parents may have stood up to Dumbledore and challenged his leadership - in school, as part of the Order of the Phoenix, or more broadly in wizarding society or government.

Dumbledore, who knows the full prophecy, seems to have combined the word "approaches" (from this section) with "the one ... will be born" (from the last section) to conclude that "the one approaches birth" and that his mother was likely pregnant when the prophecy was given. Without benefit of the last section of the prophecy, Voldemort might have only considered those who were born before the prophecy was given and now approach in some fashion; e.g., on a sail boat. Given his ego, it may have been some time before Voldemort eliminated other possibilities and considered infants. Perhaps not until Peter revealed that Dumbledore had told the Potters and Longbottoms to hide. This may explain why Voldemort took so long to attack the Potters.

The word "defied" seems vague and open to interpretation. Does defiance require combat? Does it require refusal of a demand, such as a request to join him or perform a service for him? Would making a speech denouncing him count? What about passive resistance? Must the defiance have occurred after Tom became the Dark Lord or could defiance have occurred earlier - in the orphanage, at Hogwarts, or shortly after leaving Hogwarts? Perhaps "the one" could have been the muggleborn child of two of Tom's fellow orphans.

It is unknown whether Dumbledore and Voldemort independently identified the same children as candidates for the prophecy or whether Voldemort targeted them after learning of Dumbledore's interest in them (perhaps informed by a spy). If they did independently identify the same children, we must accept that either there was an accepted meaning of the word "defied" in the lore of prophesy or a limited number of candidates by any definition. They also appear to have both concluded "seventh month" refers to the current year of the commonly used (Gregorian) calendar rather than some other calendar (such as a lunar calendar) or seven months from the time the prophesy was given (assuming that wasn't Dec 31).

(In concluding 'the one' must be Harry of Neville, Dumbledore must have concluded they will be born that year and not the next. This implies that they must already have been conceived to be approaching birth. However, given wizards accept the existence of some form of life after death might there not also be life before conception during which 'the one' might spend some time approaching that event? In that case the one could be born a year or more after Harry and Neville.)

The words "with" and "approaches" are of note. It seems to say "the one" already has "the power" while approaching birth. That is quite restrictive. About all a person has before birth is his lineage, potential, and his parents' love.

Harry initially survived Voldemort's attack on Halloween 1981. Was that due to something Lily (or both his parents) did or something he was born with? However he survived then, the same power seems to have manifested in the spring of 1992 when he fought off the possessed Quirrell. However, it does not appear the same power or protection was responsible for Voldemort's final defeat.

In retrospect, Voldemort was finally defeated by a fluke of wand ownership. Aside from that being very unsatisfying as a prophesied "power", Harry didn't have ownership of the Elder wand while he approached his birth. Indeed, he did not gain that ownership until after he had had several encounters with Voldemort, long after he could reasonably be considered to be "approaching" anything. This does not seem to match the prophecy's statement that "the one with the power ... approaches".

If Harry was the heir of Ignotus (the cloak having been passed down from father to son) and neither of the older brother's had heirs, then he might have been the 'true' heir of the three hallows. If that's the case then when he gained ownership of the Elder wand from Draco, he might have formed some sort of special ownership bond beyond the ordinary. That would be an inheritance he possessed while approaching birth. However, this is not mentioned in the books.

There is no mention of it in the text to suggest this, but there might have been something unique about Harry's ownership of the wand due to his lineage. He inherited the invisibility cloak, so he may be descended from the youngest of the three brothers. Since the older brothers apparently died without issue, he may be their heir. If so, then when he defeated Draco and became the master of the wand, there may have been some aspect of his mastery of the wand not available to past masters who were not the heir of the eldest brother.

Perhaps the unstated lore of prophesy allows "with the power" to be interpreted as "with the potential", that changes the tense from present power to future potential (and agrees with the tense in the next line "will have a power"). However, its not clear that while approaching birth Harry, more than anyone else, had the potential to become master of the elder wand. Harry becoming its master was largely a matter of circumstance (Harry disarming Draco who had disarmed Albus), it had nothing to do with Harry's own power, ability, potential, or whatever.

The second section of the prophecy is:

"and the Dark Lord will mark him as his equal,
but he will have a power the Dark Lord knows not"

This raises four questions: what is the mark, are they actually equal, what is the power, and in what way the Dark Lord knows not of it. The mark could be a literal mark (such as Harry's scar) or it could be figurative (identifying him). "Mark him as his equal" could imply a transfer of power or it could be a figurative mark identifying him as a potential equal - an assessment that may or may not have been correct. The power remains unidentified, but may be constrained to be something the "Dark Lord knows not". This may mean it is a power the Dark Lord has never heard of, one the Dark Lord does not have himself, or one he doesn't know "the one" has. It may also be significant that this line reads "he will have a power". This may be simply grammatical, making the tense of the two parts of the line agree ("will mark him" matching "will have a power"); it certainly doesn't contradict the first line "The one with the power ... approaches" -- if the one has the power while approaching birth, he will presumably still have it when the Dark Lord marks him. However, it may cast the power into the future tense; that "he will have a power" at some time after the Dark Lord marks him.

The "power to vanquish" and the "power he knows not" may not be the same power.* The power to vanquish may be something the Dark Lord does know about, but there will be another power he doesn't know about which is perhaps of some other significance.

(* Source: Chapter 71 of A Marauder's Plan by CatsAreCool)

This is mostly clear in retrospect. Before the fact it could have many interpretations, but after the fact it's fairly clear that the Dark Lord marked Harry both figuratively (identifying him as a potential equal) and literally (with a scar) and that Harry had the (power of) ownership of the Elder Wand. It's less clear that the "Dark Lord knows not" of the ownership. Voldemort thought he had gained ownership of the wand coming into the battle, but Harry explained that he didn't before the final confrontation. The Dark Lord may not have believed Harry, but he had been told the truth of the ownership. Perhaps it refers to an understanding of the significance of the wand's ownership rather than the plain knowledge of who owns it.

It is possible the power was something else, that Dumbledore was wrong and the curse did not rebound because of the Elder Wand's ownership. For instance, it is possible that using Harry's blood (in GoF, for his new body) did not negate Harry's protection from the killing curse and it rebounded for the same reason (though with different effect) as it did in 1981. If that is the case, it is not revealed in the books.

It's rather unsatisfying that the supposed equality of Harry and Voldemort was only important as a reason for Harry to be marked and that despite indications of personal magical power and his mother's protection in earlier books neither played a significant part in the conflict after GoF. On the contrary, in the final three books, Voldemort increasingly demonstrated his superiority. Nevertheless, this is the line of the prophecy that, in retrospect, best matches events.

The third section of the prophecy is:

"either must die by the hand of the other
for neither can live while the other survives"

This seems clearer beforehand than in retrospect. The first half of this section seems clear. Either Harry or the Dark Lord must die by the hand of the other. There is considerable room for interpretation as to whether it requires actual physical contact (e.g., Harry's touch burning Quirrell), an action taken by one or the other (e.g., the protections on baby Harry repelling the Killing Curse), or perhaps even by someone acting on behalf of one of them (e.g., the King's Hand). For the second half of the section to have meaning the words "live" and "survive" must have different meanings, such as 'live = thrive' vs 'survive = is not dead'. There is a third aspect of the section. The word "for" establishes that the first is required or dictated by the second. You have to consider the two two parts of the section together. An alternative word to use as a conjunction instead of "for" is "because". Thus, the section appears to say that one of them is going to kill the other because as long as they are both alive (not dead) neither will be able to live as they wish (thrive).

It's not clear why the death of one must be by the hand of the other rather than by some other means, but this may be taken as inevitable because of the conflict between them. Voldemort is going to pursue Harry as a threat and embarrassment and even if he doesn't Dumbledore is going to be throwing Harry in Voldemort's path, so a confrontation between them is inevitable. Neither will be free to live (thrive) as long as the other survives (is not dead) so one will (inevitably) by die the hand of the other.

The problem is that in retrospect it never happens. It's true that Harry was freed to live his life as he wished (thrive) after Voldemort died a final and permanent death, but Voldemort didn't die by Harry's hand. Voldemort died by his own backfired curse. It wasn't even Harry or his mother's protection that deflected the curse back at Voldemort (as happened in 1981), it backfired due to an accident of wand ownership.

There are several confrontations between Harry and Voldemort when one appears to die:

• Voldemort mostly dies on Halloween 1981 by a curse that bounced off Harry, but Harry doesn't thrive as a result.
• Voldemort's wraith is driven out of Quirrell literally by Harry's hand (PS), but Harry doesn't thrive as a result.
• The almost corporeal Tom Riddle is destroyed when Harry stabs the diary (CoS), but Harry doesn't thrive as a result.
• Harry temporarily dies in the forest (DH34) by Voldemort's curse, but Voldemort does not thrive as a result (he may have thought he had triumphed, but he died for good a short time later).
• Voldemort truly dies in the Great Hall (DH36) and Harry gets to live happily ever after, but Voldemort died from his own curse -- not by Harry's hand.

Some say the first phrase of this section refers to Harry's temporary death in the forest, because his death was necessary to get rid of the accidental Horcrux before Voldemort could be killed and Harry could live as he wishes (thrive). There are several problems with this.
• First, Harry doesn't really die in the forest. When Harry and Dumbledore are talking at 'King's Cross' (DH35) while Harry is 'dead', Dumbledore says Voldemort 'failed' to kill Harry with his (Dumbledore's) wand. In the Great Hall, Voldemort's killing curse backfired because the Elder Wand was unwilling to kill its owner, Harry. However, in the Forest, the Voldemort's killing curse struck Harry, appearing to kill him. Why would the Elder Wand allow the spell to strike Harry in one instance and not the other? Perhaps it was because Harry was willing to have it hit him in the Forest and not in the Great Hall, but Harry didn't truly want to die -- he just thought it was necessary to accomplish his true intent which was to destroy the Horcrux. Perhaps the Elder wand 'knew' it wasn't really killing Harry. If the temporary death in the forest didn't count for the Elder Wand, then it's a problem to say it counts for the prophecy.
• Second, it's indirect. It might satisfy the first phrase of this section, by having Harry die at Voldemort's hand. However, there is only an indirect, eventual connection to the second phrase. Harry must die (temporarily, to destroy the Horcrux) so Voldemort can die (really die) so Harry can live (thrive). That isn't what this section of the prophecy says (that one must die for neither can live while the other survives).
• Third, Harry may only have been able to survive because he was killed by Voldemort's hand (due to the blood connection), but that's not the reason ("for neither can live while the other survives") provided by this section of the prophecy. The indirection of this interpretation ruins idea that one having to die "by the hand of the other" is because it was inevitable.
• Fourth, although the text of this section the prophecy is symmetrical this interpretation doesn't have a complementary interpretation that Voldemort must (temporarily) die in order to eventually (permanently) kill Harry and be free to live (thrive). It's true Voldemort 'died' when he tried to kill Harry in 1981, but there's no basis for thinking that was necessary for Voldemort's potential future victory.
• Finally, it's unsatisfying that 'the power' mentioned in the first two sections of the prophecy is not involved in fulfilling the third section. Harry didn't (seemingly) die because he owned the Elder wand, but despite that fact.

It bears repeating: a fluke of wand ownership is really very unsatisfying as a prophesied 'power'.

I'm not sure it's possible to satisfy the terms of the prophecy's first and last phrases if they combine to say "the one with the power ... approaches ... birth" meaning the one already has the power while approaching birth. In OoP, Dumbledore suggested the power was Harry's ability to love. That would fit if the ability to love is inborn. However, even if Harry's feelings of love drove off the Dark Lord's possession of Harry (OoP) and (as some fanfiction stories suggest) an act of love might expel the accidental Horcrux from Harry's scar, I don't know how the Dark Lord would die by Harry's hand due to the power of love. Even the protection granted by his mother's sacrifice is a bit of a stretch, because although his mother's love existed before birth the protection itself was bestowed later when she sacrificed her life for his.

Something to do with his lineage would fit. For instance, it could be that his ownership of the wand was reinforced by being a descendent of Ignotus Peverell (having inherited the Invisibility Cloak). However, there was no suggestion of this in the books. Alternately, Harry drew the sword of Gryffindor from the Sorting Hat in CoS, but the books don't provide any followup on that or any other indication there was anything special about Harry's lineage. There's no indication Harry is respected for his lineage, people only want to shake his hand because he's the Boy-Who-Lived.

I suppose the power could be good luck.* That might be something a person could be born with. It would fit with his mother accidentally invoking old magic with her sacrifice, his success with the Basilisk (and many other lucky escapes), and the accidental fluke of wand ownership. Is good luck a power the Dark Lord knows not? Is Tom unlucky? There's no suggestion in the books either that Harry's power is good luck or that good luck is a power the Dark Lord knows not.

(* Luck as an inherited trait is discussed in the science fiction book "Ring World" by Larry Niven, part of his Known Space universe.)

It may be best to assume unstated wand lore allows the first line's "the one with the power" this to be interpretted as "the one with the potential" to avoid this conundrum.

Although having the power be something Harry had while approaching his birth may be difficult, it should be possible to better satisfy the third section of the prophecy in a way that both satisfies its meaning and is open to a symmetrical explanation had Voldemort won. Some dues ex machina may be necessary, but it would have been nice if it better fit the prophecy and if there was some background laid for it in the first six books. Harry owning the Elder Wand despite never having held it, by virtue of defeating Draco who had also never held it (having disarmed Dumbledore without catching the Elder Wand as it flew over the ramparts) is rather convoluted. Fanfiction has provided many less arbitrary alternatives some that try to adhere to the prophecy, some not.

(This analysis has been inspired by a number of sources in fanfiction stories and profiles. Some comment on less than ideal fit between events and the words of the prophecy. Dumbledore's qualification to analyse the prophecy is questioned in Chapter 2 of Life Sucks, then You Die by Radaslab, which makes its own analysis. Wisdom of a seer by kalinzar is premised on the idea that a prophecy should be interpreted by a seer whose powers may provide further 'sight' on the situation.)

What happened to the power of love? What happened to the locked room in the Department of Mysteries where the greatest power in the universe is studied? Was Dumbledore wrong? Why isn't there any discussion of this by the characters?

There is a pleasing symmetry to having Voldemort being killed by a backfired killing curse the same as happened on Halloween 1981. However, it would be more symmetrical if the curse backfired again for the same reason (perhaps giving Harry a second scar). Voldemort killing himself due to a fluke of wand ownership matches neither the terms of the prophecy nor the expectations raised by Dumbledore's comments about the power of love. It's pure, out of the blue, dues ex machina. What a let down!


Other Issues

The details of the magical world and story plots do not appear to have been planned in advance. New elements are introduced in later books that should or could undo the plot of earlier books. Elements that are used for specific limited purpose have wider implications that should significantly affect the story, but are ignored. Elements are used, but not fully defined leaving logical gaps where they likely should have had applications.

The Marauders' Map is introduced fairly early in PoA. The marauders created it while they were at Hogwarts. The twins found it sometime in their first year. It serves to allow Harry to visit Hogsmeade and for Remus Lupin to spot the confrontation with Sirius Black and Peter Pettigrew at the end of the year. However, the map should have had a bigger impact. First, Pettigrew should have been spotted earlier, but more importantly the magic of the map should have shown up elsewhere.

The twins found the map sometime in their first year, so they had the map for more than a full year before Harry came to Hogwarts and two years while Harry and Ron were there. Why didn't they notice Pettigrew before Harry started Hogwarts? Surely they'd check out Percy's location on the map from time to time and notice Pettigrew? Perhaps Percy didn't bring Scabbers to Hogwarts (after all, only toads, cats, and owls are mentioned in the acceptance letter). However, it doesn't explain why they wouldn't notice Pettigrew when they checked up on Ron who did bring Scabbers to Hogwarts. Nor does it explain why Harry never noticed Ron was frequently accompanied by Pettigrew. Finally, once Remus got the map, he was supposed to be using it to look for Sirius and that should have included checking Harry's location for threats and as Harry is often with Ron and Scabbers, Remus should have seen Pettigrew on the map.

One way or another, Pettigrew should have been spotted on the map long before the end of third year unless there is some additional factor not mentioned in the books. Perhaps Pettigrew learned the twins had the map before they learned to use it and did something to hide his name. If so, why didn't he just steal it and why could Remus see him on the map when others couldn't? Maybe Pettigrew didn't need to do anything; maybe the map didn't originally show animagi and Remus had to activate an added feature to search for Padfoot? However, there was no mention of Harry or the twins having problems or worry about avoiding Minerva in her animagus form, but perhaps she didn't patrol in that form or it just didn't come up. In any case, Remus had the map long enough he should have spotted Pettigrew before he actually did.

To a lesser extent, the same issue may exist for the twin's failure to notice Tom's presence with Quirrell (though perhaps Tom's presence wasn't recorded by the map because he was only a wraith and was hidden within Quirrell) and does exist for Harry's failure to notice Barty Crouch Jr presence and/or Alister Moody's absense from where Moody is supposed to be or Moody's constant presense in his quarters when he should be elsewhere.

The bigger problem is that the magic of the map should have shown up elsewhere in the story.
If the map was based on magic unique to Hogwarts, then Dumbledore should have had access to it. He should have been looking for would be thieves in PS and noticed Tom (if Tom's presence registered). He may not have been looking for Pettigrew, but he should have been watching for Sirius Black (in PoA) and Barty Crouch Jr. should not have been able to successfully impersonate Moody (in GoF).
If the map is not based on magic unique to Hogwarts, the marauders should have suggested making maps for other areas to aid the Order of the Phoenix in the war on Voldemort. Maps should have been developed for places likely to be attacked by Death Eaters. Omnoculars have a recording and playback feature, something similar could be included in the maps (or they could be setup with omnoculars watching & recording them). This would allow them to identify the Death Eaters present when an attack occurs and then they could watch for any assembly of Death Eaters. This should have included a map of Hogwarts, which would have given Dumbledore the ability to undo the plots of various books.

There are other examples of widespread detection of magic that make maps covering areas outside of Hogwarts seem possible. The Quill of Acceptance and the Book of Admittance are able to identify children using accidental magic anywhere in Britain, so the possibility of maps identifying magical people anywhere in Britain is not unreasonable. The Ministry of Magic has a limited and poorly defined ability to detect magic anywhere in Britain which resulted in the Ministry responding to Dobby's hovering charm (CoS), Harry's accidental magic that inflated his aunt Marge (PoA), and when Harry cast a Patronis to drive off Dementors (OoP), but not when Tom Riddle subdued his uncle and murdered the Riddle family (HBP). These combined could provide a map or list of magical events indicating both where the event took place and who was present.

This is a plot hole. The Marauder's Map is a magical device introduced to fill a specific purpose without considering wider applications of the magic.

Why isn't space expansion more widely used? Why aren't all the shops in Diagon Alley bigger inside than outside? (Perhaps the entire Alley is an expanded space?) Why does the Burrow have any small rooms? Why aren't all students told to buy a book bag that's enchanted to hold all their books?

There are only a few examples of magically expanded spaces in the books:
• The tent the Weasleys borrowed (perhaps 6'x6' outside) contained "what looked like an old fashioned, three-roomed flat, complete with bathroom and kitchen".
• Harry looked down about ten feet into Moody's trunk into a space large enough for Dumbledore to stand beside a bed.
• Hermione's book bag held all her books and clothing, all their food supplies, their tent (when it was packed).
• The Beauxbatons carriage (almost certainly) and the Durmstrang ship (likely) may have been expanded inside, depending on how many students were brought to Hogwarts and what facilities were required inside.

Is there use curtailed by some practical limitation? Perhaps the expansion charm wears off or becomes unstable over time?

What are the limits? How large a space can be expanded? How much can a space be expanded? Can a fixed location (room or cave) be expanded more than a portable item (bag or trunk)? Is the weight of the contents a factor? Can a smaller space be expanded more than a larger space? Can a rigid space like a trunk be expanded more than a flexible space like a bag or tent?

Can you have an expanded space inside an expanded space? Could you place Hermione's magically expanded book bag inside Moody's magically expanded trunk inside a magically expanded tent? Could a multi-compartment trunk have more than one expanded compartment? Could the expanded compartments be connected to each other? Can an object that is expanded inside be shrunk? Are interior expansion and exterior shrinking independent or is there a combined limit? Could a mobile trailer (20'x40') be expanded 10 fold inside (200'x400') and shrunk 10 fold (2'x4') outside for easy transportation?

How much can a space be expanded? Is the limit ten times in each direction? One hundred times in each direction? A 3'x2'x1' trunk expanded ten times would be 30'x20'x10' - a large room. Expanded the same trunk one hundred times would be 60,000 square feet (1.37 acres) with a one hundred foot ceiling (or multiple levels) - large enough for a manor house with extensive garden or an apartment building. Expanding a larger space just five or ten times would also be impressive. A 20'x80'x8' mobile home expanded five times would be 100'x400'x40' - 40,000 square feet, almost an acre. A 500' wide barn expanded ten times would be almost a mile wide.

A one acre cave (66'x660') cave expanded ten times in each direction would 100 acres. Expanded one hundred times it would be 10,000 acres (over 15 square miles). There are caves up to a half mile wide and miles long; expanded ten fold that would be five miles wide and tens of miles long. Such spaces would be large enough for a village with extensive fields. You would need to enchant the roof to provide an artificial sky, provide cooling (it's warm underground), air purification, and rain. Of course there might be a problem importing soil - presumably the expanded cave floor would be a solid barrier, not tillable. Perhaps silt could be gathered from the seabed at the mouth of a large river. This would allow magical communities to live apart from the non-magical world.

Can you both expand the inside of an object and shrink the outside? If those can be done independently it would vastly increase the apparent expansion. If you can expand the inside 10 fold and simultaniously shrink the outside 10 fold, you have made something 100 times bigger inside than outside (in each direction). A trunk 2'x4' could really be a shrunken building 20'x40' which is expanded inside to 200'x400'.

Even if expanding large spaces is impractical with the Beauxbatons carriage and the Durmstrang ship being extreme extravagances and Moody's trunk being a costly luxury, Hermione charmed her bag herself. If she could do that, then why aren't all Hogwarts students advised to buy featherweight expanded book bags?

Time Tuners have huge implications. You may not be able to change the past, but it seems you can go back and do things using future knowledge provided you don't contradict anything you know about the future. Even if they are quite rare and each time turner can't be used to make overlapping time trips, they could be used to great advantage. For instance, it could be used to fight Death Eaters: a report that a report of a current or recent attack is given to a time agent, the time agent uses a time turner to go back in time and notify a response agent, the response agent goes to arrange for the family's safety, either evacuating them before the attack or waiting until the attack starts (to ensure Death Eaters don't notice) then using a second time turner to take them back in time to evacuate, and then the family is kept isolated until after the attack. It may not be possible to prevent an crime, but you could have an agent go back and watch the crime (knowing they can't interfere) to gather information to help catch the criminals. Alternately, they could be used to amass a small fortune by going back in time to place bets or buy lottery tickets, perhaps not enough to fund a government or a war, but an individual could set themselves up quite nicely. Polyjuice could be used to avoid one's past self recognizing their future self.

The detection of underage magic is unclear. In HBP17, Harry asks why the ministry didn't know Tom Riddle had used spells on Morfin. Dumbledore replies that the ministry only knows where magic has been used, not by whom. That explains why Harry received a warning when Dobby used magic at Privet Drive and why Tom's use of magic at the Gaunt cottage didn't raise an alarm. It explains why Tom's use of Morfin's wand at the Riddle mansion wasn't identified as underage magic. However, one has to wonder why anyone's use of magic in a non-magical area doesn't raise some alarm of a possible violation of the Statute of Secrecy.

How does the Ministry distinguish magic cast with a wand from accidental magic? When Dobby hovered the cake (CoS), it was detected as underage magic. When Harry cast the Patronis (OoP), it was detected as underage magic. Both these incidents resulted in a letter being sent to Harry. However, his accidental magic - inflating his aunt (PoA) - did not result in a letter. How would wandless magic be treated?

Could Harry have safely used magic at Privet Drive while there was an adult guard outside? There were several instances when adults used magic at Privet Drive, so the Ministry was clearly aware when an adult Witch or Wizard was present and did not send notices to Harry when the adults used magic. Presumably Harry could have used magic any time a guard was present.

How could this be in any way secret from students? Some Hogwarts students from magical families would know and would speak about using magic at home during the summer. Therefore (since there are no secrets at Hogwarts) all students would know it could be done. Mrs Weasley might enforce the rule, but Ron should have complained about it being unnecessary. The twins definitely would use their wands when she was not watching. They might not do so around Ron or Ginny to avoid giving them blackmail material, so it's reasonable we don't read about it in the books. However, it's likely Ron would speculate about it. How else would the twins have made their order forms? Without magic they'd have had to hand write each form.

The Age Line used in GoF would have been an ideal protection to keep students away from the third floor corridor in PS. If they were possible, timed age lines could be used to keep students from leaving their common rooms after curfew. A bed check would then be all that was required to do away with the after hour patrols. For that matter, simply having the portraits report when a student enters or leaves after hours would deter after hours roaming.

The disloyalty of certain Death Eaters is problematic. With truth serums, unbreakable vows, legilimency, and the dark mark, there should be no possibility of a Death Eater betraying Voldemort (at least, not for long). This problem is due to the exaggerated cliché nature of these elements. Voldemort is power hungry and (for all his huff and puff) insecure.

Clearly legilimency is not sufficient. We know that Snape practices occlumency to protect his mind from Voldemort, so we can assume Voldemort uses legilimency on a regular basis -- perhaps before they receive the Dark Mark and periodically thereafter. However, that does not prevent Snape from being disloyal nor did it prevent Regulus from rebelling.

Why doesn't he require an unbreakable vow? An oath of fealty similar to a knight's pledge to his liege lord would seem appropriate, especially as the Death Eaters were formerly the Knights of Walpurgus. That would require an overt declaration terminating service before the Death Eater could act against Voldemort. It's hard to imagine there would be greater negative stigma associated with an unbreakable vow than with being branded with the Dark Mark. Perhaps Voldemort was unwilling to make the reciprocal pledge equally binding.

Then there's the Dark Mark itself, which we know is powerful magic that cannot be removed. Voldemort can use it to call Death Eaters (GoF) and Death Eaters can use it to call Voldemort (DH). Why wouldn't Voldemort include a compulsion to ensure loyalty or obedience?

Regulus' defection was sudden and complete. He didn't spend time with Voldemort or other Death Eaters after he made his decision. Probably, nothing short of an unbreakable vow could have prevented it, but what about Snape? What means could Dumbledore use to determine Snape's true affiliation that Voldemort could not use to discover his disloyalty?

There is also Pettigrew's replacement hand to consider. It killed Pettigrew when he hesitated after being reminded of his life debt to Harry. Voldemort had the means to enforce loyalty, so why didn't he do so to a greater extent? Regulus rebelled, Snape spied on him, and Karkaroff fled. Why was this allowed when the magic existed to prevent it?

Snape's behaviour is contrary to his mission. Snape is supposed to be spying on Dumbledore for Voldemort. His excuse for not appearing in the graveyard (in GoF) was that he had to maintain his cover as he had since 1981. However, his behaviour at Hogwarts is exactly opposite what it should be to maintain that cover. He should give the appearance of being reformed. He should visibly support Dumbledore's vision. He should behave in a way to earn the confidence of Dumbledore's supporters. Away from Hogwarts in the company of Voldemort's supporters or potential supporters, he may espouse quite different views bemoan the need to act the way he does to maintain his cover. At Hogwarts, he might underhandedly undercut his visible support for Dumbledore, but not openly, not in a way Dumbledore or other faculty would notice. If he's actually a double agent (really working for Dumbledore) he should then ensure that undercutting is ineffective. Openly playing favourites and allowing the pureblood students' bigotry to flourish unpunished does not maintain his cover as a reformed Death Eater. It should have him ejected from Hogwarts, ruining his ability to spy for Voldemort or his supporters. That it doesn't should have people wondering why it doesn't.

Dumbledore believes Snape is truly remorseful and trust him, but no reason is ever given for that. Even the later books that attempt to redeem Snape don't explain why Dumbledore believes Snape is reformed. They explain Snape claims he was motivated by his regret Voldemort was targetting Lily, but they don't explain why Dumbledore believed that. Hopefully, regret about one person (Lily) isn't enough to earn Dumbledore's blanket forgiveness and trust. Hopefully, Dumbledore believes the consequences to Lily opened Snape's eyes to the full consequences of his and Voldemort's action. (Snape only asking Dumbledore to save Lily weighs against that.) If Dumbledore is relying on only Legimency, he's a fool. If Snape is a good guy, he has to be a good enough Occlumencer to fool Voldemort, so Dumbledore should assume Snape could also fool him (and still be a bad guy). If Snape hasn't given Dumbledore an unbreakable vow, one could wonder if Snape has potioned Dumbledore and perhaps other faculty to gain their trust.

Even if Dumbledore trusts Snape, why give an inexperienced teacher the position of Slytherin Head of House? As a spy, he should desire equal access to all houses. Was there no more experienced teacher who could be Head of Slytherin? Was he made Head of Slytherin to limit his access to the student body? To prevent him influencing students in the other three houses?

Clearly, JKR attempted to be ambiguous and keep readers guessing until the end when she finally disclosed that Snape was really a good guy. She balances his exaggerated cliché bad guy character against Dumbledore's trust. However, the supposition that he has to act bad at Hogwarts to have DEs believe he is on their side doesn't make sense. He is supposed to be a spy. Overtly he should appear to be worthy of Dumbledore's trust. His open bias in favour of the pureblood agenda is contrary to this. His actions and lack of clear benefit from his spying do support him being a DE agent who has hoodwinked Dumbledore and maintains his position under Dumbledore's protection.

The requirements to cast the Cruciatus Curse are unclear. In the OoP, Bella told Harry that to successfully cast the Cruciatus curse he needed to really want to cause a person pain, to enjoy causing a person pain and that Harry could never successfully cast it because he was too good a person and righteous anger was insufficient. Apparently one had to be 'dark' to successfully cast it. However, in GoF, Barty Crouch Jr., posing as Mad-Eye Moody demonstrates all three unforgivable curses using spiders. If casting the curse requires true hate, wouldn't Dumbledore and other faculty (esp., Snape) be suspicious of Mad-Eye's ability to cast it? Also, during the third task, Barty places Victor under the Imperious curse and has Victor use the Cruciatus curse. How could Victor cast it? Could the Imperious curse enable Victor to cast the curse when he didn't have the required dark emotions?

We know very little about how the magical society is governed.

We know the "Minister for Magic" heads the "Ministry of Magic" which administers the magical world and enforces the Statute of Secrecy. We know the Minister for Magic provides updates to the British Prime Minister (who was largely ignorant of the Magical World). We know the Minister for Magic is elected. We know the Ministry has various departments and units. We know the Minister for Magic came to arrest Hagrid. We know Umbridge was responsible for werewolf legislation. We know Umbridge, as High Inquisitor, issued notices of new rules "in accordance with Education Degree number such and such." We know Mr. Weasley championed muggle protection legislation. We know the Wizengmot is a court which was summoned by the Minister to try Harry and that Mr. Weasley was surprised by this.

We don't know who elects or 'sacks' the Minister of Magic. We don't know if the Minister for Magic reports to the Prime Minister or merely has a courtesy duty to keep him informed. We don't know if the Minister of Magic can enact laws by himself or if there is a legislative body. We don't know if the Wizengamot has any functions in addition to its judicial role. We don't know what territory the Ministry of Magic governs.

The Magna Carta ("No Freeman shall be taken or imprisoned, or be disseized of his Freehold, or Liberties, or free Customs, or be outlawed, or exiled, or any other wise destroyed; nor will We not pass upon him, nor condemn him, but by lawful judgment of his Peers, or by the Law of the land.") dates from 1215. The procedure for issuing a writ of habeas corpus was first codified by the Habeas Corpus Act 1679, but there are instances of its use as early as the 12th century. Given that the Statute of Secrecy wasn't officially established until 1692, one would think the Ministry of Magic should have inherited a more substantial right to trial. Alternately, one might wonder what happened in the succeeding years to have it evolve as it apparently has.

It's also of note that the English Civil War (1642-1651) and the Glorious Revolution (1688), key events in establishing the supremacy of the House of Commons, occurred before the Statute of Secrecy was established. This was about the time (sometime in the 1600s) the Ministry of Magic was formed as a successor to the earlier Wizard's Council (which had existed since at least the 1200s).

However, the word “Wizengamot” may come from “witenagemot” which operated from before the 7th century until the 11th century. The witenagemot predates the Norman invasion (1066) which occurred shortly after Hogwarts was founded. It raises the interesting question of what traditions the magical world follows. Did its government and judiciary develop completely independent of the muggle world from that far back? Ollivander's claims to have operated since 382BC, predating the Roman occupation of Britain.

The Ministry of Magic is located in London (England) and it's jurisdiction includes Hogwarts (in Scotland) and various locations mentioned in the books (Godrick's Hollow, Little Hangleton, Surrey, etc.). Beyond that, we don't know what territory it governs.

There is a lot of history since Hogwarts was founded c1000. The Norman Conquest of England was c1066. Wales was annexed to England by the "Laws in Wales Acts 1535-42". After the "Union of the Crowns" in 1603, England and Scotland were joined by the "Treaty of Union" in 1707 to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The "Acts of Union 1800" added Ireland, creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, but they had shared a king since the "Crown of Ireland Act" in 1542. English Kings claimed the French throne through the 1400 and 1500s (a claim not fully dropped until 1800). The Irish Free State was recognized in 1922 and became the Republic of Ireland (separate from the Crown) in 1949 while Northern Ireland opted to remain part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Since the Ministry is in London and Hogwarts is in Scotland, we may assume the Ministry's remit includes all of Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales), but does it extends to include all or part of the Island of Ireland, Isle of Man, other Channel Islands, or to any parts of the former British Empire? What territory governed by the Ministry for Magic in London?

Hogwarts which appears to serve all of Great Britain and possibly Ireland (Seamus Finnigan is Irish) was about 1000 years ago (shortly before 1000), but this was long before England was united with any of Wales (1535-42), Scotland (1603 & 1707), or Ireland (1800). Even the International Code of Wizarding Secrecy (which was passed by the ICW in 1692) and the formation of the Ministry of Magic (which came into being in the late 1600s) predate the union of England and Scotland. Did Hogwarts always draw students from all of Great Britain or did it originally only take Scottish students?

From 100BC to 1100AD the population of England grew from 1.5 million to 3 million. From 1100AD to 1800 it grew from 3 million to 7 million. In 1991, England's population was 48,197,672 and Britain's population was 57,439,000. If the magical population is only a small fraction of the overall population, perhaps less than one per thousand, this may effect the territory governed. Only six of England's 326 districts have a population less than 50,000. It may be more useful to compare the Ministry of Magic to a local council than Parliament.

The wizarding justice system appears disjointed.
• There is a wizengamot which holds trials, but not everyone gets a trial. Astonishment is expressed that Sirius didn't have a trial, but there are examples of other people being sent to Azkaban without trial: Hagrid (CoS), Sturges Podmore (OoP), and Stan Shunpike (HBP). Just how prevalent is imprisonment without trial?
• The punishments seem to be a fine, wand snapping, imprisonment in Azkaban (where prisoners are driven insane by the mental torture of exposure to Dementors), and eternal death (soul sucked out by Dementor). Aside from fines, these are all permanent punishments - expulsion from wizarding society, mental torture, eternal death. What about lesser punishments such as imprisonment without Dementors or normal death (soul going on to the "next great adventure")? What about requiring an "Unbreakable Vow" (such as Snape took in HBP) or an involuntary contract (such as was enforced on Harry in GoF) requiring the guilty to "uphold the Statute of Secrecy and not willfully cause unlawful harm to any person"?
• When Sirius escaped, Fudge announced that he was to be Kissed on sight. When Barty Crouch, Jr. was caught, Fudge came into the castle with a dementor and Barty was kissed (perhaps accidentally). While it's possible that the penalty for escaping from imprisonment on a life sentence is, should it be possible for a death sentence to be imposed without due process? Shouldn't an escaped prisoner be caught and tried for escaping before a new sentence is imposed? What if the prisoner was kidnapped from prison rather than having escaped? Indeed it is quite plausible that Barty Crouch Sr used the imperious curse to force his son to cooperate with his rescue.

Hogwarts is also part of this. From Hagrid's expulsion and Snape's repeated attempts (or pretense) the Headmaster has the authority to expell a student and snap their wand (and apparently prevent them getting another wand). This seems to be rather considerable power to rest in one person. It is also rather harsh punishment for an underage child who is presumably still learning what is and is not acceptable behaviour.

The description of this aspect of Wizarding society suffers from the presentation of cliché elements (imprisonment without trial, horrid conditions of imprisonment, last minute rescheduling of trials, heavy handed prosecution, lack of informed representation for the defendant, use of bribes to avoid prosecution) without any balance.

How was Sirius committed to Azkaban without trial?

Who was responsible?
• Millicent Bagnold was Minister for Magic (1980-1990).
• Barty Crouch was Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement.
• Albus Dumbledore may have been the Chief Warlock, but I don't recall the books saying
(Note to self: check GoF pensieve memories of trials for this info)

We know that the Lestranges and Barty Crouch Jr. were caught at about the same time as Sirius and they received trials, so why wasn't Sirius given a trial? As I recall (but I may be mistaken due to reading too many ff stories) the Lestranges were caught not just at the scene, but in the act of torturing the Longbottoms, and it was at least implied that they were quite vocal in their admissions of guilt claims of support for Voldemort. Sirius was caught at the scene, but his delirious mumbling of "its my fault" were hardly a clear admission of guilt. If Sirius was imprisoned on a temporary incarceration order awaiting trial, why didn't anyone notice when there was no follow-up? Sirius not only said that he was not brought to trial himself, but that had no visitors. That means he couldn't have provided information to anyone who might have acted at trial on his behalf. Why wasn't he tried? Could he have been convicted in abstentia? Could he have forgotten?

We know Karkaroff was released in exchange for identifying other Death Eaters. Why wasn't Sirius questioned? Perhaps they didn't want to offer him a reduced sentence.

Why didn't Dumbledore ensure a trial? Was he Chief Warlock in 1981? Was he too busy? Did he assume Sirius was guilty and prefer he be imprisoned than Kissed? Was he worried that information about the Order of the Phoenix would be exposed? Was he worried Sirius would interfere with Harry living with the Dursleys?

Was Sirius' incarceration without trial deliberate? The time line is not clear, but perhaps Sirius was imprisoned awaiting trial, then the Longbottoms were attacked revealing that Barty Crouch Jr was a Death Eater causing Barty Crouch Sr to loose his job before he could prepare the paperwork for Sirius' trial. His replacement may have assumed the trial had already been held.

Azkaban and Dementors are not well explained and the information given is contradictory.

First, imprisoning a convict in Azkaban appears to be equivalent to imposing mental torture and eventual insanity. Sirius said that he only retained his sanity by transforming into his animagus form. However, Voldemort freed several equally long term non-animagus prisoners who were functional after their release.

Second, does the Dementor's kiss destroy the immortal soul, denying the person passage to the 'next great adventure'?

Third, in PoA, Remus tells Harry that dementors can only be controlled with the Patronis charm, which only chases them away, and that is all Dumbledore is seen to use to control them. Umbridge also has a Patronis controlling the Dementors in the courtroom in DH15. However, in most cases they seem to be under some other form of control: they guard Azkaban, they are sent to search the Hogwarts train, they are stationed to guard Hogwarts, they accompany the Minister into Hogwarts, and Umbritch sends them to attack Harry in Surrey. Sirius told Harry that Dementors brought Barty Crouch Jr to his cell and that Dementors buried 'him' (actually his polyjuiced mother). Either it is possible to exercise far greater control than is provided by the Patronis charm or they are generally willing cooperate to perform their tasks - except when they don't, such as trying to kiss Harry on the train and swarming the Quidditch pitch. Dumbledore's warning to students at the opening feast (PoA) also suggested they were under less than perfect control (whether imposed or self-control).

Are they intelligent and obey orders? Why? Why would a race that can't be killed and can only repelled (not controlled) by a spell few wizards can cast agree to obey orders and limit their feeding and breeding? What could either the Ministry or Voldemort offer them that they couldn't take on their own?

Another issue relating to Azkaban is whether its protections block house elf magic, specifically their ability to "pop" from place to place. House elves can "pop" from place to place within and to and from Hogwarts which is supposedly one of if not the best warded location in Britain. Are they then able to "pop" in and out of Azkaban? What's to stop prisoners calling their elves for assistance? Perhaps only Hogwarts house elves and the personal elves of Hogwarts faculty and governors (to include Dobby) can "pop" within the school and that only Azkaban house elves (if there are any) can do so within the prison.

If the Dementors served Voldemort during the war, why were they trusted to guard Death Eaters? Why weren't they suspected of aiding Black's escape. Even if they appeared to be upset by it, wouldn't there be some suspicion that it was a pretense or that there are rogues that helped with the escape?

House Elves and their magic are poorly defined and inconsistently presented.

From their name and their duties at Hogwarts, one expects them to perform household chores of maids, kitchen workers, and possibly grounds staff.

In CoS Dobby accompanies Lucius Malfoy to Hogwarts - why? There are three issues. First, why would Malfoy bring Dobby to Hogwarts. What service would Malfoy expect to require from Dobby? Second, why would a house elf ever accompany a wizard somewhere, rather than coming when called? Third, why is this the only time Harry sees a house elf accompanying a wizard. It's never mentioned that he ever sees a house elf in Diagon Alley.

Can House Elves pop anywhere regardless of protection charms? In CoS, Dobby is able to pop into and out of both the Dursleys' home and Hogwarts, despite the protections on those places. In DH, we learn Kreacher was able to pop out of Voldemort's cave and Dobby is able to pop into and out of the Malfoy mansion after he had left their service. Had Malfoy failed to remove Dobby's clearance? Dobby was also able to take the prisoners from Malfoy manner to Shell Cottage. Can house elves just go anywhere? Are we to assume no wizard ever thought of sending a house elf into a foe's home to spy or deliver mischief or thought of calling them for help when imprisoned? Can house elves pop into Azkaban? Could they pop out of Azkaban with their master?

Are House Elves sometimes used to deliver mail? Why not?

It is only revealed in DH that Dobby can take people with him when he "pops", why isn't that ability used in earlier books? Why weren't elves enlisted to help Harry leave Privet drive instead of flying away on brooms?

The ability of house elves to take people with them when they pop means it would be hard to trap someone who has a house-elf. Charms protecting a home would only have to hold long enough to allow evacuation. Anti-apparation and anti-portkey charms would only be effective to trap someone who couldn't call a house elf. If the Potter family didn't have a house elf, why didn't Dumbledore ask a Hogwarts house elf to listen for their call so they could be rescued?

How were house elves enslaved? Why don't house elves (except Dobby) want freedom? Do house elves gain any benefit from their service? How many households have house elves? How many house elves would belong to a typical household with house elves? How did Hogwarts come to have so many house elves (GF12)?

Why doesn't Harry think to call Dobby to Privet drive (e.g., to get food)? Why doesn't Dobby do so on his own or volunteer? Dobby has a hero worship for Harry and has a history of taking independent action to help Harry. Harry might worry about Dobby using his magic while at Privet Drive, but he knew Dobby could come and go without causing a problem. Harry might also have called Dobby when he was tied up in the graveyard, in GoF, either to help him get loose or to go and bring help. Why wouldn't Dobby have acted on his own to find Harry when he heard Harry was missing? Was Dobby's interest in Harry muted after he was freed and found acceptable work at Hogwarts? Did Harry's remark to Dobby (after he was freed in CoS) about not saving him again have an effect on Dobby?

What families besides the Malfoys, Blacks, and Crouches have or had house elves? Do the Longbottoms? Did the Potters? Does the Ministry? Neville accepted a SPEW membership, does that means his family doesn't have house elves or did he accept it to humor Hermione despite his family having them?

How was Kreature affected by being alone in 12 Grimmauld Place for so many years? First he was alone with Warbunga, then he was alone with her portrait. House Elves have some awareness of their masters, at least to hear their call. Are house elves affected when their masters are imprisoned in Azkaban and exposed to Dementors? Would Kreature have been affected by that or the amount of time Sirius spent as Padfoot? Sirius has bad memories of Kreature from his childhood, but Kreature revered Regulus so Sirius' memories may not tell the whole tale.

Goblins are similarly ill defined.

Their main activity appears to be running the bank where Wizards deposit their money in vaults. Their tellers are also seen inspecting and sorting gems.

Loans and interest bearing deposit accounts are relatively recent developments in western banking. Christian canon law and most European countries forbade such activities as usury. Shakespeare tells us "neither a borrower or a lender be," but (in GoF) Ludo Bagman owes the Goblins money so perhaps they are able to offer loans. If so, what funds do they loan? Money stored in vaults can't be loaned out. Do they offer investment services in addition to vaults? Since the Goblins can't loan money from vaults, do they charge a rental fee for vaults? Why would the Weasley's rent a vault for only a few coins? Perhaps it comes with Arthur's job or perhaps it is required so his pay can be deposited there?

How good is Gringotts security? In PS, Hagrid says you'd have to be crazy to try and rob Gringotts, but later that day a robber successfully violates Gringotts security and gains access to the vault Hagrid had emptied. We have to wonder if Percy or Ron ever accompanied their mother or father to their Gringotts vault while carrying Scabbers. Did this never happen? Did the Goblins notice and not say anything? Did the Goblins not notice? If they didn't notice, would they notice an animagus with an innocuous form (like a rat or beetle) breaking in? In DH, Harry and crew gain access to the Lestrange vault using polyjuice and the assistance of a goblin. Would they have been caught without that assistance? Is Gringotts really secure or is its security just a myth?

We know that Gryffindor's sword was made by goblins and that goblin blades absorb the powers of things it crosses (like Basilisk venom). Do they still? Do their smiths make anything other than blades? Armour? Jewelery?

Do goblins only live underground in caves and tunnels under Gringotts? How do they grow food? Do they use space expansion charms? What light do they have underground? If it's just torches and lamp light, how do they stand the bright daylight within Gringotts? Do they ever venture outside their caves, tunnels, and Gringotts? Are there Goblins in other countries? If so, what relationships do Goblins in those countries have with the witches and wizards there and what relationships do Goblins in different countries have with each other? How does the population of goblins compare to the human populations (magical & non-magical)?

Finally, considering that Binns spends all his time lecturing about Goblin revolutions, why do Goblins control the only bank used by Wizards? That would seem to give them a tremendous ability to influence and potentially harm the Wizarding economy.

Dwarves are a complete mystery. They appear in CoS to deliver valentines, but nowhere else. They are not part of the statue in the Ministry. Why not? If they are available for something as trivial as delivering valentines, why don't we see more of them?

Werewolves are looked down upon in magical Britain, particularly by such witches as Doris Umbridge. Is the prejudice universal? Is there anywhere that lycanthropy has been examined in a rational manner? Given their small numbers within the small wizarding population, perhaps werewolves could be given a series of international portkeys to move around the world to stay in daylight during the full moon. There could be a pair of camps on Ellesmere Island and in Antartica for use during their summers when the sun doesn't set in those locations. If international travel isn't an option, each werewolf could have a (single person) portkey that would trigger shortly before nightfall on the full moon to take them to a safe location. Is there anywhere that wolvesbane is made available to werewolves free (or subsidized)? If Remus has spent some time abroad, wouldn't he know?

In Chapter 73 of Acidental Animagus, White Squirrel points out that although Wolvesbane potion is a boon to werewolves who have no ill intent, it would make the few irrational werewolves like Greyback extraordinarily dangerous. Its availability would have to be restricted to safe havens where the were would be restrained both to prevent an ill minded werewolf from escaping to intentionally wreck havoc and as a precaution in case of a bad batch of the potion. If either Greyback or Voldemort knows of the potion, Voldemort would be sure to have Snape provide it.

In chapter 20 of Not Even a First Chance, senawario suggests that if a werewolf took a strong muggle sedative before they full moon they might not be sufficiently conscious to transform. Even if the werewolf still transformed, being in a drugged sleep might minimize the side effects. I presume that at some point experiments would have been conducted with magical sleeping potions and found to be ineffective before the Wolfsbane potion was developed. I think it is plausible that Lycanthropy being a magical condition could negate magical sleeping potions, but might not counter a strong enough muggle sedatives. Either that or sufficiently strong magical sleep potions have unacceptable side effects.

Vampires are only peripherally mentioned. How are they created? What is their need for blood? Are they immortal? If so, what do they 'give up' in exchange (i.e., why wouldn't everyone want to be one)? One attended a meeting of the Slug Club, so they are able to interact with normal (non-vampire) humans.

Why do centaurs live in a forest? Horses live on plains where they can run freely. One would expect centaurs to prefer the same and living in a forest is not ideal for viewing the night sky. How are they affected by the presence of the acromantula colony?

What protected Harry from the Killing Curse? Harry was the first person known to have survived the Killing Curse. Dumbledore says his protection was accidentally created due to his mother's sacrifice, but surely she's not the first person to sacrifice him/herself for another who was then attacked anyway. True Voldemort offered her a choice, but would she be the first person to have stood in front of a loved one and been told to get out of the way? Even if she was, what about people throwing themselves in the path of a Killing Curse to protect a loved one? Surely that has happened and represents the same choice.

Rather than being created accidentally, mightn't it have been something James and Lily deliberately setup to protect Harry? Perhaps some charm or ward that lay dormant until empowered by their deaths?

Dumbledore's death from Snape's killing curse negates this, but until then it was possible Dumbledore was the Dark Lord of the prophecy and that Harry and Dumbledore were protected from Voldemort because 'either must die at the hand of the other' meant that neither of them could be killed by anyone else until that happened. Dumbledore marked Harry when he decided Harry must be the one mentioned in the prophecy. It can be argued that Dumbledore and Grindelwald were friends with a shared vision and it was only Grindelwald's methods Dumbledore disagreed with. Dumbledore held positions of power since Grindelwald's defeat, yet has been inexplicably ineffective in countering prejudice. Placing Harry with magic hating relatives and not checking on him, using the Philosopher's Stone to lure Voldemort's wraith into Hogwarts, forcing Harry to participate in the tournament to flush out whoever entered his name - these are not the acts of a good, wise leader of the Light. The revelation in DH that Dumbledore was manipulating Harry to become a martyr cements this view.

Harry's protection (whatever its origin) sounds nice, but what protection is actually provided? Apparently, 4 Privet Drive and Harry personally are protected, but to what extent?.

Harry is not restricted from venturing outside, visiting the park, or attending school prior to attending Hogwarts. It is true that 4 Privet Drive is not attacked while the protections are in place and he wasn't swamped by well wishing witches and wizards or their owls, however, Dobby, Ron and the twins, and Sirius (or at least Padfoot) were all able to locate him there without Dumbledore's approval and Umbridge was able to send Dementors into his neighborhood. Mr Weasley was able to remotely connect the house to the Floo network and use it to access the house, but Dumbledore may have known about that.

Harry was protected from Voldemort's Killing Curse on Halloween 1981. Quirinus Quirrell (while possessed by Voldemort) is burnt by Harry's touch, however, just prior to that physical confrontation, Quirrell was able to bind Harry. Harry's protection didn't react when he wrote in the diary or viewed its memories, but perhaps the diary wasn't trying to possess him then. Not quite solid Tom Riddle was able to cast spells on Harry in the CoS, but Harry dodged so we don't know what would have happened if they hit and Harry didn't try to touch him. Harry was not protected from the effects of Dementors in PoA or OoP. At the start of GoF, Barty Crouch Jr. (a marked Death Eater actively working for Voldemort) cast an imperious curse on Harry and Harry's ability to throw it off appeared to be due only to a strong mind; there was no indication it was due to his mother's protection. However, Barty may not have had any intention to harm Harry with the curse. Wormtail (a marked Death Eater actively working for Voldemort with immediate hostile intent) was able to successfully stun him and assault him with a knife in the graveyard in GoF before Voldemort's return. However, Wormtail was not trying to kill Harry.

After Harry's blood was used to create Voldemort's new body in GoF, Voldemort was able to touch Harry without being burned. Voldemort was also able to cast spells on Harry - the torture curse and something to force him to bow. Why did Harry still have to return to the Dursleys' to renew the protections? Hadn't Voldemort touching and casting spells on Harry demonstrated that the protection had failed? Apparently there was something left since DEs attacked Privet Drive as soon as turned 17 and the protections fell, but what? Was that his his mother's blood protection or something added by Dumbledore? If their only benefit after GoF was to keep Privet Drive safe, couldn't Harry have been spared the Dursleys' torment by having him relocate to Grimauld Place sooner?

If we accept that his mother's protection is only activated by lethal threats (Killing curse in 1981 and Quirrell in 1992), then did Voldemort neutralize it by using Harry's blood in GoF? After Voldemort was reembodied he cast the torture curse on Harry and forced him to bow, but his Killing curse never reached Harry due, we were told, to the prior-incantum effect of their wands. Voldemort didn't land any Killing Curses on Harry in OoP and in DH both Killing Curses failed. One destroying the accidental Horcrux and the other rebounding. Could his mother's protection have still been active? After all, the Death Eaters couldn't attack him at Privet Drive until the protections fell on his seventeenth birthday. If the protections had been neutralized by Voldemort's use of Harry's blood, shouldn't he have been able to attack him at Privet Drive before his seventeenth birthday? Maybe Voldemort could only touch Harry without being burned because he intended no harm at that moment.

Finally, if Harry's touch burned Quirinus Quirrell because he was possessed by Voldemort, how could one of Voldemort's Horcruxes survive while lodged in Harry's forehead? For such an important plot element, this is really not presented very well.

The operation of the Fidelius Charm is unclear. To start with, the use of the Fidelius Charm to hide #12 Grimauld Place in OoP and other locations in DH seems at odds with the description in PoA10 where Professor Flitwick says "As long as the Secret-Keeper refused to speak, You-Know-Who could search the village where Lily and James were staying for years and never find them, not even if he had his nose pressed against their sitting room window!" In OoP, the house itself is hidden. Are there two different ways of using the charm one to hide people and another to hide a building? Did Lily and James have to stay in their home to be hidden or were their identities hidden wherever they they went? Did JKR forget what she'd written in PoA when she wrote OoP?

In DH24, we learn that Bill is secret keeper for Shell Cottage and Arthur is secret keeper for Muriel's. Why wasn't James or Lily secret keeper for their home? Then the only way Voldemort could have found them is if they wrote the secret down and the note was lost.

When Sirius says they changed secret keeper, does he mean he was the secret keeper at first and they later transferred the secret to Peter or that they made Peter the secret keeper instead of Sirius? Who cast the charm?

Why was it assumed Sirius betrayed the Potters? In OoP, Moody showed Harry a piece of parchment on which Dumbledore had written the address. Even if Sirius had been the secret keeper, that didn't mean he was the only person who could have betrayed the secret to Voldemort. Someone else who obtained a written copy of the secret could have done so. If the practice was to show someone the secret and then burn the parchment, a spy could use a switching spell to swap parchments just as the secret was about to be burnt.

In OoP, Harry had to read and concentrate on the secret before he could see the house at 12 Grimmauld Place. Was this concentration only needed to learn the secret or each time someone went to the house? How was the secret given to baby Harry? More generally, how would you communicate the secret to a baby who can't speak, a small child who doesn't understand what an address is, or an adult who didn't understand the language used for the secret?

Specifically, how could baby Harry live within a secret location? Was he able to be there only because he was there before the charm was cast? If the Potters took him away from their Fidelius Charm protected home, could they have taken him back in? Would they have needed their secret keeper, Peter, to bring him back in? Perhaps people who are present when the charm is cast granted knowledge of the secret by being there, even if they are too young to read or to understand or remember it if told.

What happens to the secret when the secret keeper dies? In DH6, "Mr Weasley had explained that after the death of Dumbledore, their Secret Keeper, each of the people to whom Dumbledore had confided Grimmauld Place’s location had become a Secret Keeper in turn." However, JRK says in an FAQ that "when the secret keeper dies, their secret dies with them, or, to put it another way, the status of their secret will remain as it was at the moment of their death. Everybody in whom they confided will continue to know the hidden information, but nobody else." Dumbledore both cast the Fidelius Charm on 12 Grimauld Place and was the secret keeper. Would there have been different consequences if he hadn't been both?

In DH, Hermione accidentally brought Yaxley with them when she apparated to Grimauld place with Harry and she feared that he thereby learned the secret (even though he hadn't been told the words of the secret). Would that have worked before the original secret keeper, Dumbledore, was killed?

Can the secret keeper give you the secret by bringing you to the secret location (without you hearing or reading the words of the secret)? Perhaps baby Harry was given the secret by Peter having brought him into the house? If Rita had used her animagus Beetle form to hide in Dumbledore's pocket while he visited Grimauld Place, would she have learned the secret?

Is it possible for someone other than the secret keeper to bring someone who doesn't know the secret to the secret location? Leading them (perhaps blindfolded) by hand? Using side-along apperation or a portkey? How about if the person were in their animagus form? How about if the person is unconscious or has been transfigured into a non-human or inanimate form? Presumably not, given the charm's reputation as almost perfect security, but what happens when someone tries?

If you need to concentrate on the secret to find the protected location, can someone who knows the secret but is unconscious be brought into the protected location?

How do you Floo to a secret location? Do you need to know the secret to Floo to a protected location? In the case of Grimmauld Place, the Floo address (probably "12 Grimmauld Place") is much simpler than the secret "The Headquarters of the Order of the Phoenix may be found at twelve, Grimmauld Place, London" (OoP3). Does the charm allow you to say the location to Floo and travel there? Can people who don't know the secret travel there if they are told or overhear the Floo location?

How do owls deliver to a location protected by the Fidelius Charm? For that matter, how do owls deliver to locations that are non-plottable?

Why don't all wizarding homes have a "safe room" protected by the Fidelius Charm?

Could there be a secret room inside a secret house with different secret keepers? Could a multiple compartment trunk have an expanded compartment protected by the Fidelius Charm (i.e., a three compartment trunk appears to have two compartments to anyone who doesn't know the secret)? Could such a trunk be brought into a house that is protected by the charm?

Could a secret keeper take an unbreakable vow not to reveal the secret without permission?

How did Dobby take everyone from Malfoy Manor to Shell Cottage if it was under the Fidelius Charm? Maybe they put up the charm after they all arrived?

Why was Harry isolated at Privet Drive? Although owls might have been intercepted or tracked, the house was guarded by members of the Order of the Phoenix who could have either hand delivered messages to Harry or deposited them in the mail slot (with charms to ensure they reached Harry). Alternately, house elves could have delivered messages (or better, messages and food). If there was no real problem securely delivering messages, was there another motive? Did Dumbledore really believe Harry would benefit from isolation? Was Dumbledore manipulating Harry to prepare him to become a martyr?

How powerful is Harry? At the end of third year, Harry casts a patronis that chases away a huge number of dementors. At the end of fourth year, after being injured in the maze, bled by Pettigrew, and tortured, Harry matches the recently re-embodied Voldemort in a pure test of power. At the end of sixth year, Harry apparates from the cave on south coast of England to Hogsmeade in Scotland bringing Dumbledore side-along. However, these are isolated incidents and at least the first two can be said to have occurred under extenuating circumstances and the third may merely require an above average wizard. In third year, he was filled with the confidence of knowing he had already succeeded and the Dementors might have been weakened by charms protecting Hogwarts grounds (if there are any). Also, Harry's success in teaching the patronis charm to other students in fifth year may suggest that it is a spell that it isn't as difficult as reputed or is easier to learn when young (but no one tried before). In fourth year, Voldemort had just been re-embodied and may not have been at full strength. Nevertheless, why isn't Harry's power more evident throughout the stories? Is it a form of hysterical strength, only accessible under extreme duress? Is it significant that Harry's demonstrations of power are at the end of the school year? Perhaps it's a coincidence driven by the stories coming to a climax at the end of each school year, but one has to wonder. Perhaps there are no examples of him appearing powerful earlier in the year. For instance, perhaps recharging the protections at the Dursleys' drains Harry such that it takes most of the year to recover. How powerful is Harry?

A related question is why isn't Harry more advanced. He is supposed to be Voldemort's equal. However, Voldemort was consciously using magic to torment his fellow orphans before he entered Hogwarts and when in his sixth year he enchanted the diary. Severus was improving on the instructions in the sixth year's potions text and inventing spells. The Marauders became animagi and developed their map. Both the Marauders and the twins were inventing pranks. Harry has certainly had distractions, but doesn't seem to have made the same achievements.

How much money does Harry have? In the books Harry has a Gringott's vault which contains "mounds of gold coins", "columns of silver", and "heaps of little bronze Knuts" (PS5). Is that everything Harry inherits? When asked (Comic Relief live chat transcript, March 2001) "How much money does Harry have in the wizards' bank", JKR answered "Lots. Enough for all the things he will need at Hogwarts for the next three years". Elsewhere (America Online chat transcript, 19 October 2000) JKR has said "James inherited plenty of money, so he didn't need a well-paid profession". Those are quite different answers. Enough for seven years' school supplies and three years afterwards is one thing. Enough to support a family indefinitely is quite another.

If Harry only has enough money for school and three years after, then he is presumably living off the capital. A family living off family wealth indefinitely is probably living of the income generated by investments rather than spending the capital. If James was living off his capital, he was either unwise or he had a great deal of capital. If James was living off investment income, what happened to the investments and that income stream? The investments may remain in place or have been sold and the resulting funds deposited in Harry's vault. One might expect that to be at least twenty-five times the income James received. If the investments weren't cashed in, then the continuing income stream might either have been deposited in Harry's vault, another vault (James') or reinvested.

Harry's vault might contain funds set aside for him by his father, ten years income from the family estate, or the whole cash value of everything he inherited.

According to the short lived Daily Prophet Newsletters, a Hit Wizard earns 700G per month (8400G/year or £42,000/year @ £5/G) and the Assistant Manager at Flourish & Blotts Wizarding Bookstore earns 42G per month (504G/year or £2520/year)*. The newsletters were published in 1998-1999, but appear to refer to events from 1992-1993, so the salaries shown may be higher than those of 1981. Lets assume James drew an allowance of 200G per month (2400G/year or £12,000/year). A rule of thumb is that investments generate a long term sustained income of 4%, so that allowance would require invested capital of 60,000G. If the income were placed in Harry's vault rather than being reinvested, after nearly 10 years the vault it would added nearly 24,000G to whatever was there initially. Quite the mound of gold. However, this is not based on the information in the books and if it wasn't placed in Harry's vault Harry wouldn't know about it. If this income had been reinvested each year, the 60,000G would have grown to over 88,000G.

* The assistant manager's salary of 42G/month is less than 10G/week. If the work week is at least 34 hours, that's under 5 sickles/hour which at £5/G is less than £1.50/hour; that is less than half the 1999 minimum wage in the UK. It would explain why muggleborns might return to the muggle world for employment.

So, what was in Harry's Vault?

When Hagrid take Harry to his Gringott’s vault (in PS), “Harry gasped. Inside were mounds of gold coins. Columns of silver. Heaps of little bronze Knuts.” The next summer (in CoS) when the Weasleys were discussing the cost of school supplies, Harry reflected on the “small fortune” in his vault and “he didn’t think that [the Dursleys'] horror of anything connected to magic would stretch to a large pile of gold.”

The film (PS) showed a walk-in vault and one group of columns of gold coins. By my count, the columns were 12 coins wide and the tallest columns were about 80 coins high at the peak. It seemed to have about the same hight and width, about one foot (304.8mm). A one foot cube would contain 11,520 coins (12*12*80). However, the mound shown in the film was round, not square, and only the columns at the centre were 80 coins high. Using a cylinder rather than a cube reduces the number of coins (by 3.14/4) to about 9000 coins. Only the centre columns being a foot high reduces the number of coins by roughly a third to about 6000 coins. It wasn’t clear if what was shown was the peak of a much larger mound of gold or if it showed most of a mound that was sitting on a table. It may also have only been one of the mounds mentioned in the book. Certainly the 'columns' of Sickles and 'heaps' of Knuts were not shown in the film.

The Galleons shown in the film were thicker than most muggle coins of that size:

UK50p = 27.3mm diameter, 1.78mm thick
UK£5 = 38.61mm diameter, 2.89mm thick
US$1 = 26.50mm diameter, 2.00mm thick

including the British Gold Sovereign (22.05mm diameter, 1.52 mm thick).

Discounting the overly thick coin as a visual effect of the film, if the Galleon were one inch (25.4mm) in diameter and a more typical 2mm thick, then a one foot cube would contain 21,600 (12*12*150) Galleons. A peaked cylindrical mound would contain about 12,000G -- about half the 24,000G that would amass from deposits of 200G per month over 10 years.

Although the film shows Harry having a walk-in vault, the book says “the cart stopped at last beside a small door in the passage wall.” The next summer, “Mrs Weasley felt right into the corners” of her vault suggesting a smaller vault whose corners are within arms reach. This suggests the book's vaults might be just cubby-holes, perhaps no more than a cubic meter in size. Mrs Weasley would have had to get down on her hands and knees to reach into the corners of a walk-in vault, which was certainly not mentioned in the book. However, the Lestrange vault in DH was a large walk-in vault.

It's unlikely a column of coins would be more than a foot high and there’s no reason to think the mounds, columns, and heaps were hugely different in height. A mound of gold coins a foot or two across would also be appropriate for a vault the same size as the Weasley’s into which Molly could reach the corners. Harry's vault also has to have room for the gold he inherited from Sirius.

Is 6000 or even 24,000 Galleons a small fortune? Not compared to a Hit Wizard's salary of 700G/month (8400G/year), but maybe compared to the twins opening their shop using 1000 Galleons. Of course, Harry had never had money of his own and we don’t know what sense of money he may have learned at the Dursleys (overhearing Vernon discuss business or home expenses or reading in the school library) or since.

On the other hand, if Harry's vault contains enough gold that James was living off it without worry of substantially depleting its contents, then Harry would need a large walk-in vault and the mounds of gold would be much larger than was visible in the film. Certainly the Lestranges had a huge walk-in vault. In that case, the "mounds" of gold would be much larger than the columns of gold coin shown in the film.

The wizarding currency is a mystery.

• What is a galleon worth?

In her March 2001 Comic Relief interview, JKR said a Galleon was worth "about five pounds, though the exchange rate varies". At some points in the books, prices seem to be in line with that valuation, but in other places its value seems to be much higher.

On the train in PS, Harry purchased "some of everything" from the cart for eleven sickles and seven knuts (about three pounds thirty @ £5/G), which seems to be in line with that exchange rate and period prices (there was still penny candy then, right?). Then in PoA, Ron writes to Harry saying their prize of seven hundred galleons was mostly spent on their vacation*. It takes a bit of fudging to stretch seven hundred galleons (thirty-five hundred pounds) for a vacation for six, but it's doable if you assume magic makes some expenses much less than in the muggle world; for instance international travel by Floo or portkey might be cheaper, a borrowed magical tent might provide accommodation, or they might be able to eat some meals at the camp mess. The use of house elves or magic for house keeping and heating or cooling charms could greatly reduce the cost of hotel/motel operations.

* This assumes Ron was correct about the Weasleys' spending on their trip. If such splurging were typical it would be a reason why they are generally short of cash and needing to be frugal the rest of the time. However, it's possible the Weasleys are frugal as much by preference as necessity, that they have a savings vault in addition to the one Harry saw Molly empty, and that they saved a large portion of their winnings. In that case, the trip would have cost much less than seven hundred galleons and is not an example of £5/G being a plausible exchange rate.

However, Ollivander makes a living selling wands and the twins set up shop using Harry's Triwizard tournament prize. Barring breakage, it appears buying a wand is normally a once in a life time purchase. (Ron received Charlie's old wand, but Charlie may have used a hand-me-down until he could buy his own.) Harry paid seven galleons for his wand. There were about forty students in his year at Hogwarts. Seven galleons times forty students is two hundred and eighty galleons (under fifteen hundred pounds) - less than half what the Weasleys spent on a vacation. Even if sales were ten times that, it doesn't seem like much for the gross annual sales of a specialty shop's primary product. Ollivander didn't even push any secondary sales like a wand cleaning kit. Perhaps sales of wands are massively subsidized, but what about the twins setting up shop using Harry's Triwizard prize? Even assuming they do not pay themselves, have free room and board at home, and use transfiguration for renovations and to create display cases and other furniture, one thousand galleons (five thousand pounds) doesn't seem enough for the twins to purchase inventory supplies and pay first and last month's rent on a shop (not to mention that said rent actually included an apartment above the shop).

If we go outside the books and consider the salaries given in the Daily Prophet Newsletters, where it says "a Hit Wizard earns 700G per month (£42,000/year)", then there is a definite inconsistency with Olivander only charging 7G for a wand and the twins setting up shop for 1000G.

• Impact on muggleborn vs pureblood issue

The value of the Galleon is not just an academic issue limited to the consistency of prices. If the seven galleons price of a wand and one thousand galleons cost to setup a business are representative of the magical economy, then middle or upper-income muggle parents with a bit of cash to spare would be able to setup their muggleborn children very nicely. Wizards and witches who are comfortable in the muggle world could take a job there to raise capital. This would put pressure on traditional purebloods who do not have that advantage.

• How large is a gold Galleon?

If a Galleon is an actual gold coin (not just gold coloured), then its face value aught to be greater than the value of the gold it contains. In the 1980s the price of gold varied from £200 to £300 per troy ounce (£6.435 to £9.65 per gram). For a Galleon to have less than £5 of gold in it, it couldn't contain more than one sixtieth of a troy ounce (0.518 grams) of gold. Clearly, the Galleon cannot be pure gold. The less pure, the more it can weigh. About the lowest purity that could still be called a gold coin would be 9 karat (9/24 gold by weight). A 9 karat £5 coin could weigh up to 1.38 grams. So, a gold Galleon containing no more than £5 of gold will be a very small coin. Perhaps, too small for the DA to have used for communications in OoP.

This is in conflict with the vault scene of the PS film where the Galleons appeared to be quite large - about an inch in diameter and quite thick (only about 80 in a foot high column).

By comparison, British 1p, 5p, and 20p coins weigh 3.56g, 3.25g, and 5g respectively; American 1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent, and 25 cent coins weigh 2.5g, 5g, 2.368g, and 5.67g respectively; and British Sovereigns weigh just under 8g. British Sovereigns are 22 karat gold and measure 22mm (.87 inches) in diameter. Using 1980s gold prices, a Sovereign's value as gold would vary from £50 to £75. If a Galleon were the same weight but made of 9 karat gold, its gold content would vary from £20 to £30.

Confirmation that the Galleon is a fairly small coin may be provided by the Tri-Wizard tournament prize. Minister Fudge to tossed a small bag containing the 1000 Galleon prize to Harry and Harry forgot about it in his pocket. Unless the bag was enchanted to be light weight and hold more than its size, the Galleon must be a fairly small light coin for 1000 of them to be tossed around in a small bag. However, the Galleon can't be too small if the "little bronze Knuts" (PS5) are significantly smaller.

Perhaps all the Galleons in circulation were minted long ago when gold wasn't worth as much? In 1300, gold was about £1 per troy ounce. However, £1 in 1300 is equivalent to £500 now. In 1900, gold was about £4.25 which is equivalent to £228 now. So, a £5 gold coin makes no more sense in the past.

In recent years (early 2010s), the value of gold has exceeded £900 per troy ounce. This is triple the peak 1980s price and would have caused considerable disruption if the exchange rate for the Galleon was strongly linked to the price of gold.

• Cheap Gold?

It's possible that Goblins are able to produce gold so abundantly and cheaply that it has much less value in the wizarding world than the muggle world. For example, Harry observed that Hogwarts has gold plates (PS). However, such a price difference would create an opportunity for arbitrage: buy gold in the wizarding world, melt it down, sell it in the muggle world, convert pounds to galleons, repeat until rich!

• Magic Galleons?

It is possible that galleons are protected against being melted down so they can't be sold for the value of the gold from which they are made. That would allow a galleon made of gold worth £100 in the muggle world to have a face value equivalent to £5.

• Currency Fluctuation?

Given the archaic milieu of wizarding society, it would not be surprising if their currency was on a gold standard. However, without some magic to prevent arbitrage, that would require the exchange rate of the Galleon to the British Pound to fluctuate with the value of gold. Given the substantial changes in the muggle price of gold, that would affect the prices of anything purchased from muggles and the ability of muggle parents to purchase school supplies. It should have been noticeable in the stories.

• Gold Colored, Not Gold?

Perhaps the Galleon is only gold colored and doesn't contain any actual gold. For instance, the Canadian one dollar coin is gold colored, but is made of nickel (91.5%) with bronze plating (8.5%). It weighs 7g and is 26.5mm across (diameter) and 1.75mm thick.

(Souces:
- Comic Relief Interview: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2001/0301-comicrelief-staff.htm
- Gold prices: www.measuringworth.com/datasets/gold/result.php
- British coins: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_coins
- American coins: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Us_coins
- British Sovereign: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereign_%28British_coin%29

- Old to new currency values: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/currency/
- Canadian coins: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_coins/ )

I've since found an essay on this topic in HP-Lexicon: www.hp-lexicon.org/essays/essay-wizard-money.html

There are many issues that are not clear.
• If Halloween was on Saturday (as it was in 1981), might Sirius have been captured and imprisoned before Dumbledore left Harry on the Dursleys' doorstep early Wednesday morning (as stated in PS1)?
• What happened to Harry during the 1-3 days between his parents' deaths and when he was left on the Dursleys' doorstep?
• Was Dumbledore hoping to create a bad impression by leaving Harry on Petunia's doorstep overnight so he'd have a wet diaper when she found him?
• In PS1, the weather reader is named Jim McGuffin - is he a MacGuffin device?
• Mrs Figg can't babysit Harry on Dudley's birthday because she broke her leg. Does she not have access to magical healing? Madame Pomfrey can heal broken bones in a jiffy. Doesn't that work for squibs (or muggles)?
• At the zoo, the snake opens its eyes and winks. Snakes don't have eyelids.
• Why aren't Harry's Hogwarts letters delivered by post owl? Harry first Hogwarts letter arrives throught he mail slot with other mail from the Royal Post. Later letters come through cracks around the door and windows, down the chimney, and there's even a crate of eggs with a letter inside each egg. This is not owl post. It's not like anything else in the books.
• After receiving Harry's first Hogwarts' letter, Vernon moves Harry into Dudley's second bedroom. Why did it already have a bed? A bookcase to store books Dudley didn't want in his own room is understandable, but why a bed when there is already a spare bedroom for Aunt Marge or other visitors. Had it been Harry's room when he was much younger (before he can remember)? Did they pretend it was Harry's rooms when showing visitors around the house?
• Later Hogwarts letters come out of the fireplace. How could they when the fireplace is blocked by an electric grill (in GoF)? Perhaps the house had more than one fireplace or the electric grill was added later.
• Petunia shreds some of the Hogwarts letters in her food mixer. Is that possible? Mine wouldn't shred paper. Guess they bought a super deluxe model.
• What was the neighbors' response to the large number of owls at the Dursley's home? Did it make the news?
• How is letters delivered inside eggs explained?
• When Hagrid delivers Harry's Hogwarts letter in PS, Petunia has a long rant about how she 'was the only one who saw her [Lily] for what she was - a freak.' This conflicts with Dumbledore's later revelation that Petunia wrote and asked to attend Hogwarts with Lily.
• How did Hagrid fly to the island where he found Harry? When they took the rowboat to shore, Harry asked how he got there and Hagrid answered that he "flew". How? There was no mention of a broom (or Sirius' motorbike). Does Hagrid have a broom that shrinks or an expanded pouch that can hold a broom? How common is it? If Hagrid has an expanded pouch why didn't he suggest something like that to Harry?
• When Hagrid is telling Harry about his parents' deaths and is hesitant to name their killer, Harry suggests he write it down. Hagrid says he can't spell it (PS4). Was it just Voldemort's name he couldn't spell or was the scene meant to display a general feature of Hagrid's character? Initially it seems to be reinforcing the perception of Hagrid as being a large, friendly but simple man. However, we later learn he attended Hogwarts (with it's books to read and essays to write) and in their third year he is made a professor. A professor who couldn't spell Voldemort.
• What education do magical children receive before Hogwarts? Are they all home schooled? What are they taught? Is there a standard curriculum? Is there a standard set of texts? What if the parents aren't good teachers? How was Luna Lovegood home schooled after her mother died?
• How large and heavy is a Hogwarts Trunk? It has to be large enough to hold a full set of clothes, books, stationary (parchment and quills), and potions supplies for a full school year. There's no mention in PS that the interior is expanded (and surely that would have made enough of an impression to be mentioned). How could undersized 11 year old Harry lift it in and out of the boot of his uncle's car?
• How did the Dursleys send Harry a Christmas present? Had a professor contacted them? They didn't have an owl, did Petunia know of some way to send mail via British Post? Can it be used in reverse for Hogwarts students to send mail home? If there is a way to send mail via Britsh Post why didn't the Hermione's parents use it?
• The books mention Harry's surprise at receiving presents. Did he give presents? If so, why wouldn't he expect to receive any presents? If not, why doesn't it mention his guilt at not having given presents to people who gave him presents?
• What happens to Harry's books from year to year? Does he leave his previous years' books at the Dursleys'? If he carries them all back and forth to Hogwarts, how do they all fit in his trunk? Was there a lot of extra room in the trunk first year? Are older students taught to add magical expansion to their trunks?
Snowy Owls are among the largest of owls measuring about 2' long. Wouldn't an undersized 11 year old boy have trouble transporting cage large enough for such an owl?
• Wouldn't keeping an owl locked in a cage for several weeks be harmful? Would a large owl survive on a portion of Harry's indequate ration? What would their neighbours say if they knew the Dursleys kept an owl locked in a cage with inadequate food. They'd never hear the end of it if someone contacted the RSPCA! (It's a wonder someone didn't call them seeing several students with owls in cages at King's Cross.)
• Why would Hagrid buy Harry a cage for a large post owl instead of a perch? Post owls are trained to go where they are told, so why would he think to keep one in a cage? I can't imagine Hagrid putting muggle norms (keeping birds in cages) ahead of an animal's well being. Why does Harry bring Hedgwig to and from Hogwarts in her cage instead of letting her fly? Why doesn’t Harry get rid of Hedwig’s cage after the first time Vernon locks her up? The worst outcome of the ridiculous practice of traveling with Hedwig in a cage is her death in DH - how utterly impractical to try and carry a cage on a broom (especially when you expect trouble)!
• How many post owls are there? Each family has at least one. Hogwarts has an owlery and sends marks to all their students. The Daily Pophet is sent to all subscribers - which is most families. Are they sent out all at once or in relays? The ministry and most businesses must have owls. Are there more owls than witches and wizards? What does it cost to care for them all?
• Why do students receive train tickets? There is no mention of them being collected.
• Why take a train to Hogwarts? Why not Floo directly to the school or Hogsmeade? Why not, at least, have a Floo on platform 9&3/4, instead of having magical families (like the Weasley's) entering from the muggle side? Perhaps let students who live in Hogsmeade meet the train there.
• Did Molly really need to ask what platform was for Hogwarts? No - after attending herself for seven years and taking her older boys there for another nine years, she knew. It is quite reasonable that Molly had taught Ginny the platform number and was giving her a chance to show off her knowledge. Ginny might have been a bit old for that sort of game, but she was Molly's baby and played along. It is curious that Molly would speak about Muggles loudly enough for Harry to hear, but perhaps that was just her normal voice and she was depending on a notice-me-not spell -- either one she cast or one permanently in place at the entrance to the platform -- to prevent muggles from taking notice.
• Could there have been a plot to arrange for Harry to need the Weasley's help getting on the platform? Yes - but it wouldn't be straight forward. First, it would require that Harry not learn how to get on the platform. Hagrid couldn't tell him and would have to ensure Harry didn't buy any extra books, like Hogwart: A History, that would contain the information. It also requires Harry not learning from Petunia. Unless there is some magic associated with the Statute of Secrecy that would cause Petunia either to forget how to get on the platform or to refrain from communicating the information to anyone else, it means someone knew enough to predict Petunia would withhold the information or spelled Petunia to do so. Second, it requires the Weasleys to be in place and draw Harry's attention to themselves (contradicting any assumption Petunia would love Harry). The Weasley's habit of arriving at the last minute would ensure Harry was unlikely to arrive after them, but ensuring Harry noticed them would require Molly's knowing or unknowing cooperation. Third, Harry can't arrive too long before the Weasleys or he might follow another family (strangely dressed or carrying an owl) onto the platform. Again that requires either knowing enough to predict the Dursley's schedule or spelling them to ensure Harry arrived at the proper time.
• Why is Hogwarts exclusively a boarding school instead of having some or all students commute by Floo or portkey?
• Why does the trolley lady on a six hour train ride only seem to sell candy and not sandwiches or beverages?
• When the boats with the first year students approach the landing, Hagrid warns them to watch their heads. If Hagrid fits, do first year students really need to worry?
• The Sorting Hat said Harry would do well in Slytherin, that it would help him on the way to greatness. Was the Hat really considering placing him in Slytherin or was the Hat probing to discover his reaction, perhaps to to give him a chance to reveal whether he was ambitious? Did it sort him elsewhere because he requested it or because it found he wasn't ambitious? Harry certainly didn't display much ambition or cunning.
• The Sorting Hat's song (in PS) says Slytherins "use any means to achieve their ends." Does this mean Slytherins are chosen in part because they have a weak moral compass? Draco may have been ambitious, but he certainly wasn't cunning in his brash confrontations with Harry and his friends. However, his bookends -- Greg and Vincent -- don't seem to have any ambition other than to be his bodyguards. Were they sorted into Slytherin because they were immoral? This line reinforces the Slytherin stereotype and coming from the Hat gives authority to the stereotype. Is that intended?
• Hogwarts has gold plates. Is there magic in place to prevent them being stolen?
• Harry's experiences a pain from his scar when he's near Voldemort. Does Voldemort experience anything?
• How do the school quidditch teams practice without a reserve teams to practice against?
• There is a time line conflict between Charlie's age and length of time since Gryffindor won the Quidditch cup. Charlie is three years older than Percy, seven years ahead of Ron, graduating the spring before Harry and Ron started at Hogwarts. We know Charlie's age because he went to Hogwarts with Tonks who we meet as a junior Auror in OoP and because JKR explained the Weasley children's relative ages in an interview. In PS, Fred says they haven't won the Quidditch Cup since Charlie graduated and Wood wants to 'win back' the cup. Fred's comment suggests the won the cup in Charlie's final year, but both comments suggest that they didn't win the previous year which was Charlie's final year! This might be explained by Charlie leaving Hogwarts after writing his OWLS or before the end of his NEWT year (though this is never mentioned and we must wonder if a Dragon Reserve would accept someone who didn't have a NEWT in Care of Magical Creatures), however, in PoA12 when McGonagall returns Harry's firebolt, she asks him 'do try to win ... or we'll be out of the running for the eighth year in a row.' If Gryffindor won the cup in Charlie's final year this would make Charlie eight years older than Percy rather than three.
• Why did Charlie get a new wand, passing his old wand onto Ron? Was it a hand-me-down to Charlie and Charlie wanted or needed a better matched wand? Did it have a core that was unsuited for work with dragons? Did other Weasley children have hand-me-down wands?
• Why would Neville's grandmother allow him to use his father's wand? Sentimental reasons are fine, but didn't she know wands need to be matched to their users? Did it make sparks for him? Did she really believe he was a near squib and the poor match was better than she expected?
• Shouldn't the professors check that students wands work for them? Given that two out of five Gryffindor first year boys (Ron and Neville) have hand-me-down wands, they seem common enough that it would be worth checking.
• How could Ron use a broken wand in class for all of his second year? Wouldn't the professors notice? If it worked for Ron in class, what happened to make it backfire on Lockhart? Did the tape come off? Was the spell too powerful?
• Why is Astronomy class held hat midnight? That is disruptive for students' sleep schedule. Through much of the year it is dark much earlier and a planetarium could be used to hold classes during the day.
• Did Quirrell have his stutter prior to his trip to Albania? Wasn't anyone concerned for his health? Wasn't anyone concerned for his ability to teach? Was he checked by a healer? Wouldn't a healer notice he was possessed?
• As Harry lost consciousness holding Quirrell off, he heard "voices , maybe in his own head, crying 'Harry! Harry!" Right after that "he felt Quirrell's arm wrenched from his grasp". Was the voice in his head or was it Dumbledore or Hermione? Would Dumbledore have cried out "Harry" before dealing with Quirrell? Had Hermione come with Dumbledore? She could well have reacted by calling Harry's name. However, "when Harry told them what was under Quirrell's turban, Hermione screamed out loud." If she'd been there wouldn't she have already known? Perhaps not. She may have focused entirely on Harry.
• How did the Dursleys know how to send Christmas presents to Harry? It was a surprise to Harry, so it wasn't sent to him.
• How did the Dursleys know when to pick Harry up at the end of each year?
• How does Lockhart's reference to the "Homorphus Charm" in his book on Wearwolves not attract attention? If it's unknown, then people should want to know about it. If it's known and works and is practical, then there's a surprising lack of mention of it in relations to Moony. If it's known and doesn't work or is impractical, then it should have discredited Lockhart.
• Lockhart is portrayed as being incompetent in his use of magic (other than obliviate). He fails to control the pixies, fails in his dueling club, and fails in his attempt to heal Harry's arm. How extensive is his incompetence? What about everyday household charms? He was hired to teach, so didn't he pass his OWLs and some NEWTs? There is a conflict between the presumably exaggerated portrayal of his incompetence and the minimum competence needed to pass his exams and to pass in society.
• Was Dobby the Malfoy's only house elf? Probably not, since Lucius had Dobby accompany him to Hogwarts and that would have meant Dobby wasn't available to answer calls Narcissa at home. How many house elves did they have? Did they replace Dobby? How?
• We are told the sword of Gryffindor, being a goblin blade, absorbed the Basilisk venom and because of this it could destroy Horcruxes. Isn't that rather dangerous? Isn't there a significant chance a person could nick themselves while handling a blade? If a person nicked themselves with the sword of Gryffindor would they be poisoned? Would the sword only release the Basilisk venom against an enemy?
• How did Padfoot escape from Azkaban? Padfoot is described as a large dog. Would a large dog fit through bars that a man can't? Being emaciated doesn't change the size of the skeleton - shoulders, hips, and ribcage. Wouldn't a large dog's skeleton be as large or larger than a small woman's? Wouldn't a cell be designed to hold a small woman?
• When Harry boards the Knight Bus in PoA, he says he is Neville Longbottom and the conductor accepts that and remembers it when Harry uses the bus at a later date. Hadn't Neville ever used the Knight Bus? If he had, wouldn't the conductor realize Harry wasn't Neville? Was there some reason he remembered Harry and not Neville?
• Why doesn't Harry recognize Remus? Surely there are pictures of Remus in the picture album Hagrid gave him (PS, Christmas 1991). Has Remus aged so severely he wasn't recognizable?
• Moody warns Harry against keeping his wand in his back pocket. Given the importance of wands, shouldn't safe ways of carrying wands be ubiquitous? Shouldn't all robes have custom wand pockets? Shouldn't all types of clothes sold by wizarding clothiers be available with wand pockets? Shouldn't there be a standard way of carrying wands when wearing muggle clothing?
• When Harry bought his wand, Ollivander told him "You have your mother's eyes. It seems only yesterday she was in here herself, buying her first wand." Does that mean she broke her first wand or in some way outgrew her first wand and had to replace it or that she bought a spare wand? Perhaps people's magic changes as the grow older and they often benefit from having a new wand? Is that why Charlie's old wand was available for Ron? Was Neville using his father's first wand or his second? Why doesn't Ollivander describe her second wand as well?
• Do witches and wizards have spare wands? Do Aurors? Wands are breakable. Ron (CoS), Neville (OP), and Harry (DH) have their wands accidentally broken. Most people who need glasses have a spare pair. Aren't wands just as important? Harry's wand cost 7G (£35) which is less than a pair of prescription glasses.
• Why are wands breakable? Tom Riddle made his diary indestructible. Why aren't wands?
• How does a single groundskeeper, supposedly without the ability to do magic, take care of Hogwarts' extensive grounds? How can Hagrid keep up his full time job as groundskeeper and also be a full time professor of Care of Magical Creatures? How can Hagrid teach that course without Magic? Hagrid may be able to take care of magical creatures without using magic, but isn't there any magic used in the normal care of magical creatures?
• How did Professor Kettleburn suffer his injuries? Was it during class? Protecting students, perhaps from their own foolishness (like Draco)? Were any students similarly injured?
• How qualified is Madam Pomfrey? She is described as a mediwitch and school nurse. Elsewhere healers are mentioned. Is a mediwitch the same as a healer? Is she described as a school nurse because she is less qualifed than a healer or because it is a term Harry would recognise? Serious cases are transferred to St. Mungo's, is that because they require more time than Poppy can provide, care of a healer vs a mediwitch, or care of a specialist healer? Is the reason she never did anything about Harry being underfed that he wasn't really underfed, did she lack the necessary training to detect and treat it, or was it simply not part of her job or routine to check? Perhaps students were supposed to get a checkup at St. Mungo's before attending Hogwarts and Hagrid either didn't know or neglected to arrange it for Harry?
• How does Binns collect, read, and mark assignments? Peeves is the poltergeist, not Binns.
• How long has Binns been teaching? Was he a ghost when Dumbledore took over as headmaster? Has the quality of his lectures changed over time?
• Do students really get to choose their elective courses without their parent's approval? Shouldn't muggleborn students and their parents receive counseling on course selection since they are not familiar with either the course choices or their impact on job opportunities?
• How did Tom Riddle avoid being killed or turned to stone by the Basilisk when he first found it and how did he avoid having Ginny killed or turned to stone by it?
• Colin was petrified when viewing the Basilisk through a camera. Was Colin watching through a simple lens or via a mirror within the camera? If the camera didn't have a mirror, just lenses, what would the effect of seeing the Basilisk through glasses or contact lenses be?
• In CoS, Ginny became suspicious when she noticed she had gaps in her memory, finding herself in places with no memory of how she got there, finding herself covered in blood and feathers with no memory of how it happened. Yet, she remembered Tom coming out of the diary. So initially she was unaware of what happened when she was possessed, but at the end she had some memory. Maybe she had no memory of Tom bringing her down there, but when he switched from possessing her to forming his own body she woke up and saw only that brief moment before loosing consciousness.
• In CoS, students must wear ear protection when handling the Mandrakes. Neville is knocked unconscious when his ear protection slips while he is handling an immature Mandrake. Hearing a mature Mandrake is much more serious. What is the range? Could they be used as a terror weapon? (e.g., DEs with earmuffs and spelled protection apparate into Diagon Alley with pots in their hands and smash them...)
• How did the twins learn the passwords to activate and deactivate the Marauders' Map? Is it just not a particularly secure form of magic or did the Marauders provide a means for future pranksters to learn the password?
• Was the map of the Marauders' Map drawn by the Marauders or produced by some sort of magical survey spell? Aside from special, protected locations (like the Room of Requirement) was it self updating when the castle or grounds were renovated or when it was physically taken to new locations within the castle? How was the behaviour of stairs and doorways that moved or acted differently at different times determined?
• If Sirius was able to buy Harry a Firebolt, why couldn't he buy himself a fully stocked and shielded Wizard tent.
• What did the Map show when the other schools were visiting? Did it automatically map the interiors of their carriage and ship? Did it show their students and staff clustered together at he location of their carriage and ship? Did people disappear from the map when they entered the carriage or ship?
• When Peter Pettigrew is pleading with Sirius in PoA, he says "The Dark Lord ... you have no idea ... he has weapons you can't imagine ... I was scared, Sirius". What weapons? Neither he nor any of his Death Eaters use anything other than their wands.
• Sirius blames himself for the Potters' deaths because he convinced them to make Peter their secret keeper. Did that really matter? If Peter hadn't been secret keeper, wouldn't he have just kidnapped Harry? Even if he couldn't port-key or aparate out (is it possible to block incoming and not outgoing?), perhaps he could hide Harry in a sack of some sort. It is likely Voldemort had taken his time identifying "the one" and had chosen the eve of Samhain to kill him.
• Why was Igor Karkaroff given a reduced sentence for naming other Death Eaters? Shouldn't all Death Eaters have been questioned using truth serum? What does it say about the nature of truth serum that he was rewarded for giving names? Perhaps it only ensures that what you say is the truth, but doesn't force you to answer questions. Perhaps it doesn't even ensure your truthful statements answer the questions asked. That could reduce its usefulness - answers that aren't complete sentences might be deliberately misleading half truths. If Peter Pettigrew was asked "Were you the Potter's secret keeper" he could ignore the question and make the unrelated true statement "I was not the secret keeper" if he was thinking "I was not the Longbottom's secret keeper".
• If Peter had been captured, questioned with truth serum, and convicted of all his crimes what would happen to Sirius? If he had been convicted, his conviction would be vacated. However, Sirius reported he was stunned on the street and woke up in Azkaban. If he wasn't convicted, perhaps the charges could be withdrawn. However, it's not clear charges were properly laid against him. Perhaps all that has to be done is to withdraw the arrest/kiss order and announce that he has been exonerated.
• In the graveyard, Pettigrew cuts off his right hand. We know this because when Voldemort asks for his arm, Pettigrew holds out his severed limb for healing and Voldemort corrects him saying "your left arm" and then uses Pettigrew's dark mark to summon the other DEs. Why would Pettigrew cut off his right hand? Is he left handed? It would be very trusting to cut off his wand hand. Not only trusting that it would be healed, but also that he could cast magic when holding his wand in an artificial hand.
• From which hand did Peter cut off a finger after blowing up the street when confronted by Sirius (in November 1981 after betraying the Potters)?
• At the Quidditch Cup (GoF8), Harry and Ron were about to jump over the railing. Did anyone jump? Were there injuries?
• Barty Crouch Sr. who is a prodigious linguist and is head of the Department of International Magic Cooperation, a position in which misaddressing someone could cause a diplomatic incident, persistently refers to his assistant Percy Weasley (son of a fellow Ministry worker, Arthur Weasley) as Weatherby. It is a nice gag, but raises questions about Crouch's ability to do his job and makes one wonder if Arthur corrects him or is offended when/if he makes the mistake in Arthur's presence.
• It is said Barty Crouch Sr was described as being in line to succeed Millicent Bagnold as Minister of Magic until his son was found to be a Death Eater. Crouch could have been the runner up when Bagnold was chosen to be minister, but would he be described as in line to succeed when she'd only been minister for a year or two? She remained Minister until 1990, was she expected to leave office earlier due to the war?
• How does Cedric figure out that the egg has to be opened underwater? Is it because his father works for the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures or are Mer covered in one of his courses? If it was covered in one of his courses, shouldn't some Gryffindor students have recognized the screeching when Harry opened the egg in their common room?
• Why is there such a luxurious prefect's bath? Is there a life guard (maybe a portrait or ward to summon assistance when needed)? Why is there no mention of a bath or swimming facility for the other (ninety-five percent or more) students? Why was it only mentioned in GoF, not the later books when Ron and Hermione were prefects? The books are from Harry's perspective, but can you doubt Ron would gloat over the luxury?
• How safe is Hogwarts if owls can deliver messages trapped with undiluted bubber puss? Would a cursed letter be allowed? Could Voldemort or one of his supporters have sent Harry a letter with the same curse as was on the Gaunt ring (that killed Dumbledore)? Is the Ministry of Magic equally vulnerable? Are there protections people can use to prevent such attacks or assassination?
• Why are parents allowed to send Howlers to students? What does it say about Molly Weasley that she sends Howlers to her children? Can people send Howlers to people working at the Ministry of Magic?
• Why does Hogwarts need after-hours patrols? If the marauder's map can keep track of people, doesn't that mean there's something in Hogwarts magic to do that? If not can't the portraits (or other magic) guarding the common rooms keep track of (or even control) students' movements?
• What sort of security is supposed to be provided by common room passwords? In a couple words - not much. A password known to a very few people and communicated securely among them provides a moderate level of security. A password known to dozens of people and spoken aloud at a known location were it can be easily overheard, practically none.
• Why doesn't Harry get special training or, at least, encouragement to do well in his classes?
• Why doesn't a professor (or one of the Weasleys, since Harry doesn't wear school clothes at the Burrow) notice Harry's over-sized hand-me-down clothes and use magic to resize and repair them so they fit (and maybe wonder about his home life)?
• Why doesn't Harry get food from the Hogwarts kitchen to pack in his trunk before he returns to Privet Drive?
• How does Harry's room have loose floorboards? An old house like 12 Grimauld Place might have plank flooring directly on the joists with no sub-floor, but 4 Privet Drive is a fairly modern house. Wouldn't it have tongue-and-groove finish flooring on top of a solid sub-floor? That shouldn't come loose even if poorly nailed and wouldn't have an open cavity below it. A single instance of loose floorboards is unlikely to be the only problem in the house. I'd have expected people as picky and status concious as Vernon and Petunia to have had the house overhauled to fix all such problems.
• How did the twins learn to pick locks? Why? Where would they have encountered locks or had the opportunity to acquire or learn to make lock picks and to learn to use them?
• Mr Weasley connects Privet Drive to the Floo network. We assume Dumbledore allowed him to make the connection through the protections, but how did he make the connection without visiting the house? Can any fireplace be connected sight unseen?
• How can children be trusted to the Floo? If they don't say their destination clearly they could wind up anywhere! What can parents do if their child gets lost? The Weasleys did not follow Harry through the Floo when he was lost. Presumably they couldn't. How often do people get lost - speaking with their mouth full, being distracted while speaking, etc. Could someone who stutters, such as Quirrell, or has any other speach impediment use the Floo? Could a foreigner with a strong accent or someone with a strong regional accent use the Floo?
• Were there Floo connections at the World Cup site? What happens when several people try to Floo to the same location at once?
• Hedwig often (but not always) shows up when Harry wants to send a message. She also sometimes shows up when someone wants to send a message to him. This and the seeming understanding between Harry and Hedwig are remarked on in the books, but not followed up. What is the nature of the bond between Harry and Hedwig? Is this a normal 'familiar' bond? If not what is a normal familiar bond and how unusual is the bond between Harry and Hedwig?
• How intelligent and knowledgeable are snakes. The snake in the zoo gestured to the sign describing it. How would it know what the sign said? Does it read English? Does it understand spoken English as well? It so, why haven't the keepers noticed their snakes understand them? Does speaking parseltongue to a snake magically endow it with both intelligence and knowledge at least for the duration of the conversation?
• Do other countries associate Parseltongue with dark wizards? For instance, India has snake charmers - mightn't their wizards consider Parseltounge a valued gift?
• Does Parseltongue only give the ability to speak with snakes or does it extend to any other creatures, such as other snake-like reptiles or dragons? (Source: This idea comes from many stories in which it proves a solution to the first task.)
• Are there talents similar to Parseltongue (or spells) that allow people to talk to other kinds of animals?
• How intelligent and knowledgeable are Acromantulas? When did Aragog learn to speak? Could he speak when he was Hagrid's pet within Hogwarts? Could he have warned Hagrid about the Basilisk when Tom first released it? Aragog told Harry and Ron "we don't speak of it", but mightn't Hagrid have know enough about them to figure it out?
• How odd is it that Lily is a pretty redhead and Petunia is long necked, horse faced blonde?
• Harry attends Hogwarts against his relatives wishes (PS), he is allowed to spend several weeks in Diagon Alley (PoA), but is not allowed to visit Hogsmeade without a permission slip? It appears to be just a pretext to keep him "safe" while Sirius is on the loose, since Dumbledore accepts a permission slip from Sirius even though Sirius is still a wanted man. No mention of Harry needing a new permission slip in sixth year after Sirius died.
• Hermione's part Kneazle cat, Crookshanks, appeared to notice something off about Ron's pet rat, Scabbers. Wouldn't some students have had full or half Kneazle pets? Wouldn't they have noticed something off about Scabbers, too? CrookShanks was able to cooperate with Padfoot. Presumably a full Kneazle would be even more intelligent. Mightn't they have been able to communicate the issue to their owners more clearly?
• What are shops in Diagon Alley and Hogsmeade like? I recall a program describing the introduction of modern shopping (post WWII). Previously, all the goods were behind a counter and shoppers went to the counter to ask shop keepers to fetch what they wanted. Allowing shoppers to browse and pick goods off of shelves and racks is a relatively new innovation.
• Why couldn't the Ministry locate Sirius while he was on the run? Hedwig had no problem locating him.
• Hermione gets hate mail after Rita's article in GoF. Why doesn't Harry get any fan or hate mail? Perhaps there were charms to prevent Privet drive from being deluged with fan mail when he was a baby. Are those still in place? Are they blocking any important mail?
• Why does a silencing spell prevent someone from casting a spell verbally? In OoP35, Hermione silenced her opponent and was then hit with a spell that was cast silently (and therefore weaker than if it had been spoken). The silencing spell is described in OoP18 where they practice it on bullfrogs and ravens: "The bullfrog ... was struck dumb mid-croak and glared at her"; "Harry's bullfrog, which deflated silently"; "the raven continued to open and close its beak, but no sound came out". The first bullfrog seemed aware it had been silenced. It isn't clear if the second (Harry's) deflated as it continued to croak or if it realized it was silenced and let out the breath silently. It seems the raven wasn't aware. So, it's a toss up. If the victim is unaware they've been silenced (like the raven), it shouldn't be affected unless the victim needs to hear the spell (raising questions about how silent casting is different from verbal).
• In OoP13 we are told Conjuring spells are advanced magic, yet Draco conjured a snake in second year.
• Was Umbridge still Senior Undersecretary while she was teaching at Hogwarts? Was she receiving two salaries?
• What happened to Trawley and Firenze after Dumbledore left Hogwarts? Umbridge couldn't enter the Headmaster's office, but she was appointed to the position. Wouldn't she have evicted Trawley and fired Firenze? Why didn't she?
• When the diary drained Ginny's soul to create a new body for Tom, why did he appear with clothes on? I suppose its the same reason Ghosts appear with clothes. That and it helps keep the story child friendly (until later books get into ultraviolence and concentration camps).
• Did Ginny really suffer no lasting effects from the diary? Perhaps she had no memories from the times she was possessed, but did it have no subconscious effect? Even if the possession had no effect, what effect would corresponding with the diary for most of the year have on her? The diary had all that time to poison her mind with Tom's ideas. Shouldn't she have had counselling for that? What about the trama of the whole event? (Of course, Harry never received counselling for his trama's so it can hardly be expected Ginny would.) -- In chapter 20 of "Don't Look Back in Anger", Robst blames Ginny's untreated possession for her having an extreeme obsession for Harry.
• What would Bill Weasley, a curse breaker working in Egypt, know about Horcruxes? Shouldn't he have taken a professional interest in Ginny's possession? Perhaps he did and Harry didn't learn about it - Ron either being oblivious or keeping a family secret.
• Is cold blooded murder really the 'most heinous of crimes? That's what we are told someone must to weaken their soul, so it can be split to make a Horcrux. It not only seems to me that the concentration camps and mass murders of DH are both far more heinous crimes than the single murders used to create the Horcruxes, but also that splitting one's own immortal soul is itself more heinous than a single murder that releases the victim's intact soul to venture onto the 'next great adventure'. Do the fragments get reunited after death?
• Were all the soul fragments Tom used for his Horcruxes the same size? Did they get smaller as he made later ones either because they were a percentage of what he had left or because he was more skilled at splitting off smaller pieces?
• Are all Horcruxes self-aware? The Horcrux in the diary (first Horcrux) certainly was. It possessed Ginny and communicated to both Ginny and Harry. The ring (second Horcrux) was trapped to kill the wearer. If it tried to possess Dumbledore, it was not mentioned in the books. The Horcrux in the locket (third or fourth Horcrux) affected the wearer and when it was opened produced visions similar to a Boggart, but its not clear it was self aware.
• Does making a Horcrux have any affect on the person? Does it affect their behaviour, sanity, or magical power? Tom continued making more Horcruxes, so presumably not or at least not that he noticed.
• What happens when Horcruxes are destroyed (beyond loosing the anchor)? Is the soul fragment destroyed, sent on to 'the next great adventure' by itself, or does it rejoin the main soul? The way they scream suggests one of the former, but it could just be screaming from the loss of independance. Since the soul fragments are connected (as evidenced by the effects of the one on Harry), does the main soul piece notice when they are destroyed? Does the main soul piece suffer any loss if the fragment is destroyed or moves on? If the soul fragment rejoins the main soul piece does that have any benefit; i.e., undo any detriment suffered by the original splitting of the soul? The diary was destroyed while Tom was disembodied, so he may have been incapable of noticing. However, he doesn't appear to have noticed the later destruction of the Ring or other Horcruxes.
• If all the Horcruxes had been destroyed while Voldemort was disembodied, would his wraith have passed on or remained until killed while in a body?
• To what extent were the atrocities of the Muggle-born Registration Commission the fault of the locket rather than just Umbridge? OoP paints a portrait of Umbridge as a despicable person for whom the atrocities of the Muggle-born Registration Commission in DH are believable. However, the locket had a deleterious effect on each of the trio. What was its effect on Umbridge? Did the locket possess her? Was she still herself? When did she acquire it? If she acquired it before OoP, was the locket responsible for her sending the Dementors against Harry and her actions at Hogwarts? If she acquired it after OoP, it is likely she would have been a willing collaborator with Vodelmort's regime without it, but to what extent did the locket push her beyond her own terrible envelope?
• Would Voldemort have recognized the locket (or felt the Horcrux within it) if he'd met Umbridge while she was wearing it?
• Why does Tom ask Slughorn about Horcruxes? Why would Tom expect Slughorn to know about them or be willing to discuss them, even theoretically? Why would Slughorn know about them? Did Tom and Slughorn only talk about how many Horcruxes could be made? The memory Slughorn provided suggests that, but if that were the case why didn't Slughorn make the information Tom was considering Horcruxes known? Was he unaware that Tom was Voldemort? Was he unaware of the claims by DEs that Voldemort would return from death? Perhaps Slughorn had a reason not to want to be questioned? Had he provided Tom with information on how to make Horcruxes or other dark magic? If so, why? Was Tom blackmailing him? Did Dumbledore know? (Chapter 25 of Knowledge is Power by Robst suggests Tom blackmailed Slughorn and that a manipulative Dumbledore knew of Slughorns transgressions.)
• What other useful information about Tom and his Death Eaters does Slughorn have? Presumably Tom and some of his DEs were members of the 'Slug Club'. What assistance did he give them during and after Hogwarts? Did he provide any of this information to Dumbledore or the Ministry? (Source: Chapter 39 of Harry Crow by Robst, which has a nice verbal thrashing of Slughorn on this point.)
• If no one says Voldemort's name, how does everyone know to fear it? How do post-war children know the name? Why do they fear Voldemort's name and not that of Gellert Grindelwald?
• Is the DADA position really cursed? If so, what sort of magic is that and why aren't there any other examples of it? Is it the position that is cursed or Dumbledore's ability to hire anyone who'll last more than a year? Would the curse apply if the course was renamed? Maybe create a new course, teach both for a couple years (to prove the curse isn't on the new course) then eliminate the old course? Maybe have McGonagall hire a DADA professor while Dumbledore is on vacation?
• Why does Remus teach Harry to cast the Patronis with a Boggart/Dementor? Remus has him do one practice cast, producing a mist, then immediately brings out the Boggart. Shouldn't he master the spell first, then learn to cast it with the Boggart/Dementor?
• If only a few adults can learn to cast a Potronus and few have the power to cast it well, how are so many members of the DA able to learn it from Harry?
• Why is there no mention of parents or other family meeting students in Hogsmeade (except for Harry meeting Sirius in the cave)? Can students whose homes are in the village go home on Hogsmeade weekends?
• Once, Petunia took the scissors to his hair and it grew back overnight. Was it accidental magic or an indication of a latent metamorph ability? (JKR has said it was accidental magic.) Was that an isolated incident? Harry always came home from the barber with his hair the same as when he went. Presumably "the same" means "still an uncontrolled mess" as the barber would notice if it wasn't shorter and if it always grew back on the way home it wouldn't have been a surprise when it grew back overnight after Petunia cut it. Did his hair grow normally if it wasn't cut? Do wizards and witches have barbers or is there a hair cutting spell (or both)?
• How do younger students get their hair cut before they can go to a barber in Hogsmeade or cast the hair cutting spell (assuming there is such)? How do younger students purchase extra stationary supplies or new clothes (if they out grow of or wear out the ones they brought with them)? How did the Weasley boys get extra stationary supplies when their parents and Ginny went to visit Charley over Christmas? Had they brought enough for the full year in September?
• No mention is ever made of Harry getting his eye's tested or getting new glasses after he got his first pair. Did his prescription never change? Is Harry near-sighted or far-sighted? How does he spot the snitch so well with poor vision? Is it significant that the only students with glasses seem to be Harry and his father James?
• Harry buys school uniforms before his first year. He visits Diagon Alley with the Weasleys before second year. He lives in Diagon Alley for a couple weeks before third year. He does not visit Diagon Alley before fourth, fifth, or sixth years. Nor before the Horcrux hunt. How does he get new clothes and school uniforms for later years? Does he continue to receive hand-me-downs from Dudley after first year?
• If no one was supposed to know where Harry was living, why weren't the Dursley's instructed to give him a false name to keep him from being located in Muggle school records?
• Ron levitates the troll's club. This serves to create the initial bond of friendship among the trio, but there is no followup of the implications of Ron's feat. Most of the class had trouble levitating a feather. Ron levitated a huge club. Not only that, he yanked it out of the troll's hand. Why is there no followup or compliments on Ron's power? Shouldn't the teachers have taken an interest and tried to help him develop his demonstrated ability as much as possible? I'll bet none of his brothers achieved a similar feat in their first term at Hogwarts.
• How high was the bathroom ceiling? Ron levitated the troll's club and dropped it on its head. Would a second floor bathroom ceiling be high enough to do that? A mountain troll is 12' tall and the club would have had to fall some distance to gain the momentum to knock it out (unless Ron's magic propelled it down and didn't just let it drop). Is it reasonable for a second floor bathroom to have such a high ceiling? The castle's entrance and main floor might have high ceilings, but would the dungeons (where the troll was reported) or the upper floors (where it found Hermione) have such high ceilings? Are all the stair cases magical to allow students to regularly climb to and from the Gryffindor dorms on the seventh floor? If all the floors have 15' ceilings, that's a lot of stairs to climb up and down.
• With seven flights of stairs to descend (baring secret passages that skip floors), I don't imagine high heels were popular with Gryffindor or Ravenclaw girls attending the Tri-Wizard Tournament Ball.
• Why would the girls be worried about bruised toes from having them stepped on while dancing? They might be worried about missteps or tripping, but they should have been able to spell their dancing shoes to protect themselves against bruises. If the younger students couldn't cast the spell, wouldn't older students help them out? Wouldn't the younger witches at least wish they could cast the spell?
• If Harry's invisibility cloak is one of the Hallows, capable of hiding the wearer from Death himself, why can Dumbledore and Mad-Eye see him when he's wearing it?
• Why would James have had an invisibility cloak while a student at Hogwarts? Shouldn't it have been in his father's care? Why would it be passed down to James while he was still a student?
• How is it that the twins' pranked food products taste normal, but medical potions taste terrible?
• When playing the chess game on the way to rescue the stone, why did Ron put Harry on a bishop and choose a knight for himself? Hermione was relatively safe on a rook, but Ron should have known that knights and bishops are frequently lost or sacrificed. A better choice would have been the king, queen, and a rook. If Ron feared needing to sacrifice his queen he might have chosen king and two rooks.
• Are curses and pranks easier than assigned school work? It seems the students are able to easily cast curses that are more advanced than the school work they struggle with. At the start of second year, Ron's Slug Spitting hex backfires, but is successful. Ginny seems to have been taught the Bat Bogey Curse before she started Hogwarts. I wonder about side effects of miscasting while learning the spells. The twins' and marauders' pranks also seem more advanced than what is taught in class. Is it just a matter of motivation? How exceptional was Hermione's success in casting several spells before entering Hogwarts?
• In the GoF, the portkey taking the Weasleys and Diggorys to the campsite was waiting for them on a hill some distance from either's home. Why? It would have made much more sense for one of the families to have the portkey and the other Floo over. If they didn't want to impose by using family homes as assembly sites, they could have used businesses. Leaving it out on a hill risks it being found and moved by someone else (a muggle - hiker or land owner) - unless additional precautions were made that aren't necessary if the portkey were kept safe in a Wizard's possession. Even with precautions, such as a muggle repelling spell, someone like Lucius Malfoy could arrange for a portkey left in the open to be misplaced to inconvenience someone he doesn't like.
• Why is anyone allowed to learn and get a license to use apparation, but port-keys are restricted? When apparating there is a possibility of splinching (until you learn how to do it properly). Portkeys appear to be more flexible, allowing a random selection of people to travel. They were widely used for the World Cup, so I assume there isn't a problem using a properly made port-key. Is there a problem similar to splinching when learning to make portkeys? Something worse? If not, why isn't the portkey spell adapted for immediate travel to use instead of apparation.
• Polyjuice appears to transform the drinker into the target person as that person was when the hair sample was taken. We know this from how it affected Barty Crouch Jr. He turned into Alaster Moody as he was when captured - without a leg or eye, but otherwise healthy. Barty didn't show the deterioration of health Moody suffered during captivity. Does this mean older wizards and witches who saved hair from their youth can use it with polyjuice potion to temporarily relive their youth? If Dumbledore had thought to save hair samples from his prime, could he use this to advantage in combat? Could Moody temporarily regain his lost eye and leg? If you are on the edge of death and take polyjuice potion using a hair from a healthy person, is your death delayed so you have time to get to the hospital? Barty Crouch Sr's wife was near death when she took her son's place in Azkaban using Polyjuice and died before it ran out, so there must be some limit to this (or she took poison). If you only had one hair from a person, could you use it to transform into the person and then use hairs taken from yourself while in that form to continue using the form? -- In The Philosopher's Red Herring, White Squirrel hypothesises that regular use of long lasting (12 hour) polyjuice potion could be used to obtain long life. The average human has 150,000 head hairs, so one hair cut could provide enough hairs for over 136 years using one hair per dose of the potion taken three times a day, providing a four hour overlap in case there is a delay or a problem with the potion. (In the White Squirrel's story, Nicholas has an odd haircut because most hairs were taken partly through a hair cut, but he could shave his head and use a hair growth potion or a wig.)
• Barty Crouch Sr's wife took her son's place in Azkaban using Polyjuice. She was already terminally ill and we can assume exposure to the Dementors hastened her death. How could they depend on her dying while polyjuiced? Even assuming they smuggled a supply of 12 hour polyjuice potion in with her and she took it every six hours, how could they count on her dying within twelve hours of her last dose. Mightn't she fall unconscious after five hours and linger seven hours, transforming back to herself before dying? Besides, the supply of potions or empty vials would be discovered. The only way to be sure she'd die while polyjuiced would be to take a dose of poison.
• Fake Moody (Barty Crouch Jr) transfigured Draco into a ferret. Can you transfigure an injured person into a healthy animal or an uninjured version of themselves? Would this be an effective method of emergency first aid? If you transfigure a bleeding person into an inanimate object, do they continue to bleed? Conversely, could you transfigure a healthy person into an injured person?
• How common or uncommon are pensieves? Is Dumbledore's the only one in Britain? One of a very few? Does the Ministry have one (or more)? Does the Daily Prophet? Can you make pictures from memories shown in a pensieve? Does the Ministry know Dumbledore has one? (Dumbledore doesn't seem upset when Harry learns he has one in GoF and lets Snape borrow it in OoP, so its probably not a secret.)
• What sort of magic does a pensieve use that allows it to recreate "a moment for you, so you could go into your own memory and relive things that you didn't notice the time" (JKR, accio-quote, 16 July 2005)? Some sort of clairvoyance or divination? The person using the pensive sees the memory as if standing in it to the side of the person who's memory it is. They can see things the person didn't originally see, things that aren't part of the person's memory. It shows reality, not what the person believes (or wants to believe). Despite this, it is possible to distort what is seen, though such efforts are obvious to the viewer (OoP). Why? If what's being shown is reality, more than the mere memory, how could attempting to modify the memory distort the reality that is shown? How is a deliberately falsified memory different from something that is mis-remembered?
• Is it purely coincidence that Dumbledore had his memory of Barty Crouch Jr's trial in his pensieve at the time Barty Crouch Jr. himself was present in the school, impersonating Alaster Moody? Was he reviewing memories involving Barty Crouch Sr. or was he reviewing his memory of Jr.?
• Voldemort was able to learn that Bertha Jekins had seen Barty Crouch Jr alive despite Barty Crouch Sr having obliviated her. Was Crouch's obliviation imperfect or are traces of memories left even after a successful obliviation?
• Cedric transfigured a rock into a dog to distract the dragon. According to Gamp's law of elemental transfiguration, you aren't supposed to be able to transfigure something into food? What would have happened if the dragon if it had eaten the dog? Perhaps it would have ended up with bits of rock in its stomach? What if a large bolder had been transfigured into a small dog? Would its stomach have been ruptured? Is it possible to transfigure something one size into something of another size? If not, we know Fake Moody enlarged the spiders, is it possible to shrink something then transfigure it? Large boulder -> much smaller rock -> small dog -> ? when eaten.
• How does the Knight Bus know when someone waves their wand? Is it a feature of the wand or some sort of detection net? Does the Ministry know the location of every wand?
• Why would Sirius endanger Moony by telling Severus how to get past the Whomping Willow? If Severus were harmed, Moony would probably have been executed. Even if Severus escaped, Moony might still have been executed or expelled. Did James act to save Severus' life or Moony's? It doesn't make sense that Sirius would dare Severus to go to the shack on the night of a full moon. For that matter, it doesn't make sense that he'd give up the secret of how to get there (and hence to Hogsmeade) to a Slytherin. Sirius may be an irresponsible prankster who hates Slytherins and Snape in particular, but he's gone through the difficult process of becoming an animagus to aid Moony. Would he endanger Moony by sending Snape to him? (In chapter 12 of "A Marauder's Plan", CatsAreCool suggests that Snape may have goaded Sirius into the revelation, already knowing Remus was a werewolf and wanting to cause trouble.)
• Snape's rant about getting Sirius kissed (PoA) is somewhat reasonable based on the existing Kiss on Sight order. But Remus? He's just spent an entire school year working with Remus. Snape's suggestion that Remus be kissed seems over the top. It makes Snape appear unbalanced. It takes him beyond untrustworthy into being dangerous.
• How does something as useful as the Room of Requirement get forgotten? Did founders keep it for their own use and not tell their successors about it? Was there a time when the entire faculty died all at once? One must suppose the knowledge was lost before magical portraits were developed or else that the portraits of past headmasters do not retain that level of knowledge. The older ghosts, such as Bloody Baron and the Grey Lady, must either not have ever known about it or have chosen not to reveal it.
• Why didn't the faculty or anyone else (other than Draco) show any interest in the Room of Requirement after it was discovered in Harry's fifth year? Why didn't Harry use the Marauders' Map to watch the approaches to the room in his sixth year, thereby discovering Crabb and Goyle were polyjuiced as guards?
• Why was Snape's textbook in the pile of old texts? I can't imagine Snape had it there. Perhaps he had it on a shelf of potions texts and Slughorn moved it to the pile of texts not realizing it was Snape's own text? Were Snape's other texts there?
• If it is supposed to be difficult and rare to become an animagus, how did three marauders accomplish it? Three out of three succeeding in a rare talent? That seems long odds. Can anyone become an animagus if they are willing to put in the effort?
• When an animagus changes to their animal form, why do their clothes change with them (other than making it much more useful, child friendly, and otherwise convenient for the author)? Is there any limit on what they can take with them when they transform? We know they can include their wand in the transformation. What about other magical objects? What would happen if an animagus were carrying a bag with expanded a space expansion charm? What would happen if Sirius transformed into Padfoot while Rita was hidden in his pocket in her beetle form? Could he transform with a real beetle or small animal in his pocket?
• If a person's animagus form reflects something they normally wear, what happens if they transform when they are not wearing it? For instance, both McGonagall's and Skitter's animagus forms reflect their eyeglasses; how would their forms be affected if they transformed while not wearing their eyeglasses? What happens if they change what they normally wear, for instance changing from round glasses to square? What if they get a distinctive scar?
• How much does an animagus need to eat when they are in their animal form? Peter Pettigrew was in his animagus form for years. Did he only eat enough for a rat? Did he need to occasionally return to human form and eat as a man (at night when the Weasleys were in bed)? Did only eating as a rat make him tired (Ron commented that Scabbers slept a lot)?
• If a Death Eater became an animagus, would their form have a dark mark? If a person who was already an animagus took the dark mark would their animagus form change to show it?
• It is harder to apparate with someone (side-along) than by yourself. What happens if a person is carrying an animagus when they try to apparate? For instance, the Weasley parents might have tried to side-along apparate Percy or Ron while Scabbers was in the boy's pocket. Another example would be if Rita (in her beetle form) was hiding on someone when he tried to apparate. Would the attempt succeed, fail, or splinch? Would the extra payload be noticed?
• Mr. Weasley took the twins, Ron, Ginny, Harry, and Hermone to the World Cup by portkey while Bill, Charley, and Percy apparated. Why couldn't the four adults take the other six by side-along apparation? It would have taken two trips, but would that have been a problem? (On the other hand, how did the older boys know where to apparate to?)
• Did Harry have a Godmother? If so, who was it? If not, why not? - JKR answers this in an interview given at the 15 August 2004 Edinburgh Book Festival: "No, he doesn’t. I have thought this through. If Sirius had married…". It's interesting that JKR mentions his "christening" in that quote, since other there isn't much indications of religion in the books other than calling the holidays Christmas and Easter (which may be vocabulary bleed).
• Why did Mrs Weasley have everyone cleaning Grimmauld Place by hand. Couldn't the adults and Kreacher clean it much more quickly, easily, and thoroughly with magic? Was it just a diversion to keep young hands busy? Since there were actual nasty creatures and dark objects, why wasn't there an adult present when they were cleaning?
• How did the boggart and other nasty creatures get into the Grimmauld Place? Setting aside that Sirus' mother was alive until 1985 and Kreacher continued to live there after that, shouldn't the house have protections against their entry? Of course, by that logic they shouldn't have been able to get into Hogwarts either, but that isn't such a great surprise since the protections there didn't keep out a troll, Voldemort's wraith, animagi, Death Eaters, or dementors (despite how safe Hogwarts was supposed to be?). Were all protections that bad? How did the various creatures survive in Grimmauld Place?
• Why didn't the Weasleys notice Scabbers was living longer than he should? The average lifespan of a pet rat is 2-3 years. The maximum lifespan in a lab is 7 years. By the time Ron entered Hogwarts, they'd had Scabbers almost 10 years. Why didn't Ron say anything when (in PoA) the witch at the Magical Menagerie said rats only live three years or so? When asked how old Scabbers was, he'd just said "Dunno, Quite old," but he knew he was much older than three years.
• What is the relationship between Hermione and her parents? She doesn't get to see them except at Christmas and summer holidays and seems eager to see them. Given that and her respect for authority, why does she even consider staying at Hogwarts for Christmas in CoS? Wouldn't her parents have had plans? After GoF, she spends much of her summers with Ron and Harry. Why is she wiling to leave them? Why is she willing to go somewhere safe, leaving them without protection? Then she turns around and sends them to Australia to be safe.
• The Dursleys lived in a four bedroom house even though they only had one child. Why? No one plans on a single child needing two bedrooms. What were their plans for that bedroom? Were they planning on having more children? Did they decide not to have additional children because Harry was there? Was that an unmentioned cause for resentment? Did the protections interfere with them having additional children? Was Harry a financial burden preventing them from having being able to afford another child?
• "Mr Dursley was the director of a firm called Grunnings" (PS1). 'The' director, not 'a' director. Is that correct? Is he really 'the' director or just a local sales director? How large a firm is Grunnings? Vernon parked in the "Grunnings' carpark" suggesting they have their own building. His office is on the ninth floor suggesting a large company if it has its own nine story building and also confirming a fairly senior position. On the other hand, his might be a handful of Grunnings' parking spots in a larger lot and the firm may lease a single floor or just part of the floor for their local sales office. He entertained prospective clients in his rather ordinary house. If he's 'the' director, that suggests Grunnings is a small or modestly medium size firm. On the other hand if he's just a local sales director then Grunnings could be a much more substantial firm. Lily was 21 when she died in 1981, Petunia was only a few years older (she asked to go to Hogwarts with Lily) and Vernon is unlikely more than 10 years older than her. So he's probably 25-35 in 1981. That's fairly young to be in charge of a company. Does he have an ownership stake in the company, perhaps inherited? Is it owned by a larger firm? How well off is he? Was Harry a financial burden? What were the consequences of his suddenly taking several days off to run away from the Hogwarts letters?
• If Hagrid could put Harry on a train to get home from Diagon Alley with all his purchases including his trunk and owl cage, the Dursleys didn't need to drive Harry to and from the station. So why did they? Could it be they are more responsible than Hagrid? Perhaps they just didn't want the neighbours to see Harry traveling on his own.
• After Voldemort's defeat, one would expect a bit of a baby boom and that many children might be named Harry, James, Lily, or variants thereof. Those children would start arriving at Hogwarts in Harry's third year, but there's no mention of either larger first year classes or popularity of those names. Is this just a detail left out of the books (Harry missed the sorting third year and doesn't interact much with students outside his classes) or is indicative of a difference between magical and muggle society?
• Why does it seem Wizarding families are small? There might be a scarcity of older children born during the height of Voldemort's power, but wouldn't many of them have younger siblings? There are certainly a few families with more than one child -- the Weasleys are a large family, the Black Family tree shows several of the older generations had more than two children, and the Greengrasses, Delacours and Patils each had two daughters -- but they seem to be the exception. Perhaps its just seems a lot of families only have a single child because it keeps the story simpler if the characters don't have large families pulling relatives into the story (and perhaps that's a reason for Harry not getting to know too many fellow students, too). It makes sense for constructing the story, but a low birthrate would spell the end for a small genetically distinct population.
• Why would a 'Secure Centre for Incurably Criminal Boys' allow students to go home for summer holidays?
• Were either Harry or his parents awarded an Order of Merlin for Voldemort's defeat? If Peter Pettigrew was awarded one for his confrontation with Sirius, surely Harry or his parents should have been awarded one for defeating Voldemort.
• Are there a chocolate frog cards for Harry or his parents? Why not? Isn't he famous enough? Perhaps the makers of the cards are more scrupulous about getting consent than the publishers of the Harry Potter story books?
• Anti-apparition and anti-portkey charms must only affect a limited area. You have to get out of that area to escape. How deep do they go? Even if a horizontal escape tunnel isn't practical, couldn't homes have vertical escape tunnels or wells? If attacked, people could use it to get down under the anti-transportation charms to escape. It would be hard to use it as a path into the house.
• The diary Tom Riddle says Hagrid tried to raise Werewolf cubs under his bed (CoS17). How would that work? Except for the night of the full moon when they might be caged under his bed, they'd be children. The hp-lexicon page on werewolves reports that JKR has said Tom was lying, but why would he make such an easily refuted lie? Perhaps, JKR's concept of werewolves changed between CoS and PoA and she rationalized the diary's statement as a lie. (A story on this topic is Alex and Amy by Lucillia.)
• While learning how to fight a Bogart may be important, how wise was it to have the students take turns facing it while the others watched and learned their worst fears? It could lead to taunting or bullying. Those with an easily reproducible nemesis, like Ron, would be especially susceptible.
• In PoA20, Remus didn't transform into a werewolf until "A cloud shifted [...] Their party was bathed in moonlight". What if the night is solidly overcast all night long and the moon never appears? Could magic be used to ensure that? Will a person transform if they are hidden indoors or in a cave with no outside light? Perhaps the moon was on the horizon and only fully rose as the clouds cleared (in Inverness, moon rise on June 23, 1994, was 9:59PM; on May 25, it was 10:26PM - the dates of the full moon).
• The tales of the marauders roaming the Hogwarts grounds under the full moon are frightening. What if someone were out on the grounds? Perhaps visiting a greenhouse. The consequences should they have lost control of Moony would have been devastating for both the victim and Remus. It seems incredibly irresponsible for them to attempt such a thing. However, the reports that Remus found the transformation easier under those circumstances are interesting. One wonders what would happen if a pack of werewolves transformed together; would they have a similar easier transformation or would they tear each other apart, perhaps it would depend on whether the infected people were friends or not. Presumably there is some experience with this happening and the answers are known, if not widespread among the uninfected magical community. It is certain that the marauders researched werewolves; perhaps they had learned Moony would be happier and controllable if they allowed him to wander under their supervision. It would still be irresponsible to do so in a populated area, but perhaps not utterly so and certainly more understandable.
• Are other Wizarding communities as anti-muggle as Britain?
• How do magical children operate magical devices in their homes. How do they turn room lights on and off? How do they help with chores like washing dishes or doing laundry if that is normally done with magic? How do they turn on the Wizarding Wireless? Older children would be able to turn some devices on and off with a wand tap, but younger children can't even do that. Are room lights enchanted to be voice activated? Can muggles use household magical devices that are operable by young magical children? How do magical children learn to do household chores if they aren't able to use magic at home?
• Why are the Ministry for Magic and St. Mungo's Hospital located in muggle areas rather than Diagon Alley or some other magical location. The Ministry of Magic is located beneath a muggle building. How old is the building?
• The prophecy speaks of "the one" and both Dumbledore and Voldemort seem to assume that will be a wizard born at the end of July. Could it be a house-elf or some other magical race? Might a pair of house-elves (not having explicit orders to obey him) have defied the Dark Lord three times? Might their child be "the one" to vanquish the Dark Lord? (Source: At least one ff story has postulated such.)
• The prophecy speaks of the "Dark Lord", but doesn't identify who the Dark Lord is. Could it be someone other than Voldemort? Given that Dumbledore identified Harry as the subject of the prophecy (marking him) and manipulated his life with the intent of making him a martyr, some have suggested he may have been the Dark Lord - up until he's killed by someone else. There's also the problem that although Dumbledore ensured Harry did not have a happy life, there's no evidence Dumbledore's life was curtailed to mere survival.
• When and why was the Veil of Death created? Was it created (or used) only as a means of studying death or to study death like other things in the DoM? Does it have any other use? (For one idea, see Public Safety by Yunaine)
• Why did Slughorn have Snape's Potions' text among a pile of old texts? Was the pile of old texts inherited from Snape's tenure as Potions professor? Why would Snape have put his own text in a pile of old texts? He would have known it contained his notes for Sectumsempra as well as improved instructions for brewing various potions.
• Why would Harry attempt an untried spell in combat? First, in OoP, he attempts to cast the Torture Curse (Cruciatus) at Bellatrix, then, in HBP, he casts Snape's dark cutting curse (Sectumsempra) at Draco. We are repeatedly shown that it takes time and multiple attempts for Harry to learn to cast a new spell. Harry knows he usually doesn't succeed on the first try. Why would he try a spell he hasn't practiced in combat?
• How could Harry cast a long spell like Sectumsempra faster than Draco could cast Cruciatus when Draco started casting the shorter spell first? Perhaps it's just not mentioned that Draco finished the spell while Harry started casting his spell, but missed - having failed to adjust his aim while Harry fell. (Credit: kb0, see author note at the end of Chapter 3 of "Harry Potter and the Unexpected Power")
• How does Harry cast the Torture Curse (Cruciatus) so easily against Amycus (DH30)? Has he been practicing? If not shouldn't he have used a spell he's had practice with? How does McGonagall accept his use of an unforgivable so easily and then cast one (Imperious) herself?
• Why isn't there any fallout from Draco using the Imperious curse on Rosemerta? He has her Imperious Katie Bell to take the cursed necklace to Hogwarts. How much did he practise to be sure to be able to get accomplish that? Had he practised over the summer? What abuses did he commit while practising? (Source: profile of witowsmp)
• Why aren't time turners more widely used? We only see one being used by Hermione. If they are available for something as trivial as taking extra classes, you'd expect them to be used in many situations. For instance, Aurors or Healers could use them when responding to emergencies, take an hour to get ready then jump back an hour (or vice versa). James and Lily could have used one to escape from Voldemort - when James spotted Voldemort, they'd run to Harry then jump back in time to escape before he got there. There can't be serious problems using them or one would (or at least should) not have been provided to a student.
• What is the origin of the vanishing cabinets? How did Draco learn enough about them to repair the one at Hogwarts? Why aren't there more examples of this form of magic? How does their method of travel compare to Floo, apparation, and portkeys? Would Harry keep his balance going through them?
• At the end of HBP3, "Dumbledore waves his wand and the trunk, cage and Hedwig vanished" (sent from Privet Drive to the Burrow). This seems to be a very powerful ability which appears to be quick and easy, at least for Dumbledore who apparently cast it wordlessly as no incantation was mentioned. Could this be used in combat to send an opponent's wand away? How about moving a chunk of earth from below an opponent's feet to over his head? Since it works for living things (Hedwig was moved), perhaps you could send your opponent away, perhaps into an ambush or a cell that is warded to only allow incoming traffic.
• In GoF, Voldemort uses Pettigrew's mark to summon the other DEs. In DH, Malfoy and Belatrix were going to use their marks to summon Voldemort. How could DEs contact Voldemort through the mark when he can't contact them without using one of their marks? Perhaps they were going to contact another DE who was stationed with Voldemort. How extensive is the ability for DEs to communicate with each other? Was it used during peace time? If they could contact Voldemort directly, why wasn't this used while Voldemort was a wraith?
• When did handsome Tom Riddle become snake face Lord Voldemort? What caused it? What did he gain? When he met Dumbledore at Hogwarts to apply for the DADA position and hide the Diadem, he presumably still looked normal. Dumbledore knew he had begun gathering followers who secretly called themselves Death Eaters. When Voldemort was restored to his body in 1995, he did not comment on his snake faced appearance and none of the Death Eaters he summoned commented on it then or later. That suggests he had the snake face when he was vanquished in 1981. So sometime between when he started gathering followers and 1981, Voldemort did something that changed his appearance from handsome to snake faced.
• Before his defeat, was it known that Death Eaters bear the Dark Mark? It might have immediately vanished upon the bearer's death, but wouldn't it be noticed that captured Death Eaters are marked? If the mark was known, wouldn't people look for it? Wouldn't it be standard procedure to check for it a the entrance to the Ministry and other strategic locations? Shouldn't short sleeves come into fashion? Wouldn't long sleeves be viewed with suspicion?
• What is the point of Death Eaters hiding their identity behind a mask if they have the Dark Mark on their arm and everyone knows Death Eaters all have it? Was there a way to hide the mark?
• What is required to earn the Dark Mark? We don't know. We know Death Eaters are expected to be loyal to Voldemort, but Snape and Regulus were disloyal -- so there is no unbreakable vow. During their confrontation on the Astronomy tower in HBP, Draco appeared to accept Dumbledore's assertion that he had not yet killed -- so Draco, at least, was not required to commit a murder to earn his mark (as some Fanfiction stories hypothesize is generally the case).
• What are the features of the Dark Mark? It can be used by Voldemort to summon his followers (GoF). It can be used by his followers to summon Voldemort (DH). It cannot be removed by the Ministry, since if there was a way to remove it a reformed spy like Snape and those who supposedly received it under the effect of the Imperious curse would be expected to have had it removed. It does not enforce loyalty since Regulus successfully rebelled -- unlike Pettigrew's hand which killed him when he hesitated when reminded of a life debt to Harry. Karkaroff attempted to flee and hide when Voldemort returned, this may suggest he had some hope of success meaning he thought (rightly or wrongly) that the Dark Mark couldn't be used to track him (or perhaps that Voldemort wouldn't bother).
• There is a discrepancy between the size of a Quidditch pitch and the brooms on which it is played. A Quidditch pitch is 500' long (QA). We are told (PoA4) that a Firebolt accelerates from naught to 150mph in 10 seconds. Assuming a constant rate of acceleration during those 10 seconds, that's an acceleration of 15 miles per hour per second or 22 feet per second per second (about 0.68G, 1G=32.2 feet per second per second).
After 1 second, a Firebolt has accelerated to 22ft per second and has travelled 11ft.
After 2 seconds, a Firebolt has accelerated to 44ft per second and has travelled 44ft.
After 3 seconds, a Firebolt has accelerated to 66ft per second and has travelled 99ft.
After 4 seconds, a Firebolt has accelerated to 88ft per second and has travelled 176ft.
After 5 seconds, a Firebolt has accelerated to 110ft per second and has travelled 275ft.
So, starting from nothing, it takes 4.76 seconds to travel 250 feet (half the pitch) and 6.74 seconds to travel 500 feet (the length of the pitch) without breaking. Reaction time (e.g., for breaking a car) is 1.5 seconds. This means if two players on Firebolts are hovering side by side and one speeds off accelerating to maximum speed, the first will travel 24.75' before the second reacts. The speed of a baseball when it is professionally thrown or hit by a bat may be as high as 100mph (150'/s), but a Bludger is a lot bigger (10" diameter) so it is hopefully a lot slower, still what is the impact force if it hits a player traveling at speed? Of course, descriptions of the Wronski feint suggest a broom can turn at least ninety degrees in a very short distance, suggesting that turning and perhaps breaking use a different mechanism than accelerating to full speed that may involve much higher rate acceleration or deceleration.
• If Voldemort was put through the veil, would his Horcruxes offer any protection? They are supposed to tie him to this world, but the veil is supposed to be a direct crossing. Would his Horcruxes prevent his wraith from crossing? If not, would they offer a path for his wraith to follow back through the veil? Would this violate the rule that no magic can undo death?
• Does Sirius being Harry's Godfather indicate that Wizards and Witches are Christian? Godfather and Godmother are Christian terms for the persons who sponsor a child's baptism and in answering a question on whether Harry had a Godmother, JKR mentions Harry's christening. If so, are they Protestant or Catholic or various? The Church of England separated from the Roman Catholic Church in 1534, well before the Statute of Secrecy was established in 1692, but that presumably codified an existing or in progress separation. It's understandable that JKR didn't want to get into this issue, but it's an interesting question.
• Harry has a dementor induced memory of Voldemort's attack when he was 15 months old. I recall reading somewhere that the brain 'rewires' itself as we grow up and in the process erases our infant memories. I don't recall what age that happens at, but wonder if Harry could have memories back that far. I suppose it might be a rare memory that survived the rewiring (if that's possible) or maybe it's magic, like a pensieve showing more than a person could see.
• How different were Harry and Hermione's introductions to the magical world? Did they ever compare notes?
• Neville's family worried he might be a squib until he displayed some accidental magic. Does that mean the system for identifying Hogwarts students doesn't list them until the year they are to enter or that the system depends on them displaying some accidental magic? If the latter, does that mean magical children who's lives don't provoke a display of accidental magic don't get invited and are falsely presumed to be squibs? Could a variant of the system identify younger magical children? What do other countries use?
• What is the role of women in magical society? Hogwarts was co-founded by two wizards and two witches a thousand years ago. In western muggle society, women have only been freed from the home in the past century - largely by the invention of the automatic washing machine. Witches apparently have equal magical ability and have probably been able to quickly wash clothes by magic for many centuries, perhaps since before Hogwarts was founded. How has the role of women in magical society evolved over that much longer time.
• Tonk's pregnancy occurs off-page. I wonder what special magic there may be related to pregnancy and child birth. First, there might be a contraceptive potion that minimizes cramps and other side effects of a witch's monthly cycle. Perhaps it suppresses the monthly release of ova, so the witch doesn't have a monthly cycle and menopause is delayed, extending a witch's fertile years (especially if the potion also preserves the ova). Second, there might be a spell or amulet that detects when a witch is fertile and then pregnant. Third, although we have learned that pregnancy is delicate and that drugs are to be avoided, I wonder if there might be a potion to suppress morning sickness or a non-nauseous nutrient potion (given the cliché bad taste of healing potions, perhaps not). If not a potion, perhaps a spell to suppress morning sickness and increase appetite. Fourth, I wonder if there might be a girdle to bear the child's weight preventing poor balance, back pain, and sore swollen ankles. Fifth, I wonder if there might be spells to ease childbirth either by relaxing muscles and drawing the child out or maybe a temporary space expansion charm - eliminating long painful labour. Sixth, I wonder what spells or potions there may be for getting a witch back in shape either after pregnancy (or in the case of potions, after the end of breastfeeding). Given the equality of witches and wizards dating back at least to the founding of Hogwarts, I imagine considerable effort may have been given to these issues over the years.
• How has Hogwarts changed over time? Have their been additions? Have parts of the original been removed? Stone construction existed, but was fairly rare in non-magical England a thousand years ago when Hogwarts was founded. We know the Great Hall and its enchanted ceiling are original. We know the Room of Requirement is on the seventh floor of one of the towers. Was it original? We know plumbing was added (and the trap door leading to Slytherin's Chamber of Secrets relocated by a descendant).
• Given that Hogwarts was founded (c1000) long before the Ministry (late 1600s) and possibly before the Ministry's predecessor, the Wizarding Council (which existed by mid 1200s) one wonders what the relationship between them is. It appears the Headmaster is answerable to the Hogwarts Board of Governors, since the Board dismissed the Headmaster in PoA. In OoP, the Ministry was able to force the Headmaster to hire Umbridge. It is not clear whether these were issued by the Minister on his own discretion or if some other authority was involved. However, Umbridge was not able take the position of Headmaster after Dumbledore left the school. Did the Board not approve? The castle? Can a headmaster only be removed if the headmaster is willing to leave? When telling Harry about the prophecy, Dumbledore said that he had been thinking of dropping the Divination class. It is not clear if he could do that on his own authority or if he would require approval from another source. The Wizarding Examination Authority administers the OWL and NEWT examinations, supervising and marking the exams. However, it is not stated who is responsible for preparing the exams and thereby setting course goals and requirements.
• Is there an educational or professional rank beyond NEWTs? For instance, is there a Mastery qualification? If so, how would one obtain it? Snape has the job title of Hogwarts' Potions Master. Does he also hold an educational or professional qualification of Potions Master? Would it be granted by the Wizarding Education Authority or would each specialty have its own professional organization, such as the Most Extraordinary Society of Potioneers, that grants the rank of Master?
• If Snape held the professional rank of Potions Master (not just the job title of Howarts' Potions Master), when would he have had time to earn it? He graduated from Hogwarts in 1978 and was hired as Potions Master c1980. Between times, he served Voldemort.
• What do Hogwarts students say in their letters home? Didn't anyone mention Dumbledore's warning about the third floor corridor? Didn't anyone mention a troll loose in the castle? Didn't anyone mention rumours of dead unicorns? Didn't anyone mention a cat, students, and even a ghost being petrified? Didn't anyone mention dementors boarding the Hogwarts express and swarming a Quidditch match? Didn't any parents get upset at such news? If so, how could Harry be unaware of the firestorms that should have resulted? Even if Dumbledore managed to keep meetings with parents out of students' view, wouldn't parents have written letters to their children? Wouldn't the rumour mill have brought stories to Harry's attention?
• Why did Voldemort's spirit flee Britain? Quirinus Quirrell and later Petter Pettigrew and Bertha Jorkins all encountered his wraith in Albania. Was there something in Albania that attracted it? Was there a Horcrux there? That would have to have been Nagini, since the others are known to have been elsewhere. Was it because he made his last Horcrux there (perhaps the diadem that had been hidden there)? What other reason might there be for the attraction?
• How did Peter Pettigrew know where to look for Voldemort's wraith? When and from whom would he have learnt where to look? Did he learn the specific location or a general location? If only a general location, how did he find the wraith? He only had at most a few months to get there, find the wraith, and get back.
• Why would the Goblins have a problem checking the Lestrange vault for Hufflepuff's cup? It was stolen from Hepzibah Smith. Given their attitude toward thieves, it seems reasonable that they would be willing to investigate. Perhaps they only care about people stealing from Goblins or stealing things under Goblin protection. Was Griphook telling the truth when he said the Goblins wouldn't cooperate? It would also be interesting to know their knowledge of and attitudes toward Horcruxes and what limits there may be on what may be stored in a vault.
• What counseling is provided to muggleborn students and their parents concerning the effects of magical knowledge of ghosts and the afterlife on religion?
• Why don't portraits become active until after the person is dead? Are they powered by necromancy? Is there a link to the person that updates and activates the portrait upon the person's death?
• How does Voldemort fly without a broom? Is it a spell he casts on himself? Is it wandless magic? Has he enchanted an article of clothing to work like a broom (long johns of flight)?
• Why are the twins' shield hats so popular? Is it because people can't cast shield spells or because they work when the person is unprepared? Could a person wear multiple shield items (hat, scarf, undershirt, shirt, jumper, robe, overcoat, etc.)?
• If young children can use toy broomsticks (Sirius gave Harry one for his first birthday) how much magical power and control do children have? If they are capable of controlled use of their magic to control toys, why do they have accidental magic? Could Neville use magical toys? (Why wasn't he given magical toys to test his magic instead of dropping him off a pier and out of a window?) There's some ambiguity on the subject of children's magic.
• At Gringotts, Harry sees Goblins sorting and weighing large numbers of gems. Assuming the magical population is 1 in 1000 of the total population, there would be around 60,000 magicals - less than a large town, hardly enough to have a substantial trade in gems. So why would Gringotts have enough traffic in gems to catch Harry's eye?
• Victims of the Imperious curse hear a voice in their head telling them what to do. Is there a Mind Speech charm to just send a message into someone's head without the command element?
• Tom Riddle was denied a teaching job when he graduated from Hogwarts with the advice to obtain some experience. It is somewhat ironic that Dumbledore hired Snape only a few years after graduation.
• Why is Dumbledore buried so conspicuously at Hogwarts. Its not mentioned that other Headmasters or staff are buried there. Presumably if they are their graves are sufficiently modest not to have drawn the students' attention. What did Dumbledore do to deserve such prominence? He was at Hogwarts for a long time (Transfiguration Professor in 1936 when Tom started and later Headmaster until 1997), but doesn't appear to have been a particularly great Headmaster as there are no mentions of innovations during his tenure. He defeated Grindelwald earning an Order of Merlin first class. He initiated the opposition against Voldemort before the Wizengmot recognized the danager. However, under his leadership they were loosing against Voldemort in the first war and did not appear to be any more effective in the second war. Perhaps it was just a last hurrah before Voldemort's inevitable onslaught. Putting on a show rather than sink into depression.
• By the time Harry attends Hogwarts ten years have passed since the end of the war, but there must be many students from families who suffered under the war who carry resentment against the families of Death Eaters and families who failed to vigorously oppose (and may have offered secret support to) Voldemort. Neville, for one, has a constant reminder in the form of his parents laying in St Mungo's Hospital. It is surprising there isn't more obvious tension and more questions after GoF. (Bowling For Hogwarts by zArkham explores the possibility that someone might have succumbed to taunts of DE children during OoP.)
From Snape's memories in DH, we know Petunia wrote a letter asking to be admitted to Hogwarts. This is in conflict with Petunia's claims in PS that she considered Lily to be a freak as soon as she learned Lily was a witch. How did the change from wanting to attend Hogwarts to considering Lily and everything associated with magic to be freaky occur?
• Why would everyone think Sirius was the Potters' secret keeper and that only he could have revealed their location to Voldemort? He couldn't have told them the secret. He would have had to show them a parchment on which the secret had been written by Pettigrew. That should have made it apparent that anyone who got their hands on a written copy of the secret could have shown it to Voldemort (perhaps using a switching spell to steal the parchment just as Sirius was about to destroy it). One possibility, provided in chapter 3 of the story Wisdom of a Sear by kalinzar, is that Pettigrew used polyjuice potion to impersonate Sirius while telling people the secret.
• Only three drops of Veritaserum are required to force someone to tell the truth. What is the effect of greater or lesser dose? Umbridge puts Veritaserum in Harry's tea. Did she put exactly three drops in his tea? Did she put more? We know she used all of Snape's supply so perhaps she put more, so only a sip or two would be required to affect Harry. In that case did she intend to stop Harry drinking more tea after he was affected, is greater dose not harmful, or did Umbridge not care that Harry would be harmed?
• Dumbledore is known for keeping secrets. When did he first know or suspect that Pettigrew or Crouch Jr were Death Eaters? Did he know Pettigrew was a Death Eater before he became the Potters' secret keeper? What part did Dumbledore play in Sirius' decision to suggest that Peter be the Potters' secret keeper instead of himself?
• Did the Longbottoms hide under the Fidelius Charm? Who was their secret keeper? Were they attacked while under the charm or had the come out from hiding? Since Aurors found them either they had come out from hiding or the Aurors knew their secret (not improbable since they were Aurors themselves). Was Crouch Jr their secret keeper? If so how did they choose him? What part did Dumbledore play in that choice?
• What are the chances a child with one magical and one non-magical parent will be magical? Seamus Finnigan's mother did not tell her muggle husband that she was a witch until after they were married. What would her expectation have been that she would have magical children? Would a muggleborn parent marrying a non-magical parent have different expectations than a pureblood parent marrying a non-magical parent? Does it depend on whether the mother or father is magical? Does it depend on whether the child is gestated in a magical home? The existence of muggle-born magical children suggests a recessive gene or perhaps some sort of magically activated gene.
• Could Sirius be cleared without Pettigrew? Perhaps, if he was allowed to present testimony from Sirius, Remus, and the trio either using truth serum or by providing memories for pensieve viewing at either a trial (if it is admitted he was not legally convicted) or retrial (to hear new evidence). However, it is unknown whether either of those are legally admissible. If he were granted a trial he might also be cleared if the Ministry presented insufficient evidence to convict or reasonable doubt if the defence presented an alternate explanation of events that was found to be as or more likely than that of the prosecution. However, these would be chancy as the jurors (Wizengamot members) might vote based on their emotions and engrained assumptions rather than what was presented at trial. The fact Dumbledore said Pettigrew was required to ensure Black was cleared, suggests this was the situation he anticipated (assuming he was being honest).
• If Pettigrew had been caught and questioned by the DMLE how would Sirius be cleared? Some stories say he would be pardoned. I don't think so. A pardon does not say a person didn't commit the act for which they were convicted. It says a person is forgiven for committing the offence. It is most likely that Pettigrew would first be tried and found guilty. Then either it would be announced that Sirius had never been properly tried and in light of Pettigrew's conviction the charges were being withdrawn, or his conviction (such as it was) would be overturned based on the new evidence from Pettigrew's trial. Another possibility is a Writ of Coram Nobis (suggested by dunuelos in Chapter 73 of Stories of the Lone Traveler).

What about Arcturus Black? According to the Black Family Tree (donated to auction in January 2006, well after the publication of OoP in 2003), Sirius' parents (Orion, 1929-1979, and Walbura, 1925-1985) were outlived by his grandfather, Arcturus (1901-1991). Kreacher appears to have been Walbura's elf after Orion's death, living alone in 12 Grimmauld Place with her portrait after her death. There is no indication that Arcturus lived there while Sirius was growing up (in the 60's and 70's) or that Kreacher served Arcturus after Warlbura died (85-91). So, where did Arcturus live? Was there a Black Manor house? Would there have been house-elves there? Perhaps he was confined to St. Mungo's Hospital? What would confine a wizard to St. Mungo's in his 60's? Although the Black Family Tree is partially described in OoP, additional details like Arcturus's date of death aren't strictly canon, so maybe he died earlier than shown on the Tree.

Does 12 Grimmauld Place seem appropriate as the seat of a "noble and most ancient" house? From its description in OoP, it sounds like a (once) posh row house. Wouldn't a row house in London have muggle neighbours? Is the house an indication that the Blacks didn't always shun muggles?

How could Walburga disown family members? She is the wife or daughter-in-law of the head of house (depending on when Arcturus died or passed on the title to Orion). How does that qualify her to disown anyone? A "noble and most ancient" house sounds rather patriarchal and if it wasn't the head of house would have passed to Orion's older sister, Lucretia. Walburga apparently could blast people off the tapestry, but could she legally (or magically) disown anyone? Surely that could only be done by the person's father or head of house.

Her brother Alphrad was already dead when she blasted his name from the tree and Andromeda may have been disowned by her father, Cygnus, or grandfather, Pollux, rather than Walburga - even if it was Walburga who modified the tapestry. We know Sirius inherited so perhaps that's all she did to him, too.

Why does Draco appear on the tapestry of the Black family tree? In OoP, Harry sees Draco's name on the tapestry. Why is his name there? The Black Family Tree drawn by JKR for auction shows Draco, but does not name the children of any other Black daughters who married outside the family. Is the tapestry the same? Is Draco shown because he is heir after Sirius? Is it because the relationship between the Blacks and Malfoys is different to the relationship between the Blacks and the other families? Perhaps, it has no significance other than his being a character in the books.

Why is Draco the Black heir after Sirius? According to the Black Family Tree, Sirius' great-grandfather Sirius (1877-1952) had three brothers: Arcturus Black (1884-1959), Cygnus (1989-1943), and Phineas (who was blasted from the tree for supporting muggle rights). Although the younger siblings appear on the tree from right to left (so Walbura will appear next to her husband Orion), Arcturus was the second eldest son. Arcturus had three daughters Callidora (1915-) who married Harfang Longbottom, Cedrella who married Septimus Weasley (presumably Arthur's father), and Charis (1919-1973) who married Caspar Crouch. Cedrella was blasted from the tree, but Callidora had a son and a daughter and Cedrella had a son and two daughters. Draco is the great-great-grandson of Arcturus' younger brother Cygnus. Shouldn't Arcturus' line be senior? What rule of succession places Draco first? (NB: don't confuse Arcturus (1884-1959) with his nephew Arcturus (1901-1991) who the grandfather of Sirius (1959/60-1996) aka Padfoot).

What was the relationship between Charlus Potter and Harry? A page about the Potter Family by JKR has been posted on Pottermore that says James' parents were named Fleamont and Euphemia. Before this there was speculation that James' parents might be the Charlus Potter and Dorea Potter née Black show on the Black Family Tree. The questions of the relationship between Charlus and Harry remains and why Charlus and Dorea's son is not considered a relative of Harry remain.

The Black Family Tree shows Dorea Black (1920-1977) married Charlus Potter and that they had one son. What relation was Charlus Potter to Harry's family? Was Charlus or his son alive? Dumbledore said that the Dursleys were Harry's only living relatives, but is that true? Given the intermarriage of pureblood families, we can presume they are all related if you go back far enough. Might Dumbledore have ignored Harry's paternal relations due to his desire to use Lily's protection?

Could Harry's father, James (1960-1981), have been the son of Charlus and Dorea? The dates appear to work. Dorea would have been 40 when James was born and her death in 1977 (when James was 17) might have been the impetus for James growing up enough that Lily agreed to date him. However, Dumbledore's statement that the Dursleys were Harry's only relatives, lack of any mention in the books of Dorea or relationships through her, and a statement by JKR weigh against it.

There are several places in the books when Dorea being Harry's grandmother should be mentioned:
• It isn't mentioned that when Sirius ran away to live with the Potters he was going to live with his great aunt Dorea.
• Walburga didn't blast her aunt Dorea from the family tree (for allowing Sirius to live with her family when he ran away), as she did to her brother Alphard (for leaving him an inheritance). Nor did she blast Dorea's son from the tree, which she would most likely have done if that son had married a muggleborn witch as James did (perhaps not being named on the tree saved him).
• When Sirius shows Harry the tapestry and Harry expresses surprise that Sirius is related to the Malfoys (OoP6), Sirius doesn't say "so are we -- look your grandmother Dorea is my mother's aunt, so we are second cousins through my mother and third cousins through my father -- and you're also Draco's second cousin once removed". Instead, Sirius says "Molly and I are cousins by marriage and Arthur's something like my second cousin once removed.*" Even if Sirius had already told Harry that the two of them were cousins (though it wasn't in the books), one would expect Sirius' response to mention Harry is also related to Draco rather than just point out who else Sirius is related to without mentioning Harry is also related to them.
• The Weasleys don't mention that they are Harry's cousins. Arthur and James would have been second cousins and Harry would have been third cousins with all the Weasley children.

* Molly's father was probably closely related to (perhaps the brother of) Ignatius Prewett who married Sirius' aunt Lucretia and Arthur's father must have been Septimus Weasley who married Cedrella Black (Dorea's cousin) -- source HP-Lexicon (Weasley Family)

When JKR was asked about Harry's family (accio-quote, 16 July 2005), she didn't mention Dorea. She said "it was more interesting, plot-wise, if Harry was completely alone." From this it's clear she did not intend Dorea to be Harry's grandmother, since it would give him living relatives among the Blacks. This appears to confirm Dumbledore's assertion that Harry had no relatives other than the Dursleys.

JKR went on to say "James's parents were elderly, were getting on a little when he was born [...] They were old in wizarding terms [when] they died." This appears to rule out Dorea as James' mother. Although she would have been 'getting on a little' (at least, in non-wizard terms) to give birth to a first child at age 40, she could not be considered 'elderly' or 'old in wizarding terms' when she died at age 57 (nor in non-wizarding terms).

However, James was 21 when he died. Could a witch give birth 21 years before being classed as 'elderly'? Wikipedia says that "in the Western world, the most typical age range for menopause ... is between 40 and 61 and the average age ... is 51 years" and that the "oldest verified mother to conceive naturally ... conceived a son at the age of 59 years in 1997 while taking estrogen." If witches are the same, James' mother would be at most 61 when he was born (1960) and between 76 and 81 when she died (between 1976 when Sirius moved in and 1981 when James died). A muggle of age 76-81 could certainly be called "old" or "elderly" in a general sense, but 81 is the average life expectancy in the UK. One would think that to be "old in wizarding terms", she would have to be older than that -- especially if you consider the ages of Albus Dumbledore (1881-1997, 116), Bathilda Bagshot (to whom 18 year old Albus and Gellert were "young boys"), and Griselda Marchbanks (>134, since she must have been at least 18 when she administered Dumbledore's NEWT exams)*. In that case this may indicate witches are able to have children later in life than muggle women or else JKR's known problem with numbers is at play -- which would make it possible for Dorea to have been James' mother.

Ablus, Bathilda, and Griselda may be outliers. The oldest person on the Black Family tree is Sirius' grandfather, Arcturus (1901-1991) and the average age (excluding the two deaths under 20) is 66. If the Blacks are typical, 'old in wizarding terms' may be younger than for non-magicals, though this contradicts the general indication that they are healthier than non-magicals.

If Charlus and Dorea were not James' parents, what relation was Charlus Potter to James and Harry? Why did JKR put a Potter on the Black Family Tree if there was no relationship? Given the relatively small size of the magical population, could they be unrelated? Sadly, the statement that Harry has no living relatives other than the Dursleys implies that if they were related Charlus and Dorea's son must have died.

Did James grow up in the cottage in Godric's Hollow? Sirius moved in with James when he was 16. The other marauders visited. The cottage in Godric's Hollow doesn't sound big enough to be that family home. Was there a Potter family home? Why is there no mention of it? Although canon makes no claim the Potters are a "noble and most ancient house" as the Blacks describe themselves, it is said James came from a long line of pure-bloods. It would not be unexpected for them to have an old family home.

Did the Potters have a house-elf (or elves) as other old families, like the Blacks, Crouches, and Malfoys, did? If so, what happened that Lily couldn't call an elf to rescue her and Harry? Was there anything more to the Potters' estate than the gold in Harry's vault and the invisibility cloak? Were there any magical portraits of any of Harry's ancestors? If so, why wasn't Harry informed? If not by Dumbledore, then by Gringotts or whomever else was responsible for it.

What happened to Sirius' own house? Sirius moved in with the Potters in 1976, the summer he was 16. He moved out when he 'got' his own house the next year (the US edition says he 'bought' it with money left to him by his Uncle Alphard). It's quite possible it was sold for back taxes while he was imprisoned. It's also possible it's still his, but he couldn't use it because he was wanted by the Ministry. The books don't say.

Hogwarts' educational experience is extremely narrow, focused exclusively on magic. There are no classes on English literature, languages, social studies, etc. How are students taught society's philosophical values and standards? History of Magic is not portrayed as filling that role. Recreational opportunities appear almost non-existent. The only sport is Quidditch and that is played by perhaps 1 in 10 students (less if there's a post war baby boom). What about other physical activities? What about magical contests? How about two people standing at opposite ends of a room (behind goal lines) using magic to try and fetch a ball or push it across the opposing goal line? How about magical paint ball?

Hogwarts is understaffed. It is a good thing Wizards and Witches are a healthy lot, because many of the staff are overworked and the only known potential substitute among the non-teaching staff is the Headmaster who may not always be available since he is also Chief Warlock (and did not substitute for Remus). One would think that the positions of Headmaster and Chief Warlock would both be full-time jobs, but Dumbledore does both along with being Supreme Mugwump.

We do not know how many students are in each year. Harry was born at the end of the war with Voldemort. There are 40 students in his year at Hogwarts. We can assume that the year before and after his are of similar size. We know from Snape's memory that his DADA exam had over 100 students. So although for Harry's year, classes are shared by the students from two houses, this may not be true for later years. For convenience I will assume classes for years 1-5 are shared by two houses, so professors much teach each class to two sections, and that classes for years 6-7 are shared by all houses, so professors must only teach each class once. If upper years are larger, professors may have to teach more sections for those years, increasing their work load from my estimates.

First and second year students take 7 classes (Astronomy, Charms, Defense Against the Dark Arts, Herbology, History of Magic, Potions, and Transfiguration) which are shared by two houses. If they have 3 hours of classes for each subject, that would be a total of 21 hours of classes -- four hours per day most days. For a 25 hour week, they would need 3.5 hours per class. Each professor would spend either 12 or 14 hours with these classes.

Third through fifth year students take an additional 2 or 3 elective classes (Ancient Runes, Arithmancy, Care of Magical Creatures, Divination, and Muggle Studies), so their schedules must allow 10 classes. Three forty-five minute sessions (2.25 hours) for 10 classes would total 22.5 hours. For a 25 hour week, students would need 2.5 hours per class. Each professor would spend 13.5 or 15 hours per week with these classes.

Sixth and seventh year students take fewer classes and each class may have students from all four houses. We must assume these classes are at least as long as the previous years with anywhere from 2.5 to 3.5 hours per week. Each professor would spend a minimum of 5 to 7 hours per week with these classes -- more if there was more class time than for earlier years.

Professors must also prepare for classes and mark assignments. If one adds an hour of preparation for each year and an hour of marking for each section (2 sections per year for years 1-5, just 1 section per year for years 6-7), professors teaching elective subjects would have 5 hours of preparation and 8 hours of marking while professors teaching elective and professors teaching core subjects would have 7 hours of preparation and 12 hours of marking.

Professors teaching elective subjects, would have 18.5 to 22 hours per week in class, 5 hours preparing, and 8 hours marking. A total of 31.5 to 36 hours per week. A reasonable work week.

Professors teaching core subjects, however, would have 30.5 to 36 hours per week in class, 7 hours preparing, and 12 hours marking. A total of 49.5 to 55 hours. This is unreasonable. More problematic, they are teaching more hours than students are in class which means student schedules must be spread over more hours than necessary - filled with free periods rather than having a couple hours after classes to study or have Quidditch practise before dinner. I don't recall the books mentioning late classes (other than for Astronomy).

The four Heads of House have those duties on top of teaching core subjects. The time requirements of the Heads of Houses are not clear. One would assume they would require some amount of time both working with students and administrative work (reviewing student performance, corresponding with parents). This is on top of an already excessive teaching load.

Three of the four Heads of House have additional duties. McGonagall is Deputy. Snape has to maintain potion supplies and brew potions for the Infirmary. Sprout has to maintain the greenhouses. It is no wonder that the books do not show much interaction between students and their Heads of Houses.

Hagrid has two full time jobs. Hagrid is Keeper of Keys and Grounds. In the third book he also becomes the teacher of an elective subject, Care of Magical Creatures. There is no mention of a new Keeper of the Keys and Grounds, so it appears he does both.

The Library appears to be staffed by a single librarian from before breakfast until curfew seven days a week. When does Madam Pince eat? Does she get any days off? Impossible.

The Hospital Wing is staffed only by Madame Pomfrey. Is she required to be in the castle 7/24 for the entire term? Does she get any days off? Who covers for her when she is off?

The flying instructor has the only position that appears to be less than full-time. The books only mention a single flying lesson. Although it is clear Harry could have been passed out of the class, it is odd that there is no mention of further classes for students who are not natural flyers such as Hermione or Neville. There must be more than one class, otherwise there would be no reason to forbid first year students their own brooms for the entire year. Aside from those classes for two sections of first year students (up to six hours per week), she referees Quidditch matches and supposedly books the pitch for practices. I say supposedly because Snape overrode the Gryffindor booking without seeming to consult either McGonagall or Hooch. It does not even appear she attends practices.

Snape covered Remus' third year DADA class in PoA, but one must wonder how he could do so with 36 hours of his own potions classes and other duties. Perhaps it is not so surprising Minerva thought to provide Hermione with a time turner in her third year. Many teaching staff must make extensive use of them. Alternately, we can assume the staffing described in the books was simplified for purposes of story telling.

The minimalist staff is reasonable for children's stories, but is unrealistic when examined more closely.

Is Hogwarts the only school of Magic in Britain? There is no mention of other schools in Britain and the significance placed on receiving an acceptance letter from Hogwarts suggests that it is the only magical school. Also, the description of the Quill of Acceptance and Book of Admittance in Pottermore suggests Hogwarts may be unique in being able to locate students, or at least muggleborn students. However, there are two indications not all potential students attend Hogwarts.

In OoP28, Harry sees the memory of Snape's DADA OWL with over 100 students, but there are only forty students in Harry's class*. The war would have caused a drop in the number of students both through deaths and a lower birth rate, however, it seems rather incredible that it would account from a drop from over 100 students to just 40 students. That suggests the OWL exams at Hogwarts may include home schooled students or students of other schools. On the other hand, there is no mention of non-Hogwarts students coming to Hogwarts to write their exams and we might expect Hermione, at least, to have commented on that.

We know that there are 40 students in Harry's class from several sources. There are five boys in Gryffindor in Harry's year and we can extrapolate from that to forty students in the year (x2 for boys and girls, x4 for four houses). In PS9, there were 20 brooms laid out for the Gryffindor and Slytherin flying lesson (PS) from which we can infer a total of 40 students in the four houses. There is also the (non-Canon, but mostly accurate) classlist which lists 40 students.

Another indication that not everyone attends Hogwarts is the number of Quidditch teams. Britain has 13 professional Quidditch teams and once had more. Thirteen teams require several times more players than Hogwarts supplies. Hogwarts has only four Quidditch teams and each team has only 7 starting players and no reserves are mentioned. That's not enough to supply players to Britain's 13 professional teams. The impression from the books is that few house team players are invited to play for professional teams, perhaps one or two each year. However, 13 professional teams with both starting and reserve lineups require a total of 182 players. Scanning the lexicon I only see the length of two players careers, those of Karl Broadmoor (1958-1969) and Darren O'Hare (1947-60). Generously assuming an average career of 20 years, the teams would need, at least, 9 new players a year. The four Hogwarts house teams only have a total of 28 starting players from 6 years. If they were distributed equally by year, 4-5 would graduate each year. Assume double that (because the teams favor older students) and the professional teams would need every graduating player rather than inviting at most one or two players each year. That suggests there are, at least, four times that number of players chosen from other sources unless the average Quidditch career is 80 years. Alternately, British Quidditch teams could import most of their players from abroad. Another possibility is that the list of 13 teams comes from Quidditch Through the Ages which was written for charity and may not be Canon.

How many other magic schools? The UK has a population of 64 million, Europe 742 million, and the world 7 billion. Assuming the magical population is proportional to the non-magical population and Hogwarts is the only school in Britain, then proportionally there should be about eleven schools in Europe about one hundred ten in the world. I've read a quote citing Pottermore that "Durmstrang once had the darkest reputation of all eleven wizarding schools." Not having read the it directly on Pottermore, I don't know if it was referring to eleven schools in the whole world or some smaller group of schools (e.g., Europe). I've read enough sites saying there are 11 in the world to suspect that's what Pottermore says. That suggests that the other schools are much large than Hogwarts, that there is a disproportionately high magical population in Britain, that there's a lot of home schooling, or that Britain is able to identify much more of it's magical population than other countries (perhaps due to the Quill of Acceptance and the Book of Admittance).

Does Hogwarts charge tuition? Britain (or at least England) has both government funded "comprehensive" schools and "public" schools that charge tuition. Boarding schools are most likely to be "public" schools. Public schools may offer scholarships and bursaries, but most students will pay tuition and boarding fees. There is no indication in the books whether Hogwarts charges for tuition and boarding or whether it is funded by the government or from an endowment (perhaps the rents on Hogsmeade valley). The parents of muggleborn students don't learn about Hogwarts until June or July before their first year, how could they be expected to pay? If parents were expecting to send their children to a comprehensive, they wouldn't have budgeted for a boarding school. Harry has his inheritance, Hermione's parents are both dentists, and Justin was planning to attend Eton. What about the Creeveys? Colin's father was a milkman. It's unlikely he was planning or could afford to send his boys to a boarding school. There was a school fund that provided for Tom Riddle's supplies. Did that also pay for his tuition? If that fund only pays for for muggleborn students, might it be a reason for resentment? Are Hogwarts tuition fees the reason for the Weasley's apparent lack of funds? The books are silent on the issue.

This question has been answered in a tweet:

@emmalineonline1 @micnews There's no tuition fee! The Ministry of Magic covers the cost of all magical education!
— J.K. Rowling (@jk_rowling) July 17, 2015

I suppose there could technically still be a bording fee, but I presume JKR meant all costs were covered except books and other supplies students buy in the books.

Does St. Mungos charge patients? Britain has National Health, but it's a fairly recent institution (founded 1948). Is this why no notice is paid to Harry's implied malnutrition?

How large is the magical population? If we assume the normal life expectancy of wizards is 100 to 150 years (based on Dumbledore's age, though the Black Family Tree suggests it may be lower than that), then the population will roughly be 100 to 150 times the number of children of a given age. If we assume everyone in Britain attends Hogwarts, the we can extrapolate Harry's class size of 40 students to a population of 4000 to 6000. Britian's population is around 60 million, so this would be one magical person per 10,000 to 15,000 overall population. However, the students in Harry's class were born near the end of the war with Voldemort, so that class size would presumably be below average. The normal, peace time birth rate might be as much as double that indicated by Harry's class size.

It's possible that not all students attend Hogwarts. As noted above, the number of Quidditch teams suggests only a fourth could come from Hogwarts and the memory Harry saw of Snape's DADA OWL showed over 100 students - probably 100-200 students. Extrapolating that gives a population of 10,000 to 30,000. That would be one magical person per 2,000 to 6,000 overall population.

In one interview, JKR suggested there would be about a thousand students (about 142 per year). That matches Snape's class size with over 100 students writing their OWLs and extrapolates to 14,200 to 21,300 population which is roughly one magical person per 3000 to 4000 population.

Abother way of looking at the question is to consider the number of schools in England vs its population. According to a wikipedia page on UK demographics England's population in 2011 was about 53 million and according to a gov.uk web page there were 3,268 state-funded mainstream secondary schools in England in 2012 (of which only 317 had 500 or fewer students). Assuming the number of non-state-funded and non-mainstream schools is negligible, the calculation 53m/3268 = 16k gives the population served by each average sized school. If wizarding life expectancy is 100-150 years vs 80 years for the general population, this figure would increase to 20k-30k population per average sized school. If Hogwarts has 1000 students (average size), then this might be the magical population it serves. If it has under 500 students (as suggested by the 40 students in Harry's year) then the population it serves would be correspondingly less.

The PS says Christmas dinner had a "hundred fat, roast turkeys" for the relatively few students who stay at the school for Christmas. This must be hyperbole, an exaggerated impression from Harry's point of view. If that isn't hyperbole it suggests a much larger student body than 40 students per year. Even small turkeys would feed at least 4 students each, so a hundred turkeys would imply about 400 students remained for the holiday. If one in ten students stayed for the holiday, that means there are at least 4000 students or close to 570 students per year. More than fourteen times Harry's apparent class size and more than five times the number of students writing the DADA OWL with Snape. This is far more than the Hogwarts faculty (with one professor per subject) could possibly teach. However, if there were that many students at Hogwarts a life expectancy 100 years or more that means there are more than 57,000 witches and wizards in Britain. That would be about 1 in one thousand of the general population. If the turkeys were larger, there were other options (e.g., hams), or fewer students remained over the holidays the magical population would be correspondingly larger.

The Quidditch World Cup was held in a stadium with a capacity of 100,000. In 1994 the FIFA World Cup (Football/Soccer) was held in the United States. Total attendance for all 52 matches was about 3,500,000 with the highest attendance at a single match of about 90,000. This suggests that as many people expected to attend the Quidditch World Cup Final equalled the number of people who attended the FIFA World Cup Final! A lack of television might increase attendance, but this is still suggests a much larger magical population than other estimates.

The question of the size of the magical population is discussed in many places. One I recently found is Chapter 15 of Harry Potter Rants, by tkepner.

How Wealthy are the Malfoys? If the Magical population is 1/1000th of the muggle population, we might expect the magical economy to also be 1/1000th of the muggle economy. This would suggest the magical economy would have millionaires rather than billionaires. Indeed, the magical economy may be smaller than that, since magic fills so many needs. The repair spell, cleaning spells, and transfiguration would significantly reduce the needs of the average magical family. In 2016, the richest person in the world is Bill Gates ~$75 Billion and the Hinduja Family ~$14.5 billion is the richest in Britain. So, we might assume the wealthiest British wizard might have holdings of about 1.45 million Galleons (the Galleon being worth five pounds and the pound then being worth about two dollars, so $10=£5=1G). Assuming a conservative 4% average long term annual return after inflation, that would provide an annual income of under 58,000 Galleons. One could argue that the magical population might invest in the larger muggle economy, but considering their prejudices, it is unlikely the Malfoy family would partake. However, this ignores inflation and the growth of the economy since the 1990s. In 1991, Bill Gates was worth less than a tenth of his 2016 worth, so at the time of the books the richest British wizard might have total wealth of under 145,000 Galleons providing an annual income of under 5800 Galleons.

Ignorance of the muggle world is a cliché theme that runs through the books. However, we are told that Hogsmeade is the only all magical town. If that's the case most magical folk must live in isolation or in non-magical or mixed communities. If they live in non-magical or mixed communities, they must be somewhat familiar with non-magical society. More so than is suggested in the books which relate magical people being unable to dress muggle style and Mr Weasley's ineptitude with Muggle technology, despite his position dealing with muggles and living close to a non-magical community. Indeed, if all Hogwarts students and their families have to pass through the barrier to platform 9&3/4 at King's Cross Station then there is clearly some expectation that magical families can pass in a non-magical environment.

"If we add the information from the classlist to the information in canon, we find five Muggle-borns, twelve half-bloods, thirteen pure-bloods, and ten students whose status is difficult to deduce. This suggests that Muggle-borns comprise about 20% of the student body, while pure-bloods and half-bloods are 40% each." (source: HP Lexicon essay "Secrets of the Classlist" by Diana Summers).

Given that the war targeted muggleborn and halfblood families, one would expect those percentages are, if anything, lower than normal. Even if you assume the ten students whose status is unknown are pureblood and that, then 5 out of 40 witches and wizards (12.5%) are muggle-born and 12 out of 40 (30%) are halfblood. If over 40% of witches and wizards are either muggle-born or half-blood, how can the magical population not be generally conversant with the non-magical world, including its fashions and technology?

How would Semus and Severus' mothers have met their muggle husbands if wizards and witches did not mingle with the muggle world? That 30% of the population who are half-bloods came from somewhere.

Is the proportion of bloods types in the population stable? Using the classlist and Harry's class as a sample of the population it seems over 10% of the population is muggle-born. With that number of muggleborn each year, wouldn't the population of half-bloods tend to overwhelm the pure-bloods? I suppose it depends on whether you consider purebloods to only be those descended from old families with no known non-magical ancestor (as stated in the lexicon) or anyone who's parents and grandparents are all magical. The later definition would tend to winnow out the number of halfbloods. I'm unsure how the maths would work.

I notice that the hp-lexicon's definitions of muggle-born, half-blood, and pure-blood (linked above) are not complete. According to the lexicon Muggle-borns have non-magical parents, Half-bloods have both a magical parent and a non-magical parent or grandparent, and Pure-bloods have no known non-magical ancestors. If Pure-bloods were those with no muggle parent or grandparent, the definitions would be complete. These definitions leave an unnamed group of magical people whose parents and grandparents are magical (therefore not half-blood), but have a known non-magical ancestor beyond that (therefore not pure-blood).

Why hasn't the language diverged? This is entirely forgivable as there is a long tradition of fictional communities speaking English ranging from Gulliver's Travels to Dr. Who. However, if the magical and non-magical societies had truly been substantially isolated since 1692 (International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy) or before, there should be noticeable differences in their language. Just as US and British English have diverged over that time span using different words for common things like jumper and sweater and spelling like colour and color, there should be noticeable differences between magical and non-magical British English. Yet, except for the word "muggle", unique magical terminology, and unfamiliarity with modern technical terminology, there seems to be no difference. Certainly, the characters make no mention of it.

Why did Tom take so long to make his sixth Horcrux? We know he planned to make 6, so that his soul was split into (magic number) 7 pieces. The diary contained the memories of 16 year-old Tom Riddle. It may have been made into a Horcrux at that time using Myrtle's death. He was seen wearing the ring while he was still in Hogwarts after that, which may have been made into a Horcrux using the deaths of his father and grandparents (1945, age 17). After he left Hogwarts (1946, age 18), he went to work for Borgin and Burkes and while working there stole the cup and amulet from Hepzibah Smith, whom he murdered. It is suspected he learnt the location of the Diadem from the Grey Lady while a student and obtained it after leaving Borgin and Burkes. We do know he most likely placed it in Hogwarts after Dumbledore became Headmaster (1955, age 27) and while the term Death Eaters was still relatively unknown, but he may have made it a Horcrux earlier. Dumbledore believed he didn't turn the snake into a Horcrux until after his return, in 1995, (possibly after he learnt of the diary's destruction). So why hadn't he made a sixth Horcrux before 1981? He appears to have made the first four (diary, ring, locket, and cup) between the ages 16 and perhaps 25. We don't know when the fifth (diadem) was made, but it was certainly before the start of his terror campaign in the 1970s (age 45). Yet Nagini wasn't turned into a Horcrux until 1994* or 1995 (age 67). Why would he have started his campaign before he had made all six Horcruxes? Surely his desire to use significant objects didn't overcome accomplishing the goal of having the magically powerful 7-way split before engaging in a campaign that exposed him to serious risk.

JKR said in her Bloomsbury web chat that he used Bertha Jenkins' murder to create it. From the order in which the memories of Voldemort's victims came out of Harry's wand in the Graveyard, we know Jenkins was murdered in the summer of 1994 before the Riddle property's caretaker while Voldemort was still a wraith or inhabiting the baby body. One wonders if Voldemort could have created a Horcrux before being restored. Perhaps JKR erred in saying he used Jenkins to make it.

Alternately, why would Dumbledore accept the idea that Tom hadn't made all six Horcruxes before starting the war? He thinks Nagini is a Horcrux because of Harry's vision through its eyes, but why assume Nagini was a newly made sixth Horcrux rather than having been made prior to the first war or having been made as a replacement for the diary to restore the number of Horcruxes to six?

The Ministry's ability to detect magic (underage or otherwise) is scary -- in a '1984' way. Combine unbreakable vows, truth serum, legilimency, imprisonment without trial, taboos, and obliviation squads and the wizarding society of Harry Potter begins to sound very unpleasant. That's without the Deluminator which (aside from the function for which it was named) apparently allowed Dumbledore to listen to whatever was being said by or around Harry. To complete the 1984 scenario, give the ministry the equivalent of the marauders' map for major wizarding areas, tie the maps into the magic detectors and add a thirty day (or more) recording and playback feature. Of course, with these types of magic it aught to be possible to keep better track of dark wizards.


Conclusion

The heavy use of exaggeration and clichés clearly have not been an impediment and undoubtedly contributed to the success of the early Harry Potter books. Children like exaggerated characters and clichés. However, these elements and the various flaws are problematic as the later books move out of the purely children's book category. Fortunately, they provide wonderful challenges for fanfiction authors trying to provide greater depth to the Harry Potter stories and create many opportunities for divergent or alternate universe story lines in which exaggerated situations bring appropriate responses or are cast in new contexts. They create a tapestry that is so flawed that it begs fanfiction authors to write stories showing the way it should have been.

My greatest disappointment with the HP books is the Deathly Hallows. While I question the cliché of 'love being the greatest power' translating into an effective weapon and wonder what JKR had in mind when she had Dumbledore suggest that in OoP, DH has Voldemort defeated by his own backfired spell due to a fluke of wand ownership. Bah.


LINKS

Off-site links used to work, but aren't now (Dec 2015). Links to pages within fanfiction.net still work. I assume off-site links were disabled in response to bots posting spam links. Unfortunate, but understandable.

I noticed earlier that off-site URLs prefixed with http (or https) were removed from the displayed text, so I removed the prefixes from the text. However, I had not noticed the links themselves were broken for readers, since they work in the editor.

This is a list of off-site links sorted by URL, excluding those where the text is the URL.

  • World Population: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population
  • Acts of Union: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acts_of_Union_1707
  • Acts of Union 1800: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acts_of_Union_1800
  • Union with Ireland Act: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acts_of_Union_1800
  • 1.5 seconds: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braking_distance
  • British Empire: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Empire
  • Channel Islands: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_Islands
  • Crown of Ireland Act: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_of_Ireland_Act_1542
  • Population of England: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_England#Historical_population
  • 48,197,672: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_England
  • 57,439,000: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_the_United_Kingdom
  • UK demographics: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_the_United_Kingdom
  • England: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England
  • English Civil War: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Civil_War
  • English Kings claimed the French throne: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_claims_to_the_French_throne
  • Europe: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe
  • Forest of Dean: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest_of_Dean
  • Glorious Revolution: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glorious_Revolution
  • Great Britain: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Britain
  • Habeas Corpus Act 1679: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habeas_Corpus_Act_1679
  • Habeas Corpus: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habeas_corpus
  • Island of Ireland: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ireland
  • Irish Free State: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Free_State
  • Isle of Man: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_of_Man
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Great_Britain
  • Laws in Wales Acts 1535-42: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laws_in_Wales_Acts_1535_and_1542
  • Hinduja Family ~14.5 Billion: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_British_by_net_worth
  • Average life expectancy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_life_expectancy
  • Six of England's 326 districts: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_districts_by_population#Below_50.2C000
  • MacGuffin: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MacGuffin
  • McGuffin: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MacGuffin
  • Magna Carta: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta
  • Typical age range for menopause: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menopause#Age
  • Norman Conquest of England: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_conquest_of_England
  • Northern Ireland: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Ireland
  • Oldest verified mother to conceive naturally: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pregnancy_over_age_50
  • Republic of Ireland: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland
  • River Otter: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Otter
  • Scotland: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland
  • Snowy Owls: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snowy_Owl
  • Treaty of Union: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Union
  • Bill Gates ~75 Billion: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_World%27s_Billionaires#2016
  • Union of the Crowns: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_of_the_Crowns
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_of_Great_Britain_and_Ireland
  • United Kingdom: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom
  • Wales: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales
  • Witenagemot: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witenagemot
  • Corvinus Gaunt: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Corvinus_Gaunt
  • HarryPotterWiki: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page
  • Harry's 11th birthday is on a Tuesday: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Mistakes_in_the_Harry_Potter_books
  • This is incorrect.: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Mistakes_in_the_Harry_Potter_books
  • hp-lexicon: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Parseltongue
  • Pottermore: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Pottermore
  • Quidditch pitch is 500' long: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Quidditch_pitch
  • The Burrow is located in Devon: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/The_Burrow
  • Aguamenti: harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Water-Making_Spell
  • When the secret keeper dies: web.archive.org/web/20110709064423/ http :// www.jkrowling.com/textonly/en/faq_poll.cfm (remove spaces)
  • America Online chat transcript, 19 October 2000: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1000-aol-chat.htm
  • Comic Relief live chat transcript, March 2001: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2001/0301-comicrelief-staff.htm
  • March 2001 Comic Relief interview: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2001/0301-comicrelief-staff.htm
  • 15 August 2004 Edinburgh Book Festival: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2004/0804-ebf.htm
  • answering a question on whether Harry had a Godmother: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2004/0804-ebf.htm
  • accio-quote, 16 July 2005: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2005/0705-tlc_mugglenet-anelli-3.htm
  • Bloomsbury web chat: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/0730-bloomsbury-chat.html
  • Live chat (Bloomsbury, July 30, 2007): www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/0730-bloomsbury-chat.html
  • Web chat on the Bloomsbury site: www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/0730-bloomsbury-chat.html
  • JKR explained the Weasley children's relative ages in an interview: www.accio-quote.org/jkrwebsite.html
  • BBC News: www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-26007732
  • state-funded mainstream secondary schools in England: www.gov.uk/government/publications/number-of-secondary-schools-and-their-size-in-student-numbers
  • HP Lexicon: www.hp-lexicon.org/
  • Daily Prophet Newsletters: www.hp-lexicon.org/about/sources/source_dp.html
  • Classlist: www.hp-lexicon.org/about/sources/source_hpm.html
  • Dementors: www.hp-lexicon.org/bestiary/dementors.html
  • Goblins: www.hp-lexicon.org/bestiary/goblins.html
  • House Elves: www.hp-lexicon.org/bestiary/house_elves.html
  • Werewolves: www.hp-lexicon.org/bestiary/werewolves.html
  • Vampires: www.hp-lexicon.org/bestiary/bestiary_v.html#vampire
  • Wizard's Council: www.hp-lexicon.org/essays/essay-ministry-history.html
  • Secrets of the Classlist: www.hp-lexicon.org/essays/essay-secrets-of-the-classlist.html
  • Minister for Magic: www.hp-lexicon.org/ministry/ministry-minister.html
  • Ministry of Magic: www.hp-lexicon.org/ministry/ministry-main.html
  • Wizengamot: www.hp-lexicon.org/ministry/wizengamot.html
  • Professional Quidditch teams: www.hp-lexicon.org/quidditch/q_teams_britain.html
  • Penelope Clearwater was petrified in her sixth year (not 5th): www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/a-z/c.html#Clearwater
  • Bathilda Bagshot: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/bagshot.html
  • Black Family Tree: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/blackfamilytree.html
  • Knights of Walpurgus: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/death_eaters.html#1
  • 1881-1997: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/dumbledore.html
  • Griselda Marchbanks: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/marchbanks.html
  • Presumably Arthur's father: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/weasley.html
  • Weasley Family: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/weasley.html
  • Half-bloods: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizworld/blood-status-names.html#half-blood
  • Muggle-born: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizworld/blood-status-names.html#Muggle-born
  • Pure-bloods: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizworld/blood-status-names.html#pure-blood
  • Azkaban: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizworld/places/azkaban.html
  • Assistant Manager at Flourish & Blotts Wizarding Bookstore earns 42G per month: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizworld/money.html
  • Hit Wizard earns 700G per month: www.hp-lexicon.org/wizworld/money.html
  • Tweet: www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/jk-rowling-reveals-that-hogwarts-has-no-tuition-fee-and-uncle-vernon-loves-top-gear-in-latest-harry-potter-twitter-chat-10400874.html
  • Pottermore: www.pottermore.com/
  • The Quill of Acceptance and the Book of Admittance: www.pottermore.com/en-us/samplecontent/quill-of-acceptance-and-book-of-admittance
  • Potter Family: www.pottermore.com/writing-by-jk-rowling/the-potter-family
  • Sky News: www.skynews.com.au/showbiz/article.aspx?id=947207&vId=
  • Carnegie Melon, 2007-10-20: www.the-leaky-cauldron.org/2007/10/20/j-k-rowling-at-carnegie-hall-reveals-dumbledore-is-gay-neville-marries-hannah-abbott-and-scores-more
  • Sunday Times: www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/uk_news/Arts/article1370743.ece
  • According to the calendar, Halloween, October 31st, 1981 was a Saturday: www.timeanddate.com/calendar/?year=1981&country=9
  • In 1991, July 31st was actually a Wednesday: www.timeanddate.com/calendar/?year=1991&country=9
  • moon rise on June 23, 1994, was 9:59PM: www.timeanddate.com/moon/uk/inverness?month=6&year=1994
  • dawn (430am in late May or June, 1992): www.timeanddate.com/sun/uk/inverness?month=6&year=1992
  • Sort: Category . Published . Updated . Title . Words . Chapters . Reviews . Status .

    Who Will Fill a Coward's Grave? by robst reviews
    A certain Miss Granger takes steps to ensure she can contact her best friend during the summer holidays. After the disaster of the Triwizard tournament, she believes Harry shouldn't be left alone - no matter what Dumbledore says.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 4,529 - Reviews: 120 - Favs: 237 - Follows: 421 - Published: 4h
    No Competition by Evilgoddss reviews
    What if the horcrux in Harry's scar hadn't quite been as contained by the Blood Wards as Dumbledore planned. Rather than twisting Harry's personality, it darkened his aura. And the dark creatures of the magical world really liked that aura. Gee. Sucks to be a Dark Lord trying to make your comeback. VERY AU. Just for fun.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 8 - Words: 60,907 - Reviews: 703 - Favs: 2,743 - Follows: 2,669 - Updated: 8/13 - Published: 3/20/2015
    Odd Ideas by Rorschach's Blot reviews
    Odd little one shots that may or may not be turned into their own stories.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor - Chapters: 162 - Words: 727,104 - Reviews: 9876 - Favs: 4,229 - Follows: 3,282 - Updated: 8/8 - Published: 9/4/2005
    Harry Potter and the Story by Dad by Dad9 reviews
    A post HBP book seven substitute started well before DH. It is a HHr book. Ron and Ginny stay likable. I try to stay with the canon as much as possible and will eventually explain all actions and abilities. Please read the intro for more details.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 144 - Words: 983,953 - Reviews: 2384 - Favs: 1,444 - Follows: 1,428 - Updated: 8/7 - Published: 12/22/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Changing Sides by Jenkt5 reviews
    Regulus makes a decision that leads him on an intended suicide mission into the cave. His survival prevents the prophecy from occurring. Eventual horcrux hunting. Begins canon compliant.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 68 - Words: 304,111 - Reviews: 445 - Favs: 180 - Follows: 224 - Updated: 8/6 - Published: 10/17/2014 - Sirius B., Regulus B., Evan R.
    Stolen Child by GenkaiFan reviews
    Harry saves a small barn owl from his cousin and gang the summer after fifth year. But as we all know, nothing is as it seems. Things are about to change. Lab/HP cross. AU – NOT in What's Said universe. Mentor pairings only. No slash!
    Crossover - Labyrinth & Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Hurt/Comfort/Fantasy - Chapters: 7 - Words: 16,114 - Reviews: 589 - Favs: 915 - Follows: 1,170 - Updated: 8/3 - Published: 4/17 - Jareth, Harry P., Sirius B., Severus S.
    Strings of Fate by Knife Hand reviews
    Being raised only by his Aunt, Harry comes to Hogwarts not only knowing about the Wizarding World, but with a kind of training no one at the school is expecting. Chapter 27 up
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Chapters: 27 - Words: 42,852 - Reviews: 1611 - Favs: 4,022 - Follows: 5,659 - Updated: 7/30 - Published: 2/10/2013 - Harry P., Hermione G., N. Tonks, Susan B.
    Harry Potter Rants by tkepner reviews
    Observations about the Harry Potter Universe and ; i.e., Marriage Contracts, Lordships, Copyright, the billionaire Harry, and so forth.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 19 - Words: 19,772 - Reviews: 78 - Favs: 21 - Follows: 29 - Updated: 7/19 - Published: 4/26
    Muggle-Raised Champion by Stargon1 reviews
    The day before Harry Potter was due to go to Hogwarts for the very first time, his aunt and uncle informed him that he wouldn't be going. Instead, he was sent to Stonewall High. Now, three years later, the Goblet of Fire has named him as a TriWizard Champion. What that means is anyone's guess, but to Harry, one thing is clear: he can finally get away from Privet Drive.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 28 - Words: 106,020 - Reviews: 1350 - Favs: 2,497 - Follows: 3,687 - Updated: 7/13 - Published: 11/11/2015 - Harry P., Daphne G.
    You're my Density by robst reviews
    Just Suppose Harry hadn't heeded his godfather's advice, and actually lost his temper at his trial? Time travel fic and title is 'Back to the Future' joke.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 33 - Words: 237,193 - Reviews: 6783 - Favs: 5,270 - Follows: 6,260 - Updated: 7/9 - Published: 2/9/2015 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    United We Stand by Stargon1 reviews
    Fifth book in The Cupboard Series. Lord Voldemort has risen. The Minister of Magic is dead. War has been declared. Now is the time for those of the Light to unite, for to do so will give them a chance to stand, to face the Darkness and to survive. For we all know what hapens to those who are divided ...
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 6 - Words: 21,084 - Reviews: 241 - Favs: 801 - Follows: 1,248 - Updated: 6/27 - Published: 4/13 - [Harry P., Hermione G.]
    Lone Traveler: The Greatest Minister in History by dunuelos reviews
    The Lone Traveler arrives on the even of Fudge's election. Instead of pelting Dumbledore for advice, the new Minister listens to a new viewpoint. Much is changed.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama - Chapters: 17 - Words: 79,617 - Reviews: 937 - Favs: 1,596 - Follows: 1,364 - Updated: 6/25 - Published: 5/14 - Harry P., Amelia B., Augusta L., C. Fudge - Complete
    An Inconvenient Truth by old-crow reviews
    After the events in third year, the wizarding world grows darker. Fudge seems intent on spending more time covering up what's happening than dealing with it. Could a stronger relationship between Harry and the Bones family change history?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Drama - Chapters: 26 - Words: 174,464 - Reviews: 2181 - Favs: 3,132 - Follows: 2,498 - Updated: 6/22 - Published: 5/24/2009 - Harry P., Susan B. - Complete
    A Marauder's Plan by CatsAreCool reviews
    Sirius decides to stay in England after escaping Hogwarts and makes protecting Harry his priority. AU GOF.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Family/Drama - Chapters: 87 - Words: 893,787 - Reviews: 9506 - Favs: 9,372 - Follows: 9,620 - Updated: 6/13 - Published: 4/21/2012 - Harry P., Sirius B. - Complete
    The Paths Diverge by Vaneria Potter reviews
    Because there was NO WAY leaving a toddler on a doorstep in the middle of a winter night could POSSIBLY go wrong...
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Family - Chapters: 17 - Words: 31,211 - Reviews: 1370 - Favs: 4,200 - Follows: 1,315 - Updated: 6/8 - Published: 8/2/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    Prodigal Delinquent by Ethereal Euphoria reviews
    AU. Little Harry Potter knew from the moment he defied the laws of gravity and made a pebble accelerate at a freefall of 8.9 m/s 2, that he was going to have fun learning about the rules of all the known universe… and breaking every single one of them. WARNING: Sporadic Updates.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 14 - Words: 63,349 - Reviews: 1867 - Favs: 5,463 - Follows: 7,040 - Updated: 6/5 - Published: 6/4/2008 - Harry P.
    Petrification Proliferation by White Squirrel reviews
    What would have been the appropriate response to a creature that can kill with a look being set loose in the only magical school in Britain? It would have been a lot more than a pat on the head from Dumbledore and a mug of hot cocoa.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 7 - Words: 34,020 - Reviews: 851 - Favs: 3,114 - Follows: 3,491 - Updated: 5/29 - Published: 5/22/2015 - Harry P., Amelia B. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Metamorph by hermyd reviews
    Harry decided that the only way he can win this war with his sanity intact is to train his own way without interference. But then he discovers an ability that he needs help with and only one person can provide that-Tonks. They bring the fight to the DEs in their own way so that the war will finally end.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 8 - Words: 42,555 - Reviews: 423 - Favs: 2,265 - Follows: 2,369 - Updated: 5/22 - Published: 7/7/2014 - [Harry P., N. Tonks] - Complete
    Why teaching the imperius curse is a bad idea by rojekera reviews
    As the title says. I do not own nor profit from the Harry Potter world.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 2 - Words: 1,561 - Reviews: 6 - Favs: 17 - Follows: 11 - Updated: 5/15 - Published: 10/31/2015
    Can't Rely on Authority by cvtisjustok reviews
    After rescuing Sirius Black, again. Harry realizes the authority figures in his life arent doing their job. Watch as Harry takes his future into his own hand. HP/LL eventually, slight Dumbledore Bashing, some Weasley bashing.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 42 - Words: 145,126 - Reviews: 1160 - Favs: 2,132 - Follows: 2,374 - Updated: 5/9 - Published: 2/5 - Harry P., Sirius B., Luna L. - Complete
    The Fourth School by Stargon1 reviews
    The Fourth Book in the Series. The TriWizard Tournament has been revived and the three largest and most prestigious schools in Europe are due to compete - Hogwarts, Beauxbatons and Durmstrang. And in a mark of respect, the newest and smallest school in not only Britain but also all of Europe, has been invited to watch. If only things were that simple.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 37 - Words: 145,068 - Reviews: 1575 - Favs: 1,622 - Follows: 2,048 - Updated: 4/13 - Published: 3/25/2015 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Brown by mjimeyg reviews
    Harry is rescued by a woman in a market and her sons when they accidentally discover the abuse he has suffered from the Dursleys. The world now has to deal with a wizard raised by one Agnes Brown.
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Mrs. Brown's Boys - Rated: M - English - Humor/Family - Chapters: 1 - Words: 32,659 - Reviews: 127 - Favs: 512 - Follows: 175 - Published: 4/11 - [Harry P., Fleur D.] Agnes B. - Complete
    The Butterfly Effect by CaspianAlexander reviews
    A chance remark on the night of Halloween 1981 could have changed everything. Fate throws baby Harry into the custody of Kingsley Shacklebolt, assisted by a certain Mad-Eye Moody. And oh boy, heads will roll and history will change when this gets out. Dear Wizarding Britain: Your saviour has arrived.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 44 - Words: 239,491 - Reviews: 1190 - Favs: 1,479 - Follows: 2,168 - Updated: 3/31 - Published: 5/17/2015 - Harry P., Alastor M., Neville L., Kingsley S.
    Harry, Hermione, and the Tournament by Nargled reviews
    It's Halloween. Harry hates Halloween. Can Hermione save him? T for very brief mild swearing
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Mystery - Chapters: 1 - Words: 5,001 - Reviews: 20 - Favs: 65 - Follows: 12 - Published: 2/20 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Heart and Soul by Sillimaure reviews
    The Dementor attack on Harry during the summer after his fourth year leaves him on the verge of having his wand snapped. Unwilling to leave anything to chance, Sirius Black sets events into motion which will change Harry's life forever. HP/HG/FD
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 81 - Words: 751,333 - Reviews: 5965 - Favs: 7,863 - Follows: 6,471 - Updated: 2/16 - Published: 1/19/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G., Fleur D. - Complete
    Harry Potter: I can't do this anymore by calihiker reviews
    Takes place during the summer before fifth year. AU after the confrontations with the Dursleys after the dementors. Harry's trial results in a shift of power in the wizarding world. Angry Harry, Dumbledore Bashing, Weasley Bashing. This sandbox belong to JKR. I'm just playing in it. Note: my timeline is a little shifted from JKR's. This begins during the last week of June, 1995.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Drama - Chapters: 15 - Words: 60,451 - Reviews: 279 - Favs: 890 - Follows: 782 - Updated: 12/25/2015 - Published: 4/26/2015 - Harry P. - Complete
    An Imprudent Proposal by Violaceae reviews
    An epiphany regarding his feelings for Hermione prompts Harry to take decisive action. Takes place summer after fifth year. Silly one-shot.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 3,588 - Reviews: 44 - Favs: 153 - Follows: 60 - Published: 10/24/2015 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    If Looks Could Kill by questionablequotation reviews
    ONE-SHOT: After Arthur Weasley nearly dies at the Ministry, Harry wonders why Voldemort's snake isn't something more exotic...really, no self-respecting Parseltongue should limit himself to something as mundane as a regular snake. In which Harry makes use of what he learned in Care of Magical Creatures, Kreacher is forced to cooperate, and the Chamber hides a new Secret..
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 17,243 - Reviews: 191 - Favs: 1,669 - Follows: 457 - Published: 10/21/2015 - Complete
    The Wizard of Harrenhal by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    The Master of Death, Harry Potter, wakes one cold spring morning in Westeros. He has no idea why he's there - or how he'll get back. Harry always had bad luck, but a lot of persistence. He'll need it. Winter is Coming.
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Game of Thrones - Rated: M - English - Chapters: 6 - Words: 56,547 - Reviews: 788 - Favs: 3,035 - Follows: 2,003 - Updated: 8/28/2015 - Published: 5/17/2015 - [Harry P., OC] - Complete
    Magical Me by Publicola reviews
    Most self-inserts are exercises in vanity, and nothing says 'vanity' quite like Gilderoy Lockhart. But with a new personality and knowledge of the future, who knows? Maybe Lockhart will turn out to be a useful DADA teacher after all.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 16 - Words: 89,712 - Reviews: 1022 - Favs: 2,453 - Follows: 2,825 - Updated: 8/20/2015 - Published: 7/15/2012 - Gilderoy L., F. Flitwick, Hestia J., Amelia B.
    Little Guy by Clell65619 reviews
    What if Lilly was a little more prepared to escape if Voldemort came calling. She knew that the Floo and Portkeys could be disabled, what if she had found a back door? Just a silly little story of a somewhat different Harry
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Parody - Chapters: 5 - Words: 21,715 - Reviews: 853 - Favs: 1,723 - Follows: 1,105 - Updated: 7/9/2015 - Published: 4/15/2015 - Complete
    Harry Potter: The Boy-Who-Is-Missing by joerandom reviews
    Harry Potter: the boy-who-lived, the boy-who-ran-away, the boy-who-is-missing, the street urchin, the boy-who-hung-around, the survivor, the boy-who-changed-everything. AU since 31 Oct 1981. Rated T for some language and violence. A HHr story with a poor relationship with Dumbledore.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Mystery - Chapters: 16 - Words: 121,533 - Reviews: 167 - Favs: 316 - Follows: 151 - Updated: 7/6/2015 - Published: 6/26/2015 - Harry P., Hermione G., Luna L. - Complete
    Most Wanted: Peter Pettigrew by BlightPhoenix reviews
    Harry is fed up with the lies of the ministry, the slander of the prophet and the inaction of everyone around him in the face of Voldemort's return. After careful thinking he has come to a conclusion: find Peter Pettigrew and you find the truth. Hence Harry puts a 100,000 Galleon reward on Peter's head and watches as the entire magical community goes mad in the race to find him.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Crime - Chapters: 5 - Words: 30,906 - Reviews: 242 - Favs: 1,232 - Follows: 1,582 - Updated: 7/6/2015 - Published: 6/22/2015 - Harry P., Peter P., OC, Amelia B.
    Ministry's Mistakes Exposed by harryfan160889 reviews
    Harry gives Xeno Lovegood an interview. I was inspired by another story called "Most Wanted: Peter Pettigrew" by "BlightPhoenix". This is just a side story to it, and although it is not necessary to read that story before you read this, I would recommend it because it is such a brilliant story.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 4,108 - Reviews: 25 - Favs: 129 - Follows: 57 - Published: 7/4/2015 - Harry P., Sirius B., Xenophilius L. - Complete
    Introduction to the Wizard World by MSgt SilverDollar and Snake reviews
    This is an AU/Fantasy and a bit funny story. It includes a super powered Harry. It does not follow canon. It includes some bashing of my less than favorite canon characters. HP/HG/SB UPDATED: 10/14/14
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Parody/Humor - Chapters: 5 - Words: 45,797 - Reviews: 131 - Favs: 802 - Follows: 234 - Updated: 6/23/2015 - Published: 10/17/2011 - [Harry P., Hermione G., Susan B.] - Complete
    Royal Prerogative by Steve Jester reviews
    [UP FOR ADOPTION, SEE CH 20 FOR DETAILS] The World of Wizards is autonomous to the World of Muggles, except in one case, The Crown. AU Harry/? not OC Political!Semi-super!Harry, Manipulative!Dumbles, Founders involved Happens right after "Order"
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama - Chapters: 20 - Words: 61,856 - Reviews: 1196 - Favs: 1,867 - Follows: 2,528 - Updated: 5/20/2015 - Published: 8/29/2008 - Harry P., Hannah A.
    The Philosopher's Red Herring by White Squirrel reviews
    One-shot. At the end of first year, Harry gets an unexpected visitor with some even more unexpected news, and a new plan for his future.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor/Parody - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,868 - Reviews: 91 - Favs: 275 - Follows: 122 - Published: 4/16/2015 - Harry P., Nicolas F. - Complete
    Rising Powers by anix113 reviews
    Harry learns that he is a wizard long before anyone intended. Without anyone teaching him, he does not know what should be impossible. He breaks the rules of magic with his bushy-haired friend. H/G/L.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 16 - Words: 85,964 - Reviews: 1003 - Favs: 2,968 - Follows: 3,787 - Updated: 4/7/2015 - Published: 6/12/2009 - [Harry P., Ginny W., Luna L.] Hermione G.
    Dan Granger by old-crow reviews
    Things didn't entirely get swept aside after the conclusion of the TWT. Dumbledore doesn't get his way. Riddle or Fudge won't either. Some OCs have large roles.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Mystery - Chapters: 22 - Words: 122,176 - Reviews: 1738 - Favs: 1,339 - Follows: 1,742 - Updated: 3/31/2015 - Published: 10/23/2014 - Hermione G., Susan B., Amelia B., Dr. Granger
    Harry Potter and the Power of Paranoia by arekay reviews
    The events at the end of the Triwizard Tournament have left Harry feeling just a little bit paranoid.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 23 - Words: 103,719 - Reviews: 3820 - Favs: 6,071 - Follows: 5,850 - Updated: 3/31/2015 - Published: 6/26/2012 - Harry P. - Complete
    Potter Haven by Stargon1 reviews
    The Third Book in the Series. After the disastrous events at King's Cross Station at the end of Harry and Hermione's second year, Harry's been expelled from Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and is now on the run. Hunted by the Ministry of Magic and Albus Dumbledore alike, Harry must somehow learn to survive alone while at the same time continuing his magical education.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 31 - Words: 105,775 - Reviews: 1108 - Favs: 1,309 - Follows: 1,218 - Updated: 3/25/2015 - Published: 12/6/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality by Less Wrong reviews
    Petunia married a biochemist, and Harry grew up reading science and science fiction. Then came the Hogwarts letter, and a world of intriguing new possibilities to exploit. And new friends, like Hermione Granger, and Professor McGonagall, and Professor Quirrell... COMPLETE.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Humor - Chapters: 122 - Words: 661,619 - Reviews: 32220 - Favs: 19,194 - Follows: 15,669 - Updated: 3/14/2015 - Published: 2/28/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Spock Unleashed by BajaB reviews
    Spock decides the temporal Prime directive has a different interpretation to his original one.
    StarTrek: The Original Series - Rated: K - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 12,566 - Reviews: 52 - Favs: 222 - Follows: 65 - Published: 3/12/2015 - Complete
    Hermione Granger and the Marriage Law Revolution by Starfox5 reviews
    Hermione Granger deals with the marriage law the Wizengamot passed after Voldemort's defeat - in the style of the French Revolution. Old scores are settled but new enemies gather their forces, determined to crush the new British Ministry.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Drama - Chapters: 31 - Words: 127,718 - Reviews: 797 - Favs: 1,098 - Follows: 981 - Updated: 2/28/2015 - Published: 8/5/2014 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] Ron W., Viktor K. - Complete
    Doctor, Doctor by rojekera reviews
    A visit to St. Mungos changes everyone plans
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 736 - Reviews: 4 - Favs: 15 - Follows: 7 - Published: 2/18/2015 - Complete
    The Last Casualties by muggledad reviews
    "Lily, it's him! Take Harry and run!" It began the same way, but ended in a very different way. This change caused life instead of death for many. Life altering changes provide the Power The Dark Lord Knows Not. J/L, H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Family - Chapters: 31 - Words: 370,395 - Reviews: 2685 - Favs: 4,372 - Follows: 5,047 - Updated: 2/6/2015 - Published: 2/26/2011 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] [James P., Lily Evans P.]
    The Birth of Evil by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    Tom Riddle was able to use magic long before he received a wand. In this AU, Harry has the same grasp on his magic...and a hatred for Muggles... Watch the birth of evil. Smart!Dark!Evil!Harry, All 7 Years
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 25,965 - Reviews: 812 - Favs: 4,986 - Follows: 1,200 - Updated: 1/26/2015 - Published: 3/15/2008 - Harry P. - Complete
    Don't look back in Anger by robst reviews
    Can some angry words change everything?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 20 - Words: 140,102 - Reviews: 4649 - Favs: 4,902 - Follows: 4,240 - Updated: 1/25/2015 - Published: 9/4/2014 - [Harry P., Hermione G., Luna L.] - Complete
    Harry the Hufflepuff by BajaB reviews
    Luckily, lazy came up in Petunia's tirades slightly more often than freak, otherwise, this could have been a very different story. AU. Not your usual Hufflepuff!Harry story.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 5 - Words: 29,176 - Reviews: 1331 - Favs: 6,315 - Follows: 2,020 - Updated: 1/7/2015 - Published: 11/10/2010 - Harry P. - Complete
    Dumbledore's Next Great Adventure by dunuelos reviews
    In a Universe where Albus Dumbledore responded differently, he dies as a respected figure on June 24, 1991. He then is asked to go to a new universe and fix the mistakes of his alternate. What a mess. No Pairings yet (Not Canon).
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Drama - Chapters: 23 - Words: 97,300 - Reviews: 1261 - Favs: 2,582 - Follows: 3,321 - Updated: 1/2/2015 - Published: 11/5/2013 - Harry P., Hermione G., Albus D., Neville L.
    Harry the Hufflepuff 3 - Harry's Year off by BajaB reviews
    Sequel - Read the others first, of course. Lazy!harry is back for another year of doing nothing. This will not be a long story. Sorry for the wait.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 5 - Words: 23,967 - Reviews: 479 - Favs: 2,082 - Follows: 1,038 - Updated: 12/23/2014 - Published: 11/23/2014 - Complete
    Hermione's Book Nook by Stargon1 reviews
    Sequel to The Cupboard Under the Stairs. Even bars on the window, locks on the door and a demented house-elf can't keep Harry away from his friends. The Ministry hearing, though, might be a different story. And then there's that letter from his dad ... A second year fic.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Friendship/Adventure - Chapters: 37 - Words: 107,575 - Reviews: 880 - Favs: 1,258 - Follows: 965 - Updated: 12/6/2014 - Published: 8/28/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Interludes and Vignettes by Cloud Zen reviews
    A Collection of Drabble and One-shot ideas jointly explored and composed by Cloud Zen and Pax Humana
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Chapters: 5 - Words: 26,877 - Reviews: 40 - Favs: 129 - Follows: 124 - Updated: 11/21/2014 - Published: 10/22/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Disbelieving in Gravity by Denian reviews
    "If I were to strongly object to the law of gravity, even disbelieve in it, my magic would ensure that gravity does not apply to me."
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 2 - Words: 2,094 - Reviews: 22 - Favs: 50 - Follows: 27 - Updated: 11/6/2014 - Published: 10/22/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G., Luna L. - Complete
    Common Sense by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    My odd ideas file. Little snippets that don't quite merit their own stories. Some funny; some less so.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 25 - Words: 118,728 - Reviews: 1613 - Favs: 1,666 - Follows: 1,068 - Updated: 10/21/2014 - Published: 1/18/2008 - Complete
    Bowling For Hogwarts by zArkham reviews
    Time and time again the Bad Guys do bad things and get away with it. Time and time again the Good Guys take the low blow and just soldier on with their upper lips stiff. What might happen if someone couldn't hold it together? How would Magical Britain react? More to the point; who would they blame? A little One-Shot in documentary style.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Tragedy - Chapters: 1 - Words: 7,834 - Reviews: 79 - Favs: 337 - Follows: 93 - Published: 10/13/2014 - Hermione G., Katie B., Parvati P., Ted T. - Complete
    Harry Potter & The Runic Affinity by HeWhoEscapesReality reviews
    Following his fifth year, Harry finds himself depressed in self-induced guilt over Sirius' death, subconsciously altering the wards surrounding Privet Drive, forcing Dumbledore to move him to Headquarters. Acting upon a hunch, Dumbledore sends Hermione to be with Harry to help him get over his grief... and discover a magic long forgotten: a unique runic system to cast spells. H/HG.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 8 - Words: 103,258 - Reviews: 833 - Favs: 2,135 - Follows: 2,990 - Updated: 10/1/2014 - Published: 7/8/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Harry Potter and the Unforgivable Tournament by questionablequotation reviews
    ONE-SHOT: Harry asks an obvious question during his first class with Professor Moody...and everything changes.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 10,665 - Reviews: 182 - Favs: 1,956 - Follows: 564 - Published: 9/21/2014 - Harry P. - Complete
    Father Figure by alebrewer reviews
    The magic that protected Harry wasn't just his mother's sacrifice, He had a guardian angel. James soul was tied to Harry's magic. James would do anything to protect his son. Powerful Harry, AU Harry.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Fantasy/Supernatural - Chapters: 20 - Words: 99,524 - Reviews: 233 - Favs: 843 - Follows: 742 - Updated: 9/21/2014 - Published: 12/26/2013 - Harry P., James P. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Marcello School by Kjkit reviews
    Beginning of summer, Harry is getting over happenings in 5thyr when he is kidnapped and a door of opportunity opens... reviews welcome! COMPLETE! - 09/12 I'm aware of a few chapter loading issues - will be trying to fix when i can!
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 54 - Words: 179,819 - Reviews: 1618 - Favs: 2,357 - Follows: 575 - Updated: 9/12/2014 - Published: 3/19/2004 - Harry P. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Lightning Scar by questionablequotation reviews
    After the disastrous end of Harry's third year, Sirius and Remus scheme to lift Harry's spirits by sending him to the United States to learn to be an animagus. In the process, he ends up learning the truth about his infamous scar and how to fight his war. Word Count: 109,175, not counting Author's Notes.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Fantasy - Chapters: 36 - Words: 128,854 - Reviews: 1606 - Favs: 3,197 - Follows: 1,984 - Updated: 8/30/2014 - Published: 5/14/2014 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Cupboard Under the Stairs by Stargon1 reviews
    A mysterious green inked letter banished Harry from his cupboard. But does taking the boy out of the cupboard also mean that you've taken the cupboard out of the boy? A first year fic.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 22 - Words: 51,301 - Reviews: 495 - Favs: 1,413 - Follows: 765 - Updated: 8/28/2014 - Published: 6/14/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Inspected By No 13 by Clell65619 reviews
    When he learns that flying anywhere near a Dragon is a recipe for suicide, Harry tries a last minute change of tactics, one designed to use the power of the Bureaucracy forcing him to compete against itself. Little does he know that his solution is its own kind of trap.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Parody - Chapters: 3 - Words: 18,472 - Reviews: 1127 - Favs: 4,750 - Follows: 2,006 - Updated: 8/20/2014 - Published: 6/26/2014 - Complete
    Mass Production by Andrius reviews
    The power Voldemort knows not turns out to be something unexpected. One-shot, quite AU.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure - Chapters: 1 - Words: 3,333 - Reviews: 22 - Favs: 236 - Follows: 62 - Published: 8/20/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Weres Harry? by DobbyElfLord reviews
    Dark curses don't play nice- not even with each other. When nine year-old Harry is bitten by a werewolf, the horcrux fights back. The result could only happen to Harry Potter. Canon-ish for the first three years of Hogwarts - AU from that point forward.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 23 - Words: 152,524 - Reviews: 3599 - Favs: 7,509 - Follows: 8,424 - Updated: 8/15/2014 - Published: 5/11/2012 - Harry P.
    Saving him from the tournament by Avana92 reviews
    She will do anything to keep him out of the tournament, including standing up to the most powerful wizard in Britain.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,967 - Reviews: 64 - Favs: 273 - Follows: 101 - Published: 8/14/2014 - [Hermione G., Harry P.] Albus D. - Complete
    Harry Crow by robst reviews
    What will happen when a goblin-raised Harry arrives at Hogwarts. A Harry who has received training, already knows the prophecy and has no scar. With the backing of the goblin nation and Hogwarts herself. Complete.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 106 - Words: 737,006 - Reviews: 25658 - Favs: 15,814 - Follows: 12,217 - Updated: 6/8/2014 - Published: 6/5/2012 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Ice and Honor by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    What if there were a little more magic in and among the Starks of Winterfell? This Ned Stark has to adjust to a different code of honor if he's going to save the lives of his family members.
    Game of Thrones - Rated: M - English - Family/Tragedy - Chapters: 1 - Words: 21,273 - Reviews: 73 - Favs: 704 - Follows: 205 - Published: 5/30/2014 - Eddard S., M. Luwin - Complete
    Public Safety by Yunaine reviews
    Harry fails to draw his wand quicker than Dudley manages to punch him. Harry is kicked out of the house and travels to the magical world where he's confronted with the steady destruction of his reputation. The public should have realised Harry never stands idle when faced with injustice. - Set after fourth year
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 13,746 - Reviews: 263 - Favs: 2,126 - Follows: 627 - Published: 5/29/2014 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Do Over by Jeograph reviews
    Harry plods toward his death, toward the Dark Lord to give himself up, to make the greatest sacrifice of his life. Literally, his life. He goes to meet Death... But Death finds him first, and wants to make a deal. The question is Harry, do you think you can make things better? If you could make it all different. Would it all be better?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 5 - Words: 22,450 - Reviews: 19 - Favs: 41 - Follows: 10 - Published: 5/28/2014 - Complete
    The Harmony Bond by brigrove reviews
    AU - Harry is rescued from the Dursleys by the Grangers, but they first time they touch, both Harry and Hermione collapse unconscious. A Harry Hermione soul bond fic - will be romance LATER.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Angst/Hurt/Comfort - Chapters: 85 - Words: 267,836 - Reviews: 5867 - Favs: 3,819 - Follows: 4,114 - Updated: 5/5/2014 - Published: 4/16/2008 - Hermione G., Harry P.
    Weary Wizard by Yunaine reviews
    When a few inappropriate questions derail the meeting at the Hog's Head, Harry lets the situation play out. Eventually, he refuses to commit his free time to teach a bunch of easily distracted fools. - Set during fifth year; Harry/Hermione
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 18,450 - Reviews: 427 - Favs: 4,680 - Follows: 1,149 - Published: 4/26/2014 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Wait, What? by Publicola reviews
    Points of divergence in the Harry Potter universe. Those moments where someone really ought to have taken a step back and asked, "Wait, what?" An ongoing collection of one-shots. Episode 16: Why I Like You.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 16 - Words: 31,551 - Reviews: 1138 - Favs: 1,544 - Follows: 1,544 - Updated: 4/6/2014 - Published: 7/9/2012 - Harry P., Ron W., Hermione G., Albus D.
    Improbable History by Clell65619 reviews
    When Harry is six and a half, he meets a pair of strangers on the street. One is leaving for his own life, and the other is looking to start over. Harry volunteers to help and discovers a world of adventure such as he never dreamed.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor/Parody - Chapters: 1 - Words: 5,812 - Reviews: 155 - Favs: 559 - Follows: 181 - Published: 2/21/2014 - Complete
    The Snake Within by arkkitehti reviews
    During the Christmas holidays of his fifth year Harry realizes that he should do something to keep things from spinning completely out of his control. He proceeds to make new allies and embraces his more Slytherin side to make use of his considerable resources.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 26 - Words: 161,938 - Reviews: 1183 - Favs: 4,045 - Follows: 3,266 - Updated: 12/25/2013 - Published: 3/2/2012 - [Harry P., Daphne G.] - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Deus Ex Machina by Karmic Acumen reviews
    It was a normal day, until newly turned 8 year-old Harry Potter decided to make a wish upon the dog star (even though he'd almost never actually seen it) and set off something in the Unlabeled Room in the Department of Mysteries. Turns out Dumbledore was wrong. Again. It wasn't love that the Unspeakables were studying down there.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Supernatural - Chapters: 22 - Words: 292,433 - Reviews: 842 - Favs: 2,358 - Follows: 1,383 - Updated: 12/22/2013 - Published: 1/10/2013 - Harry P., Sirius B., Regulus B., Marius B. - Complete
    Death's Pride by Paladeus reviews
    Harry dies, again, and his Death Angel is NOT happy. Sent back for the last time with his memories intact, he tries to do it right. And his Death Angel won't leave him or his soul mates alone. Challenge by Reptilia28; H/Hr/L Nev/Sus B/Han A
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 28 - Words: 630,526 - Reviews: 3231 - Favs: 5,646 - Follows: 6,246 - Updated: 11/27/2013 - Published: 6/13/2008 - Harry P., Hermione G., Luna L.
    Quoth the Raven, Nevermore by GenkaiFan reviews
    The Tower of London has a dark and bloody past both in the muggle and wizarding worlds. Besides being a prison, it also served as a sanctuary in times past, what if it became one yet again? -AU
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 47 - Words: 114,515 - Reviews: 4612 - Favs: 4,656 - Follows: 3,714 - Updated: 10/22/2013 - Published: 1/14/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Angry Harry and the Seven by Sinyk reviews
    Just how will Dumbledore cope with a Harry who is smart, knowledgeable, sticks up for himself and, worst still, is betrothed? A Harry who has a penchant for losing his temper? Ravenclaw/Smart(alek)/Lord/Harry Almostcanon/Dumbledore Non-friend/Ron Harry&Daphne (Haphne). No Harem. Rating is for language and minor 'Lime' scenes.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 87 - Words: 490,097 - Reviews: 2916 - Favs: 6,897 - Follows: 2,844 - Updated: 10/22/2013 - Published: 10/9/2013 - Harry P., Daphne G. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Elder Sect by Clell65619 reviews
    When Hagrid arrives at the Potter cottage in Godric's Hollow, he finds no sign of Harry Potter. It takes five long years for Harry to be found, in the care of a distant cousin, having been dropped off by his Great Grand Mother.
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Bewitched - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 6 - Words: 59,287 - Reviews: 1485 - Favs: 3,346 - Follows: 2,574 - Updated: 10/10/2013 - Published: 6/4/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    When All the Stars Are Calling by GenkaiFan reviews
    A series of lectures on ancient languages puts Garion Williams, aka Harry Potter, into a position to right an ancient wrong when Garion befriends Daniel Jackson. Non-slash! Friendship DJ/HP.
    Crossover - Labyrinth & Stargate: SG-1 - Rated: T - English - Sci-Fi/Friendship - Chapters: 7 - Words: 30,549 - Reviews: 282 - Favs: 648 - Follows: 483 - Updated: 9/18/2013 - Published: 1/25/2013 - D. Jackson - Complete
    The Real Boy Who Lived by kb0 reviews
    If Sirius and James were peers (and the Malfoys too), shouldn't we assume their families were set up somewhat similarly? (I don't mean beliefs.) A oneshot with J/L.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,564 - Reviews: 82 - Favs: 214 - Follows: 67 - Published: 8/30/2013 - James P., Lily Evans P. - Complete
    Goblin Friend by R. Gray reviews
    A/U - The Goblins of Gringotts are NOT happy. Perhaps it's time for them to do something about it. Starts at the end of Chamber of Secrets. Bad Dumbledore, no pairings as yet.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 18 - Words: 47,950 - Reviews: 695 - Favs: 2,132 - Follows: 2,894 - Updated: 8/26/2013 - Published: 5/1/2013 - Harry P.
    Harry Potter and the Unexpected Power by kb0 reviews
    In his sixth year, Harry meets an unexpected visitor at school and not only does she like him, but she can help him beat Voldemort. (for those that care about 'ships, Harry/sorta-OC)
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 6 - Words: 55,341 - Reviews: 359 - Favs: 820 - Follows: 439 - Updated: 8/3/2013 - Published: 6/30/2013 - Harry P., OC - Complete
    A Different Dursley Family by Lucillia reviews
    Getting expelled from Smeltings was probably the best thing to happen to Vernon. Finishing her Nursing degree was probably the best thing to happen to Petunia. In this universe, Harry Potter is left on the doorstep of a very different Dursley family.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 13 - Words: 15,280 - Reviews: 1190 - Favs: 3,214 - Follows: 4,570 - Updated: 7/28/2013 - Published: 8/24/2009 - Vernon D., Harry P.
    Knowledge is Useful, But Power is Power by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    Harry and Hermione are gifted a handwritten book at the beginning of Fourth Year. A book that reveals horrible truths about the world they live in. Prepare for a tougher Harry and a battle focused on the Ministry.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 8 - Words: 93,462 - Reviews: 1325 - Favs: 3,438 - Follows: 2,621 - Updated: 7/28/2013 - Published: 6/13/2012 - Complete
    Tournament Hilarity by loverofeevee reviews
    Got my OC and has the tiniest little bit of bad language. Like two or three words and not even the really serious words. Another Tri-wizard Tournament fic. Like everyone else who has done one of these, I didn't like the idea of Harry having to compete, so he got a bit of help, and was able to step back and enjoy the chaos it caused.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 12 - Words: 22,207 - Reviews: 79 - Favs: 161 - Follows: 97 - Updated: 7/13/2013 - Published: 7/5/2013 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Seeing Death Eaters by erbkaiser reviews
    Harry is transported to a graveyard following the Third Task of the Tournament, and finds a creative solution to survive the fight with Voldemort and his minions.
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Monty Python - Rated: T - English - Humor/Parody - Chapters: 1 - Words: 968 - Reviews: 55 - Favs: 374 - Follows: 85 - Published: 6/18/2013 - Harry P., Voldemort - Complete
    Nothing to Lose by Writing Warriors reviews
    This story, as a few are in the world of Harry Potter fanfiction, stems from one of those many ideas of Rorschachs Blot, entitled "Nothing to Lose." One of the areas this story will explore is the possible impact on Harry Potter and friends of the isolation that our dear old friend, Albus Dumbledore, always fed to him: this isolation will make up its own reality.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 22 - Words: 59,681 - Reviews: 1422 - Favs: 2,694 - Follows: 2,074 - Updated: 5/1/2013 - Published: 11/1/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    On the Wings of Dragons by Bobmin356 reviews
    The Weyr prepares for the step of going public against the backdrop of heightening international tensions and increasingly complex personal issues. And is Britain really secure now that the Ministry has been conquered? Sequel to The Queen Who Fell to Earth. Harry/Hr/OCF
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Dragonriders of Pern series - Rated: M - English - Drama/Sci-Fi - Chapters: 19 - Words: 365,930 - Reviews: 2181 - Favs: 2,648 - Follows: 1,809 - Updated: 4/7/2013 - Published: 6/5/2012 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Accidental Bond by kb0 reviews
    Harry finds that his "saving people thing" is a power of its own, capable of bonding single witches to him if their life is in mortal danger, with unusual results. H/multi
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Drama/Adventure - Chapters: 33 - Words: 415,017 - Reviews: 3933 - Favs: 5,626 - Follows: 4,354 - Updated: 1/16/2013 - Published: 12/23/2009 - Harry P. - Complete
    A Crime Fitting the Punishment or Dumbledore's Monster by Diresquirrel reviews
    Albus Dumbledore gets an unexpected visitor in his office one late summer night. The Headmaster finds himself talking to a monster he never knew could arise from his actions. Darkish.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Horror - Chapters: 1 - Words: 12,081 - Reviews: 219 - Favs: 1,648 - Follows: 388 - Published: 12/30/2012 - Albus D. - Complete
    The Dogs and Shakespeare by Ravenpuff reviews
    An event sways the Dursleys to accept a five year-old Harry as a part of their family. He is slowly introduced to a normal life and the world outside his cupboard. Discovering magic early, it becomes his greatest joy and deepest secret. Can he share it?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Family/Adventure - Chapters: 24 - Words: 119,369 - Reviews: 546 - Favs: 967 - Follows: 1,231 - Updated: 12/29/2012 - Published: 1/26/2008 - Harry P., Petunia D., Dudley D., Vernon D.
    Tournament Woes by Bobmin356 reviews
    Another repost. This was our first attempt to take the tournament in a new direction.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor/Horror - Chapters: 1 - Words: 5,807 - Reviews: 102 - Favs: 766 - Follows: 182 - Published: 12/26/2012 - Aberforth D., Albus D. - Complete
    Auror Potter and the Creepy Case of Jack O'Lantern by sprinter1988 reviews
    A little Halloween treat for ya! When a mysterious beast begins attacking Wizards and Muggles alike, as well as his ex-wife, Auror Potter is called in to discover what the creature is, where it came from and how to kill it. Sort of compliant with epilogue, but set 7 years later. Not for Ron or Ginny fans. Won't be overly gory, mostly just for the fun of it. HP/HG, TL/VW
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Horror/Adventure - Chapters: 6 - Words: 19,112 - Reviews: 91 - Favs: 125 - Follows: 223 - Updated: 12/1/2012 - Published: 10/29/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Dark Lord Rising by AndrewsQuill reviews
    Forced to compete in the Triwizard Tournament against his will, Harry faces things which no fourteen year old wizard should. A loss of innocence, coupled with betrayal, causes Harry to either give up or change in order to meet the challenges ahead.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance - Chapters: 39 - Words: 162,607 - Reviews: 2079 - Favs: 4,334 - Follows: 4,807 - Updated: 11/8/2012 - Published: 6/20/2008 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    You Have A Problem by Drauchenfyre reviews
    Harry has a little 'chat' with one of his more obsessive friends...
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 584 - Reviews: 17 - Favs: 74 - Follows: 18 - Published: 11/5/2012 - Harry P., Oliver W. - Complete
    Dear Hermione by loralee1 reviews
    Post DH, no epilogue, Harry writes to Hermione.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 10,309 - Reviews: 205 - Favs: 796 - Follows: 153 - Published: 11/4/2012 - Harry P. - Complete
    Hindsight by loralee1 reviews
    AU, Post HBP Snape travels back in time to warn pre SSPS Snape about what is to come. No DH Spoilers
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 11 - Words: 41,690 - Reviews: 1169 - Favs: 2,474 - Follows: 1,582 - Updated: 11/1/2012 - Published: 9/19/2006 - Severus S., Harry P. - Complete
    Taking Charge by Drauchenfyre reviews
    My first multi-chapter fic- what happens when the adults get off their butts and solve the problems of the wizarding world rather than depending on a clueless eleven-year-old and his friends?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 30 - Words: 35,521 - Reviews: 276 - Favs: 372 - Follows: 158 - Updated: 10/21/2012 - Published: 12/12/2011 - Albus D., OC - Complete
    Trust Is A Relative Thing by Silverfawkes reviews
    What if Petunia put the blame where it belonged instead of on Harry? OOC Petunia Dursley Rating for mild language
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 51 - Words: 219,068 - Reviews: 5472 - Favs: 6,001 - Follows: 6,686 - Updated: 10/16/2012 - Published: 12/31/2010 - Harry P.
    It's Good to Feel Remorse by Rihaan reviews
    During the end of the TriWizard tournament, Harry Potter is tied to a grave. As he watches Voldemort's resurrection, he reflects on his life of hardships and pain and comes to a startling revelation. Then something unexpected happens. HHr
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Romance/Angst - Chapters: 2 - Words: 6,295 - Reviews: 68 - Favs: 404 - Follows: 97 - Updated: 10/1/2012 - Published: 7/21/2008 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Brutal Harry by LordsFire reviews
    Systematically abused and degraded children do not suddenly turn into well-adjusted members of society when removed from the abusive situation. Nor do they tend to be very trusting of others, or forgiving. Sequel up.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Supernatural/Drama - Chapters: 13 - Words: 100,387 - Reviews: 2485 - Favs: 6,925 - Follows: 3,312 - Updated: 9/16/2012 - Published: 6/18/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Why no Trial? by Luiz4200 reviews
    A theory on why Crouch didn't allow Sirius Black to plead his case in a trial.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Crime - Chapters: 1 - Words: 393 - Reviews: 13 - Favs: 15 - Follows: 6 - Published: 9/7/2012 - Barty C. Sr., Albus D. - Complete
    Harry & Gabrielle by Ravengrad reviews
    My take on the semi-classic Harry and Gabrielle story. Or should that be my twist on... Ah it doesn't matter. This story was finalized in 2008 and has been residing on my hard drive. Hope you like it. If not stop reading it and go read something else.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 6 - Words: 48,222 - Reviews: 128 - Favs: 582 - Follows: 250 - Published: 9/6/2012 - Harry P., Gabrielle D. - Complete
    My Nephew Harry by Lucillia reviews
    During the two months she had watched her eight year-old nephews, Marge Dursley discovered that Petunia was a pathological liar, Vernon had somehow been brainwashed by that no good b***h, Dudley was the spawn of Satan, and Harry was actually a good kid.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Family - Chapters: 15 - Words: 21,044 - Reviews: 1025 - Favs: 3,128 - Follows: 2,643 - Updated: 8/25/2012 - Published: 6/25/2009 - Marge D., Harry P. - Complete
    Harrison Potter Stephens by Fyreheart reviews
    Someone saw Harry Potter dropped off on a doorstep and refused to allow that to happen. Instead, he was adopted by a magical family, a family very different than what wizarding society was used to. Note: the Bewitched timeline was moved forward to fit into the Harry Potter universe.
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Bewitched - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 18,122 - Reviews: 358 - Favs: 1,574 - Follows: 412 - Published: 8/6/2012 - Complete
    Hold Page One! by avidbeader reviews
    Post-OotP one-shot, AU. Hermione's ban on Rita Skeeter is about to expire, and she has a plan to give the reporter a very special scoop. What kind of stories will Rita chase now? And will it backfire on Hermione? H/Hr if you squint.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure - Chapters: 1 - Words: 8,089 - Reviews: 40 - Favs: 101 - Follows: 61 - Published: 7/30/2012 - Rita S., Hermione G. - Complete
    All with Accio by freakyfinger reviews
    Can the TriWizard Tournament be completed with just one spell? OneShot.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 4,395 - Reviews: 83 - Favs: 538 - Follows: 141 - Published: 7/25/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the RAF by Ravengrad reviews
    What happens when Harry gets fed up with the wizarding world. Yes it's been done before but this is my take on it. Starts after 5th year
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 33,428 - Reviews: 182 - Favs: 1,205 - Follows: 309 - Published: 7/3/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    4 Out of 5 DADA Professors Recommend by wwwendy reviews
    With the DADA professor for 1996-97 being unknown, Dumbledore assigns all returning students a summer essay, “What I have learned in DADA while at Hogwarts”. You wouldn't believe the approach Harry took, as some people are finding out, much to their shock
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 8 - Words: 52,038 - Reviews: 912 - Favs: 2,614 - Follows: 2,974 - Updated: 6/13/2012 - Published: 4/24/2005 - Harry P.
    No More Strings by Ginnyfan99 reviews
    Set after Order of the Phoenix, Harry, tired of sulking around after Sirius' death decides to take matters into his own hands. Independent Harry...Powerful Harry...
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Chapters: 34 - Words: 215,318 - Reviews: 761 - Favs: 1,416 - Follows: 1,519 - Updated: 5/29/2012 - Published: 10/5/2008 - Harry P., OC
    A Different Halloween by robst reviews
    Could a chance meeting change history? What would a different Halloween in 1981 mean for wizarding Britain?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 20 - Words: 124,549 - Reviews: 4023 - Favs: 7,046 - Follows: 4,186 - Updated: 5/26/2012 - Published: 10/31/2010 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Sun Source by Clell65619 reviews
    This is an extremely AU crossover fic that asks the question what might have happened if Petunia Dursley hadn't found a young Harry Potter sleeping on her doorstep on the morning of the 2nd of November 1981. After all, Dumbledore was a bit careless with
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 10 - Words: 111,868 - Reviews: 2238 - Favs: 6,443 - Follows: 4,251 - Updated: 5/3/2012 - Published: 9/11/2008 - Harry P. - Complete
    Partially Kissed Hero by Perfect Lionheart reviews
    Summer before third year Harry has a life changing experience, and a close encounter with a dementor ends with him absorbing the horcrux within him. Features Harry with a backbone.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Fantasy/Humor - Chapters: 103 - Words: 483,646 - Reviews: 15391 - Favs: 8,726 - Follows: 7,662 - Updated: 4/28/2012 - Published: 5/6/2008 - Harry P.
    Banking on Her by robst reviews
    Harry reckons his future is bleak if he stays at Hogwarts. The Tri-Wizard tournament offers him a fail-safe way of escaping his perceived destiny, that is until Harry discovered the hidden costs. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 18 - Words: 114,164 - Reviews: 3065 - Favs: 5,555 - Follows: 3,184 - Updated: 4/8/2012 - Published: 9/18/2011 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    The Queen who fell to Earth by Bobmin356 reviews
    Forced to compete and abandoned by his friends, he steps from the tent with only one goal in mind, suicide. Instead Harry awakens a power that spans time and space and starts a war between the worlds.
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Dragonriders of Pern series - Rated: M - English - Drama/Sci-Fi - Chapters: 18 - Words: 302,411 - Reviews: 2468 - Favs: 4,596 - Follows: 2,474 - Updated: 3/26/2012 - Published: 11/28/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    Who Needs Obliviators? by Drauchenfyre reviews
    British Aurors Obliviate Muggles to keep magic a secret. What if other countries did it differently?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 705 - Reviews: 102 - Favs: 547 - Follows: 102 - Published: 3/25/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    The Tangled Threads of Time by chem prof reviews
    After seeing his son off on the Hogwarts Express, Harry wakes up in an unexpected place. And finds himself with more memories than ought to be possible. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 8,556 - Reviews: 137 - Favs: 730 - Follows: 166 - Published: 3/17/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    In For the Long Haul by GenkaiFan reviews
    At the lowest point in his life Harry meets someone that's always willing to lend a hand.. AU Oneshot
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,669 - Reviews: 100 - Favs: 306 - Follows: 76 - Published: 3/17/2012 - Harry P. - Complete
    Potter's Protector by mjimeyg reviews
    The spirit of Hogwarts believes that Harry has suffered enough in his eleven years of life and calls in a protector to guide and care for him. Not slash, rating for violence in later chapters.
    Crossover - Buffy: The Vampire Slayer & Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Family - Chapters: 45 - Words: 261,714 - Reviews: 795 - Favs: 2,462 - Follows: 1,059 - Updated: 2/5/2012 - Published: 12/23/2011 - Xander H., Harry P. - Complete
    It's Easy by Romantic Silence reviews
    Harry proves to Ron that asking a girl out is easier than he thinks it is.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,121 - Reviews: 178 - Favs: 848 - Follows: 156 - Published: 1/30/2012 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Triwizard Tales by Clell65619 reviews
    - At 14, Harry Potter really wasn't prepared for the Triwizard Tournament, but if he was forced to compete he was going to do his very best.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 6 - Words: 38,772 - Reviews: 1376 - Favs: 4,949 - Follows: 1,853 - Updated: 1/11/2012 - Published: 11/29/2011 - Harry P., Susan B. - Complete
    Still Another Universe by transportation reviews
    Harry has killed Voldemort, and not for the first time. Instead of enjoying his victory, he's dragged to still another universe to do it all over again. But this time, it's August of 1981. Response/sequel to Silverfawkes' Yet Another Universe challenge.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 10 - Words: 43,813 - Reviews: 284 - Favs: 1,160 - Follows: 797 - Updated: 1/1/2012 - Published: 5/22/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    Honor a Hufflepuff by Stephen Ratliff reviews
    Harry Potter has decided that the late Cedric Diggory needs to be honored, not forgotten.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 9 - Words: 20,387 - Reviews: 177 - Favs: 1,142 - Follows: 323 - Updated: 12/23/2011 - Published: 12/15/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    Calculation by fringeperson reviews
    Young Harry liked numbers, he liked using numbers and working out the value of things. When he found out that he was a wizard and had a big pile of gold... well, he had something new to calculate. oneshot, complete, don't own.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 18,141 - Reviews: 1071 - Favs: 9,613 - Follows: 2,230 - Published: 12/8/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Fall of the house of Potter by Bobmin356 reviews
    AU from year five onwards. At the end of year six Harry finds himself once again isolated and prisoned at the Dursleys. The end of Book six never happened in this tale. Dumbledore has plans that include Harry, but not the way Harry thinks.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 42,606 - Reviews: 247 - Favs: 2,698 - Follows: 612 - Published: 10/30/2011 - Harry P., Daphne G. - Complete
    Free Life by fake a smile reviews
    Sequel to Taking Control. Harry starts taking the fight to the Death Eaters as the Order members are forced to make some very difficult decisions. Will Dumbledore see the benefit of working with Harry or continue to try to keep him out of the war?
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Chapters: 6 - Words: 72,568 - Reviews: 935 - Favs: 2,531 - Follows: 3,152 - Updated: 10/16/2011 - Published: 3/15/2009 - Harry P., Ginny W.
    30 Minutes II: The Gathering Storm by Radaslab reviews
    Harry & Co. enter Hogwarts. Dumbledore is not faced with a pawn. Voldemort is not faced with fertile ground. The world is about to change as war and revolution are in the air. Sequel.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 16 - Words: 142,208 - Reviews: 1976 - Favs: 2,782 - Follows: 3,357 - Updated: 10/16/2011 - Published: 10/31/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Out of the West by Larry Huss reviews
    Any suffienctly advanced science would be thought of as magic"-Arthur C. Clark. "We are being present at the birth of the Superman!"-Frederick Nietzche. AU/OC.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Sci-Fi - Chapters: 65 - Words: 212,502 - Reviews: 315 - Favs: 313 - Follows: 150 - Updated: 10/13/2011 - Published: 10/24/2009 - Complete
    Harry the Hufflepuff 2 by BajaB reviews
    Lazy!Harry is back, and not doing very much at all...
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 4 - Words: 23,642 - Reviews: 836 - Favs: 3,333 - Follows: 1,293 - Updated: 10/5/2011 - Published: 8/28/2011 - Complete
    Girl Talk by sprinter1988 reviews
    A talk between Hermione and Lavender during sixth year reveals Lavender's reason for dating Ron. Please note: Hermione and Lavender are the main characters, and not the pairing. I'd tell you the pairing but that'll give away the end of the story! NOT R/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Friendship/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,975 - Reviews: 116 - Favs: 728 - Follows: 137 - Published: 10/1/2011 - Hermione G., Lavender B. - Complete
    Where the Wild Things Bank by canoncansodoff reviews
    James and Lily give the goblins of Gringotts a very good reason to ensure that their little raven-haired King of the Wild Things reaches adulthood.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 2 - Words: 19,566 - Reviews: 225 - Favs: 556 - Follows: 743 - Updated: 9/30/2011 - Published: 9/18/2011 - Harry P.
    Souls Abound by robst reviews
    This story came from an idea of there being more than one version of Voldemort running around, due to his horcruxes being activated. Story begins with the Tom - Harry confrontation in the Chamber of Secrets. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 20 - Words: 128,682 - Reviews: 2411 - Favs: 3,508 - Follows: 2,205 - Updated: 8/21/2011 - Published: 6/8/2010 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    The Contract by apAidan reviews
    Harry and Hermione have a plan to derail Dolores Umbridge's reign of terror before it goes any further. With the help of Lady Longbottom, Harry goes to Gringotts to put it into action. With one slight complication, a 10 century old marriage contract.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Family - Chapters: 1 - Words: 7,293 - Reviews: 202 - Favs: 1,510 - Follows: 458 - Published: 8/20/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    A Hogwarts Christmas Story by Bobmin356 reviews
    Christmas comes earlier than expected.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 14,602 - Reviews: 238 - Favs: 792 - Follows: 180 - Published: 8/8/2011 - Harry P., F. Flitwick - Complete
    No Hurry At All by robst reviews
    Remus was so shocked at seeing Sirius fall through the veil that Harry had raced past him before the boy's intentions even registered with the werewolf. Screaming "Sirius!" Harry followed his godfather into the veil before anyone could stop him. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 19 - Words: 126,691 - Reviews: 3807 - Favs: 7,397 - Follows: 3,851 - Updated: 8/3/2011 - Published: 2/18/2011 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Coming Back by chem prof reviews
    Post DH excluding Epilogue . Following his defeat of Voldemort, Harry finds the pressures of his even greater celebrity unbearable, and decides he needs to leave wizarding Britain. His best and truest friend makes him promise to return someday. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 3 - Words: 19,047 - Reviews: 267 - Favs: 953 - Follows: 478 - Updated: 7/29/2011 - Published: 7/15/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Growing Up Granger by MattD12027 reviews
    The true story of Hermione's time at Hogwarts, in her own words. Now between First and Second Year.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 25 - Words: 191,377 - Reviews: 600 - Favs: 655 - Follows: 708 - Updated: 7/11/2011 - Published: 8/23/2007 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] Albus D.
    The Best Way by Maxtaf reviews
    The best way to deal with a kidnapping situation? An alternate view of the second task...
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,243 - Reviews: 112 - Favs: 844 - Follows: 199 - Published: 7/6/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    How a Marauder Deals With a Troll by Drauchenfyre reviews
    What if Harry went to rescue Hermione from the troll alone?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 798 - Reviews: 32 - Favs: 245 - Follows: 70 - Published: 6/12/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Yet Another Universe by Silverfawkes reviews
    AU lighthearted funfest with mature overtones,Post DH Harry gets pulled to an AU only to be expected to do it again. Dumbledore bashing is rampant Harry is doing it his way but he's going to have fun doing it! RATING FOR LANG. AND SEX INUENDO
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 57 - Words: 65,708 - Reviews: 2147 - Favs: 4,095 - Follows: 2,055 - Updated: 6/5/2011 - Published: 9/12/2010 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Easy Way by Kolarthecool reviews
    Harry reminds Draco of a far easier way to achieve his goals. Oneshot
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 919 - Reviews: 67 - Favs: 437 - Follows: 98 - Published: 6/1/2011 - Complete
    Not Real Wizards by Anders1 reviews
    What if Harry found out that the Wizarding world did not contain Real Wizards. A short one-shot
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 597 - Reviews: 11 - Favs: 11 - Follows: 3 - Published: 5/26/2011 - Harry P. - Complete
    Trend by Kolarthecool reviews
    Harry notices a trend with his previous professors. One-shot story.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 794 - Reviews: 48 - Favs: 308 - Follows: 72 - Published: 5/22/2011 - Harry P., N. Tonks - Complete
    Operation Chaos Done Right by Star Bear reviews
    Having lost everything the seventh year class decides to go back in time and do it right. This is going to require lots of planning though, because they don't want to be bored by the same time line now do they?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 5 - Words: 11,106 - Reviews: 406 - Favs: 1,156 - Follows: 1,342 - Updated: 4/12/2011 - Published: 9/30/2008 - Harry P.
    Harry Potter and the Cursed Summer by Mountain907 reviews
    After being cruelly abandoned by the Dursley's, Harry meets Bill and joins him on a Cursebreaking Adventure. Bill mentors Harry fic no slash. First FF Starts off a bit dark but lightens up quickly. R&R
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 24 - Words: 79,456 - Reviews: 1961 - Favs: 5,198 - Follows: 2,809 - Updated: 4/7/2011 - Published: 4/22/2010 - Harry P., Bill W. - Complete
    I Need You by chem prof reviews
    What if Hermione's parents had pulled her out of Hogwarts after she was nearly killed by a basilisk in her second year? How would Harry have managed without her? Years later, she returns and learns about his life in her absence. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 8 - Words: 62,305 - Reviews: 803 - Favs: 1,962 - Follows: 956 - Updated: 4/1/2011 - Published: 2/12/2011 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Life Sucks, Then You Die by Radaslab reviews
    Hermione begins to learn the truth after Harry is named a Tri-Wizard Champion. The solution is not what either extect. Mostly H/HR but it won't seem so. Some Ron and Dumbledore BASHING, but not much...
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 34 - Words: 254,864 - Reviews: 2406 - Favs: 2,556 - Follows: 2,802 - Updated: 3/31/2011 - Published: 7/10/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    After Hogwarts by Medico69 reviews
    This what happened after Voldemort was defeated and Harry gets on with his life. What will he do now? What profession will he follow? Will he marry? read to find out what happens next. Comments are welcome and expected. HP/HG NL/SB RW/DG LL/?
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Friendship/Adventure - Chapters: 10 - Words: 50,047 - Reviews: 243 - Favs: 343 - Follows: 417 - Updated: 3/15/2011 - Published: 12/6/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    To Be Loved by silentclock reviews
    Harry Potter grows up on Privet Drive, where he is neither loved nor hated; rather, he is treated with indifference. Will his relentless pursuit of knowledge allow him to defeat the Dark Lord? Will he ever be able to live the life he desires?
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 25 - Words: 95,187 - Reviews: 1233 - Favs: 3,742 - Follows: 2,241 - Updated: 3/10/2011 - Published: 12/22/2009 - Harry P., Daphne G. - Complete
    Sirius' Savior by Silverfawkes reviews
    AU Sirius took Harry that night and left. What happened after that is my story. ?able Dumbledore Sirius OOC Rating for occasional language.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Family - Chapters: 68 - Words: 179,902 - Reviews: 1865 - Favs: 2,667 - Follows: 1,607 - Updated: 2/14/2011 - Published: 2/1/2010 - Sirius B., Harry P. - Complete
    The Boy Who Never Knew by dunuelos reviews
    What if the Dursleys sent Harry off without him learning his own story? No one ever explained anything. And Amelia Bones is quiet upset about it. Complete for basic idea. Feel Free to Adopt.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Drama - Chapters: 2 - Words: 11,251 - Reviews: 264 - Favs: 853 - Follows: 833 - Updated: 2/1/2011 - Published: 1/23/2011 - Amelia B., Harry P. - Complete
    Connor's Report by Drauchenfyre reviews
    Having become the new Headmistress after the Battle of Hogwarts, Minerva McGonagall goes to family for help...
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,321 - Reviews: 14 - Favs: 43 - Follows: 11 - Published: 1/26/2011 - Minerva M., OC - Complete
    Twas the Day Before Christmas by apAidan reviews
    it's Christmas Eve Day, and they're at it again. Ginny's being unreasonable, Ron's being Ron, and Harry & Hermione are at their wits end. Fortunately for them, a little seasonal help is on the way. Of course there's always a Scrooge lurking about.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 10 - Words: 40,047 - Reviews: 254 - Favs: 444 - Follows: 196 - Updated: 12/24/2010 - Published: 12/6/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Prongs Tatum by Silverfawkes reviews
    on hiatus AU They left him on a doorstep and he wandered away.Features Independent Stubborn Harry and pokes fun at the foibles of the magical world.Rating for occasional language.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 18 - Words: 88,802 - Reviews: 1906 - Favs: 3,933 - Follows: 4,523 - Updated: 12/22/2010 - Published: 5/28/2010 - Harry P.
    It's My Life by Fyreheart reviews
    After his second year, Harry begins to realize Hogwarts isn't everything it could be. Are there other options available? While the Hogwarts characters belong to JK Rowling, the story is obviously outside of canon.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Chapters: 15 - Words: 80,383 - Reviews: 1863 - Favs: 5,451 - Follows: 2,469 - Updated: 12/5/2010 - Published: 8/13/2010 - Harry P. - Complete
    Realizations by Wishweaver reviews
    Harry returns to Privet Drive after 4th year and finds it...empty! What do you do when you can't go to your friends for help? Additional Story Notes FYI: a. AU Summer before Fifth Year Fic, b. Not particularly fast paced.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Drama - Chapters: 36 - Words: 264,047 - Reviews: 8688 - Favs: 11,119 - Follows: 8,438 - Updated: 11/16/2010 - Published: 3/6/2003 - Harry P.
    Turn Me Loose: A Harry Potter Adventure by jbern reviews
    The sequel to Bungle in the Jungle. Told in 2nd person. Harry Potter has returned to England. In the jungles of South America, he became his own man, a hero of his own choice and not unfortunate circumstance. Is it enough to save him?
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure - Chapters: 16 - Words: 134,063 - Reviews: 1836 - Favs: 3,548 - Follows: 2,046 - Updated: 11/13/2010 - Published: 8/31/2007 - Harry P., Luna L. - Complete
    Unconventional Harry by kb0 reviews
    When his name comes out of the Goblet of Fire, Harry decides to stop "rolling over" and "just taking it." He has "Marauder godfathers" and decides to have them help him strike back. A one-shot. H/G eventually
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 16,781 - Reviews: 203 - Favs: 1,392 - Follows: 291 - Published: 10/5/2010 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    In this World and the Next by robst reviews
    Not for Weasley fans, dark beginning and rating is for safety. A Re-do with payback on the menu H/Hr Complete
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 26 - Words: 164,711 - Reviews: 4761 - Favs: 8,539 - Follows: 3,855 - Updated: 9/29/2010 - Published: 12/31/2009 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    The Board by Clell65619 reviews
    Following the fall of Voldemort, the Hogwarts Board of Governors meet.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Friendship/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 9,312 - Reviews: 286 - Favs: 1,647 - Follows: 346 - Published: 9/15/2010 - Complete
    Harry Potter and Godric's Legacy by hermyd reviews
    Post OotP. AU. Harry is fed up with Dumbledore's interference and sets out to do things his way, with help from some unexpected sources. When he learns the second half of the Prophecy, and finds his power, he won't allow anything to stand in his way.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 15 - Words: 116,726 - Reviews: 1024 - Favs: 3,009 - Follows: 1,432 - Updated: 9/7/2010 - Published: 8/2/2009 - [Harry P., Ginny W.] - Complete
    When Harry Met Hermione by chem prof reviews
    What if Harry met Hermione first, and became friends with her, before he met Ron? This story relates Harry's first meeting with Hermione, and continues with the times they meet each other at the beginning of every year. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Friendship/Romance - Chapters: 6 - Words: 32,608 - Reviews: 872 - Favs: 1,890 - Follows: 798 - Updated: 9/3/2010 - Published: 7/31/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Best Mates by chem prof reviews
    A humorous one-shot in which Hermione challenges Ron as to which one of them is truly Harry's Best Mate.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 4,656 - Reviews: 486 - Favs: 2,903 - Follows: 523 - Published: 8/2/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Beginning of a New Life by rlpj4 reviews
    AU. After the events of fourth year, Harry does not return to Privet Drive. He, with the help of Gringotts, decides to travel and learn as much as he can to help him in the fight against Voldemort. Super!Harry, Time-Travel!Harry
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure - Chapters: 21 - Words: 95,729 - Reviews: 838 - Favs: 3,854 - Follows: 1,724 - Updated: 7/27/2010 - Published: 6/24/2009 - Harry P., Daphne G. - Complete
    Fledglings by Lord Retro reviews
    One-Shot. After Sirius' death, Harry finds something new to give him hope. But how will the world react when Harry reveals his newest accomplishment?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 2 - Words: 5,234 - Reviews: 170 - Favs: 746 - Follows: 167 - Updated: 7/9/2010 - Published: 3/25/2008 - Harry P., Hedwig - Complete
    Wizards are stupid by Lineape reviews
    A series of one-shots, two-shots, and drabbles chronicling the stupidity of the Wizarding World and all its inhabitants. Some are funny, others not so much. Chapter Twenty-Nine: The Trace.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Parody/Humor - Chapters: 29 - Words: 32,438 - Reviews: 682 - Favs: 807 - Follows: 607 - Updated: 7/7/2010 - Published: 1/8/2010 - Harry P.
    A place called home by vinkunwildflowerqueen reviews
    All anyone ever wants out of life is love, a family and home. Sometimes these are right under your nose. Harry/Hermione romance fic. Rated T. Non canon compliant with HBP or DH... probably not OOTP either.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Family - Chapters: 30 - Words: 126,509 - Reviews: 265 - Favs: 989 - Follows: 276 - Updated: 6/24/2010 - Published: 6/19/2010 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Poison Pen by GenkaiFan reviews
    Harry has had enough of seeing his reputation shredded in the Daily Prophet and decides to do something about it. Only he decides to embrace his Slytherin side to rectify matters.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Humor - Chapters: 32 - Words: 74,506 - Reviews: 8496 - Favs: 17,766 - Follows: 7,292 - Updated: 6/21/2010 - Published: 12/3/2009 - Harry P. - Complete
    Harry Potter's Reaction to the Marriage Law by kb0 reviews
    After the war, the Wizengamot passes a law requiring all young wizards and witches to marry, and the Ministry will assign the partners. How do Harry and his friends react? H/G, but not overly so
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Suspense - Chapters: 1 - Words: 15,847 - Reviews: 132 - Favs: 599 - Follows: 134 - Published: 6/13/2010 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    The Resistance by Cassandra147 reviews
    Fifth year AU. Umbridge becomes Headmistress. Voldemort lurks in shadows, awaiting his chance. In Dumbledore's absence, Minerva McGonagall decides to take matters into her own hands.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 16 - Words: 92,456 - Reviews: 146 - Favs: 233 - Follows: 83 - Updated: 6/7/2010 - Published: 11/8/2009 - Minerva M. - Complete
    FG2 – The Trio Hit Hogwarts by robst reviews
    this is a sequel to 'Fate's Gambit' if you haven't read that then I'm afraid you won't have a Scooby what's going on here. Harry/Hermione/Luna
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 17 - Words: 104,294 - Reviews: 1934 - Favs: 3,026 - Follows: 1,645 - Updated: 5/12/2010 - Published: 8/31/2009 - [Harry P., Hermione G., Luna L.] - Complete
    Harry and Gabi by muggledad reviews
    Does love really withstand all? Can they truly complete each other while navigating the deadly life that others build around them? Harry/Gabrielle
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 5 - Words: 151,903 - Reviews: 537 - Favs: 1,544 - Follows: 1,621 - Updated: 5/12/2010 - Published: 7/12/2009 - [Harry P., Gabrielle D.]
    Harry Potter and the Dragon's Breath by Omniscientearl reviews
    [Being Rewritten as: Harry Potter and the Fire of Eternity] It is the summer after Harry rescued Sirius from the dementors, and things couldn't be more peaceful. In this retelling, however, he takes advantage of Sirius and James' three years of hard work.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Fantasy/Romance - Chapters: 10 - Words: 29,772 - Reviews: 259 - Favs: 437 - Follows: 609 - Updated: 4/25/2010 - Published: 12/6/2006 - Harry P., Ginny W.
    The Day Albus Dumbledore Never Remembers by Silverfawkes reviews
    AU ONESHOT Independent Harry decides enough is enough. Dumbledore bash fest. slight RW bashing mild language. Co-written with Darkshadowedrose.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 17,059 - Reviews: 220 - Favs: 1,765 - Follows: 363 - Published: 4/22/2010 - Harry P., Albus D. - Complete
    HJG: The Smartest Witch of Her Age? by HarnGin reviews
    Hermione attends a very one-sided, yet eye-opening, job interview. Some non-canon content; not for Hermione fanatics.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,705 - Reviews: 191 - Favs: 563 - Follows: 118 - Published: 3/31/2010 - Hermione G., OC - Complete
    Harry McGonagall by witowsmp reviews
    Professor McGonagall has watched the Dursleys all day and can see what sort of people they are. When Dumbledore leaves Harry on their doorstep and disappears, she takes him away. HHr
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 39 - Words: 245,803 - Reviews: 5044 - Favs: 5,789 - Follows: 3,251 - Updated: 3/16/2010 - Published: 9/18/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    The Scottish Connection by Itsme66 reviews
    Harry may not have been as isolated as the Order thought, in the summer after 4th year. Rated for alcohol abuse, swearing, innuendo, and maybe a naughty scene or two later on. Unbeta'd
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 3 - Words: 35,637 - Reviews: 209 - Favs: 976 - Follows: 1,303 - Updated: 3/15/2010 - Published: 10/31/2009 - Harry P., Katie B.
    Before Hogwarts by Medico69 reviews
    What if someone helped Harry before he went to Hogwarts? Would that make a difference? Well, I think so; so here is my impression of what MIGHT happen.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 15 - Words: 56,320 - Reviews: 348 - Favs: 957 - Follows: 558 - Updated: 3/4/2010 - Published: 12/20/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    The Mandatory Marriage Contract Fic by Itsme66 reviews
    AU post 5th year. A bunny that wouldn't let go. Harry is set up in a marriage contract, but things don't go as planned. Rated for language and blatant - if non-desciptive - sexuality.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 2 - Words: 62,585 - Reviews: 260 - Favs: 1,537 - Follows: 390 - Updated: 2/26/2010 - Published: 1/25/2010 - Harry P., Morag M. - Complete
    Hedwig and the Goblet of Fire by Meteoricshipyards reviews
    Harry uses Hedwig to test the restrictions on the Goblet of Fire. Obviously, they're not good enough to stop the smartest owl in Britain!
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 3,993 - Reviews: 392 - Favs: 2,863 - Follows: 612 - Published: 2/26/2010 - Harry P., Parvati P. - Complete
    Harry Potter and Afterlife Inc by dunuelos reviews
    My own response to Reptilia28's challenge. Harry died in the battle with Voldemort. What happens when he meets the Grim Reaper? Especially when the Reaper isn't happy with him. Rating changed to more appropriate one. HHr. Other pairings as they come.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 36 - Words: 110,380 - Reviews: 1392 - Favs: 4,497 - Follows: 1,386 - Updated: 2/25/2010 - Published: 1/25/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Can't Have It Both Ways by robst reviews
    If you are forced to participate in a competition that's reserved for adults only, doesn't that mean you should be considered an adult? Harry gets some much needed help and advice before having some fun by allowing his marauder heritage out to play. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 16 - Words: 106,352 - Reviews: 2804 - Favs: 8,202 - Follows: 3,289 - Updated: 2/14/2010 - Published: 9/26/2009 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    In Plain Sight by JenniferRSong reviews
    AU Harry Potter has come to Hogwarts. Or has he? Between an imposter walking the halls, a DADA teacher with more books than brains, and a spate of mysterious petrifications, can Chris keep his secret identity intact? Now in Year 2. BEING REWRITTEN!
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Family/Adventure - Chapters: 18 - Words: 60,742 - Reviews: 533 - Favs: 400 - Follows: 611 - Updated: 2/10/2010 - Published: 1/2/2009 - Harry P., OC
    Taking a wrong turn turned out right by DerLaCroix reviews
    Harry, under duress, made a split second decision that turned out very right.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,298 - Reviews: 59 - Favs: 295 - Follows: 120 - Published: 1/31/2010 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Runic Animagi by Kassien reviews
    COMPLETE! AU! Post OoTP, Sixth Year Story. Harry decides to have a little fun after hearing the Prophecy as a death sentence and his life takes on a life of its own! Harry/Daphne, HP/DG!
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor/Angst - Chapters: 36 - Words: 161,554 - Reviews: 1154 - Favs: 4,602 - Follows: 1,928 - Updated: 1/10/2010 - Published: 5/25/2009 - Harry P., Daphne G. - Complete
    RuneMaster by Tigerman reviews
    In third year, Harry decided to quit Divination, following Hermione. Having to take a substitute course, he end up choosing Ancient Runes and find himself to be quite gifted. Smart Harry. Slightly manipulative. Rated M for later subjects and language.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 18 - Words: 149,721 - Reviews: 3402 - Favs: 11,808 - Follows: 4,991 - Updated: 12/30/2009 - Published: 5/21/2009 - Harry P., Luna L. - Complete
    Time, Mr Potter? by Tw15teD reviews
    Five years after Voldemort's victory over the Order of the Phoenix, Harry Potter is a man on the run. But what happens when he is thrown into his twelve-year old body in a freak accident? Non-DH compliant. Complete.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Horror - Chapters: 35 - Words: 195,226 - Reviews: 1141 - Favs: 2,055 - Follows: 1,279 - Updated: 12/28/2009 - Published: 3/30/2008 - Harry P. - Complete
    Many Thanks by Madm05 reviews
    James Potter would never forget the first time he met Hermione Granger. Nor would he forget just how much he owed her for all she had done for him, his family, his world, and his future. HHr, through the evolving eyes of James Potter. HHr/JPLE
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama - Chapters: 5 - Words: 25,101 - Reviews: 587 - Favs: 2,371 - Follows: 526 - Updated: 12/24/2009 - Published: 12/2/2008 - Hermione G., Harry P. - Complete
    Oh God Not Again! by Sarah1281 reviews
    So maybe everything didn't work out perfectly for Harry. Still, most of his friends survived, he'd gotten married, and was about to become a father. If only he'd have stayed away from the Veil, he wouldn't have had to go back and do everything AGAIN.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Parody - Chapters: 50 - Words: 162,639 - Reviews: 11029 - Favs: 14,782 - Follows: 5,969 - Updated: 12/22/2009 - Published: 9/13/2008 - Harry P. - Complete
    Muggle Summer, Wizard's Fall by canoncansodoff reviews
    A seventh-year saga that begins one hour after Dumbledore's funeral. Harry gets some unexpected and unexpectedly useful help from the Muggle World...so much that wonders whether the power he knows not is actually the British monarchy! HHr, RWLL
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 69 - Words: 380,866 - Reviews: 2224 - Favs: 2,441 - Follows: 2,479 - Updated: 12/4/2009 - Published: 3/2/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    30 Minutes That Changed Everything by Radaslab reviews
    AU. Year 2148: Gobal Population: 1. He made a mistake 150 years ago or so and now the human race no longer exists. For a century or so, he has sought a way to fix it all. Can he, or is the end of the world inevitable?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 55 - Words: 352,127 - Reviews: 3292 - Favs: 3,897 - Follows: 1,797 - Updated: 10/29/2009 - Published: 6/29/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Furious Angels by Worldmaker reviews
    Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks within his bending sickle's compass come. Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, but bears it out, even to the edge of doom.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance - Chapters: 18 - Words: 105,311 - Reviews: 572 - Favs: 618 - Follows: 501 - Updated: 9/28/2009 - Published: 4/4/2008 - Ginny W., Harry P. - Complete
    What If? … An Alternative to Order Of The Phoenix by chem prof reviews
    What if Harry had reacted more strongly to the Ministry’s threat to expel him and snap his wand? What if he had fled the country rather than submit to the trial?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 7 - Words: 50,554 - Reviews: 562 - Favs: 1,382 - Follows: 656 - Updated: 9/26/2009 - Published: 7/31/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Enlightenment by Rohata reviews
    Takes place the Summer before third year. A chance meeting with a former Death Eater reveals some startiling truths. Disclaimer: I do not own anything Harry Potter.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 41 - Words: 131,788 - Reviews: 1932 - Favs: 2,805 - Follows: 3,016 - Updated: 9/15/2009 - Published: 11/20/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Fate's Gambit by robst reviews
    Fate looked on as the boy who's destined to lead the fight against the darkness was slowly being broken down until she's compelled to take action that will change his life forever. Pre-Hogwarts, friendship H/Hr/L rating is for Dursleys treatment of Harry
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Friendship - Chapters: 9 - Words: 53,921 - Reviews: 1313 - Favs: 3,638 - Follows: 1,462 - Updated: 8/31/2009 - Published: 7/12/2009 - [Harry P., Hermione G., Luna L.] - Complete
    The Power by DarthBill reviews
    Harry has been feeling lethargic since his tenth birthday when suddenly he has more energy than he needs. AU story for all seven years. HarryMulti nothing serious. SmartPowerful!Harry.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Humor - Chapters: 25 - Words: 48,757 - Reviews: 1624 - Favs: 4,448 - Follows: 2,348 - Updated: 8/25/2009 - Published: 1/26/2006 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Easy Way by kb0 reviews
    After 5th year, the “talk” with Vernon at the train station is counter-productive and Dumbledore learns how big a mistake he made by continually sending Harry back to the Dursleys. A one-shot, no pairing.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Tragedy/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 6,294 - Reviews: 94 - Favs: 254 - Follows: 73 - Published: 8/20/2009 - Harry P., Voldemort - Complete
    A Smarter Hunt by kb0 reviews
    What would have happened if Harry had been a little smarter in book 7? Here’s my version of book 7. H/G, R/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Drama - Chapters: 3 - Words: 37,535 - Reviews: 197 - Favs: 592 - Follows: 216 - Updated: 8/19/2009 - Published: 8/13/2009 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    Harry Potter and Slytherin's Secret by Belcris reviews
    AU. Harry and Ginny struggle to survive Ginny's first year at Hogwart's. Forces fight to pull them apart, but they will not be defeated so easily. What darkness fills Slytherin's Secret? Sequel to Philosopher's Stone.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Mystery - Chapters: 15 - Words: 109,494 - Reviews: 212 - Favs: 312 - Follows: 198 - Updated: 8/11/2009 - Published: 9/13/2008 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    Mage Harry by kb0 reviews
    Summer before 6th year, an accident unlocks Harry's secret power: He's a Mage with the power of Merlin. Watch Harry deal with it and take control of his life. Independent Harry. H/G
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 3 - Words: 52,499 - Reviews: 352 - Favs: 1,589 - Follows: 560 - Updated: 7/31/2009 - Published: 7/20/2009 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    Divination is a Wooly Subject by KafkaExMachina reviews
    A different outcome to Harry's discussion with Albus at the end of OotP. Not Slash
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,618 - Reviews: 167 - Favs: 583 - Follows: 135 - Published: 7/26/2009 - Harry P., Albus D. - Complete
    Just a Dream? by chem prof reviews
    Takes place during Book 7. A series of dreams following the encounter with Nagini on Christmas Eve has Harry rethinking the way he sees and acts toward Hermione. Things change as a result. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 6,324 - Reviews: 126 - Favs: 452 - Follows: 87 - Published: 7/24/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    More Important Things by robst reviews
    COMPLETE - My attempt at the Dumbledore Answers Harry challenge set by witowsmp, where Harry discovers his destiny at the end of first year. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 12 - Words: 74,726 - Reviews: 1415 - Favs: 2,727 - Follows: 1,165 - Updated: 7/11/2009 - Published: 5/6/2009 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Mahou mo Ken by Enterprise1701-d reviews
    When Harry cries out for help during a nightmare, halfway around the world somebody listens. Somebody that will change the way Harry looks at magic... forever. On hiatus.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 10 - Words: 151,685 - Reviews: 719 - Favs: 1,718 - Follows: 1,919 - Updated: 7/6/2009 - Published: 3/15/2007 - Harry P., Luna L.
    Harry Potter and the Muggle Mess by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    Albus Dumbledore attempts to drop Harry Potter off with the Dursley family when things go terribly wrong. The whole universe shifts because of one man's action.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 1 - Words: 13,963 - Reviews: 317 - Favs: 2,341 - Follows: 604 - Published: 6/30/2009 - Amelia B., Sirius B. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Fight against Fate by Amberile reviews
    In a freak accident, during the ultimate battle, 21 year old Harry is send back through time and space to that fateful day on Halloween. This is the story about Harry’s desperate fight against Fate to save his friends and this new world he is now in.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure - Chapters: 23 - Words: 163,688 - Reviews: 1555 - Favs: 2,073 - Follows: 2,404 - Updated: 6/26/2009 - Published: 2/13/2007 - Harry P., Albus D.
    Shake on it by NeoNerd420 reviews
    After the Final task and the death of Cedric. Harry has a question. With Hermione's help he finds the answers. One t much H/Hr.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 3,295 - Reviews: 76 - Favs: 276 - Follows: 74 - Published: 6/9/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter Power of the Animagus by YuriSakura reviews
    Harry Potter learned more than the fact that Remus and Sirius were Marauders his third year. With some help from Hermione's time turner he embarks on a new path.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 3 - Words: 13,886 - Reviews: 181 - Favs: 683 - Follows: 979 - Published: 5/29/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Knowledge is Power by robst reviews
    When Hermione gets cursed at the Ministry, Harry and the Death Eaters discover the power he knows not. Unleashing this power has far reaching consequences. Weasley and Dumbledore bashing – time travel story that's hopefully different.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 30 - Words: 178,331 - Reviews: 3228 - Favs: 7,101 - Follows: 2,828 - Updated: 4/29/2009 - Published: 10/23/2008 - [Harry P., Hermione G.] - Complete
    Harry Potter: Kidnapped by kb0 reviews
    Harry decided growing up “on the street” was better than at the Dursleys and ran away as a child, becoming lost to the Wizarding world. He was very happy with his life until accidentally found by Albus Dumbledore... No real pairing
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama - Chapters: 6 - Words: 60,415 - Reviews: 591 - Favs: 1,862 - Follows: 654 - Updated: 4/27/2009 - Published: 4/17/2009 - Harry P. - Complete
    Harry Potter: Grey Wizard 1 The Beginning by ETMegabyte reviews
    AU. How could our hero be different if he walked into the wizarding world with his eyes open? How would he deal with situations if he wasn't a wimp like he is in canon? NOT a superpower Harry Story. Harry discovers magic at a young age, and learns.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 4 - Words: 17,854 - Reviews: 490 - Favs: 623 - Follows: 1,015 - Updated: 4/23/2009 - Published: 1/12/2007 - Harry P.
    The Boy Who Fell, A HP Starwars Crossover by Darth Marrs reviews
    The Boy Who Lived didn't. Now 13 years after Harry Potter was murdered by the Dursleys, magical England is on the verge of collapse. So Luna Lovegood wishes for someone to come and make it all better.
    Crossover - Star Wars & Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Fantasy - Chapters: 30 - Words: 135,583 - Reviews: 954 - Favs: 1,262 - Follows: 546 - Updated: 4/18/2009 - Published: 9/5/2008 - Ben Skywalker, Luna L. - Complete
    What If? ooo Another Goblet of Fire Alternative by chem prof reviews
    Many fanfics speculate about what would have happened if Harry had asked Hermione to the Yule Ball. Or what if he had taken Ginny to the Ball? Here’s a twist. What if he had done both? And what else in the story might have changed as a result?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 3 - Words: 25,268 - Reviews: 306 - Favs: 813 - Follows: 369 - Updated: 4/17/2009 - Published: 4/3/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Breach of Trust by Hlpur reviews
    In the days following Dumbledore’s death nothing is as it seems and a second prophesy is discovered. Harry and Hermione learn who they can truly trust as they struggle to fulfill destiny.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 12 - Words: 88,757 - Reviews: 415 - Favs: 791 - Follows: 1,019 - Updated: 4/2/2009 - Published: 10/25/2008 - Hermione G., Harry P.
    Ginny Returns by kb0 reviews
    What if the war was over, but the only ones left were Ginny and a paralyzed friend? When Ginny finds a ritual that will send her back to an earlier point in the timeline, how will she change things to come out for the better? HP/GW
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 17 - Words: 157,144 - Reviews: 833 - Favs: 1,330 - Follows: 575 - Updated: 3/27/2009 - Published: 12/24/2008 - Ginny W., Harry P. - Complete
    The Price of Not Caring by True Dawn reviews
    Harry's thoughts after seeing a memory of Tom Riddle are not quite what Dumbledore would have wanted...
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Angst - Chapters: 1 - Words: 641 - Reviews: 71 - Favs: 393 - Follows: 89 - Published: 3/27/2009 - Voldemort, Harry P. - Complete
    There’s No Place Like Home? Escape From Oz by chem prof reviews
    The unveiling of some scenes which were cut from the original drafts of the Harry Potter books puts the validity of the Epilogue in question. Read this additional material and learn how the story really ended. H/Hr
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 13,035 - Reviews: 144 - Favs: 588 - Follows: 121 - Published: 2/27/2009 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    The Chronicles of Fayt: Book Two by sakura13 reviews
    Sequel to The Chronicles of Fayt. Follow Harry and Co through their second year and dealing with new families, incompetent teachers and basilisks.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 5 - Words: 14,484 - Reviews: 40 - Favs: 48 - Follows: 98 - Updated: 2/21/2009 - Published: 2/12/2009 - Harry P.
    The Chronicles of Fayt by sakura13 reviews
    Instead of taking Harry in as a baby, the Dursley's dumped him at an orphanage in London. Follows Harry and Co through the first year of Hogwarts, and more than a few bumps in the road. This is book one of a series of seven. NOW FINISHED. BOOK 2 ON THE WA
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 21 - Words: 70,928 - Reviews: 162 - Favs: 135 - Follows: 144 - Updated: 2/16/2009 - Published: 12/25/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Year of Changes by redfrog reviews
    Sequel to Summer of Independence. Harry's 6th year, dealing with Dumbles and Ron, lots of Quidditch and just being Harry. Ron& Dumbledore& Ginny bashing. Independent Harry story. No pairings planned.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure - Chapters: 15 - Words: 60,541 - Reviews: 1040 - Favs: 3,207 - Follows: 1,630 - Updated: 2/3/2009 - Published: 9/12/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    The Natural Animagus by wsbenge reviews
    Harry is sent to the Dursleys, but due to a natural proclivity for cat animagus transformations, goes to live with the kneazles at Mrs. Figg's a few weeks before he is 2 years old. He spends years as a kneazle, before his association with Ginny Weasley h
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure - Chapters: 21 - Words: 161,097 - Reviews: 671 - Favs: 1,644 - Follows: 801 - Updated: 12/29/2008 - Published: 4/7/2008 - Complete
    The Book of Dobby: Per Arcana ad Astra by Doghead Thirteen reviews
    There's only so far you can push anyone before they'll push back, and Harry's been pushed too far. Between that and Dobby's form of mad proving contagious, things are about to get violent. ABANDONED.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 3 - Words: 28,963 - Reviews: 184 - Favs: 409 - Follows: 452 - Updated: 12/2/2008 - Published: 10/2/2008
    Notebooks and Letters by chem prof reviews
    The ‘true’ version of Books 5, 6, and 7, as told by Hermione to her daughter years later, using her old journals and letters between her and Harry.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 40 - Words: 296,330 - Reviews: 2094 - Favs: 1,570 - Follows: 622 - Updated: 11/28/2008 - Published: 10/31/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    A Kiss Can Save The World by robst reviews
    COMPLETE - What would change if Harry asked Hermione to the Yule Ball? H/Hr My first fanfic
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 30 - Words: 141,452 - Reviews: 2096 - Favs: 4,594 - Follows: 1,628 - Updated: 11/23/2008 - Published: 6/29/2008 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    No Thank You by Sarah1281 reviews
    What if the Dursley family had taken the more practical route of treating Harry kindly in order to keep him away from magic? What if it worked? What if he wants nothing to do with the wizarding world and Dumbledore has to solve his own problems for once?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 5,608 - Reviews: 329 - Favs: 1,602 - Follows: 296 - Published: 11/22/2008 - Harry P., Albus D. - Complete
    Taking Control by fake a smile reviews
    It's the summer before Harry's 6th year, and Harry is wracked with grief. But what happens when Harry makes a vow to himself to take control of his life? Harry's life takes a sharp turn when he gets an unexpected visitor one night. HPGW Independent!Harry
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 28 - Words: 523,307 - Reviews: 2904 - Favs: 5,963 - Follows: 3,077 - Updated: 11/15/2008 - Published: 5/23/2006 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    Scientia by forgottenone1385 reviews
    AU. smart!harry. Latin for knowledge. What if Harry went looking for magic before Hogwarts and found it? What if the Greatest School in Britain wasn't all that great?
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 9 - Words: 30,931 - Reviews: 538 - Favs: 1,095 - Follows: 1,618 - Updated: 10/15/2008 - Published: 7/6/2008 - Harry P., OC
    Thank You Ms Bones by old-crow reviews
    Post OoTP Harry's life takes an unexpected turn when Fawkes provides Harry with a means of mobility. Ch 32 concludes the final six-chapter arc. Forget Book 7.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Drama - Chapters: 32 - Words: 154,157 - Reviews: 2365 - Favs: 3,383 - Follows: 1,618 - Updated: 9/14/2008 - Published: 11/5/2006 - Susan B., Harry P. - Complete
    Harry Potter, the ArchMagus by the DragonBard reviews
    AU. After an incident with Dudley and his gang, Harry discovers his magical abilities. However, there is no one to teach him how to wield his magic. So, with only fantasy books to guide him, Harry must forge himself into the wizard he is meant to be.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Fantasy - Chapters: 7 - Words: 38,443 - Reviews: 1658 - Favs: 3,381 - Follows: 4,085 - Updated: 9/13/2008 - Published: 11/7/2005 - Harry P.
    Insidious Inquisitor by Yunaine reviews
    Harry Potter is dosed with Veritaserum by Dolores Umbridge. Afterwards his entire world is turned upside down. - Set during fifth year; Harry/Susan/Hannah
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 14,850 - Reviews: 460 - Favs: 3,337 - Follows: 813 - Published: 7/12/2008 - [Harry P., Susan B., Hannah A.] - Complete
    Harry's Theories Series by forgottenone1385 reviews
    A collection of essays written by Harry in my upcoming, untitled story.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,685 - Reviews: 5 - Favs: 8 - Follows: 10 - Published: 7/6/2008 - Harry P.
    Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone by Belcris reviews
    AU. Someone stopped Harry from being left with the Dursleys and saved Sirius from spending 12 years in Azkaban. Now it's time for Harry to take his place in the world and he's ready for it, with a little help from a certain red head penpal.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Mystery - Chapters: 18 - Words: 94,929 - Reviews: 421 - Favs: 590 - Follows: 282 - Updated: 7/6/2008 - Published: 1/31/2008 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    Conversations in the Aftermath by chem prof reviews
    An early morning talk between Harry and Hermione about how their lives are going leads to some decisions. Set after the final battle in book 7.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama - Chapters: 4 - Words: 16,317 - Reviews: 210 - Favs: 373 - Follows: 161 - Updated: 5/16/2008 - Published: 10/31/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter and The Acts of Betrayal by Clell65619 reviews
    The Semiclassic 'everyone has been lying to Harry about everything' plot. Very AU. Bashing of pretty much everyone. Mind Control Sex. Language. Dumbledore decides the Old Families won't tolerate the Chosen One being with a mudblood. Sucks to be Ron Ginny
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Angst/Romance - Chapters: 20 - Words: 77,977 - Reviews: 1773 - Favs: 4,072 - Follows: 1,584 - Updated: 5/7/2008 - Published: 9/28/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    The Misplaced Potter 2 by chubby redburn reviews
    AU OOC. The story of Henry Porter continues. Fourteenyear old Henry faces new dangers and challenges at Hogwarts when an unknown enemy places him in the Triwizards Tournament.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 11 - Words: 53,718 - Reviews: 228 - Favs: 360 - Follows: 318 - Updated: 4/30/2008 - Published: 5/27/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    James and Jade North and the Book of Possession by Lady Alianne reviews
    Sequel to James and Jade North and the Philosopher's Stone. The 'twins' start their second year of Hogwarts, with a mysterious diary that Jade found and an escapee from Azkaban who isn't what he seems. COMPLETE!
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Fantasy - Chapters: 12 - Words: 26,672 - Reviews: 66 - Favs: 100 - Follows: 46 - Updated: 4/9/2008 - Published: 3/18/2008 - Harry P., OC - Complete
    The Greatest Trial by Minstrel Knight reviews
    After Harry Potter is seemingly executed, the then Minister of Magic crusades to determine the truth. The resulting posthumous retrial of Harry Potter leaves the entire Wizarding World speechless.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Tragedy - Chapters: 5 - Words: 14,037 - Reviews: 177 - Favs: 670 - Follows: 227 - Updated: 3/26/2008 - Published: 3/18/2008 - Complete
    James and Jade North and the Philosopher's Stone by Lady Alianne reviews
    AU. The Dursleys don't want Harry, so they dump him on the step of a random house in another town. The owner happens to be a Muggleborn witch and she adopts Harry, making him the 'twin brother' to her daughter and with the name James North. COMPLETE!
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Fantasy - Chapters: 16 - Words: 51,490 - Reviews: 155 - Favs: 217 - Follows: 107 - Updated: 3/17/2008 - Published: 2/1/2008 - Harry P., OC - Complete
    Harry's Dragon by GenkaiFan reviews
    What if a young boy wished to be rescued from his abusive relatives? What if he was whisked away during a dark and stormy night? And what does a green dragon named Elliott have to do with it? AUCrossover with Disney's Pete's Dragon
    Crossover - Harry Potter & Disney - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 8 - Words: 14,172 - Reviews: 156 - Favs: 325 - Follows: 112 - Updated: 12/20/2007 - Published: 6/21/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Natural Order by moshpitstories reviews
    If you’ve got a chance to do it over again, why putz around? You know the game, you know the players, and you know the goal. It’s time for Double Jeopardy, where the scores can really change.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Adventure - Chapters: 5 - Words: 22,185 - Reviews: 124 - Favs: 450 - Follows: 120 - Updated: 12/19/2007 - Published: 12/12/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Magical Contracts by Kalen Darkmoon reviews
    In Goblet of Fire, JKR established that it was absurdly easy to bind other witches and wizards unwillingly into binding magical contracts with a simple, school-taught 'confundus' charm. What if Harry took note of that and decided to do something about it?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 3,285 - Reviews: 420 - Favs: 2,795 - Follows: 643 - Published: 12/12/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Sniper by DobbyElfLord reviews
    OneShot: Harry is expelled after the hearing in Courtroom 10. His wand snapped, an angry Harry choses his own path forward. First person story focusing on Harry's effort to find his own place.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure - Chapters: 1 - Words: 12,473 - Reviews: 518 - Favs: 3,873 - Follows: 823 - Published: 11/28/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    To Fight The Coming Darkness by jbern reviews
    Set post OOTP AU NonHBP. Harry Potter and Susan Bones. Gritty realism, independent Harry and a believable Voldemort all in a desperate battle to control the fate of the wizarding world. Rating increased to Mature.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 41 - Words: 340,961 - Reviews: 2790 - Favs: 3,296 - Follows: 1,512 - Updated: 11/12/2007 - Published: 12/3/2005 - Harry P., Susan B. - Complete
    The Traveler in Black meets Harry Potter by Meteoricshipyards reviews
    A crossover between John Brunner's The Traveler in Black and Harry Potter. What happens when a being with many names, but only one nature, encounters the chaos that is the Wizarding world? For some, tragedy, for others....
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Fantasy - Chapters: 1 - Words: 7,915 - Reviews: 48 - Favs: 196 - Follows: 49 - Published: 10/29/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    More Important Than Any Broomstick by witowsmp reviews
    HHr It's Christmas in Harry's third year. When Hermione causes his new Firebolt to be confiscated, he realizes that she is more important than any broomstick to him. Continues on from there through their fourth year. Technology is 10 years ahead.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 45 - Words: 126,376 - Reviews: 2228 - Favs: 3,215 - Follows: 1,070 - Updated: 10/15/2007 - Published: 4/10/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter: Rogue by kb0 reviews
    After Sirius's death, Harry gets fed up with all the meddling in his life and decides to live his way. He also learns some important lessons along the way, like friends are important. HG
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Drama - Chapters: 20 - Words: 154,934 - Reviews: 406 - Favs: 1,655 - Follows: 399 - Updated: 9/23/2007 - Published: 9/21/2007 - Harry P., Ginny W. - Complete
    Harry Potter and Here There Be Dragons by Clell65619 reviews
    One Shot. What might have happened if at the first Task of the Triwizard Tournament Harry'sFirebolt didn't show up?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 707 - Reviews: 286 - Favs: 1,337 - Follows: 326 - Updated: 9/23/2007 - Published: 7/27/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Irish Choice by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    With all the crappy stuff Harry goes through at Hogwarts, the smart money would be on him transferring to a different, better school early in his career. Here’s one way it might have happened. No planned pairings.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 4 - Words: 62,622 - Reviews: 687 - Favs: 3,875 - Follows: 1,140 - Updated: 9/20/2007 - Published: 9/6/2007 - Harry P., Sirius B. - Complete
    Harry Potter: Unchampion by kb0 reviews
    What if Harry's rebelliousness started a year earlier, because Dumbledore wouldn't let him go stay with Sirius in the summers? What would a rebellious teenager who was entered into the Triwizard Tournament do? H/G
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 25,236 - Reviews: 257 - Favs: 1,935 - Follows: 498 - Published: 9/19/2007 - Complete
    Mudblood by Sarah1281 reviews
    "Mudblood? Is that your idea of an insult or something?" Draco attempts to explain to Hermione why she should be offended.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,021 - Reviews: 209 - Favs: 1,085 - Follows: 167 - Published: 9/7/2007 - Hermione G., Draco M. - Complete
    Harry Potter's Life Lessons by DisobedienceWriter reviews
    AU of Year One. The Dursleys have done one good thing for Harry Potter’s continued safety: their neglect has made him suspicious, sneaky, and cruel. A brief explanation of how things might have gone differently. Includes DH spoilers. Amoral!Harry.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 16,772 - Reviews: 496 - Favs: 3,567 - Follows: 754 - Published: 8/27/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Summer of Independence by redfrog reviews
    Set right after 5th year. Harry becomes independent. No pairings, lots of Quidditch and some Ron&Ginny&Dumbledore&Etc bashing.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Adventure/Friendship - Chapters: 18 - Words: 131,378 - Reviews: 836 - Favs: 4,496 - Follows: 1,101 - Published: 7/16/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    The Ritual by chem prof reviews
    Post HBP. While researching for methods to destroy Horcruxes, Hermione finds a ritual that may also help her with her personal life. The result is eyeopening for more than one member of the trio. HHr
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 4 - Words: 25,619 - Reviews: 242 - Favs: 1,172 - Follows: 332 - Updated: 7/10/2007 - Published: 4/3/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Hermione's Plan by chem prof reviews
    Post HBP. Hr POV. The shock of Dumbledore’s death plus some unexpected news cause Hermione to reflect on her decisions and actions of the previous year. She resolves to do what she should have done in the first place. Unabashedly HHr.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 32 - Words: 243,962 - Reviews: 1930 - Favs: 2,545 - Follows: 893 - Updated: 6/29/2007 - Published: 12/15/2006 - Hermione G., Harry P. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Evil Summer Vacation by Meteoricshipyards reviews
    Harry's summer vacation isn't exactly as the Dursley's planned. There are a few repercussions
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 11,322 - Reviews: 184 - Favs: 1,289 - Follows: 288 - Published: 6/26/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    A Serpent's Sacrifice by Gabilian reviews
    The magical world unravels after sixth year. The Order of the Phoenix is an empty shell, so Harry must act independently. Voldemort's lying low, but for how long? Follow Harry as he finds and destroys the other horcruxes and deals with unwanted celebrity.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Angst - Chapters: 45 - Words: 229,737 - Reviews: 552 - Favs: 527 - Follows: 230 - Updated: 6/19/2007 - Published: 3/11/2007 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Bungle in the Jungle: A Harry Potter Adventure by jbern reviews
    If you read just one fiction tonight make it this one. Go inside the mind of Harry Potter as he deals with betrayals, secrets and wild adventures. Not your usual fanfic.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Adventure - Chapters: 23 - Words: 189,882 - Reviews: 2176 - Favs: 4,381 - Follows: 1,262 - Updated: 5/8/2007 - Published: 4/12/2006 - Harry P., Luna L. - Complete
    The Hunt For Harry Potter by Rorschach's Blot reviews
    A Sequel to Make a Wish: Takes place directly after the events of 'Make a Wish,' Harry Potter is missing and his friends are determined to find him.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor - Chapters: 16 - Words: 51,144 - Reviews: 1582 - Favs: 3,863 - Follows: 1,739 - Updated: 3/22/2007 - Published: 7/7/2006 - Harry P. - Complete
    Matters of Honor by The-Caitiff reviews
    Harry thinks up a plan to deal with those unpleasent aspects of Hogwarts life. School is in session less than hour before one man is dead and another headed for Azkaban.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,538 - Reviews: 104 - Favs: 393 - Follows: 123 - Published: 3/13/2007 - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Wanderer by The Shadows reviews
    Harry is starting his sixth year at Hogwarts. When a time wolf appears in his room to help strengthen his mind, he learns of the approach of the Wanderer. With his friends by his side and relationships changing can he face what comes his way?
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 40 - Words: 305,605 - Reviews: 747 - Favs: 908 - Follows: 305 - Updated: 2/28/2007 - Published: 8/1/2004 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Redefining Summer by loralee1 reviews
    AU, Post OotP, No HBP, Summer at the Dursleys has always meant Harry is overworked, under fed, and lonely, all Harry wants is a normal summer, what he gets is anything but normal. NaNoWriMo 06 project
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 9 - Words: 57,465 - Reviews: 637 - Favs: 2,000 - Follows: 591 - Updated: 2/9/2007 - Published: 1/30/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Goblin Conspiracy by loralee1 reviews
    AU, Post OotP, No HBP, Harry knows that he must take on Voldemort and finds unexpected allies
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Chapters: 11 - Words: 36,299 - Reviews: 647 - Favs: 2,089 - Follows: 530 - Updated: 1/25/2007 - Published: 1/17/2007 - Harry P. - Complete
    Dear Ginny by chem prof reviews
    Post HBP. Harry’s quest to find the Horcruxes and defeat Voldemort as told through a series of letters to Ginny. Absence may make the heart grow fonder, but extended absence can also make a couple drift away from each other. Init HG, brief RHr, ends HHr
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 16 - Words: 18,221 - Reviews: 275 - Favs: 181 - Follows: 59 - Updated: 12/1/2006 - Published: 10/21/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter & The Fall of a Dark Lord by Kalen Darkmoon reviews
    Harry returns from a disastrous fifth year and, in his hurt and anger, lashes out at the wizarding world in a letter to the Daily Prophet. Can love really be the 'power he knows not? Independent!Harry, Powerful!Harry, Manipulative!Dumbledore, HHr.
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 2 - Words: 15,094 - Reviews: 318 - Favs: 492 - Follows: 705 - Updated: 10/14/2006 - Published: 10/12/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G.
    Harry Potter and the Three Travelers by shlamboozle reviews
    Starting minutes after HBP ended, follow along as Harry begins his journey to collect the Horcruxes and fulfull his destiny... HHR...
    Harry Potter - Rated: M - English - Romance/Adventure - Chapters: 13 - Words: 206,278 - Reviews: 484 - Favs: 1,522 - Follows: 356 - Updated: 6/17/2006 - Published: 11/2/2005 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Make A Wish by Rorschach's Blot reviews
    Harry has learned the prophesy and he does not believe that a schoolboy can defeat Voldemort, so he decides that if he is going to die then he is first going to live.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Humor/Adventure - Chapters: 50 - Words: 187,589 - Reviews: 10103 - Favs: 14,571 - Follows: 4,351 - Updated: 6/17/2006 - Published: 3/23/2005 - Harry P. - Complete
    How Does It Feel? by PK Fan reviews
    [One shot] Harry asks our favourite bookworm the question that plagues many an adolescent youth, and she has a hard time finding an answer.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Romance/Angst - Chapters: 1 - Words: 4,583 - Reviews: 19 - Favs: 134 - Follows: 34 - Published: 2/8/2006 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Tom and Harry by old-crow reviews
    HBP left us with a half played chess match. Riddle's goal is to finish off Harry. Harry needs to find the Horcruxes and train to destroy Riddle. CH 28. Surprises and chills await as the story comes to a conclusion.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 28 - Words: 247,468 - Reviews: 1673 - Favs: 953 - Follows: 364 - Updated: 12/31/2005 - Published: 7/30/2005 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Harry Potter and the Guardians of Power by teacherbev reviews
    Nominated for best action adventure at Quills! After being ambushed and kidnapped, Harry and Snape escape... Snape becomes a mentor. No SLASH. AU story starts in the middle of Harry's 5th year. PDF, ebook, mobipocket available on author's homepage!
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Humor - Chapters: 30 - Words: 170,166 - Reviews: 1006 - Favs: 2,135 - Follows: 546 - Updated: 12/5/2005 - Published: 10/12/2005 - Harry P., Severus S. - Complete
    The Misplaced Potter by chubby redburn reviews
    AU OOC. A tale in which Dumbledore makes a tiny mistake that changes Harry's life. COMPLETED
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama - Chapters: 21 - Words: 47,405 - Reviews: 404 - Favs: 731 - Follows: 330 - Updated: 10/1/2005 - Published: 8/10/2005 - Harry P., Albus D. - Complete
    Sore by PK Fan reviews
    [One Shot] PostOotP. Harry has returned to Grimmauld Place and has invited the trio to start training with him. Ron prefers his sleep. Fluff ensues.
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,797 - Reviews: 6 - Favs: 30 - Follows: 6 - Published: 8/15/2005 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Spirits in the Future by MillieW reviews
    Voldemort attacks the Potters, James and Lily tries to protect their beloved baby boy. Then suddenly they're in a house they do not know. Harry isn't with them and they don't know what happened. Where are they? And where is Harry? Award winner!
    Harry Potter - Rated: K+ - English - Chapters: 26 - Words: 108,725 - Reviews: 286 - Favs: 484 - Follows: 138 - Updated: 7/22/2005 - Published: 3/10/2005 - Harry P. - Complete
    No Thanks by old-crow reviews
    Complete. Harry makes a decision at the train platform at the end of year 5. Two little words change lives forever. Revised 606.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Romance/Angst - Chapters: 20 - Words: 95,688 - Reviews: 2943 - Favs: 5,467 - Follows: 1,378 - Updated: 5/26/2005 - Published: 2/21/2005 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Letters and Lunches by old-crow reviews
    Hermione and others help Harry work through the loss at the Department of Mysteries. Features the Grangers, Amelia Bones and a competent Dumbledore. Revised 2011.
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Angst/Adventure - Chapters: 16 - Words: 152,981 - Reviews: 447 - Favs: 1,057 - Follows: 302 - Updated: 12/23/2004 - Published: 12/19/2004 - Harry P., Hermione G. - Complete
    Never Alone, Never Again by Bored Beyond Belief reviews
    Harry's holiday reaches it's lowest point. Will Harry finally be able to have the kind of love everyone else seems to take for granted? Complete
    Harry Potter - Rated: T - English - Drama/Angst - Chapters: 42 - Words: 270,482 - Reviews: 3750 - Favs: 3,897 - Follows: 704 - Updated: 12/25/2003 - Published: 4/29/2002 - Harry P., Sirius B. - Complete