Author has written 16 stories for Gravity Falls, Wild Kratts, WordGirl, Regular Show, My Little Pony, Hardcore Henry, Loud House, Dragon Ball GT, Dragon Ball Super, and My Life as a Teenage Robot.
Check me out on Wattpad and Twitter @xSkullCandyx17
And here are links to my account in other websites:
Here's are info about my true life:
City name: Huntington Park, CA
Height: 5' 7" tall
Race: American, Mexican, and El Salvadoran
Education (so far): High School (currently in Senior Year)
Achievements: Winning a 6th grade writing contest as a 5th grader(2010). Winning two spelling bees for two years in the row(2010-2011). Written an horror film(2014).
Role Models in horror stories/films: George A. Romero, David Cronenberg, Stephen King, John Carpenter, Wes Craven, and Sam Raimi.
Role Models in cartoon shows: Alex Hirsch, J.G. Quintel, Thurop Van Orman, Pendleton Ward.
Role Models in the Gravity Falls Fanfiction: cammyman32, GravityFallsMD, titus935, TheLPSDragon, TheBigZI, lalagirl16, PEACE LOVE AND SMILE DIP.
Dreams: Being a film director, producer, writer, editor, and actor. Meeting the cast of Gravity Falls, Regular Show, and Adventure Time.
Favorite Zombies Films: Night of the Living Dead, Dawn of the Dead, Day of the Dead, Land of the Dead, Diary of the Dead, Resident Evil series, and 28 Weeks Later.
Favorite Horror Films: Friday the 13th series, Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Nightmare on Elm Streets series, Evil Dead series, The Thing, Halloween series, and much more.
Work With: Cammyman32, Titus935, LittleMissFanGirl14, WILDKRATT14, Ligersrcool, The Samurai Prince, and TheEquestrianidiot 2.0
Welcome to a biography that you have never know. My name is XxSkullCandyxX, and I'm now an author in fanfiction. I used to be a reader and reviewer to and I've read the most amazing stories in fanfiction in March 23, 2013 from reading my first Fanfiction story from DaemonTheDemon story "Slender Falls." An Gravity Falls fanfic that's well known for having a fusion with the Slender-Man.
In my stories, you will witness horror, suspense, supernatural, science fiction, and mystery that the most amazing stories you have every read. I even wrote a script for a movie to you guys to know that everything I learn to write stories is here in fanfiction. I may be crazy and insane in horror like GravityFallsMD, or like cartoon so much like cammyman32, but I thank them and other people that inspired me to work on my stories. I have seen a lot of stuff from films and television that makes me write my own little stories, but I also seen lots of horror, even the bad ones, but I really like horror because I'm a horror fan and it's easy for me to write. I always like B-films, for I enjoy their quality and most of my stories are based on those B-movies.
I have three brothers, one sister, and my mother and father. We make great moments in our lives and help face my down moments. Sure there may be some ups and downs in our time, but we're still living in a good household. We also go to church at Sundays, for we are Catholic. My first older brother is a former skater pro and a graffiti artist, my second other brother is a special ed who plays soccer for the city's soccer team, my little sister is a good artist and soccer player, and my younger brother is a Instagram user that posted some good and funny pics. and videos. My father is a construction worker, and my mother is a housekeeper.
From the day I joined FanFiction (which was December 30, 2013), my life changed as I was filled with dreams to become one of the greatest authors to write fan-fiction stories of my favorite cartoon shows. The show I loved the most was Gravity Falls, so I was going to write a story that involves Mabel and Smile Dip, but I didn't like the story, and it's never going to be updated or published. So from the next day, I was reading stories of how another great authors are being teleported to the show itself, in which that influence me to write my first story, "Tales from the Gravity Falls Fanfiction Horror Stories."
In the story, I have myself being transported with four other authors who wrote horror stories to face challenges from Bill Cipher that's from our stories. The story was also co-written and edited by one of my friend and mature Gravity Falls author titus935. Evening though there was mature language and drug used, the story was rated T, which gained positive reviews from the story. The story has 53 reviews, 12 favorites, and 9 followers
, making it one of the most successful in my list during the time. It took about seven months to complete the story.
While working on that story, I made another story of Gravity Falls called, "Zombi: Gravity of the Falls"
in January 10, 2014. In that story, we have Gideon trying to get Mabel's attention by summoning zombies. When he did, there was two prisoner who escaped prison gets infected by the zombies, and the two prisoners are the leaders. It was actually based upon 30 Days of Night (2007), Dawn of the Dead (1978), and an idea from LittleMissFanGirl14. Though there was less review in this story than the first, it did receive positives reviews, in which people claims it to be really scary and the best zombie story of the Gravity Falls archive. The story has 36 reviews, 13 favorites, and 8 followers. It's also the first story to be included in a community from the Gravity Falls community archive. So, that means "Zombi: Gravity of the Falls" gained more attention than "Tales from the Gravity Galls Fanfiction Horror Stories." It also took seven months to complete the story.
When I was working on the two story, my cable got messed up so I couldn't watch Gravity Falls. I tried to online stream it, but I didn't have network. After that, we end up getting those cables only for air television with certain channels in them. I then begin to watch PBS Kids, with cartoon shows I used to watch since I was little. As I watching the cartoon shows, I end up watch a show called Wild Kratts. That show is great for kids and people to watch, so I became a fan of the show. Then my dad rent an old film called The Thing (1982) for us to watch, and then I became so attach to the film at the same time I was attached to the Wild Kratts. So when I was working on my two stories, I got an idea of putting a fusion between The Thing and Wild Kratts, which that made me made my third story, "The Wild Thing" in March 23, 2014.
In the story, you got two Wild Kratts kids in Antarctica found a frozen animal, in which they call the Wild Kratts to look at it to see what animal is it while Zach is following them to get the frozen himself for greed. As the story goes on, the animal is release from the ice, in which it's actually an alien they call "The Thing." From that story and the Wild Kratts archive, it was new to me and there was a lot of great stories to compete against, especially "It Ends Tonight," by Wild Kratts Super Fan 1. During the time, my story and WKSF1's story were the best horror stories during their time. As a result, it gain more review than any of my stories and became the most favorite story I ever had, meaning there was evening more success in this story. The story was also based on ideas from WILDKRATT14, and the cover was by ligerscool. It receives 70 reviews,10 favorites, and 6 followers. It took five months to complete the story.
When was working on three stories, I created two stories in April, but I deleted them because I didn't like how the stories was heading. Right now, one of my story I will make will be a reboot to one of the story I deleted. So then I just continue to work the three stories, until I was bored to just work on three stories. In May 31th and June 1st, I made "The Evil Falls," another Gravity Falls fanfic, and "In the Words of Madness," an WordGirl fanfic.
From the two stories, they started small, but then my WordGirl fanfic gain attention thanks to Deepizzaguy. The story is about WordGirl trying to get revenge after being defeated by Dr. Two-Brains and lost Fair City. It's actually the best horror story of the WordGirl archive as of today. It was based on a film called In the Mouth of Madness (1995). From my another Gravity Falls story, it's about the Pine Twins going back to Gravity Falls in the summer of 2014, yet they then fight evil demons and spirits that's in The Mystery Shack. It was based on Evil Dead (1981), which few people read it. Now there's more people reading the story, gaining more success. The Evil Falls" isn't complete with 33 reviews, 13 favorites, and 14 followers, as well as "In the Words of Madness" with 52 reviews, 10 favorites, and 4 followers. The Gravity Falls fanfic is being edited by The Samurai Prince (only on chapters 1-3) and now by well known Fanfiction author Alisi Thorndyke.
In July, it was the most incredible month because a lot of people was reading my stories more than any of the months ever. As I completed "Tales from the Gravity Falls Fanfiction Horror Stories" in July 17, 2014, I made a Regular Show fanfic called "The Conjuring" in July 25. I then completed "Zombi: Gravity of the Falls" in July 28, 2014. It was about the event after the Karaoke Night, when Benson wants to forgive them by giving them a doll that would bring something else with it. When I was working on the Regular Show fanfic, less people read it than any of my stories. I thought was going to deleted, until TheEquestrianidiot 2.0 review my story, saying it was a interesting story. It's not complete yet with 29 reviews, 12 favorites, and 13 followers.
When it was about to be the end of July of 2014, I discovered a show that change my life. I discover My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic! When I realize that the show's popular fandom was incredible, I decide to see what did they enjoy. From this, I kind of become a beginning Brony myself. I kept it a secret upon my family until they found after the second week of school begin. After this, my father thought it was funny to give me the nickname, "Pony," after the name of one of the character in "The Outsider." So, they sometime call me Pony in my real name, knowing that the P stand for, evening though they say it as a middle name.
When I was looking through MLP, I wanted to write a good horror story. Then I found out about it's one of the mod from SCP Containment Breach, so I wrote the story, My Little Foundation: Containment is Magic," based upon the mod in August 28, 2014. It tells about a pony who's a test subject trying to escape from the foundation as the test subject finds out the secrets of the place. This story became automatically successful. A lot of people being to read the story, saying it was good and scary. The story is also incomplete with 49 reviews, 18 favorites, and 21 followers, being the second favorite and most followed story out of all of my story. It's also the second story to be included in a community, and brought back the success I had once from my first story, and continues to make my stories well known.
After that, I then wrote a second MLP story called, "The Happening" in October 14, 2014. It was about Twilight and her friends trying to figure out the strange activities going in Equestria and stop it before time runs out. I wrote the story based on The Happening (2008). Even though it has positive reviews, there's less people actually reading it. This story is actually getting attention, the story has 37 reviews, 10 favorites, 6 followers.
Then, I made another MLP story called "The Last Human in Equestria," in December 26, 2014. It's actually about a human who the last of them all, trying to survive the loneliness he livings with pain and suffering, and avoid the ponies trying kill him for his crimes and for mankind's mistakes in the past. This story was based on other stories in the My Little Pony archive that has the last humans living in their world. Stories like Dubstep gamer's "Hunted," Maxis122's "The Conversion Bureau: The Last Human," and Patchwork Poltergeist's "The Last Human: A Tale of the Pre-Classical Era." I was also inspired by "The Conversion Bureau" series, in which the my story will shows part the Conversion Bureau happening as well. The story used to be edited by EspurrStar677 and now it's being edited by ChaosMagemon. It's mostly hurt/comfort and science-fiction with some drama and horror elements in it. It now has positive reviews with 270 reviews, 134 favorites, and 143 followers, making it the most favorite and most follow story ever, and it's the best out of all the stories I have ever written.
From February 22, 2015, I was suppose to write my first non-horror story, but then something happened to my profile that cause the story to delete. Now I would like to rewrite it again, but there's people telling me that I'm better off writing horror stories. So I'll think if I could just continue writing horror stories.
In March 20, 2015, I have written a new Wild Kratts horror story called, "The Chupacabra." Another great horror story for the Wild Kratts Archive, it was inspired by another fanfic with the same name. It's about the Wild Kratts looking for the creature that causes terror over villages. It has 61 reviews, 16 favorites, and 14 follows. It's now complete.
In November 2015, it was the worst month of my life in 2015. The terrorist attack in Paris made me think what ISIS want and wonder if they should take a second thought what they're actually doing. If they want power, then it shouldn't be necessary for them to hurt others, which causes war from hatred and revenge. Not only that, in November 17, my cousin from my mother side passed away at the age of 20 when he was a construction worker and... he fell from 30 feet. I was very sad and I was different person. Then on November 27, my uncle from my father side passed away as well, but he had cancer which made me terribly sad due to the fact we knew he has so little time in this world. I was very anger that this was happening to me and I was so much in sorrow that I thought of committing suicide. I thought about it, but I over think it and decide to not do it for better of my family and friends.
In December 2015, we didn't celebrate Christmas that much due to the passing of our two beloved family member, yet we were still together to comfort each other and hope we can see them again.
Now in 2016, I have written 2 stories before the summer break. The first is a Alien/Predator fanfic called, "Predators: Survival of the Fittest." It take place after Predators where a new group of humans must stay together and fight off against the Predators and many of the alien lifeforms that are in the different. This story has gain some attention with 8 reviews, 4 favorites, and 4 follows , but I decide to delete it as of December 30, 2017 because I didn't like the story and i couldn't figure out what to do with it next. I'm not sure if I'll bring it back, but in the meantime I'm not going to write a Alien/Predator fanfic yet.
The second one is the second WordGirl fanfic I decide to write called, "Another Hero of Fair City." This fanfic was inspired from watching many comic book adaptation films have have seem to be releasing in 2016. This fanfic is about another hero who wants to join in on the crime fighting business, yet WorldGirl seems to not approve of it. The fanfic has gain a lot of attention with 36 reviews, 8 favorites, and 12 follows.
It's now summer guys, which I have plenty of time writing for you. Yet, I also have time to workout more and have fun with my family, so there will be times I don't write. Right now I have release a crossover fanfic of Hardcore Henry and My Life As A Teenage Robot call "Hardcore Henry meets Jenny." You can look at it in the Misc. Movies and My Life As A Teenage Robot category. It now has 31 review, 15 favorites, and 33 follows but I'm still going to continue the work.
I made a Loud House fanfic called "Shivers." Unlike the previous Loud House fanfic, this one has 41 reviews, 53 favorites, and 63 follows. It's actually popular and has the second most favorites and follows behind The Last Human in Equestria. I also decide to add a Dragon Ball GT fanfic. It takes three years after the end of the series. It's called "Dragon Ball GT: The 32nd World Martial Arts Tournament." As of now it as 8 reviews, 8 favorites, and 3 followers.
Since I have gain good attention from the Loud House and the Dragon Ball community, I have decide to make "Siblings Reunion," and "Saiyans Interaction from Two Universes." I quite enjoy being in these fandom since you guys have enjoy reading my stories and many other creative writers. I enjoy Loud House and Dragon Ball and I'll continue to do so. "Siblings Reunion" has earned 50 reviews, 65 favorites, and 82 followers, while "Saiyans Interaction from Two Universes" earned 30 reviews, 58 favorites, and 66 followers.
In addition, I have created another Loud House fanfic called "The Savior." This story is about Lincoln becoming the one human that could help a dying world. It has earned 6 reviews, 8 favorites, and 6 followers.
Now you may hear this a lot, but I have OC's that my stories made them interesting from the plot. There are a lot of OC's because of my story, "The Happening," but I have six main OC I created through out my stories:
Morgan Neville: Morgan is an American scientist on his late 20's who has a wife and a daughter. He has brown skin, brown short hair, a short beard, with any clothes he could wear, since he's the last human. His career as a scientist gave him a chance to have a connection with the president. In the story, "The Last Human in Equestria," he tries to do anything he can during the day at Los Angeles to be prepare for the future. Every night, he has been tracked by Celestia and Luna with the royal guards, trying to get him out of the apartment he's living in at Culver City. As a scientist and the last humanity, he must capture ponies to try to change them back to humans or turn them to humans as well. He was inspired by the character Robert Neville in "I Am Legend," and the story was also inspired by it and the films adaptation like "The Last Man on Earth," and "The Omega Man."
Lee: Lee is a tri-clop OC appeared in the story "Dragon Ball GT: The 32nd World Martial Arts Tournament" who was trained by his grandmother in the DBGT universe. As of now, he is thirteen years old and he learned the Crane Martial Arts style by his grandmother. His move set as of now as the Dodon Ray and Solar Flare. He will be trained by Tien and Uub in the upcoming DBGT fanfic.
Alex Smith: Alex is a American 13 year old boy who wears a red shirt, blue jeans, and black shoes. With brown short hair, brown eye color, and pale skin. He was my first OC I created in the past before I was an author. He made his first appearances in lalagirl16's "Mabel Goes Green," as Mabel's fake boyfriend when I wanted her to add him. He then made another appearance in another lalagirl16 story, "Questions, Dares, Questions and Dares for lalagirl16, and Awesomeness," for doing an arm wrestle match against Robbie V for a dare. After I became an author, I almost forgot him. So then, I wrote "Zombi: Gravity of the Falls," to make his appearance again as a boy who was going to check out the Mystery Shack, but got attack by zombies during the trip with his dad. As the story goes, he helps Gideon to head for the mall and meet Mabel. As he did, he saves Mabel from the zombies, but he later died when they escaped the mall and he stayed.
Tony: Tony is a American boy who's age is no more than 13 nor 14 (his right age might be 12 years old). He wears mostly a grey coast, black pants, and black boots. With brown hair, brown eyes, and have Latino skin color. He lives in Antarctic with his friend, Ben,which they both don't have last names. He is one of the Wild Kratt Kids in the Wild Kratts crew. He has a flamethrower as a weapon to warn animals to attack hurt them. He never use it to hurt the animals as well. The two also have sled dogs to travel through the land. He made his appearance in "The Wild Thing," for he spotted an unknown animal a week ago. In the story, the unknown animal is an alien life form named "The Thing." It's mission is to take over Earth. Through out the story, he was captured by the Thing, but escaped. Then he got captured again before the ending and was transform to a large alien monster.
Ben: Just like Tony, Ben is a American boy living in Antarctic, who's age might be 12 years old, and doesn't have a last name. He has brown hair, blue eyes, and pale skin. He also wear the same clothes like Tony, and also a Wild Kratt Kid. In his appearance from "The Wild Thing," he helps Tony look for the unknown animal he saw. Then everything changed when the Thing begin to strike on their sled dogs. He then is the first person to be infected by the Thing.
Nick Johnson: Nick is a American citizen on his mid-thirties, who's Gravity Falls' dangerous criminal. He has work in crimes and murders with his friend Eric. He appear in "Zombi: Gravity of the Falls." They never got caught until one day, so at the night, the two break out. They escaped the police officers and hide in the Gravity Falls' Cemetery. As they spend their night in the grave, a zombie attack his friend and killed him as he killed the zombie. After killing the zombie, his dead friend comes back and kill him too. When he got killed, the two turned into zombies and commands the zombies too. Nick is the main leader, while his friend is second in command. He has killed many of the beloved Gravity Falls characters in the story. He then die close to the end, for a soldier actually shot him in the head.
Eric Savini: Just like Nick, Eric is a American citizen on his mid-thirties with records of working with Nick in crimes and murder in an appearance in "Zombi: Gravity of the Falls." He came with Nick to break out of prison, and hide in the cemetery. When sleeping on a tombstone, the first zombie summon by Gideon attacks him and infected him. He then was re-animated and killed Nick to turn him into a zombie. Eric was second in command as Nick was leader. He died when Alex snapped his neck, but he infected Alex before his death.
I love television and movies, but I also like to work on education to finish school and college to be a film director, writer, editor, and actor. Don't be confuse with me and others XxSkullCandyxX out there, I'm the author in Fanfiction only. Now it's time to work on my stories, thank you.
P.S: Thank you ligersrcool for drawing Aviva as the Thing for my story, "The Wild Thing," the contest between The Samurai Prince and I, XxSkullCandyxX just for a good fun to see which horror story is better, and TheEquestrianidiot 2.0 for editing and updated my short story in "Click and Other Stories." Check it out, for it's a good short story.
Friends: cammyman32, GravityFallsMD, titus935, WILDKRATT14, ligersrcool, and The Samurai Prince.
Favorites show: Gravity Falls, Regular Show, WordGirl, Wild Kratts, Adventure Time, and The Amazing World of Gumball, and the Loud House.
Stories in this website:
1.) Tales of the Gravity Falls Fanfiction Horror Stories (Complete)
2.) Zombi: Gravity of the Falls (Complete)
3.) The Wild Thing (Complete)
4.) The Evil Falls
5.) In the Words of Madness(Complete)
6.) The Conjuring
7.) My Little Foundation: Containment is Magic
8.) The Happening
9.) The Last Human in Equestria
10.) The Chupacabra (Complete)
11.) Another Hero of Fair City
12.) Hardcore Henry meets Jenny
14.) Dragon Ball GT: The 32nd World Martial Arts Tournament (Complete)
15.) Sibling Reunion
16.) Saiyans Interaction from Two Universes
17.) The Savior
Stories in Wattpad:
1.) The Last Human in Equestria
2.) Saiyans Interaction From Two Universes
4.) Sibling Reunion
5.) The Chupacabra (Complete)
6.) Dragon Ball GT: The 32nd World Martial Arts Tournament (Complete)
7.) Hardcore Henry meets Jenny
8.) My Little Foundation: Containment is Magic
Most Viewed Stories:
Most Favored Stories:
Most Followed Stories
Most Reviewed Stories:
Dragon Ball Discussions:
1.) KAIO-KEN vs. SUPER SAIYAN:
Kaio-ken is a technique invented by King Kai that multiples the user's ki for a "heart beat," enabling them to inflict serious damage to opponents. As a result of the Kaio-ken, the user's base power level, strength, speed, and senses greatly increase for an instant as red-colored aura appears on the user. When the user's battle power is 8,000, their limit is x2, and when they are at 3 million the limit is x10, which explains why Goku (the only user in the series) had strained his body too much from using above those limits, for his battles were harsh, and his maximum is x20. For example, when Goku uses kaio-ken x10, his power level was 180,000, which is too short for the 3 million limit and over the limits between x5 and x8, thus creating the stain over his body.
Super Saiyan is an advanced transformation assumed by extraordinarily powerful members of the Saiyan race. This transformation is created by rage, like when Goku witness Krillin killed by Frieza, and multiples the user's based power level, strength, speed and sense greatly. The Super Saiyan form multiplies the Saiyan's power by 50x times its normal amount. The most noticeable physical change is that the Saiyan's hair becomes golden in color and seems to stand on end, giving it a rising, flame-like appearance. The transformation has a noticeable effect on the Saiyan's personality. Any Saiyan that has turned to the side of good initially becomes ruthless and overcome with rage, and any Saiyan that was already ruthless to begin with has his ruthlessness amplified. From the second form, it multiples the first form times two, the third multiples times four, and the forth multiples times 10.
A Kaio-ken x10 would give the same power increase as the Great Ape form (which increase a Saiyans power 10-fold) though without the increase size and a Kaio-ken x50 (Goku uses a Kaio-ken x100 on Lord Slug so a x50 Kaio-ken is also possible) would grant a power increase similar Super Saiyan (as it increases a Saiyans power 50 times their base power level). It could be possible if the user of the Kaio-ken has the same power level as a Saiyan. If the user has more power level than a Saiyan in a based form, then the power of the Kaio-ken could multiple less than the Super Saiyan form to be equally the same. If the user has 20,000 and a saiyan has 12,000, then the user of the Kaio-ken could boost up to x30 to be equal with power of x50 from the first Saiyan form.
Super Saiyan could be better than the Kaio-ken if the user of the supportive technique could pass the limits without creating too much strain (like how Goku always over pass the limits to create strain in his body), and to be able to control it for a long time. The Super Saiyan form has some advantages to the Kaio-ken like to be used longer because it's a transformation, yet the Kaio-ken is actually stronger. The Kaio-ken can be multiple up to any limits while the Super Saiyan form multiple times 50 with is multiple by the other forms from 2 to 10 times. To my opinion, the Kaio-ken is better than a Super Saiyan. It's possible if the user is able to handle using the Kaio-ken more than Goku. If not, then a Super Saiyan is better.
2.) NEW SAIYANS, NEW POWER BOOSTS, LOWER POSITIONS:
After watching Dragon Ball Z and as of this year Dragon Ball Super, I realize that there has been characters who are created have the ability to gain more power in a quick time span. The ones that usually do this are new and introduced Saiyans from many series. This got me thinking about four particular Saiyans: Trunks and Goten from Dragon Ball Z, Caulifla and Kale from Dragon Ball Super.
When these characters were introduced, they were able to gain so much in a short time span. Goten and Trunks were able to achieve Super Saiyan One when they were 7 to 8 years old. For Caulifla and Kale they were able to achieved Super Saiyan One after being told about it's whereabouts. Not only that, but Caulifla was able to achieved Super Saiyan 2 in a matter of minutes after gaining the first form. As for Kale, well if you know the popular movie character Broly then you know how insanely powerful she can be.
What makes them even more unique is that they are the first in their respective universes to use fusion. Goten and trunks are able to do the Fusion dance while Caulifla and Kale are able to use the Potara earring to fuse. So, what does this mean?
To explain this, it means that Akira Toriyama mostly created these characters to make them a barrier to a villain or the heroes. In boxing or fighting terms, they are mostly the under-card. They are created to entertain and awe us right before the main event occurs. This allow the fans to bring expectation higher for the main charterers and main opponent to battle each other so Akira Toriyama or Toei will bring their A-game. If you take a look of this, Goten and Trunks are now taking in minor characters who are just there in the Super series as comedic relief characters. As for Caulifla and Kale, they are now just characters waiting to achieve new powers, but they aren't as powerful as Goku or Vegeta.
These characters has potential, but due to Universe 6's Saiyan evolution, Caulifla and kale are actually stronger than Goten and trunks, and for fusion Kefla is stronger than Gotenks. But as long as Goku and vegeta is there, they won't be able to be a the top charts of the power scale.